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government administration
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     government;
     其二是着重呼吁美国政府援助中国;
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     E-Government
     电子政府
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     (5) the government policy;
     (5)政府政策变化;
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     2) Government intervention.
     三是规范政府行为。
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     Administration Failure of Government
     政府失灵理论研究
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  government administration
It is a natural development of other changes in government administration which have been introduced over the past few years.
      
This period coincided with extensive changes in government administration.
      
The management of protected areas in Nepal and Bhutan shows a rather poor capacity or a low degree of acceptance on the side of government administration.
      
Like several countries in Latin America, Uruguay with democratic traditions and a large government administration endured not long ago more than a decade of military rule (1973-1984).
      
The justification for this last claim relies, in part, on the vulnerability of government administration to influence costs.
      
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Authors of this paper put forward some tentative ideas about current trade management organizations.They assume that government department, one of the current trade management organizations, should not or make less effort to manage enterprises, but only perform the functions of government administration in the ?uture. Trade associationsare civil trade management organizations. They should handle the relationship withgovernment administrative agencies, the relationship with big enterprises, the relationshipwithin...

Authors of this paper put forward some tentative ideas about current trade management organizations.They assume that government department, one of the current trade management organizations, should not or make less effort to manage enterprises, but only perform the functions of government administration in the ?uture. Trade associationsare civil trade management organizations. They should handle the relationship withgovernment administrative agencies, the relationship with big enterprises, the relationshipwithin the association.Industrial corporation composed by trade is an unique type oforganization emerged in China's economic management reform. Accompanying the deepening of reform movement, a small part of them will become real enterprises, and mostof them will change into trade associations. From a longterm point of view, there willbe only two types of trade management organizations: government administrative agenciesand civil trade management organizations——trade associations

本文对我国现有的三种行业管理组织提出了改革的设想。政府工业部门是政府管理工业的行业组织,今后应不管或少管企业,真正行使政府行业管理部门的职能。行业协会是民间的行业管理组织,今后要处理好和政府行业管理部门的关系,处理好和大企业的关系,处理好内部的关系。行业性工业公司是我国经济管理体制中的一种特殊的组织形式。随着体制改革的不断深入,它们中的一小部分将变戍企业性公司,而大部分应当变成行业协会。因此,从长远来看,我国工业行业管理的组织形式只有两种:一种是政府的行业管理部门,另一种是民间的行业管理组织——行业协会。

The author is an associate research fellow and deputy head of the depart-ment of industrial management under the research institute of industrialeconomies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and a member ofthe council of China's Association of Industrial Economics. By introducing the experience of co-operation with other enterprisesof the Chongqing Beverage Factory in the production of Tianfu Cola,the article discusses the methods, principles and effects of co-operationamong enterprises. The author is...

The author is an associate research fellow and deputy head of the depart-ment of industrial management under the research institute of industrialeconomies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and a member ofthe council of China's Association of Industrial Economics. By introducing the experience of co-operation with other enterprisesof the Chongqing Beverage Factory in the production of Tianfu Cola,the article discusses the methods, principles and effects of co-operationamong enterprises. The author is of the opinion that the rapid developmentand remarkable results of joint co-operation gained by the Chongqingfactory are mainly attributed to its quality products such as Tianfu Cola.The success is also partly due to its adherence to the principle of voluntaryparticipation and mutual benefit as well as the spirit of equal consultations,and its steady efforts to keep the high quality of products. It has beenproved by facts that co-operation among enterprises is beneficial toseparating government administration from enterprise management, raisingthe vitality of enterprises, rationalizing the indnstrial and enterpriesestructure, promoting exchanges of funds and technology, and improvingthe overall econeomic results of enterprises. To encourage co-operation among enterprises, the author points out the urgent need to reform thecompanies which also perform government functions. He first analyses thecharacter and draw-backs of such companies, and then concludes that ifreforms are not introduced in these companies, the vitality of enterprisesand the task of gradually establishing and improving indirect controlsystems will be seriously affected.

本文从介绍“天府可乐”的生产厂——重庆饮料厂的联合经验入手,论述了企业间横向联合的途径、原则和效果。作者认为,重庆饮料厂的联合协作之所以迅速发展和取得显著效果,根本原因是有了“天府可乐”等名牌拳头产品,同时也因为他们坚持了自愿互利的原则、精心保持产品质量和平等协商处理问题的精神。事实证明,企业间的横向联合有利于政企分开,增强企业活力;有利于工业和企业结构合理化:有利于资金、技术的融通交流,全面提高企业的经济效益。作者指出:为了发展企业间横向联合,亟待改革行政性公司。作者分析了行政性公司的性质和弊病,认为不加改革,势必严重影响增强企业活力和逐步建立健全间接控制体系等改革任务的实施。

Shenzhen SEZ takes the lead in reforming China's land administration system.After reviewing the three stages in establishing and developing Shenzhen's real estatemarket,the author expounds its developing difficulties and countermeasures thereof andgoes further into such problems concerning government administration of the market asthe administration structure,macroscopic control of the land supply plan,the regulationof the market by taxation,etc.

深圳经济特区是我国率先进行土地管理体制改革的地区。作者回顾了深圳房地产市场建立和发展三个阶段后,结合自己的工作实践,阐述了深圳发展房地产市场的难点和对策,并对管理构架、土地供应计划宏观控制、税收对房地产市场的调节等政府对房地产市场管理问题进行了探讨。

 
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