The model of 0-1 integer programming for the problem is also provided in this paper. The model tries to find a most reasonable route selection approach for the aim of minimizing the total conversion delay.

Routing and wavelength assignment for online real-time multicast connection setup is difficult due to the dynamic change of availabilities of wavelengths on links and the consideration of wavelength conversion delay in WDM networks.

Routing and wavelength assignment for online real-time multicast connection setup is difficult due to the dynamic change of availabilities of wavelengths on links and the consideration of wavelength conversion delay in WDM networks.

This ensures that the average conversion delay from the source to all destinations is minimized.

Routing and wavelength assignment for online real-time multicast connection setup is a difficult task due to the dynamic change of availabilities of wavelengths on links and the consideration of wavelength conversion delay in WDM networks.

Notice the tradeoff that the standards make between encoding efficiency, reduced bandwidth consumption, and increased conversion delay.

As you can see, there is a price paid for reduced bandwidth consumption by increased conversion delay.

The problem of route selection of the packets in networks is studied based on the viewpoint of fuzzy mathematical programming and system optimization in this paper. The model of 0-1 integer programming for the problem is also provided in this paper. The model tries to find a most reasonable route selection approach for the aim of minimizing the total conversion delay. At the same time, to avoid the state of low efficiency or out of control and over saturation in making use of the link capacity, the model...

The problem of route selection of the packets in networks is studied based on the viewpoint of fuzzy mathematical programming and system optimization in this paper. The model of 0-1 integer programming for the problem is also provided in this paper. The model tries to find a most reasonable route selection approach for the aim of minimizing the total conversion delay. At the same time, to avoid the state of low efficiency or out of control and over saturation in making use of the link capacity, the model adopts the limit condition of fuzzy link capacity.

It appears many real time applications with conversion delay between binary and decimal algorithms is a bottleneck of system performance.This paper introduces a kind of shift based algorithm in order to shorten this delay with minimum cost.Based on the principle of data representation of binary and decimal algorithms,both binary to decimal and decimal to binary algorithms are deduced mathematically in equation. They are featured as converting data value through shift operation.Double of BCD,constructed...

It appears many real time applications with conversion delay between binary and decimal algorithms is a bottleneck of system performance.This paper introduces a kind of shift based algorithm in order to shorten this delay with minimum cost.Based on the principle of data representation of binary and decimal algorithms,both binary to decimal and decimal to binary algorithms are deduced mathematically in equation. They are featured as converting data value through shift operation.Double of BCD,constructed to be Logic N,is atomic operation of binary to decimal bit shifting conversion and half of BCD,constructed to be Logic M,is one of reverse conversion.Without carrying propagation froLogic M N to Logic N or froLogic M M to Logic M,the conversion speed only depends on the longest combinatorial path of Logic N or M.These radix 2 r algorithms,i.e.by one bit shift per cycle,is expanded to radix 2 r algorithms,i.e.by multi bit shift per cycle,to accelerate the conversion speed further.Finally,it shows that the shift based algorithms are much faster than other algorithms by comparisons of these conversion algorithms.

Routing and wavelength assignment for online real time multicast connection setup is difficult due to the dynamic change of availabilities of wavelengths on links and the consideration of wavelength conversion delay in WDM networks Assuming that each link has multiple fibres, there are wavelength converters only at part of nodes and the conversion delay is not negligible A distributed routing and wavelength assignment algorithm for the setup of real time multicast connections is presented based...

Routing and wavelength assignment for online real time multicast connection setup is difficult due to the dynamic change of availabilities of wavelengths on links and the consideration of wavelength conversion delay in WDM networks Assuming that each link has multiple fibres, there are wavelength converters only at part of nodes and the conversion delay is not negligible A distributed routing and wavelength assignment algorithm for the setup of real time multicast connections is presented based on the above assumption The algorithm is based on Prim's MST (minimum spanning tree) algorithm It generates a sub minimal cost tree under a given delay bound first If there are nodes not included in the cost tree, a delay tree is generated to include the rest nodes The two trees are merged together The wavelength assignment uses least conversion and load balancing strategies