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activity restriction
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  活动受限
     Results:44.3% elder people have chronic diseases or not , 59.4% elder people weakened form various degrees of abilities . These chronic diseases resulted in activity restriction in 17.1% .
     结果:44.3%老人未能确定是否患有慢性病,59.4%老人生活自理有不同程度下降,17.1%活动受限
短句来源
     Objective:To research on perception of patients on resp~iratorMethod:Guided by stress and adaption,59 patients on respirators were interviewed with structural methodResult:Endotracheal tube is leading intrinsic stressor,discomfort and pain related to endotracheal tube,activity restriction,sleeping disorder,uncomfortable posture all belong to response to endotracheal tube and mechanical ventilation;
     方法 :以应激与适应为概念框架 ,采用定势访谈法调查了 5 9例机械通气患者。 结果 :气管插管是主要内在应激源 ,与气管插管有关的不适和疼痛、活动受限、睡眠障碍、体位不适等属于气管插管和机械通气的应激反应。
短句来源
  “activity restriction”译为未确定词的双语例句
     EFFECT OF SWIMMING TRAINING OR ACTIVITY RESTRICTION ON PLASMA CONCENTRATIONS OF NEUROPEPTIDE Y,NOREPINEPHRINE AND EPINEPHRINE AND THEIR CHANGES INDUCED BY STRESS IN RATS
     大鼠运动训练与限制活动对血浆神经肽Y、儿茶酚胺浓度及其应激改变的影响
短句来源
     Wild HaNPV-VHA_(273) Multi-nucleocapsid NPV and its clone Single-nucleiocapsid NPV H_9 were compared on the shape and structure, biological activity, restriction pattern and structural polypeptide.
     本文从形态结构、生物活性、核酸限制性内切酶图谱、结构多肽等方面对中国棉铃虫核型多角体病毒(HaNPV)VHA_(273)多粒包埋型原毒株及其单粒包埋型克隆株H_9进行了比较研究。
短句来源
     There existed significant correlation between scores of MMSE and eight scales of SF-36, adjusted for the possible confounding factors, with partial coefficients of correlation of 0.31,0.12,0.16,0.23,0.25,0.32,0.14 and 0.11 for physical function, restriction of role caused by physical health, physical pain, overall health, vital activity, social activity, restriction of role caused by mood issues and mental health, respectively.
     简易智能状态检查总分与躯体功能、躯体健康所致角色限制、躯体疼痛、总体健康感、生命活力、社交功能、情绪问题所致角色限制和精神健康分量表的偏相关系数分别是 0 31、0 12、0 16、0 2 3、0 2 5、0 32、0 14、0 11,具有显著性相关。
短句来源
     Effect of activity restriction owing to heart disease on obesity
     心脏病患者限制运动对肥胖的影响
短句来源
     Chapter two includes a comparison between Wild HaNPV-VHA273 Multi-nucleocapsid NPV and its clone Single-nucleocapsid NPV H9 on their shape, structure, biological activity, restriction pattern and structural polypeptide.
     第二章从形态结构、生物活性、核酸限制性内切酶图谱、结构多肽等方面对中国棉铃虫核型多角体病毒(HaNPV)多核衣壳型的原毒株VHA273及其单核衣壳型的克隆株H_9进行了比较研究。
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  相似匹配句对
     The activity of E.
     淀粉酶活性在50℃,pH 6.0条件下最高.
短句来源
     PURIFICATION OF RESTRICTION ENDONUCLEASE EcoRI AND DETERMINATION OF ITS ACTIVITY
     限制内切酶EcoRI的纯化及其活性鉴定
短句来源
     Study on the Effect of Fluoride on Restriction Endonuclease Activity
     氟化物对限制性内切酶酶切活性改变的研究
短句来源
     The activity of the subject.
     主体的能动性 ;
短句来源
     Participation and Restriction
     参与与限制——以泰州学派为考察点
短句来源
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  activity restriction
Activity restriction in itself (without dark pulses) had only minimal phase-delaying effects on free-running rhythms when given between ca.
      
Knee range of motion, swelling, pain, instability, ligamentous laxity, isometric and isokinetic muscle function and performance-based measures of activity restriction were measured in 44 subjects.
      
This study examined the relationship between impairment of the knee and activity restriction during activities of daily living and sports following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
      
Inguinal hernias: Value of preparticipation examination, activity restriction decisions, and timing of surgery
      
Whether activity restriction is called for in these patients would be helpful and should be studied.
      
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The concentrations of plasma neuropeptide Y(NPY), norepinephrine(NE) and epinephrine(E)before and after exhaustive swimming were measured in rats which were given eitherswimming training or activity restriction for 8 weeks. The purpose of the experiments wasto compare the plasma concentrations of NPY, E and NE and their changes induced bystress under different levels of sympathetic-catecholamine activities, and to determine thedifferences of the changes between NPY and catecolamine. The results showed...

The concentrations of plasma neuropeptide Y(NPY), norepinephrine(NE) and epinephrine(E)before and after exhaustive swimming were measured in rats which were given eitherswimming training or activity restriction for 8 weeks. The purpose of the experiments wasto compare the plasma concentrations of NPY, E and NE and their changes induced bystress under different levels of sympathetic-catecholamine activities, and to determine thedifferences of the changes between NPY and catecolamine. The results showed that at rest,the plasma concentrations of NPY, NE and E were all lower in the swimming trained rats andNE and E were higher in the activity restriction rats than those in the controls. After exhaustiveswimming, the concentrations of NPY, NE and E were all increased in the swimmingtrained rats, and in activity restriction and control rats NE was increased and NPY wasunexpectedly reduced. The differences of the changing regularities might imply the differentsyntheses, reservation and releases among NPY, NE and E. The results also suggest that theactivity of sympathetic system can be reflected more specifically and more sensitively by theconcentration of NPY and its changes.

大鼠游泳训练与限制活动8周后测定安静与衰竭游泳运动后血浆神经肽Y(NPY)、去甲肾上腺素(NE)、肾上腺素(E)的浓度。结果说明,由于NPY、NE、E的合成、贮存、释放不完全一致,同时测定NPY、NE和E反映运动对交感神经系统兴奋性的影响将更有意义,也更全面。

Objective:To further define the parameters for nonsurgical management of thoracolumbar junction burst fractures.Summary of Background Data.Many texts list involvement of the posterior column as an indication for surgery and state that casting or bracing is mandatory.This has not been the authors experience.Methods.Thirty eight patients with nonpathologic,single level burst fractures of T 11 、 12 、L 1 or L 2,and with posterior element fractures were studied retrospectively.The selection criteria...

Objective:To further define the parameters for nonsurgical management of thoracolumbar junction burst fractures.Summary of Background Data.Many texts list involvement of the posterior column as an indication for surgery and state that casting or bracing is mandatory.This has not been the authors experience.Methods.Thirty eight patients with nonpathologic,single level burst fractures of T 11 、 12 、L 1 or L 2,and with posterior element fractures were studied retrospectively.The selection criteria required that patient be neurological intact,that the pedicles and facet joints not be fractured or dislocated,and that the angle of kyphosis be less than 35°.The extent of retropulsion,loss of vertebral height,and presence of lamina or process fractures were not criteria.No attempt was made to reduce the fracture.Patients were allowed immediate ambulation as tolerated.Jewett braces were used in nine patients,but no bracing was used in the remainder.Results.There were 22 males,16 females.Median age 37 years(range,16~65).Fracture involved both endplates in 16 patients(12 crush cleavage type),the superior endplate in 21,and the inferior endplate in 1. The hospital stay was from 2 to 18 days (median,8 days).Follow up averaged 4 1 years(range,2 1~6 3).All patients remained neurological intact.Eight patients had no pain,24 had minimal pain,4 had moderate pain,and 2 had moderate to sever pain.Twentynine of 38 patients(76%)were able to work at the same level.The initial kyphosis angle averaged 20°(range 10°~35°).At follow up it averaged 24°(range 12°~38°).The maximum increase was 6°.Some degree of retropulsed fragment resumption was noted in 35 cases.Complications were limited to transient urinary retention.There were no thromboembolisms,decubitus ulcers,or pulmonary complications.Conclusion:Despite the use of less restrictive criteria,no brace,and early activity as tolerated,the results are similar to those obtained with more restrictive protocols.The presence of vertical lamina fracture,spinous process fracture,and transverse process fracture are not contraindications.Activity restriction and bracing may be important for pain control but probably does not change the long term result.

目的:为进一步确定胸腰段脊柱爆裂骨折非手术治疗的指征。方法:对38例非病理性单阶段爆裂骨折(T11、T12、L1、L2)合并有后柱骨折的病人作回顾性研究,选择病例的主要标准是无神经损伤,无椎弓根及小关节突的骨折或脱位,以及脊柱后凸的角度不超过35°。而椎体后移程度,椎体高度的丢失。以及椎体或棘突的骨折等并不作为选择的标准。不强求椎体复位,只要病人能耐受,则允许早期活动。9例病人使用Jewett支具,其余病例均不作固定。结果:本组病人男22例,女16例,平均37岁(16~65岁),骨折累及上、下软骨板的16例(12例为碎裂型),单累及上软骨板21例,下软骨板1例。病人住院天数为2~18d(平均8d)。平均随访41年(21~63年),所有病人均无神经损伤,8例无疼痛,24例轻微疼痛,4例中度疼痛,2例有中度至重度疼痛。29例(76%)能恢复原劳动。受伤时脊柱后凸角度平均为20°(10°~35°),随访后凸角度平均24°(12°~38°)最大的增加6°。35例后移骨块有不同程度的吸收。并发症限于短暂的尿潴留,无褥疮及肺部并发症。结论:尽管在病例选择的标准上比较宽松,治疗不用支具固定及早期活动,但其结果与采用严格的治...

目的:为进一步确定胸腰段脊柱爆裂骨折非手术治疗的指征。方法:对38例非病理性单阶段爆裂骨折(T11、T12、L1、L2)合并有后柱骨折的病人作回顾性研究,选择病例的主要标准是无神经损伤,无椎弓根及小关节突的骨折或脱位,以及脊柱后凸的角度不超过35°。而椎体后移程度,椎体高度的丢失。以及椎体或棘突的骨折等并不作为选择的标准。不强求椎体复位,只要病人能耐受,则允许早期活动。9例病人使用Jewett支具,其余病例均不作固定。结果:本组病人男22例,女16例,平均37岁(16~65岁),骨折累及上、下软骨板的16例(12例为碎裂型),单累及上软骨板21例,下软骨板1例。病人住院天数为2~18d(平均8d)。平均随访41年(21~63年),所有病人均无神经损伤,8例无疼痛,24例轻微疼痛,4例中度疼痛,2例有中度至重度疼痛。29例(76%)能恢复原劳动。受伤时脊柱后凸角度平均为20°(10°~35°),随访后凸角度平均24°(12°~38°)最大的增加6°。35例后移骨块有不同程度的吸收。并发症限于短暂的尿潴留,无褥疮及肺部并发症。结论:尽管在病例选择的标准上比较宽松,治疗不用支具固定及早期活动,但其结果与采用严格的治疗记录的病例相似。合并有椎板、棘突和横突骨折并非治疗的禁忌证。限制活动和戴支具在控制疼痛上较重要,但不能改变长期效?

Guided by stress and adaptation,59 patients on respirators were interviewed with structured method.Endotracheal tube is leading intrapersonal stressor;discomfort and pain related to endotracheal tube,activity restriction,sleep deprivation,discomfort in position belong to response to endotracheal tube and positive pressure ventilation.Suctioning,physical restriction,ICU environment are extrapersonal stressors.Difficulty in communication,lack of information,medical staff and service are interpersonal...

Guided by stress and adaptation,59 patients on respirators were interviewed with structured method.Endotracheal tube is leading intrapersonal stressor;discomfort and pain related to endotracheal tube,activity restriction,sleep deprivation,discomfort in position belong to response to endotracheal tube and positive pressure ventilation.Suctioning,physical restriction,ICU environment are extrapersonal stressors.Difficulty in communication,lack of information,medical staff and service are interpersonal stressors.Adaptive behaviors,which are often overlooked,were also discovered in the study.The perceptions of patient on respirators are generally described and suggestions and methods for further study are put forward.

以应激与适应为概念框架 ,采用定势访谈法调查了 5 9例机械通气病人的感受。结果发现 ,气管插管是主要内在应激源 ,与气管插管有关的不适和疼痛、活动受限、睡眠障碍、体位不适等属于气管插管和机械通气的应激反应。吸痰、物理约束、ICU环境、抽血等是外在应激源。交流障碍、缺乏信息、医护人员及其医护活动等是人与人之间的应激源。还暴露了不被重视的适应性的行为。概括地描述了机械通气病人的感受 ,并根据病人的感受提出了一些建议 ;指出了改进研究的方法

 
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