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phoneme conversion
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  “phoneme conversion”译为未确定词的双语例句
     This paper proposes to use the ESC based stochastic decision list to learn pronunciation rules for words ith multi pronunciations. With the generated rules,the error rate for grapheme to phoneme conversion decreased from 8 8‰ to 4 4‰.
     本文采用基于扩展的随机复杂度的随机决策列表方法自动提取多音字 (词 )的读音规则 ,将字 -音转换的错误率由 8 8‰降低到 4 4‰。
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  相似匹配句对
     On Conversion
     论转化构词法
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     Inference of the Rules for English Letter-to-Phoneme Conversion
     英语正文音素转换的规则表示及其推理
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     A Statistical Approach for Grapheme-to-Phoneme Conversion in Chinese
     解决多音字字-音转换的一种统计学习方法
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     conversion of flavanones.
     黄烷酮的转化.
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  phoneme conversion
It was found that poor readers with normal listening comprehension were deficient in tasks that involved grapheme-phoneme conversion (Component I, decoding).
      
We investigate this phenomenon empirically on a selection of benchmark natural language processing tasks: grapheme-to-phoneme conversion, part-of-speech tagging, prepositional-phrase attachment, and base noun phrase chunking.
      
The results are regarded as an indication that efficient grapheme-phoneme conversion is a modular component of the reading skill and this transcoding process is primarily responsible for the fast reading of the autistic children.
      
The first module is comprised of text normalization and grapheme-to-phoneme conversion tasks.
      
Individual differences in mature readers in reading, spelling, and grapheme-phoneme conversion
      
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Using the naming method, this study investigated the cognitiveprocess in the pronouncing of Chinese characters by undergraduatestudents. Materials mostly consisted of grapheme-phoneme characters. In experiment 1, the pronouncing of signal characters of differenttypes and frequency was studied. The result showed three ways ofgrapheme-phoneme conversion, namely: direct retrieval, phoneticcomponent reasoning and analogical reasoning. For higher frequencycharacters, direct retrieval was the way mostly used....

Using the naming method, this study investigated the cognitiveprocess in the pronouncing of Chinese characters by undergraduatestudents. Materials mostly consisted of grapheme-phoneme characters. In experiment 1, the pronouncing of signal characters of differenttypes and frequency was studied. The result showed three ways ofgrapheme-phoneme conversion, namely: direct retrieval, phoneticcomponent reasoning and analogical reasoning. For higher frequencycharacters, direct retrieval was the way mostly used. As frequencydecreased, the role of phonetic component and analogical reasoningincreased. Experiment 2 showed that the consistency of phoneticcomponent pronunciation played an important role in pronouncinglowor frequency characters,

本研究对成年熟练读者的汉字读音过程作了初步探讨。被试为大学生,实验材料以形声字为主,研究方法使用命名潜伏期法。实验一研究了不同字形、不同字频的单个汉字的读音,发现被试读汉字有直接提取、声旁及类似推理三种加工方式。高频字的读音以提取为主;中频字读音时,声旁和类似推理的作用增加;低频字读音时提取基本不起作用。实验二中发现,声旁的发音一致性对低频字的读音影响很大。激活熟悉的类似字,以确定刺激字的读音,是低频字读音的一个重要方式。

Objective To analyse the feature of the deep alexia and discuss its possible mechanism. Methods Six patients with transcortical sensory aphasia and deep alexia were examined by supplemental reading tests i.e. reading aloud 92 words first and then matching picture or interpreting. Results There were eighty five paralexia words in 6 patients. Among them, most of the 48 semantic paralexia words could be matched by pictures or interpretations correctly; most of the 19 similar form paralexia words and 11 similar...

Objective To analyse the feature of the deep alexia and discuss its possible mechanism. Methods Six patients with transcortical sensory aphasia and deep alexia were examined by supplemental reading tests i.e. reading aloud 92 words first and then matching picture or interpreting. Results There were eighty five paralexia words in 6 patients. Among them, most of the 48 semantic paralexia words could be matched by pictures or interpretations correctly; most of the 19 similar form paralexia words and 11 similar sound paralexia words could not be matched by pictures or interpretations correctly; three of the seven sublexical reading aloud could be matched by pictures correctly. Conclusion The visual input logogram could activated the semantic system, but could not select correetly because of the deficit of the graphemephoneme conversion to raise the semantic paralexia. The phoneme of paralexias could activate the phonetic system, but selecting from homonym was deficient. There was no evidence to show that there was phonetic routine in reading aloud the Chinese scripts.

目的分析汉语失读特点并探讨其机制。方法对6例经皮质感觉性失语并深部失读患者做补充阅读检查——92个词先朗读,后配画或解释。结果6例有85个错读词。48个词义错读词中大多可正确配画或解释;19个近形错读词和11个近音错读词中大多不能正确配画或解释。7个部分词朗读中3个可正确配画。结论字的视觉传入可激活词义系统,但由于字位-音位转换有缺陷致不能正确选择而出现词义错读。错读的语音可激活语音系统,但从同音异义字中选择有缺陷。未证明汉字朗读有语音途径。

Based upon the experiments showing three traits of Chinese characters as stimulus,the comparison has been made between the hearing-impaired and normal children in RT functions for the judgment involved in the verbal recoding.The results show than the function of graphic code in visual processing is more strongly correlated with recognition of Chinese characters than the phonetic code and semantic code for both the hearing-impaired and normal children.For hearing-impaired children,a direct access that a semantic...

Based upon the experiments showing three traits of Chinese characters as stimulus,the comparison has been made between the hearing-impaired and normal children in RT functions for the judgment involved in the verbal recoding.The results show than the function of graphic code in visual processing is more strongly correlated with recognition of Chinese characters than the phonetic code and semantic code for both the hearing-impaired and normal children.For hearing-impaired children,a direct access that a semantic code is produced directly from the graphic code is abserved.However,for normal children the strategly of grapheme-phoneme conversion rules to interpret the meaning of words is used.It's shown that no significant differences of mental processing has been found between the hearing-impaired and normal childern.Perhaps both the direct access and the grapheme-phoneme conversion form a comprehensive information procession activating each other.

本实验以视系列呈现、选择、判断的方法对分别强化了的三类汉字认知的识虽速度进行了比较,探讨了聋人与听力正常人在阅读过程中对汉字的形码、义码、音码的信息的加工方式。实验结果发现:聋人与听力正常人在字词识别的加工过程中都表现出较强的形码作用;在字义提取时,聋人采用了通过字形直取其义的直通加工方式,听力正常人则更多地采取形/音转换后提取字义的加工方式。进一步的分析认为:聋人与听力正常人在汉字识别的内部心理机制方面并没有本质的区别。聋人也有“视觉型的语音编码”,字词的直通加工和形/音转换加工,很可能是一种相互激活的综合加工过程

 
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