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pediatric infection
相关语句
  儿科感染
     Antimicrobial resistance monitoring of 814 bacterial stains of pediatric infection
     儿科感染致病菌814株耐药性监测
短句来源
     Conclusion MRS strains have become major pathogenic bacteria in pediatric infection,especially MRCNS should be paid more attention.
     结论MRS菌株已成为儿科感染的主要致病菌,尤其是MRCNS要远远高于MRSA,应引起重视。
短句来源
     Objective To investigate the common pathogenic bacteria and their drug-resistance in pediatric infection.
     目的了解儿科感染常见的病原菌及其耐药性,为合理用药提供依据。
短句来源
  “pediatric infection”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Objective:To study the situation of pathogenic bacteria of pediatric infection in hospital,so can guide clinical doctors use antibiotic rationally.
     目的:探讨我院2005年儿科院内感染常见致病菌的分布及对抗生素的耐药情况,为临床合理用药提供依据。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     b infection.
     b的感染提供依据。
短句来源
     infection;
     感染 ;
短句来源
     Treatment of pediatric pepticulcer with helicobacter pylori infection
     小儿幽门螺杆菌感染伴消化性溃疡药物治疗研究
短句来源
     An analysis of nosocomial infection in pediatric patients
     儿科院内感染分析及对策
短句来源
     Pediatric appendectomy
     小儿阑尾切除术1472例分析
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  pediatric infection
Pediatric infection due to multiresistant Salmonella enterica serotype Infantis in Honduras.
      


Objective To investigate the common pathogenic bacteria and their drug-resistance in pediatric infection.~Methods Bacteria were detected by routine microorganism tests, and drug-resistance was tested by disk diffusion method.~Results The five most frequently isolated becteria were coagulase-negative staphylococci (16.8%)、escherichia coli (13.8%)、staphylococcus aureus (12.6%)、klebsiella sp. (10.9%) and shigella sp. (8.9%). The drug-resistant rate against oxacillin in staphylococci was 55.3%. The vancomycin...

Objective To investigate the common pathogenic bacteria and their drug-resistance in pediatric infection.~Methods Bacteria were detected by routine microorganism tests, and drug-resistance was tested by disk diffusion method.~Results The five most frequently isolated becteria were coagulase-negative staphylococci (16.8%)、escherichia coli (13.8%)、staphylococcus aureus (12.6%)、klebsiella sp. (10.9%) and shigella sp. (8.9%). The drug-resistant rate against oxacillin in staphylococci was 55.3%. The vancomycin was the most effective antibiotics against gram-positive organisms. Most of the gram-negative bacilli were sensitive to imipenem、third-generation cephalosporins.Conclusion Constant surveillance of microbial pathogens and drug-resistance strains in pediatrics is essential.

目的了解儿科感染常见的病原菌及其耐药性,为合理用药提供依据。方法用微生物检验常规方法培养、分离、鉴定病原菌,药敏试验用纸片扩散法。结果儿科感染最常见的前5位病原菌依次为凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌(占16.8%)、大肠埃希菌(占13.8%)、金葡菌(占12.6%)、克雷伯菌属(占10.9%)和志贺菌属(占8.9%);55.3%的葡萄球菌对苯唑西林耐药,万古霉素是革兰阳性菌最为敏感的抗生素,大多数革兰阴性杆菌对亚胺培南、第三代头孢菌素敏感。结论应重视儿科的细菌耐药性监测,随时掌握细菌耐药动态。

ObjectiveTo study the in vitro antimicrobial activity of cefprozil against five common bacterial pathogens causing community-acquired pediatric infections.MethodsThe tested bacterial strains isolated from patients in Beijing Children's Hospital included Staphylococcus aureus(n=50),Streptococcus pneumoniae(n=74),Streptococcus pyogenes(n=30),Haemophilus influenzae(n=30) and Moraxella catarrhalis(n=30).Minimum inhibitory concentrations(MICs) of cefprozil,cefaclor and several other antimicrobials against...

ObjectiveTo study the in vitro antimicrobial activity of cefprozil against five common bacterial pathogens causing community-acquired pediatric infections.MethodsThe tested bacterial strains isolated from patients in Beijing Children's Hospital included Staphylococcus aureus(n=50),Streptococcus pneumoniae(n=74),Streptococcus pyogenes(n=30),Haemophilus influenzae(n=30) and Moraxella catarrhalis(n=30).Minimum inhibitory concentrations(MICs) of cefprozil,cefaclor and several other antimicrobials against these strains were determined using E test method.ResultsMIC_(90) of cefprozil was 0.75 mg/L against methicillin-sensitive S.aureus,0.023 mg/L against S.pyogenes,0.094(penicillin-susceptible S.pneumoniae,PSSP) to 12 mg/L(penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae,PRSP) against S.pneumoniae,2(beta-lactamase negative strain) to 16 mg/L(beta-lactamase positive strain) against H.influenzae and 0.75(beta-lactamase-negative strain) to 16 mg/L(beta-lactamase positive strain) against M.catarrhalis isolates respectively.About 61.9% of PRSP isolates and 15.8% of beta-lactamase positive H.influenzae strains were resistant to cefprozil respectively.ConclusionsOur results suggest that cefprozil has good in vitro activity against methicillin-sensitive S.aureus,S.pyogenes,PSSP,and beta-lactamase negative M.catarrhalis isolates.But it is not as active as cefdinir against beta-lactamase positive H.influenzae.Relatively higher proportion of PRSP isolates is resistant to cefprozil.

目的观察头孢丙烯等口服抗生素对5种儿童社区获得性感染常见致病菌的体外抗菌活性。方法选取近年北京儿童医院临床分离的金葡菌、化脓性链球菌、肺炎链球菌、流感嗜血杆菌和卡他莫拉菌菌株,采用E试验法检测其对头孢丙烯、头孢克洛、头孢地尼等抗生素的敏感性。结果头孢丙烯对所检测菌株的MIC90值分别是:甲氧西林敏感金葡菌0.75mg/L;化脓性链球菌0.023mg/L;肺炎链球菌青霉素敏感株0.094mg/L,青霉素耐药株12mg/L;β内酰胺酶阴性流感嗜血杆菌2mg/L,β内酰胺酶阳性16mg/L;β内酰胺酶阴性卡他莫拉菌0.75mg/L,β内酰胺酶阳性2mg/L。PRSP株对头孢丙烯耐药率为61.9%,流感嗜血杆菌β内酰胺酶阳性株中占15.8%。结论头孢丙烯对金葡菌、化脓性链球菌、青霉素敏感肺炎链球菌、β内酰胺酶阴性卡他莫拉菌有良好抗菌作用;对β内酰胺酶阳性流感嗜血杆菌的抗菌活性低于头孢地尼;青霉素耐药肺炎链球菌株对头孢丙烯有较高的耐药率。

Objective To analyze the status of infection and resistance of methicillin-resitant Staphylococcus(MRS) from isolates in children,giving a help in the treatment of infection of MRS. Methods Vitex-32 automicroscan GPI and GPS cards were used to identify the specimen and conduct drug-susceptibility test,and to detect β-lactamase.MRS were identified based on new criteria published in NCCLS 2004. Results All 101 strains of Staphylococcus were isolated from all specimen.The isolated rate of MRS was 79.2% and β-lactamase...

Objective To analyze the status of infection and resistance of methicillin-resitant Staphylococcus(MRS) from isolates in children,giving a help in the treatment of infection of MRS. Methods Vitex-32 automicroscan GPI and GPS cards were used to identify the specimen and conduct drug-susceptibility test,and to detect β-lactamase.MRS were identified based on new criteria published in NCCLS 2004. Results All 101 strains of Staphylococcus were isolated from all specimen.The isolated rate of MRS was 79.2% and β-lactamase 92.1%.The positive rates of β-lactamases of MRS and MSS were 100% and 61.9%.The drug-resistance rates of MRCNS and β-lactamase-productive strains were remarkblely higher than MSCNS and β-lactamase-unproductive strains.All the MRS strains were highly resistant to β-lactamase antibiotics tested,and were highly sensitive to vancomycin.Conclusion MRS strains have become major pathogenic bacteria in pediatric infection,especially MRCNS should be paid more attention.MRS strains show highly resistant to β-lactamase antibiotics tested,so antibiotics should be used reasonably to control the infection caused by these bacteria.

目的分析儿童耐甲氧西林葡萄球菌(MRS)临床分离株的感染现状及耐药性,为控制和治疗MRS感染提供帮助。方法采用VITEK-32全自动微生物鉴定仪GPI和GPS卡进行菌株鉴定、药敏试验及β-内酰胺酶检测,MRS的检测按照美国临床实验室标准化委员会(NCCLS)2004版的新标准检测。结果从各种标本中分离出101株葡萄球菌,MRS的检出率为79.2%,β-内酰胺酶的检出率为92.1%,MRS的产酶率为100%,甲氧西林敏感的葡萄球菌(MSS)的产酶率为61.9%,耐甲氧西林凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌(MRCNS)与产酶菌株的耐药率均明显高于甲氧西林敏感的凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌(MSCNS)和非产酶菌株。检出的MRS以MRCNS为主,其中有56.3%来自血液标本,全部MRS对β-内酰胺类抗生素及β-内酰胺类抗生素加酶抑制剂敏感率最低,,对万古霉素耐药率为0。结论MRS菌株已成为儿科感染的主要致病菌,尤其是MRCNS要远远高于MRSA,应引起重视。MRS菌株对β-内酰胺类抗生素及β-内酰胺类抗生素加酶抑制表现出了高度耐药性,要合理应用抗生素,以控制该类菌的感染。

 
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