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the controlling
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  控制
     Study on the Controlling of Element Phase Transformation by Adsorption/desorption in the Changjiang Estuary
     长江口悬浮泥沙的吸附—解吸作用对元素固—液相态转化控制的研究
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     Studies on the Duties of the Controlling Shareholder
     控制股东义务法律制度研究
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     The Controlling and the Cryptographic Application of Coupled Map Lattices
     耦合映象格子的控制和它在密码系统中的应用
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     A STUDY OF THE CONTROLLING MODEL OF DYNAMIC GAGE-CHANGING SETTING IN CONTINUOUS COLD ROLLING
     冷连轧动态变规格设定控制模型的探讨
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     A Method for Designing the Controlling Inset on a Hosiery Machine
     袜机控制镶条的设计
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  “the controlling”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Constructional Method of a Class of the Controlling Convex Cubic H-Spline Curve and Surface
     一类可控制的保凸三次H-样条曲线和曲面的构造法
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     A Preliminary study of the Simulative calculation of the Controlling Stability for Articulated Vehicles
     连接车辆操纵稳定性模拟计算的初步研究
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     J_n-INTERGRAL AND THE CONTROLLING PARAMETER FOR CRACK GROWTH
     J_n-积分和裂纹扩展的控制参数
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     THE CONTROLLING SYSTEM OF MODEL SZS THREE-PLACES SCENE CAMERA
     SZS型三位制景摄影机的控制系统
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     Quantitative Study on the Controlling Effect of Jinggangmeisu on Rice Sheath Blight
     井岗霉素对稻纹枯病控病效果的定量研究
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  相似匹配句对
     Controlling F.
     因此控制F.
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     controlling the information;
     信息可控策略 ;
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     Controlling Skill
     控制技能
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     controlling the circumfluence;
     控制进口回流;
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  the controlling
The controlling system can operate automatically for nitrogen and phosphorus efficiently removal.
      
Consideration was given to the problem of incentives in the active system where the controlling organ rewards the controlled subjects relying on the observed results of their activity.
      
Control is suggested of the motion of a body in a sinusoidal channel, which retains a continuous first derivative of the controlling moment and a bounded second derivative.
      
Dynamics of the controlling actuator was taken into account.
      
It was assumed that the controlling factor is the kinetics of vapor adsorption on the capillary surface in front of advancing meniscus.
      
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The isothermal transformation of austenite in a ball-bearing steel within thetemperature range between martensite point M and room temperature has been investigated by electrical resistance measurements.The steel employed was ofcommercial production containing 1.43% Cr and 1.02% C and its martensite pointis 159℃ when quenched from 1100℃.The specimen was first quenched toroom temperature(in which state it contained 17% retained austenite),and thenupquenched to isothermal bath in which its transformation was followed.Theeffect...

The isothermal transformation of austenite in a ball-bearing steel within thetemperature range between martensite point M and room temperature has been investigated by electrical resistance measurements.The steel employed was ofcommercial production containing 1.43% Cr and 1.02% C and its martensite pointis 159℃ when quenched from 1100℃.The specimen was first quenched toroom temperature(in which state it contained 17% retained austenite),and thenupquenched to isothermal bath in which its transformation was followed.Theeffect of tempering of martensite was eliminated by employing two specimens ofdifferent martensite contents.1)By comparing the kinetics of isothermal transformation below and abovemartensite point,it was concluded that isothermal transformation below M pointtakes place by the martensite process and not by intermediate transformation(bainitic),in.spite of the presence of large amount of martensite and relativelyhigh temperature at which the transformation takes place.2)From kinetics considerations it appears that isothermal transformationof retained austenite to martensite takes place not by the formation of new nuc-lei but mainly by the growth of already existing martensite.This would alsoinfer that coherency between martensite and austenite is not destroyed(or notcompletely destroyed)during quenching transformation.3)The tempering of martensite appears to be the controlling process forthe isothermal transformation of retained austenite to martensite,such that theelastic strain energy relaxed by tempering of martensite exceeds the difference offree energies between the two phases.The activation energy of tempering ofmartensite within the temperature range considered(below 150℃)was found tobe 13,300 cal/mol,which compares favourably well with the value of 16,000 cal/molas given by Averbach and Cohen in 1953.4)The results show that isothermal keeping for prolonged duration at theneighbourhood of 100℃ brings about maximum amount of transformation of re-tained austenite.That is,at either higher or lower temperatures and for a speci-fied time,the amount of austenite-martensite transformation is less.This is signifi-cant for practical heat-treating of precision gauges and tools for which dimen-sional stability is important and high temperature tempering may not be de-sirable for hardness consideration.

用电阻法研究了含1.43%Cr,1.02%C的滚珠钢在室温到马氏体点(159℃)温度范围内奥氏体等温转变过程。结果指出在这一温度范围内的等温转变是以马氏体转变的形式进行的,而不产生中温转变形式的等温转变。当样品由1100℃淬火至室温后再“上淬”至低于马氏体点的温度进行等温保持时,部分的残留奥氏体即等温转变为马氏体。根据动力学的考虑,这一转变很可能不是通过形成新的晶核,而是已有马氏体晶体的长大过程。同时,这种转变主要受已有马氏体回火过程的控制。在100℃左右长期等温保持时可以得到最大的残留奥氏体转变量。更高或更低的温度,在同一时间内转变量都较100℃左右为小,这可作为精密量具刃具实际热处理的参考。

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South Laoning area in the Spring of 1955 has Leen named"Hoo-pee" By the apple growers. A Study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease, the early-picked fruits de eloping more abundantly and more severely...

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South Laoning area in the Spring of 1955 has Leen named"Hoo-pee" By the apple growers. A Study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease, the early-picked fruits de eloping more abundantly and more severely than the latepicked fruits.The effect of delaying the har est on the reduction of the diseaseproducing rate is that: (1)the packing treatment with paraffin oil paper is found to be more pronounced than other treatments including the consrol; (2) low temperature ranging from 0—3℃ is more pronounced than high temperature raving from 3—6℃ in the latter period of storage. 2.Taking alsolute value for consideration, Truits are more susceptible to the dicease at higher temperature than at lower temperature in the latter period of Storage, the stimulating effect of high temperature on the disease beingmore pronounced for the lare-picked fruits than for the early-picked ones, and the control being likely to be more pronounced than the other treatments. 3.Among the packing treatments, paraffin oil paper packing treatment is found to cause the least infection.Its effect on reducing the disease for the late-picked fruits is more pronounced than for the early-picked ones, and high temperature is more pronounced than on low temperature The castor oil paper packing turns out to Le almost of no effect, moreover, it has the tendency of stimulating the decelopment of the disease.The rice hull packing treatment causes in part slighter infection and in part heavier than the Control in the first year, whereas in the second year, it is generally slighter than the control; in the latter season hewever, the reducing rate tends to be more pronounced at low temperature than at high temperature,and the same is true for the latepicked fruits than for the early-picked ones.The effect of the ordinary paper wrapping treatment is found to lesimilar to tlat of rice hull packing treatment. 4.In the former period of storage the alove mentloned treatments cause very shight and almost no sign of disease, whereas, in the latter period, the di(?)ease is found to develop rapidly, the transition time leing approximately on the first decade of Marcl for the eary-pcled fruit, and at the end of the same month for the late-picked ones. 5.Storing in fluctuating room temperatures at relatively low relative humidity, the results turn out to be different from those mentioned above.In the first year at comparatively high temperature,fluctuating between 10—23℃ every day, the disease is almost absent for the early-picked fruits up to the end of February, while in the seconl year,when the temperature is comparatively low, fluctuating letween 2—10℃ every day, quite an amount of fruits infected with the disease on the middle of March particularly for the early-piced fruits. Hovever, the final and total disease-producing rate is low as compared with the ordinary storage temperatures. 6.Transfering suddenly from cold storagee to the orbinary room temperature,the rate of disease occurence swiftly increases.After several days for the earlypicked fruits and a little more than ten days for the late-picked fruits, the results far outgo those of the cold storage as well as of those of the room temperatures. 7.Exposing the fruits to such volatile materials as ethyl acetate, amyl acetate an acetaldehyde and continuing in the storage before and after treatment, the results are rather irregular, altho the disease-developing rate of some treated fruits is lower than the control, This may be due to lack of materials for.experiments and uneven ripening of the fruits 8.Observations show that the striking effect of the coloration of the fruits on the disease is established but the size of the fruits does not show any appreciable difference in infection. 9.The tentative results lead to a conclution that the"Hoo-pee" of Ralls apples is truely the Scald, but the results of treatments with rice hull and paper wrappings do not correlate with the explanations given by some workers concerning the causes of scald since there is a condition of poor aeration in these treatments.

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光蘋果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。 2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在封照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。 3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。 4.上列各种处理的蘋果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。 5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的蘋果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天在10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每...

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光蘋果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。 2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在封照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。 3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。 4.上列各种处理的蘋果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。 5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的蘋果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天在10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每天在2—10℃之间变动)到3月中已有相当数量的病果,特别是早采收的;但最后的总发病率却比贮藏后期高温的甚至比低温的还要低。 6.蘋果从贮藏室骤然移入室温中,发病率急速上升,数日内(早采果)至10余日内(晚采果)便远远超过冷藏或室温贮藏的同类果实。 7.应用某些挥发性物质处理蘋果,找不到什么有规则的结果,很多处理组的发病率甚至比对照组还要低,这可能是试验的果实太少及果实成熟度不很一致所致。 8.观察和计算肯定了着色程度同病变的关系。果实大小同病变的关系不显著。 9.从试验结果可以确定国光蘋果的虎皮病就是果皮褐变,但稻壳和包纸处理的结果与某些学者对果皮褐变原因的见介不相符合,因为这些处理的通气情况是不好的。

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South L(?)aoning area in the Spring of 1955 has been named“Hoo-pee”by the apple growers. A study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease,the early-plcked fruits developing more abundantly and more severely...

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South L(?)aoning area in the Spring of 1955 has been named“Hoo-pee”by the apple growers. A study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease,the early-plcked fruits developing more abundantly and more severely than the late- picked fruits.The effect of delaying the harvest on the reduction of the disease- producing rate is that: (1)the packing treatment with paraffin oil paper is found to be more pronounced than other treatments including the control; (2)low temperature ranging from 0—3℃ is more pronounced than high temperature ranging from 3—6℃ in the latter period of storage. 2.Taking absolute value for consideration,fruits are more susceptible to the disease at higher temperature than at lower temperature in the latter period of storage,the stimulating effect of high temperature on the disease being more pronounced for the late-picked fruits than for the early-picked ones,and the control being likely to be more pronounced than the other treatments. 3.Among the packing treatments,paraffin oil paper packing treatment is found to cause the least infection,its effect on reducing the disease for the late-picked fruits is more pronounced than for the early-picked ones,and high temperature is more pronounced than on low temperature.The castor oil paper packing turns out to be almost of no effect,moreover,it has the tendency of stimulating the development of the disease.The rice hull packing treatment causes in part slighter infection and in part heavier than the control in the first year,whereas in the second year,it is generally slighter than the control; in the latter season however,the reducing rate tends to be more pronounced at low temperature than at high temperature,and the same is true for the late- picked fruits than for the early-picked ones.The effect of the ordinary paper wrapping treatment in found to be similar to that of rice hull packing treatment. 4.In the former period of storage the above mentioned treatments cause very slight and almost no sign of disease,whereas,in the latter period,the disease is found to develop rapidly,the transition time being approximately on the first decade of March for the early-picked fruit,and at the end of the same month for the late-picked ones. 5.Storing in fluctuating room temperatures at relatively low relative humidity,the results turn out to be different from those mentioned above.In the first year at comparatively high temperature,fluctuating between 10—23℃ every day,the disease is almost absent for the early-picked fruits up to the end of February;while in the second year,when the temperature is comparatively low,fluctuating between 2—10℃ every day,quite an amount of fruits infected with the disease on the middle of March particularly for the early-picked fruits. However,the final and total disease-producing rate is low as compared with the ordinary storage temperatures. 6.Transfering suddenly from cold storage to the orbinary room temperature, the rate of disease occurence swiftly increases.After several days for the early- picked fruits and a little more than ten days for the late-picked fruits,the results far outgo those of the cold storage as well as of those of the room temperatures. 7.Exposing the fruits to such volatile materials as ethyl acetate,amyl acetate and acetaldehyde and continuing in the storage before and after treat- ment,the results are rather irregular,altho the disease-developing rate of some treated fruits is lower than the control.This may be due to lack of materials for experiments and uneven ripening of the fruits. 8.Observations show that the striking effect of the coloration of the fruits on the disease is established,but the size of the fruits does not show any appreciable difference in infection. 9.The tentative results lead to a conclusion that the“Hoo-pee”of Ralls apples is freely the Scald,but the results of treatments with rice hull and paper wrappings do not correlate with the explanations given by some workers concerning the causes of scald since there is a condition of poor aeration in these treatments.

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光苹果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在对照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。4、上列各种处理的苹果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的苹果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天程10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每天在2—...

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光苹果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在对照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。4、上列各种处理的苹果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的苹果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天程10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每天在2—10℃之间变动)到3月中已有相当数量的病果,特别是早采收的;但最后的总发病率却比贮藏后期高温的甚至比低温的还要低。6.苹果从贮藏室骤然移入室温中,发病率急速上升,数日内(早采果)至10余日内(晚采果)便远远超过冷藏或室温贮藏的同类果实。7.应用某些挥发性物质处理苹果,找不到什么有规则的结果,很多处理组的发病率甚至比对照组还要低,这可能是试验的果实太少及果实成熟度不很一致所致。8.观察和计算肯定了着色程度同病变的关系。果实大小同病变的关系不显著。9.从试验结果可以确定国光苹果的虎皮病就是果皮褐变(Загарилигорение,scald),但稻壳和包纸处理的结果与某些学者对果皮褐变原因的见介不相符合,因为这些处理的通气情况是不好的。

 
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