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喂养     
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  feeding
     STEPWISE REQRESSION ANALYSIS FOR THE FACTORS INFLUENCING BREAST FEEDING
     影响母乳喂养因素的逐步回归分析
短句来源
     CYTOMEGALOVIRUS INFECTION OF INFANTS AND BREAST FEEDING
     婴儿巨细胞病毒感染与母乳喂养
短句来源
     FEEDING PATTERNS AND ZINC AND COPPER NUTRITURE OF INFANTS FROM 1 TO 3 MONTHS
     喂养方式与1~3月龄婴儿血清锌铜含量的观察
短句来源
     FEEDING OF PENAEUS MONODON WITH COMPOUND DIETS
     以配合饵料喂养斑节对虾(Penaeus monodon)的现状
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     Analysis of Infant Feeding Patterns and Family Influence Factors in Fujian
     福建省婴儿喂养模式及家庭影响因素分析
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  fed
     STUDY OF CALCIUM AND PHOSPHOROUS METABOLIC CHANGES IN RATS FED WITH GRAIN FROM KASHIN BECK DISEASE AREA BY USING ~(32)P & ~(45)Ca DUEL-LABEL TECHNIQUE
     用 ~(32)P~(45)Ca 双示踪方法研究大骨节病区粮喂养大白鼠钙磷代谢的变化
短句来源
     A Study on Lipid Fluidity of Erythrocyte Membrane of Rats Fed Selenium Deficient Diet
     克山病病区粮喂养大鼠红细胞膜脂流动性的研究
短句来源
     CHANGES OF NADH-METHMOGLOBIN REDUCTASE ACTIVITY IN ERYTHROCYTES OF RATS FED ON GRAINS FROM KESHAN DISEASE AREA AND THE INFLUENCE OF SELENIUM AND VITAMIN E,B1
     克山病病区粮喂养大鼠红细胞NADH—高铁血红蛋白还原酶活性改变以及硒、维生素E、B_1对其活性的影响
短句来源
     Levels of Calcium, Phosphrus, Aluminum and Fluoride in Blood and Bone of Rats Fed on Varied Doses of Mixtures of Aluminum and Fluoride
     不同剂量铝氟混合饲料喂养大鼠后对其血和骨中铝氟钙磷含量分析
短句来源
     ROLE OF CALCIUM IN THE FREE-RADICAL METABOLISM OF RATS FED KESHAN DISEASE MONOTONOUS DIET
     钙对模拟克山病偏食喂养大鼠自由基代谢的影响
短句来源
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  feeding of
     Results The probability of the mothers who fed mother milk has 95.6%,but the probability of 4 months of the breast feeding has 77.7%,the 6 months has 47.2%,but the purely breast feeding of 4 months has 32.1%,the 6 months has 22.5%.
     结果本结果显示,本组母乳喂养率为95.6%,但4个月母乳喂养率为77.7%,6个月为47.2%; 纯母乳喂养率4个月为32.1%,6个月为22.5%。
短句来源
     After 3 months the female and male rats were mated by 1∶1 and produced postnatal rats. The feeding of postnatal rats was the same as that of parental rats.
     饲养3个月的雌雄大鼠1∶1合笼交配产生仔鼠,断乳后的仔鼠喂养同上述大鼠。
短句来源
     The clinical study on early minimal feeding of very low birth weight infant
     极低出生体重儿早期经口微量喂养的临床研究
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     Methods Three groups were set up: Group A (n=18), receiving sham operation and feeding of common feedstuff;
     方法实验分3组进行,A组为假手术对照组(n=18),给予普通饲料喂养;
短句来源
     The data of enteral feeding of 88 neonates with HIE were analysed.
     【方法】 对 88例HIE新生儿临床喂养资料进行分析。
短句来源
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  feeding group
     The T cell subgroups of CD3、CD4 、CD8、CD4/CD8 were significantly increased in breast feeding group when compared with the control group.
     ②母乳喂养组的新生儿CD3、CD4、CD8、CD4/CD8比对照组增加,而牛乳喂养组的新生儿CD3、CD4、CD8、CD4/CD8与对照组相比没有变化。
短句来源
     Feeding intolerance of minimal enteral feeding group was 13.87% and 12.89%(χ~2=0.470 P>0.05).
     喂养不耐受率分别为13.9%和12.89%,无显著差异(χ2=0.47P>0.05);
短句来源
     while the positive rates of HBV DNA were 8.33%(3/36)and 8.33%(3/36), anti HBs were 86.11%(31/36)and 91.67%(33/36)in bottle feeding group respectively.
     人工喂养组HBVDNA阳性率分别为 8.3 3 % (3 /3 6)及 8.3 3 % (3 /3 6) ,抗HBs阳性率分别为 86.11% (3 1/3 6)及 91.67% (3 3 /3 6)。
短句来源
     Results At the 8th week in high fat feeding group,there was found fatty livers,with insignificant difference in aspects of expressions of KLF6,TGF-β1 and α-SMA mRNA compared with control group ( P <0.05).
     结果模型组大鼠高脂喂养8周呈现单纯性脂肪变,肝脏KLF6、TGF-β1、α-SMA的mRNA表达与正常对照组相比差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。
短句来源
     After 12~18 months , the infants positive rate of serum anti-HBs was 84 % and 87 % in the artificial feeding group and breast feeding group (P>0.05).
     婴儿在12个月~18个月时作血清HBVM检测,人工喂养组和母乳喂养组婴儿血清抗-HBs阳性率分别为84%和87%,两组差异无显著性(P>0.05)。
短句来源
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      feeding
    Studies on injector pump-ultrasonic nebulizer feeding sample system for MPT-AES
          
    The feeding-sample system used by microwave plasma torch atomic emission spectroscopy (MPT-AES) is the pneumatic nebulization system; its efficiency, however, is not good.
          
    A newly built injector pump-ultrasonic nebulizer combination feeding-sample system has been designed.
          
    It can be concluded that the newly built feeding-sample system can increase the spectral line intensity by about two to three times and decrease the detection limit by about 2 to 10 times.
          
    Well-defined core-shell structure and narrow particle size distribution could be achieved under starved conditions of monomer feeding.
          
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      fed
    HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF PICROLIV IN ALCOHOL-FED ALBINO RATS
          
    Picroliv significantly reverted most of the above said altered blood and hepatic parameters in the alcohol-fed male and female rats to almost normal levels.
          
    A carbon-nanotube-based normally-on-driving under-gate field emission display (FED) panel and its operation principle are presented.
          
    The results indicate that a uniform and large emission area can be obtained in this new under-gate FED panel.
          
    This study provides powerful theoretic support for the feasibility of this new kind of under-gate FED panel.
          
    更多          
      nourish
    Friends and relatives, however, would bring over precious and nutritious food to "nourish her body," said the medical texts, "not just to celebrate the child."
          
    A total of 90 putative hybrid embryos were rescued using a highly enriched B5 medium to nourish the newly dissected embryos.
          
    During the 7-day care period, males do not leave the nests to forage nor do they nourish the young.
          
    It is a useful landmark among the numerous blood vessels that nourish the spine.
          
    It is concluded that, if morphological stability is set as an environmental objective, the dredged material should not be removed from the system but rather be used to nourish the estuarine beaches and the barrier spit.
          
    更多          
      feeding of
    Pupation and feeding of the pest insects Spodopteralitura Fabricius and Helicoverpa armigera Hubner are shown to be affected with restraining effects which increase with the increasing levels of oil concentration.
          
    Compared to cultures with glucose feeding every 48 h, cultures with glucose feeding of 1.5 g/L (final concentration) every 24 h produced more enzymes.
          
    The feeding of hungry adult leeches was performed on representative individuals that were placed on cloth soaked with mammalian blood obtained from a local butchery (pig, Sus scrofa).
          
    Downstream migration and feeding of young coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch in the northern part of the range in Kamchatka
          
    Apparently, the contribution of symbiotic digestion to the hydrolysis of polymers increases during active feeding of fishes, while at low feeding rate, bacteria can compete with the host and its parasite for the available monomers.
          
    更多          
      其他


    When the adult moths of the armyworm, Leucania separata Walker, were suppliedwith various sugar solutions separately without the chance to choose they showed amarked difference in the amounts of food intake. Presumably this was due to theircapacity in descriminating the solutions. All the sugars used in the experiments showedphagostimulating effect and the degree of effectiveness was different with different su-gars. With the monosaccharides the order of effectiveness was: fructose>glucose>galactose>xylose>mannose>sorbose>rhamnose....

    When the adult moths of the armyworm, Leucania separata Walker, were suppliedwith various sugar solutions separately without the chance to choose they showed amarked difference in the amounts of food intake. Presumably this was due to theircapacity in descriminating the solutions. All the sugars used in the experiments showedphagostimulating effect and the degree of effectiveness was different with different su-gars. With the monosaccharides the order of effectiveness was: fructose>glucose>galactose>xylose>mannose>sorbose>rhamnose. With the disaccharides the orderfor the female moths was: maltose>sucrose>trehalose>cellobiose>lactose, andfor the male moths was: maltose>trehalose>sucrose>cellobiose>lactose. With thetrisaccharides the order was: raffinose>melizitose. The taste thresholds for glucoseand sucrose determined by measuring the "crop loads" were ca. 2×10~(-2) M and2×10~(-4) M respectively. The morphology of the alimentary canal is described. After a meal of sugar solu-tion the contents of the crop, the midgut and the hindgut were taken out for chromato-graphic analysis. According to the capacity to hydrolyze the various sugars that themoths had ingested it was ascertained that their alimentary canals contained α-glucosidasc,α-galactosidase, β-fructosidase and β-glucosidase, but no β-galactosidase and amylase. It was observed that the processes of digestion and absorption of sugar solutions werecarried out with a considerable speed and the food usually passed through the digestivetract in a relative short time. At room temperature no sugar could be detected in thedigestive tract of a moth which had engorged with sucrose solution (5%) five hoursbefore; and a moth ingested a 5% solution of cellobiose would have cellobiose in thehindgut after 15 minutes. It was observed that the crop was the essential site of food storage and digestionand the digestive enzymes contained therein seemed to be secreted by the salivary glandsor regurgitated from the midgut through the regulation of the proventriculus. The pro-ventriculus appeared also to have the function to control the rate of flow of the contentsof the crop into the midgut which was the essential site of food absorption. The sugars absorbed by the alimentary canal were transformed by large into thereserve fat. It was determined that the moths fed on water for three days after emer-gence had a fat content of about 13%, but those fed on a 20% solution of sucrose hada fat content reaching 64% (in dry weights). Rearing experiments with two series ofsugar solutions were carried out to test the influence of concentrations on the longevityof the moths and the numbers of eggs laid. It was seen that the numbers of eggs laidwere affected by the amount of food ingested, the accumulative quantities of sugar solu-tions (0.2 M) taken by the moth in its life span fell into the order: fructose>glucose>maltose>sucrose>galactose>mannose>lactose, and the numbers of eggs laidseemed to follow this order accordingly. The accumulative quantities of food intake withthe 0.4 M sugar solutions and the numbers of eggs laid did not increase in a correlatedmanner as compared with those with the 0.2 M sugar solutions. Perhaps the nutritionalbackground in the larval stage may also affect the numbers of eggs laid.

    本工作中用一系列同浓度的不同糖液及不同浓度的同种糖液喂养羽化后一天的粘虫蛾,见到它们对于糖的种类和浓度均有明显的辨识能力。对于糖液的取食量均比对清水的大,表明糖类对成虫均有诱食的味觉刺激:而其效应的大小,在单糖中的顺序为:果糖>(或≥)葡萄糖>半乳糖≥木糖>(或≥)甘露糖≥山梨糖>鼠李糖;在二糖中为:麦芽糖>蔗糖≥海藻糖>纤维二糖>乳糖;在三糖中为:棉籽糖>松三糖。对蔗糖溶液的味觉阈值为2×10~(-4)M左右,对葡萄糖的可能为2×10~(-2)M左右。根据成虫取食糖液后以肠道内含物进行纸上层析的结果,见到消化糖类的酶类有α葡糖苷酶、β葡糖苷酶、β果糖苷酶、α半乳糖苷酶,而无β半乳糖苷酶和淀粉酶。消化道对糖液的消化和吸收以及糖液通过消化道均相当迅速。嗉囊是糖类贮存和水解的主要场所,其中的消化酶可能是由涎腺分泌或从中肠分泌后通过前胃而分批向前流入的。中肠是吸收消化产物的主要部分,所吸收的糖类在体内大部分转变成脂肪贮存。成虫羽化后以清水饲养到第3天时脂肪含量占干重13%左右,而以20%蔗糖溶液饲养的却高达64%左右。用0.2M和0.4M的糖液分别连续饲养配对的雌雄成虫直到雌蛾死亡,见到每对蛾对果糖、葡...

    本工作中用一系列同浓度的不同糖液及不同浓度的同种糖液喂养羽化后一天的粘虫蛾,见到它们对于糖的种类和浓度均有明显的辨识能力。对于糖液的取食量均比对清水的大,表明糖类对成虫均有诱食的味觉刺激:而其效应的大小,在单糖中的顺序为:果糖>(或≥)葡萄糖>半乳糖≥木糖>(或≥)甘露糖≥山梨糖>鼠李糖;在二糖中为:麦芽糖>蔗糖≥海藻糖>纤维二糖>乳糖;在三糖中为:棉籽糖>松三糖。对蔗糖溶液的味觉阈值为2×10~(-4)M左右,对葡萄糖的可能为2×10~(-2)M左右。根据成虫取食糖液后以肠道内含物进行纸上层析的结果,见到消化糖类的酶类有α葡糖苷酶、β葡糖苷酶、β果糖苷酶、α半乳糖苷酶,而无β半乳糖苷酶和淀粉酶。消化道对糖液的消化和吸收以及糖液通过消化道均相当迅速。嗉囊是糖类贮存和水解的主要场所,其中的消化酶可能是由涎腺分泌或从中肠分泌后通过前胃而分批向前流入的。中肠是吸收消化产物的主要部分,所吸收的糖类在体内大部分转变成脂肪贮存。成虫羽化后以清水饲养到第3天时脂肪含量占干重13%左右,而以20%蔗糖溶液饲养的却高达64%左右。用0.2M和0.4M的糖液分别连续饲养配对的雌雄成虫直到雌蛾死亡,见到每对蛾对果糖、葡萄糖、麦芽糖和蔗糖的取食量较大,半乳糖次之,甘露糖与乳糖较小;取食糖液的体?

    The present work deals with the rearing of adult lady beetels Coccinella septem-punctata L.on four diets which were formulated respectively as follows:1.fresh porcine liver plus honey (5:1,w/w) ; 2.fresh porcine liver plus honey and cane sugar (5:1:1,w/w); 3.fresh porcine liver plus honey,cane sugar,honey bee royal jelly and a-tocopherol (20:4:4:1.5:0.1,w/w); and 4.fresh porcine liver and fresh porcine placenta plus honey and cane sugar (5:5:2:2,w/w).The diets were prepared by homogenizing and mixing the components...

    The present work deals with the rearing of adult lady beetels Coccinella septem-punctata L.on four diets which were formulated respectively as follows:1.fresh porcine liver plus honey (5:1,w/w) ; 2.fresh porcine liver plus honey and cane sugar (5:1:1,w/w); 3.fresh porcine liver plus honey,cane sugar,honey bee royal jelly and a-tocopherol (20:4:4:1.5:0.1,w/w); and 4.fresh porcine liver and fresh porcine placenta plus honey and cane sugar (5:5:2:2,w/w).The diets were prepared by homogenizing and mixing the components listed above in a Waning blender.The adult lady beetles used in the experiments consisted of individuals shortly after overwintering and individuals of the first generation collected in the field in An-young County in mid-April and mid-May respectively; the latter were collected as pupae which emerged into adults after being kept in the laboratory.In the experiments couples of the beetles (one male and one female) were reared in glass jars and the diets were changed twice a day.Controls were reared on wheat aphids and cotton aphids.Rearing experiments were also carried out by changing the diets,i.e.feeding with aphids for five days at the beginning and then with artificial diets for the rest period of the experiment.Records were made on the percentage of and the average amount of eggs laid by the ovipositing females in each experiment (30 pairs).It was observed that these four diets were successful to effect protracted survival and to promote oviposi-tion of the adult lady beetles.The respective percentages of and the average amounts of eggs laid by the ovipositing females of the overwintering generation in the rearing experiments (50 days) were as follows:70.6%,53.8; 61.5%,74.6; 52.9%,139.8; 71.4%,60.7.For the control (30 days); 100%,790.Those of the first generation (45 days) were as follows:35.4%,217.2; 37.0%,227.8; 42.9%,132.6; and 26.1%,33.7.For the control:82.6%,514.Hence the overwintering generation had higher percentages of ovipositing individuals than the first generation; but the average amounts of eggs laid were less.The lady beetles of the first generation subject to changing diets (i.e.fed with aphids for five days and then with artificial diets) had rather higher percentages of ovipositing females,but not the average amounts of eggs laid.It was seen that these four diets exhibited rather similar effects in promoting oviposition,but differed from the control in the longer pre-ovipositing periods,lower frequencies of oviposition,and lesser numbers of eggs laid on average.Our experiments proved that the lady beetles prefer aphids by ingesting larger amounts of the prey and thus they had a higher percentage of ovipositing females.It also indicated that the lady beetles prefer fresh diets; and in the course of rearing they exhibited a marked preference at the beginning,then a declination,and finally a rise in preference again.The writers' attenticn was called to the importance of phagostimulation in addition to the nutritional completeness in formulating the diets,and it is essential to induce the ingestion of a larger quantity of diets to raise the percentage of ovipositing females and to increase the amounts of eggs laid.The initial physiological conditions of the beetles from different sources and their inherent individual difference in response to the artificial diets are also of great importance in the experiments.

    本工作分别用:1.鲜猪肝加蜂蜜(5:1,重量比,下同),2.鲜猪肝加蜂蜜和蔗糖(5:1:1),3.鲜猪肝加蜂蜜、蔗糖、蜂王浆和维生素E(20:4:4:1.5:0.1),4.鲜猪肝、鲜猪胎盘加蜂蜜和蔗糖(5:5:2:2)在组织捣碎机中捣成匀浆,制成四种代饲料喂养采自田间的越冬代和第一代(采蛹羽化而成)七星瓢虫(雌雄配对饲养于玻缸中),用喂蚜虫的作为对照,观察产卵的情况。此外,还用越冬代和第一代成虫喂蚜虫5天后改喂代饲料,观察对产卵的影响。结果见到以这四种代饲料喂养的越冬代和第一代成虫均能产卵。越冬代成虫的产卵百分率高于第一代,但平均产卵量较低。第一代成虫先喂5天蚜虫的各组产卵百分率略高于直接喂代饲料的各组,但平均产卵量并不高。这四种代饲料在促使产卵的效果方面是相近似的,但和喂蚜虫的比较时可见到产卵前期长,产卵次数少和间隔长,卵块小。改变饲料的试验表明瓢虫嗜食蚜虫,取食量大,故短期取食能提高产卵百分率。从瓢虫对代饲料的取食反应可见它们嗜食新鲜饲料;在长期饲养中开始时比较嗜食,继之减少,然后略有增加。作者等认为配制瓢虫代饲料时非但要注意营养成分的完整,并且也要注意助食因素的存在;要提高瓢虫的...

    本工作分别用:1.鲜猪肝加蜂蜜(5:1,重量比,下同),2.鲜猪肝加蜂蜜和蔗糖(5:1:1),3.鲜猪肝加蜂蜜、蔗糖、蜂王浆和维生素E(20:4:4:1.5:0.1),4.鲜猪肝、鲜猪胎盘加蜂蜜和蔗糖(5:5:2:2)在组织捣碎机中捣成匀浆,制成四种代饲料喂养采自田间的越冬代和第一代(采蛹羽化而成)七星瓢虫(雌雄配对饲养于玻缸中),用喂蚜虫的作为对照,观察产卵的情况。此外,还用越冬代和第一代成虫喂蚜虫5天后改喂代饲料,观察对产卵的影响。结果见到以这四种代饲料喂养的越冬代和第一代成虫均能产卵。越冬代成虫的产卵百分率高于第一代,但平均产卵量较低。第一代成虫先喂5天蚜虫的各组产卵百分率略高于直接喂代饲料的各组,但平均产卵量并不高。这四种代饲料在促使产卵的效果方面是相近似的,但和喂蚜虫的比较时可见到产卵前期长,产卵次数少和间隔长,卵块小。改变饲料的试验表明瓢虫嗜食蚜虫,取食量大,故短期取食能提高产卵百分率。从瓢虫对代饲料的取食反应可见它们嗜食新鲜饲料;在长期饲养中开始时比较嗜食,继之减少,然后略有增加。作者等认为配制瓢虫代饲料时非但要注意营养成分的完整,并且也要注意助食因素的存在;要提高瓢虫的产卵百分率和产卵量,须提高代饲料的诱食作用和瓢虫的取食量。此外,试验材料在当时的生理条件和个体差异也

    The rubber seed oil is rich in polyunsaturated fat, with 36% linoleic acid, 24% lenolenic acid and some other unsaturated fatty acids. In recent years, we have demonstrated that the serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels of normal rats fed with rubber seed oil diet were lower than those of the rats fed with common diet. The lipidemia-reducing effect of the seed oil have been further demonstrated in both experimental hyperlipidemic animals (rats and rabbits) and hyperlipoproteinemic patients. We have also...

    The rubber seed oil is rich in polyunsaturated fat, with 36% linoleic acid, 24% lenolenic acid and some other unsaturated fatty acids. In recent years, we have demonstrated that the serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels of normal rats fed with rubber seed oil diet were lower than those of the rats fed with common diet. The lipidemia-reducing effect of the seed oil have been further demonstrated in both experimental hyperlipidemic animals (rats and rabbits) and hyperlipoproteinemic patients. We have also found that some people who usually consumed this oil(for at least 6 months) had lower serum lipid levels (either cholesterol or triglyceride) as compared with those who usually consumed other oils. Moreover, our study has also proved that rubber seed oil not only inhibited the development of aortic atherosclerosis in rabbits but also accelerated its regression to some extent. Possible mechanisms of the lipidemia-reducing effect of the oil have been discussed.

    橡胶种子油是富含多价不饱和脂肪的油脂之一,它含亚油酸36%、亚麻酸24%及其他不饱和脂肪酸。近年来,我们证实当正常大白鼠饲以橡胶种子油膳时,其血清胆固醇及甘油三脂均较以普食喂养的大白鼠低。其降脂作用已进一步在实验性高脂血症动物(大白鼠及家兔)和高脂蛋白血症患者身上证实。我们还发现经常食用这种油的人群(至少6个月),血脂水平(不论胆固醇或甘油三脂)均较食用其他油脂的人群低。而且在我们的研究中还证明橡胶种子油不仅能抑制家兔主动脉动脉粥样硬化病变,且在某种程度上加速其消退。对这种降脂效果的可能机理进行了讨论。

     
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