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junction     
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  连接(
     The damage or breakage can be found in pulmonary vessel endothlium cell (PVEC),cellular gap junction (GJ),capillary basal membrane (BM) and type Ⅱ alveolar cell (TⅡ);
     肺血管内皮细胞 (PVEC)、细胞间隙连接 (GJ)、基底膜 (BM )及Ⅱ型上皮细胞 (TⅡ )受损 ;
短句来源
     Experiment A Time course of alveolar epithelial tight junction of rats with acute lung injuryObjective To observe the time course of alveolar epithelial tight junction (TJ) of rats with acute lung injury (ALI).
     实验一急性肺损伤大鼠肺泡上皮紧密连接的时相性改变目的观察急性肺损伤(ALI)后不同时间对肺泡上皮紧密连接(TJ)完整性的破坏及其对肺泡上皮通透性改变的影响。 方法内毒素(LPS)静脉注射复制大鼠ALI模型。
短句来源
     (3) the gap junction (GJ), composed of Cx43-Li membrane in both sides between astrocytes processes;
     (3)同源性缝隙连接(gapjunction,GJ),位于星形胶质细胞突起之间,两侧均为Cx43;
短句来源
     AIM To observe the construction change of dermal-epidermis junction (DEJ) in keloids (Ks).
     目的 观察瘢痕疙瘩 (Ks)真皮表皮连接 (DEJ)区结构变化 .
短句来源
     Objective To investigate the expression of gap junction(GJ) protein Cx43 in normal cat ciliary body and its corresponding changes in location and quantity in traumatic anterior proliferative vitreoretinopathy (aPVR) model at different time points and under different intraocular pressure (IOP).
     目的 探讨缝隙连接(GJ)蛋白Cx4 3在猫正常睫状体的表达分布以及外伤性前部增殖性玻璃体视网膜病变 (aPVR)模型中不同时间点、不同眼压 (IOP)下其表达位置和量的相应变化。
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  结(
     Based on the NM/FI/FI/NM double spin filter junction (NM represents the nonmagnetic metal layer and FI the ferromagnetic insulator or semiconductor layer), a new type of double spin filter junction NM/FI/NI/FI/NM (NI represents the nonmagnetic insulator layer) is discussed.
     在NM/FI/FI/NM型双自旋过滤隧道结(此处NM为非磁金属层,FI为铁磁绝缘体或半导体层)的基础上,我们提出一种NM/FI/NI/FI/NM新型双自旋过滤隧道结(此处NI表示非磁绝缘体或半导体层).
短句来源
     The semiconductor surface coated withboron sources was irradiated by electron beam produced during glow discharge to form adoping layer with high impurity concentration (>10~(20)cm~(-3)) and super-shallow junction(<0.1 μm).
     它是用辉光放电电子束辐照涂敷杂质源的半导体表面,形成高浓度(≥10~(20)/cm~3)、浅结(≤0.1μm)掺杂层.
短句来源
     Hysteresis characteristics in the current-voltage (I~V) curves of MgB2 granular superconductor are reported and interpreted by the resistively shunted junction (RSJ) model in this paper.
     本文研究了MgB2颗粒超导体电流-电压(I~V)特性曲线上的回滞现象并用电阻分路结(RSJ)模型进行了初步解释.
短句来源
     From computing and theory analyzing the structure of the homotype junction (N + N,P + P),we got the height of the homotype junction barrier and the width of the space charge region,and analysed the doping density difference between both sides of the homotype junction. It excellently explained the abnormal I V characteristics result.
     同时理论计算得到了同型结 (N+ - N,P+ - P)的势垒高度和空间电荷区的宽度 ,由此得到了在同型结两侧浓度比不同时的差异 ,极好的解释了异常的 I- V测试结果。
短句来源
     Super junction (SJ) charge balance concept devices[1,2] are gaining popularity as they have much lower Rdson compared to regular MOSFETs.
     依照超结(SJ)电荷平衡概念所设计的器件,由于有着比普通MOSFET低得多的Rdson而得到普及。
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  连接部(
     Urethrovesical junction (when static state) was judged as normal if not descending and abnormal if descending by 0.5 cm.
     膀胱尿道连接部(静态时):无下降判定为正常,下降0.5cm判定为异常。
短句来源
     2 had ureteropelvic junction(UPJ) obstruction; 2,middle ureter calculi; 3,nephrolithiasis and 1,middle ureter stricture.
     输尿管上段结石4例 ,肾盂输尿管连接部 (UPJ)梗阻 2例 ,输尿管中段结石 2例 ,肾盂结石 3例 ,输尿管中段狭窄 1例。
短句来源
     Objcetive The aim of the present study was to research the expression and distribution of three kinds of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS、 eNOS and iNOS) in normal ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) and ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) , and to explore their roles in the pathogenetic mechanism of ureteropelvic junction obstruction.
     目的 研究一氧化氮合酶(NOS)三种亚型:神经型NOS(nNOS)、内皮型NOS(eNOS)和诱导型NOS(iNOS)在正常的肾盂输尿管连接部(UPJ)和肾盂输尿管连接部梗阻(UPJO)狭窄段的表达和分布情况,探讨它们在肾盂输尿管连接部梗阻发病机制中的作用。
短句来源
     The objectives of this study were (1) to observe fasting and postprandial changes of intragastric volume (IGV), and their relationship with esophagogastric junction (EGJ) motility, esophageal clearance and esophageal acid exposure in male patients with GERD, (2) to determine the fasting and postprandial acid distributions in male patients with GERD, and their relationship with esophageal acid exposure.
     本研究的目的为(1)观察近似生理条件下男性GERD患者餐后近端胃运动功能和胃内容积的变化,及其与胃食管连接部(esophagogastric junction,EGJ)和食管动力、食管过度酸暴露之间的关系; (2)确定男性GERD患者空腹和餐后胃酸分布特点及其与食管酸暴露的关系;
短句来源
     Objective: To investigate the causality of cross segmental renal vessel existing in the ureteropelvic junction(UPJ) and the obstruction of UPJ induced hydronephrosis in children and to select reasonable operational method to improve the level of diagnosis and treatment in this disease.
     目的 探讨肾盂输尿管连接部(UPJ)迷走血管与该处梗阻引起的小儿先天性肾积水的因果关系、选择合理手术方式,提高迷走血管存在的小儿先天性肾积水临床诊治水平。
短句来源
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  交界(
     Objective: To establish reference criteria of normal angle at the cranial base and the cranio-cervical junction(CCJ)on MRI and to create a new method for diagnosis of basilar invagination(BI) by MRI.
     目的:建立颅底及颅颈交界(CCJ)夹角的MRI正常参考标准并提出MRI诊断颅底陷入症(BI)的新方法。
短句来源
     Most of the syringial cavities involved the cervical cord and cervicothoracic junction (74%). The average anterior-posterior diameter of the cavities was 5.8mm and the average length extended over 9.2 vertebral segments.
     空洞好发于颈髓和颈胸交界(74%),平均前后径5.8mm,平均累及9.2个脊椎节段。
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      junction
    By comparing ECV results with those of secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS), it is found that the dopant concentration profiles in heavily-doped p+ layer as well as junction depths measured by ECV are in good agreement with those measured by SIMS.
          
    These toxins are usually broad-spectrum and act on the central nervous system or at the neuro-muscular junction.
          
    Characteristics of the Surface-Intrinsic Josephson Junction
          
    Thus, the characteristics of the surface junction consisting of the surface Cu-O double layers remarkably differ from those of the junctions deep in the stack, which will be referred to as ordinary IJJs.
          
    Furthermore, by shunting the surface junction resistively, we are able to observe the AC Josephson effect at 3-mm waveband.
          
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    The observation of Koshtoyantz that urea has beneficial effect on muscle fatigued by indirect stimulation, has been confirmed. This"defatigue" effect really only represents a removal of conduction block at the neuromuscular junction. On fatigue of the muscle fibres itself urea has no ameliorating effect. To obtain the above mentioned"defatigue" effect of urea requires rather strict experimental conditions; in particular, the Ringer used to soak the muscle and to prepare the urea solution must contain a...

    The observation of Koshtoyantz that urea has beneficial effect on muscle fatigued by indirect stimulation, has been confirmed. This"defatigue" effect really only represents a removal of conduction block at the neuromuscular junction. On fatigue of the muscle fibres itself urea has no ameliorating effect. To obtain the above mentioned"defatigue" effect of urea requires rather strict experimental conditions; in particular, the Ringer used to soak the muscle and to prepare the urea solution must contain a small amount of phosphate and bicarbonate and a relatively low concentration of calcium. Cysteine not only has no similar"defatigue" effect, but when present together with urea even tends to suppress the"defatigue" effect of the latter. Another contrast between urea and cysteine is that while cysteine can remove the neuromuscular block due to cadmium chloride, urea can not. Neuromuscular block resulting from lack of sodium ions or a certain ionic inbalance in the medium can also be partially removed by urea. Soaking in urea solution causes the muscle to respond repetitively to single stimulus, whether indirect or direct. The hypothesis that the"defatigue" effect of urea on the muscle results from the release of the SH groups of some proteins, has been examined and found to be at present very uncertain. The authors are indebted to Prof. T. P. Feng for guidance and encouragement throughout this work.

    對於肌肉在接連的間接刺激中所發展的疲乏,脲有解除作用,半胱氨酸沒有。這實際上只是對神經肌肉接頭的傳導阻遏的解除,對於肌纖維本身的疲乏,脲並不能減輕。要得到脲對於神經肌肉接頭的疲乏的解除作用,試驗須具備一定的條件,特别是用以浸潤肌肉和配製脲溶液的任氏溶液,必須含有少量的重碳酸根或磷酸根離子並有適宜的鈣離子濃度。脲的處理能使肌肉纖維對單個刺激作重複反應,不論刺激是間接的或直接的。 對於由於電解質缺乏或不平衡而起的神經肌肉接頭的傳導阻遏,脲亦有解除作用。但氯化鎘引起的傳導阻遏,脲不能解除,而半胱氨酸則能。 關於脲作用的機制,本文有所討論,指出釋放硫氫基的假說能否成立,尚属疑問。

    A general theory of injection of minority carriers in p-n alloy junctions was developed by using one-dimensional model. It was assumed that the recombination rate is proportional to the density of injected carriers. Two extreme cases of low injection levels and high injection levels were first considered, and the result of which was then used as the zero-order approximation in calculating the distribution of the injected minority carriers in p-n junctions. By the method of successive approximation,...

    A general theory of injection of minority carriers in p-n alloy junctions was developed by using one-dimensional model. It was assumed that the recombination rate is proportional to the density of injected carriers. Two extreme cases of low injection levels and high injection levels were first considered, and the result of which was then used as the zero-order approximation in calculating the distribution of the injected minority carriers in p-n junctions. By the method of successive approximation, an analytical expression for the relationship between the injection efficiency and the injection level (i. e. the ratio of the density of injected minority carriers to that of original majority carriers) was obtained. A similar expression for the relationship between the total current density flowing through the junction and the injection level was developed on the same basis. The results of the present theory show that for an ordinary alloy junction transistor, the injection efficiency of the emitter decreases gradually as the emitter current increases. At very high

    本文用一维模型计算了p-n合金结中少数载流者的一般注射理论。这里假设复合率是与注入载流者的密度成正比。首先,我们讨论了大注射和小注射的两种极端情况,这样得到的结果被用作零级近似解来计算p-n结中注入少数载流者的分布情况。用逐步近似的方法我们得到了注射效率和注射强度(即注入少数载流者的密度与原有多数载流者的密度之比)间的解析关系。在同样的基础上也得到了通过结的总电流密度和注射强度间的类似关系。这理论的结果表明;对一个平常的合金结晶体三极管来说,当发射极电流增加时,发射极的注射效率逐渐下降。在很大的注射强度下,注射效率趋近于极限值1/(1+b),其中b是电子迁移率与空穴迁移率之比。对一个具有很低注射效率的p-n合金结来说,在注射电流小的时候,注射效率是正比于通过结的总电流;当往射电流很大时,注射效率趋近于极限值1/(1+b)。理论结果还表明,在小注射情下,通过p-n合金结的总电流是正比于注射强度;而在大注射情况下,它是正比于注射强度的平方。

    The amplitude distribution of narrow hand semiconductor noise in junction type OC70, OC71 and point contact type 2N32A transistors were measured experimentally by the "maximum amplitude" method. It is found that the amplitude distribution of nai-row band semiconductor noise agrees with that of the normal law distribution.

    本文中描述用振幅峰值的方法,测量面接触型晶体管OC70,OC71和点接触型晶体管2N32A内窄频带低频率噪声的振幅分布。测量结果证明窄频带晶体三极管噪声的振幅分布,和遵守正态律的振幅分布相符合。

     
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