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ascitic infection
相关语句
  腹水感染
     Ascitic infection developed in 16 cases (group AP1), and not in the other 20 cases (group AP2).
     16例发生腹水感染(AP1组),而20例未见腹水感染(AP2组)。
短句来源
     METHODS: The clinical data of ascitic infection patients with liver cirrhosis at Child-Pugh stage B and C were analyzed retrospectively and com-paratively.
     方法:对处于Child-Pugh分级B、C阶段肝硬化腹水感染患者临床数据进行回顾性分析.
短句来源
     Bacterial spectrum changes and analysis of antibiotic sensitivity in ascitic infection patients with hepatic cirrhosis
     肝硬化患者腹水感染致病菌菌谱变化与药敏分析
短句来源
     AIM: To observe and analyze the changes of bacterial spectrum and antibiotic sensitivity in ascitic infection patients with liver cirrhosis.
     目的:探讨肝硬化腹水感染致病菌变化及细菌对抗生素敏感性的变化.
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     infection;
     感染 ;
短句来源
     b infection.
     b的感染提供依据。
短句来源
     Changes of intestinal permeability in cirrhotic patients with spontaneous ascitic fluid infection
     肝炎肝硬化自发性腹水感染患者肠黏膜通透性检测
短句来源
     Bacterial spectrum changes and analysis of antibiotic sensitivity in ascitic infection patients with hepatic cirrhosis
     肝硬化患者腹水感染致病菌菌谱变化与药敏分析
短句来源
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  ascitic infection
In control group were 135 cirrhotics with undetected ascitic infection by first paracentesis.
      


ObjectiveTo study the value of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6(IL-6) in the (diagnosis) of acute pancreatitis (AP) associated with infection. MethodsSixty SD rats were randomly (assigned) into group AP (n=40) and sham-operation group (S, n=20). Plasma CRP and IL-6 were detected before AP(0h), and at 12h, 24h and 48h after AP. Serum amylase detection and ascitic bacteria culture were carried out at 48h. Results(1)In AP group, 36 rats were alive. Ascitic infection developed in 16 cases...

ObjectiveTo study the value of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6(IL-6) in the (diagnosis) of acute pancreatitis (AP) associated with infection. MethodsSixty SD rats were randomly (assigned) into group AP (n=40) and sham-operation group (S, n=20). Plasma CRP and IL-6 were detected before AP(0h), and at 12h, 24h and 48h after AP. Serum amylase detection and ascitic bacteria culture were carried out at 48h. Results(1)In AP group, 36 rats were alive. Ascitic infection developed in 16 cases (group AP1), and not in the other 20 cases (group AP2). (2)Plasma CRP and IL-6 levels in group AP1 and AP2 were significantly higher than those in group S (all, P<0.01). In group AP1, compared to group AP2, except the CRP concentrations at 48h had a significant increase(P<0.01), at all the other time periods, no significant differences of plasma IL-6 and CRP concentrations were observed (all, P>0.05). (3)In group AP1, IL-6 and CRP elevated significantly at all time periods after the model setup (P<0.05). But in group AP2, elevation of IL-6 and CRP was only observed at 12h(both, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between 24h and 48h (P>0.05). (Conclusions)Plasma CRP has predictive value in the diagnosis of early infection in acute pancreatitis, but plasma IL-6 is not sensitive to secondary bacteria infection in acute pancreatitis.

目的研究C-反应蛋白(CRP)及白细胞介素6(IL-6)对急性胰腺炎并感染的诊断价值。方法60只SD大鼠随机分为急性胰腺炎组(AP组,n=40)及假手术组(S组,n=20),分别检测成模前(0h)及成模后12,24及48h时血浆CRP及IL-6水平和48h时腹水细菌培养。结果(1)AP组存活36例,均制模成功。16例发生腹水感染(AP1组),而20例未见腹水感染(AP2组)。(2)AP1及AP2组血浆CRP及IL-6水平在成模后均显著高于S组(P均<0.01)。AP1与AP2组比较,仅CRP在48h时有显著升高(P<0.01)。(3)AP1组在成模后IL-6及CRP逐渐上升,各时点均存在显著的差异(P均<0.05);而AP2组IL-6及CRP仅在成模后24h内显著升高(P均<0.05),而术后48h和24h时差异并无显著性(P>0.05)。结论血浆CRP对急性胰腺炎早期发生感染诊断具预测价值,而IL-6则对急性胰腺炎并继发的细菌感染并不敏感。

AIM: To observe and analyze the changes of bacterial spectrum and antibiotic sensitivity in ascitic infection patients with liver cirrhosis.METHODS: The clinical data of ascitic infection patients with liver cirrhosis at Child-Pugh stage B and C were analyzed retrospectively and com-paratively.RESULTS: The gram-negative bacilli covered the largest percentage in the patients at Child-Pugh stage B and C, and colon bacteria were the most common pathogenic factors, the percentag-es of which were 45.8%...

AIM: To observe and analyze the changes of bacterial spectrum and antibiotic sensitivity in ascitic infection patients with liver cirrhosis.METHODS: The clinical data of ascitic infection patients with liver cirrhosis at Child-Pugh stage B and C were analyzed retrospectively and com-paratively.RESULTS: The gram-negative bacilli covered the largest percentage in the patients at Child-Pugh stage B and C, and colon bacteria were the most common pathogenic factors, the percentag-es of which were 45.8% and 60.3%, respectively. The sensitivities of gentamycin, amikacin, and ampicillin to colon bacteria were 88.9%, 91.1% and 44.4%, respectively, during the period from the year 1997 to 2000, and those decreased to 35.2%, 39.8%, and 26.1%, respectively, during the period from the year 2001 to 2004. The sen-sitivity of cephalosporin to colon bacteria was 81.8% during the period of 2001 to 2004. How-ever, the infections of fungicides and anaerobeswere found increasing from 2001 to 2004.CONCLUSION: Preventive adoption of antibiot-ics in the treatment of ascitic infection patients with liver cirrhosis must be based on the results of bacterium culture and antibiotic sensitivity test.

目的:探讨肝硬化腹水感染致病菌变化及细菌对抗生素敏感性的变化.方法:对处于Child-Pugh分级B、C阶段肝硬化腹水感染患者临床数据进行回顾性分析.结果:两个阶段的主要致病菌仍是革兰氏阴性杆菌,两个时期,致病菌仍以大肠杆菌为主,分别占45.8%和60.3%.但1997-2000年的大肠杆菌药敏中庆大霉素敏感率达88.9%、丁胺卡那霉素敏感率达91.1%、氨苄青敏感性达44.4%,2001-2004年中分别下降到35.2%、39.8%、26.1%.2001-2004年大肠杆菌对头孢类敏感性达81.8%以上.近年来菌谱及其耐药性发生变化,厌氧菌和真菌感染呈上升趋势.结论:针对肝硬化腹水,预防性应用抗生素,为了避免耐药菌的产生,应依据腹水培养和药敏试验结果,从而提高临床疗效.

 
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