First, it puts forward a new concept-"comparative advantage in the sense of comparative utility-price ratio", which integrates comparative price advantage in the perfect market with non-price advantage in the imperfect market, static comparative advantage w ith dynamic comparative, and traditional comparative advantage with modern competitiv e advantage, and then comes to a conclusion that economies of scale and comparative adv antage theory can not deny but develop the comparative advantage theory.
The theory of nontraditional gains of RTAs argues except traditional gains such as trade creation, improved terms of trade, realization of economies of scale, increased competition and more investment, RTAs can also bring some nontraditional gains such as time consistency, signaling, insurance, bargaining power, coordination device and security benefits under certain conditions.
The purpose of this paper focuses on how to improve traditional department stores' competence at all through using its own resources and capabilities, creating and utilizing economics of scale and scope.
Clearly, the economies of scale will be different for each of these interests as will the margins within which they operate.
To account for economies of scale a log-linear setting has been applied.
This is generally overcome by constructing large facilities having satisfactory economies of scale, thus making financing onerous and hindering the development of suitable technologies.
We investigate the product cycling problem (also known as the common cycle scheduling problem) when there are economies of scale due to increasing yield rates.
In this study the order picking function is modeled to explore its role with respect to inventory deployment and centralized distribution planning, in the presence of production economies of scale and deterministic demand.