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children and
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  儿童
     The Research of Growth and Development of Tibetan Children and Adolescents in Lhasa
     拉萨藏族儿童青少年生长发育的研究
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     Study of Behavior and ERP on the Susceptibility to Emotion of 5-7 Year-Old Children and Adults
     5-7岁儿童和成人的情绪易感性:行为和脑电研究
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     A Study on Related Genes Expression of Asthma in Children and Airway Remodeling
     关于儿童哮喘相关基因与气道重塑的研究
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     The Experimental Research on Temporal Cognitive Mechanism in Special Children and Normal Children
     特殊儿童与正常儿童时间认知机制的实验研究
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     A DEVELOPMENTAL ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC STUDY OF CHILDREN AND YOUTHS AGED 8 TO 20 YEARS
     8岁至20岁儿童与青少年脑电图的研究
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  “children and”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Expression of Retinoic Acid Receptor Genes in Lymph Nodes of Young Children and B Cell Development
     视黄酸受体基因在小儿淋巴结的表达与B细胞发育的研究
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     DETERMINATION Of HAEMOGLOBIN F WITH PERIPHERAL BLOOD IN SCHOOL CHILDREN AND ITS CLINICAL OBSERVATION
     学龄儿童末梢血HbF的测定及临床观察
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     DETERMINATION OF MAXIMAL EXPIRATORY FLOW-VOLUME CURVES OF 815 NORMAL CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS IN CHENGDU
     成都地区815例正常青少年最大呼气流量-容积曲线的测定
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     Comprehensive Evaluation of Preschool Children and Study of Its Influencing Factors
     学龄前儿童体质综合评价及影响因素的研究
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     SEROLOGICAL STUDY OF RUBELLA VIRUS INFECTION OF CHILDREN AND CHILD-BEARING AGE WOMEN
     风疹患儿及育龄妇女风疹病毒感染的血清学研究
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  相似匹配句对
     Children's Day
     儿童节的由来
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     Children of Glory
     光荣的孩子们
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     Of Parents and Children
     论父母与子女
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     Parents and Children
     父母与子女
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  children and
Association of metabolic syndrome with arterial compliance in children and adolescents
      
The association of metabolic syndrome (MS) with arterial compliance in children and adolescents was explored.
      
The arterial compliance of MS group was significantly lowered in children and adolescents, and with the increase of the clustering of MS components, arterial compliance was gradually decreased.
      
It was suggested that arterial compliance assessment in children and adolescents was important for early prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
      
Associative Process as an Indicator of Interhemispheric Interaction in Healthy Children and Children with Autism
      
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Observations made on the cystic arteries of 120 cadavers (62 adults,48children and 10 newborns) showed 85 (70.83±4.1%)to be simple cystic arteryand 35 double (29.07±4.1%).The percentages of the double cystic artery arehigher in children and newborns(20 cases,57.14%,in children and newbornsas compared with 15 cases,42.86%,in adults).In 64 cases,or 53.33±4.5 percent,the simple cystic aretry arises in theCalot's triangle from the typical coeliac right hepatic artery,and in 24 casesor 20.0±3.6...

Observations made on the cystic arteries of 120 cadavers (62 adults,48children and 10 newborns) showed 85 (70.83±4.1%)to be simple cystic arteryand 35 double (29.07±4.1%).The percentages of the double cystic artery arehigher in children and newborns(20 cases,57.14%,in children and newbornsas compared with 15 cases,42.86%,in adults).In 64 cases,or 53.33±4.5 percent,the simple cystic aretry arises in theCalot's triangle from the typical coeliac right hepatic artery,and in 24 casesor 20.0±3.6 per cent,the superficial or deep branches or both have the sameorigin.The single and double cystic arteries,or one branch of the double cysticartery from the replaced right hepatic artery occurs in 12 cases or 10.0±2.7per cent,and from an artery other than the right hepatic,23 cases or 19.7±3.5per cent.In 74 cases,or 61.67±4.2 per cent,the origin of the single and one or twobranches of the double cystic artery is in Calot's triangle;in 49 cases,or 40.83±4.4 per cent,it is from the right hepatic artery or other sources to the leftof the hepatic duct and crossing the hepatic duct or common bile duct posteriorlyor anteriorly.17 cases or 14.17±3.2 per cent are in other locations.The single and dual cystic arteries or one branch of the dual cystic arteryare attached to the gall bladder from the neck in 100 cases,or 83.33±3.3 percent;and from the body in 51 cases,or 42.5±4.5 per cent.The series was classified into 8 types,their relation to the clinical opera-tion was discussed.

1.本文检查了120例尸体的胆囊动脉,其中62例成年尸体,48例童尸和10例胎儿。2.在此120例中有85例单胆囊动脉,占70.83±4.1%;35例双胆囊动脉,占29.17±4.1%,百分率较高,其原因也曾讨论。3.胆囊动脉的起始。(见表1)(1)起始于典型肝右动脉的:单胆囊动脉64例;双胆囊动脉的两支起于此者22例,1支起于此者7例;共93例,占77.50±3.8%。(2)起于变异肝右动脉的:(包括肠系膜肝右动脉、肠系膜肝总肝右动脉、腹腔肝右动脉及腹主肝右动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者4例,1支起于此者1例。共12例,占10.00±2.7%。(3)起于肝左或肝中动脉的:单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者1例,1支起于此者7例。共15例,占12.50±3.0%。 (4)起于其它动脉的:(包括肝总、肝固有及胃十二指肠动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉1支起於此者1例,2支起於此者无。共8例,占6.67±2.3%。4.胆囊动脉起始的位置(见表2)(1)位在Calot氏三角内者:单胆囊勤脉48例,双胆囊动脉两支位于此者9例,1支位于此者17例,共74例。占61.67±4.4%。(2)位于肝总管...

1.本文检查了120例尸体的胆囊动脉,其中62例成年尸体,48例童尸和10例胎儿。2.在此120例中有85例单胆囊动脉,占70.83±4.1%;35例双胆囊动脉,占29.17±4.1%,百分率较高,其原因也曾讨论。3.胆囊动脉的起始。(见表1)(1)起始于典型肝右动脉的:单胆囊动脉64例;双胆囊动脉的两支起于此者22例,1支起于此者7例;共93例,占77.50±3.8%。(2)起于变异肝右动脉的:(包括肠系膜肝右动脉、肠系膜肝总肝右动脉、腹腔肝右动脉及腹主肝右动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者4例,1支起于此者1例。共12例,占10.00±2.7%。(3)起于肝左或肝中动脉的:单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者1例,1支起于此者7例。共15例,占12.50±3.0%。 (4)起于其它动脉的:(包括肝总、肝固有及胃十二指肠动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉1支起於此者1例,2支起於此者无。共8例,占6.67±2.3%。4.胆囊动脉起始的位置(见表2)(1)位在Calot氏三角内者:单胆囊勤脉48例,双胆囊动脉两支位于此者9例,1支位于此者17例,共74例。占61.67±4.4%。(2)位于肝总管左侧,且越其前面或后面者:单胆囊动脉25例;双胆囊动脉1支位于此者13例,两支位于此者无。共38例,占31.67±4.2%。(3)位输胆总管左侧,且越其前面或后面者:单胆囊动脉6例,双胆囊动脉的1支位于此者5例,共11例。占9.17±2.6%。(4)位于其它位置的:单胆囊动脉5例;双胆囊动脉两支位于其它位置的6例,1支位于其它位置的5例,共16例,占13.33±2.9%。5.胆囊动脉进入胆囊的部位(见表3)(1)从胆囊颈入胆囊的:单胆囊动脉62例,双胆囊动脉两支从颈进入者4例,1支从颈进入者34例。共100例,占83.33±3.30%。(2)从胆囊体进入者:单胆囊动脉23例,双胆囊动脉的1支从体进入胆囊的28例;共51例,占42.50±4.5%。6.胆囊动脉的类型(见表4)正常的第Ⅰ型占57.60±4.5%;第Ⅱ型估25.00±3.9%;第Ⅲ型占8.33±2.5%;第Ⅳ型占12.50±3.0%;第Ⅴ型占3.33±1.6%;第Ⅵ型占3.33±1.6%;第Ⅷ型占1.67±1.2%;第Ⅶ、Ⅸ、Ⅹ、Ⅺ、Ⅻ型作者未曾见到。双胆囊动脉深支的配布类型:浅深支同一起始动脉的为第Ⅰ型有27例;不同起始的为第Ⅱ型有8例。7.进行胆囊手术时应注意下列几点:(1)双胆囊动脉占29.17±4.1%,分离胆囊管和动脉时应充分注意。(2)正常典型的胆囊动脉仅占57.50±4.5%,馀均异常。在胆囊颈分离时,应注意常有肝右动脉的分枝位其下面;胆囊动脉有时很短,几与其所起始的肝动脉在一处。在胆囊管和动脉未分离清楚以前,勿结紮切断,以免误损肝动脉。(3)胆囊动脉位于肝总管左侧,越肝总管和输胆总管前面的占36.66±4.4%,位其后面者占4.17±1.8%,在分离胆囊管和动脉时应注意之。(4)胆囊动脉从胆囊颈左缘进入是正常的,占65.83±4.2%,另有异常的为从颈右缘或后方进入胆囊的有21例,从体进入胆囊的有51例,共占60.00±4.2%。在分离胆囊时也应注意胆囊颈的右下缘及胆囊体。

1)The arteries of the human thoracic vertebrae are studied on 14 cadavers(1 fetus,11 children and 2 adults)by dissection,clearing,and radiography.Their origins, branches,distributions,and their relations to each other on the external surfaces of the vertebrae as well as their numbers,points of entrance,and intravertebral distributions are recorded and studied. 2)All the vertebrae obtain their blood supply,directly or indirectly,from the neighbouring intercostal arteries.In addition,the upper 2 vertebrae...

1)The arteries of the human thoracic vertebrae are studied on 14 cadavers(1 fetus,11 children and 2 adults)by dissection,clearing,and radiography.Their origins, branches,distributions,and their relations to each other on the external surfaces of the vertebrae as well as their numbers,points of entrance,and intravertebral distributions are recorded and studied. 2)All the vertebrae obtain their blood supply,directly or indirectly,from the neighbouring intercostal arteries.In addition,the upper 2 vertebrae receive also the descending branches from the inferior thyroid artery,the subclavian artery,the costo- cervical trunk or the vertebral artery,among which the branches deriving from the inferior thyroid artery occur more frequently.Both the arteries reaching the internal and external surfaces of the vertebral bodies and those distributed to the internal and external surfaces of the vertebral arches divide into ascending and descending branches(the main trunk of the intercostal artery gives rise to a number of upper and lower slender branches over the antero-lateral surfaces of the vertebral body)to supply the adjacent vertebrae.On each side(right and left)the neighbouring ascending and descending branches anastomose longitudinally,and the arteries of the same name on both sides join to form transverse anastomosis. 3)The nutrient arteries of each vertebral body form 3 groups,two of which enter the body through its right and left antero-lateral aspects respectively.The 3rd group pierces the central portion of its posterior aspect.The numbers of the arteries penetrating the antero-lateral aspect of the body vary in different ages;5—6 branches on either side of the body in 4 month fetus,reduced to 3 branches in 1—3 year old children.On the dorsal aspect,the upper ten bodies receive 2 branches each;and the lower twos,3—4 branches.In the spongy bone of the vertebral body,all the arteries of the 3 groups converge and anastomose to each other. 4)The end arteries occur only in the developing cartilaginous regions of the verte- brae.As the ossification proceeds the anastomosis develops in the spongy bone. 5)It is usually found that a nutrient artery enters the vertebral arch from behind through its superio-lateral aspect or near the base of the upper articular process of the vertebra.

1.用解剖、透明和 X 线造影等方法,观查了胎儿、幼儿及成人尸体胸椎骨的动脉血管共14具,其中胎儿1具、幼儿11具和成人2具。观查的内容包括胸椎骨动脉的来源、动脉在椎骨外的分支分布、相互关系,以及每个椎骨体营养动脉的支数、进入部位和它在椎骨体内的配布。2.全部胸椎骨除直接或间接地接受相邻肋间动脉供应外,其中上2胸椎骨尚接受由甲状腺下动脉、锁骨下动脉、肋颈干或椎动脉发出的降支,尤其自甲状腺下动脉来者最多。动脉血管在相应椎骨体前后面和椎弓内外面皆分为升、降支供应相邻椎骨,每侧相邻升、降支间互相连成纵吻合;左右同名支间连成横吻合。3.每个胸椎体的营养动脉共分三群:二群分别由椎骨体左右前外侧面进入。一群由椎骨体背侧面中央进入。其由椎骨体前外侧面进入的营养动脉支数,随年龄而有所变动。四个月胎儿椎骨体每侧有5—6支;1—3岁幼儿椎骨体常减少为3支。由椎骨体背侧进入上10个胸椎体的营养动脉支数常为2支;末2个胸椎体常为3—4支。此三群动脉在椎骨体内呈放射状排列,并在松质骨内相互吻合。4.终动脉只出现在椎骨体发育中的软骨范围内;后来随着骨化,动脉支在松质骨内形成吻合,终动脉卽口随之消失。5.椎弓背侧外上方或接近上关节突基部,...

1.用解剖、透明和 X 线造影等方法,观查了胎儿、幼儿及成人尸体胸椎骨的动脉血管共14具,其中胎儿1具、幼儿11具和成人2具。观查的内容包括胸椎骨动脉的来源、动脉在椎骨外的分支分布、相互关系,以及每个椎骨体营养动脉的支数、进入部位和它在椎骨体内的配布。2.全部胸椎骨除直接或间接地接受相邻肋间动脉供应外,其中上2胸椎骨尚接受由甲状腺下动脉、锁骨下动脉、肋颈干或椎动脉发出的降支,尤其自甲状腺下动脉来者最多。动脉血管在相应椎骨体前后面和椎弓内外面皆分为升、降支供应相邻椎骨,每侧相邻升、降支间互相连成纵吻合;左右同名支间连成横吻合。3.每个胸椎体的营养动脉共分三群:二群分别由椎骨体左右前外侧面进入。一群由椎骨体背侧面中央进入。其由椎骨体前外侧面进入的营养动脉支数,随年龄而有所变动。四个月胎儿椎骨体每侧有5—6支;1—3岁幼儿椎骨体常减少为3支。由椎骨体背侧进入上10个胸椎体的营养动脉支数常为2支;末2个胸椎体常为3—4支。此三群动脉在椎骨体内呈放射状排列,并在松质骨内相互吻合。4.终动脉只出现在椎骨体发育中的软骨范围内;后来随着骨化,动脉支在松质骨内形成吻合,终动脉卽口随之消失。5.椎弓背侧外上方或接近上关节突基部,常有一营养动脉进入。

Phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) can cause delayed hypersensitivity reaction in vivo. We had observed skin tests to PHA in 121 healthy children and adults, and studied the histological changes to PHA in a guinea pig (GP). The sujects of study were iniected intradermally with PHA in a dose of 67 μg/0.1 ml. The diameters on the reacted areas with erythema and induration were measured after different time intervals. Biopsy of skin test in the GP showed that it was mainly subcutaneous edema 4 hours after injection,...

Phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) can cause delayed hypersensitivity reaction in vivo. We had observed skin tests to PHA in 121 healthy children and adults, and studied the histological changes to PHA in a guinea pig (GP). The sujects of study were iniected intradermally with PHA in a dose of 67 μg/0.1 ml. The diameters on the reacted areas with erythema and induration were measured after different time intervals. Biopsy of skin test in the GP showed that it was mainly subcutaneous edema 4 hours after injection, and infiltration of monocytes 8 hours after injection. The diameter of erythema was taken as the standard measurement since the dynamic diagram of curves from diameters of erythema and induration showed an approximate parallel relation

植物血凝素(PHA)在体内能引起迟缓型变态反应。我们对121名健康儿童和成人进行了PHA皮试观察;对豚鼠作了组织学观察。方法是皮内注射67μg/0.1 ml,,分别于0.5、1、2、4、8、12和24小时测量红斑和硬结的直径。结果豚鼠皮试证明,4小时前以皮下水肿为主,8小时后以单核细胞浸润为主。1岁以上各年龄组健康人PHA皮试变异不大。PHA皮试动态观察证明,红斑和硬结直径有近似平行的关系,采用红斑直径作为判断标志。

 
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