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monopoly operation
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  垄断经营
     During the initial stage of gas development in the North Sea, the British government attached great importance to legislation and adopted a policy of direct control, monopoly operation by national companies, and low gas pricing.
     在北海天然气开发的初期,英国政府实行的是政府直接控制、国家公司垄断经营、低气价及重视立法的政策。
短句来源
     When China telecom industry was in monopoly operation period,universal service was mainly accomplished through the intercross allowance in the monopoly enterprises.
     中国在电信垄断经营时期,普遍服务主要靠垄断企业内部的交叉补贴来完成。 在新的市场条件下,必须建立新的电信普遍服务体制。
短句来源
     as the accumulation of problems after fast development under the protection of government and monopoly operation in a long time, the aviation transport structure of China becomes unbalanced, and negative competition was caused by structure excessive entering.
     由于我国民航运输业在长期垄断经营和政府保护下的高速发展过程中积累了大量问题,使得行业内运输结构失衡,结构性的过度进入引起恶性竞争。
短句来源
     This paper studies industry organization mode of power industry in foreign countries, makes a dynamic description of change in industry organization of china' s power industry, analyze and criticize the reform mode of horizontal and vertical separation, concluding that power industry is a typical natural monopoly industry, suitable monopoly operation system is necessary.
     本文在研究国外电力工业产业组织模式的基础上,对中国电力工业的产业组织变迁做了动态描述,并针对横纵分拆的改革模式进行了分析和评价,指出:电力是典型的自然垄断产业,电力工业的适度垄断经营体制由其技术特征和经济规律性质决定。
短句来源
     The value of business concession Consists of industry superiority, value transformation, extra earning of monopoly operation and risk premium.
     其价值形成有三个方面:行业优势和价值转换、垄断 经营的超额收益和风险回报。
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  “monopoly operation”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In order to ameliorate the priceconduct of the natural monopoly operation, the price regulation instituteshould possess the making price right, adopt reasonable making price methods.
     在规范价格行为方面,通过明确价格规制机构对自然垄断业务的定价权、规制机构采用规范化的定价标准和价费合一的方法,合理确定接入管网和互联互通的价格,规范自然垄断业务的价格行为;
短句来源
     And the nonatural monopoly operation should follow the principle of gradualreforming and adopt different price.
     通过从过渡模式向市场化模式演进的渐进改革方法和差价计价法,规范非自然垄断业务的价格行为。
短句来源
     This section deals with the disadvantages of supply of public goods by governments from seven aspects: extemalism, monopoly, operation profit, bureaucrat ism, excessive intervention, limited information and demand preference.
     主要从政府外部性、垄断性、运行效益、过度干预、有限信息和需求偏好等六个方面分析了政府在公共产品供给中存在的弊端。
短句来源
     (2) Separating the natural monopoly operation and the non-natural monopoly operation;
     二是自然垄断与非自然垄断业务分离的双层竞争;
短句来源
     had the state entrusted right of monopoly operation under the planned economy system.
     中国石化集团曾在计划体制下享有国家赋予的垄断经营权。
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  相似匹配句对
     ON MONOPOLY OPERATION OF CAAC
     评中国民航的垄断经营
短句来源
     monopoly.
     以对我国反垄断立法有所裨益。
短句来源
     operation.
     手术治疗。
短句来源
     The Impetus to the Operation of an Anti-monopoly Implementing Regime
     论反垄断法实施体制运作的推动力量
短句来源
     operation of SPSS;
     SPSS模型的投运;
短句来源
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  monopoly operation
This paper uses findings from case-studies of competition and from deregulation generally to consider whether monopoly operation has inherent advantages over competitive operation.
      


The British gas industry developed in two stages. During the initial stage of gas development in the North Sea, the British government attached great importance to legislation and adopted a policy of direct control, monopoly operation by national companies, and low gas pricing. In pace with the maturing gas industry Britain moved into a second stage of gas development policy: the monopoly power of national enterprises was reduced, privatisation of the industry was stressed, and the tax system and...

The British gas industry developed in two stages. During the initial stage of gas development in the North Sea, the British government attached great importance to legislation and adopted a policy of direct control, monopoly operation by national companies, and low gas pricing. In pace with the maturing gas industry Britain moved into a second stage of gas development policy: the monopoly power of national enterprises was reduced, privatisation of the industry was stressed, and the tax system and pricing policy was reformed :to further promote the development of the gas industry.The current Chinese gas industry greatly resembles that of Britain in the 1970's. China can learn a great deal from a study of the development of the British gas industry in particular the transformation of property rights and government function as well as the establishment of a gas market with open competition.

英国天然气工业的发展经历了两个阶段。在北海天然气开发的初期,英国政府实行的是政府直接控制、国家公司垄断经营、低气价及重视立法的政策。随着天然气工业的成熟,英国政府采取了逐步削弱国有企业的垄断权,实行私有化,改革税收制度及调整价格的政策,以促进天然气工业的进一步发展。我国天然气工业的状况与英国70年代的情形有着相似之处。英国天然气工业的发展历程在产权制度的变革、政府职能的转变及建立公平竞争的天然气市场等方面能够给我们一定的启示。

Governmental action in cultivating and perfecting our system of market economy is not only necessary but also extraordinary. However, the action should aim at the followings: (1)firm grasp of the key of market economy construction and effective implcmentation of mechanism shift to be started from breaking through economic rigidity; (2) emphasizing the intemal rcquirements, building favorable social atmosphere and strengthening the implementation and supervision of economic economic laws and regulations;(3)...

Governmental action in cultivating and perfecting our system of market economy is not only necessary but also extraordinary. However, the action should aim at the followings: (1)firm grasp of the key of market economy construction and effective implcmentation of mechanism shift to be started from breaking through economic rigidity; (2) emphasizing the intemal rcquirements, building favorable social atmosphere and strengthening the implementation and supervision of economic economic laws and regulations;(3) nced to safeguard the condition of its working and opposing the artificial monopoly operation. It should be emphasized that all of them should be regarded as the important indexes to judge the success and failure of cconomic action of the government as well as the major problems of our present economic construction which need to be solved immediately.

政府行为对于我国培育和健全市场经济体系不仅十分必要,而且具有特殊的意义.但是,政府在这方面的行为取向(1)必须抓住市场经济建设的关键所在,有效实施以打玻经济刚性为切入点的机制转换;(2)应当重视它的内在要求,努力营造适宜的社会氛围和积极加强经济法规的实施监督;(3)需要维护它的运作条件,坚决反对人为的垄断经营.它们应当成为衡量我国政府经济行为成功与否的重要指标,也是当前市场经济建设亟待解决的重大问题.

The Japanese Government established the Dalian Centered Theory, in which they put Dalian in the hub of Northeast China, to develop the railway facilities when the Northeast Railway was set up. The essential motivation was to meet the need of Japanese's invading to Northeast China and carrying out the Continental policy. The practice of Dalian Centered Theory not only raised the competitive capability of the Northeast Railway and the Port of Dalian but also realized its monopoly operation of the Northeast...

The Japanese Government established the Dalian Centered Theory, in which they put Dalian in the hub of Northeast China, to develop the railway facilities when the Northeast Railway was set up. The essential motivation was to meet the need of Japanese's invading to Northeast China and carrying out the Continental policy. The practice of Dalian Centered Theory not only raised the competitive capability of the Northeast Railway and the Port of Dalian but also realized its monopoly operation of the Northeast railway. The high profit of Northeast Railway was the result of economic robbery. Therefore, it made Chinese poorer and poorer since then.

满铁成立时 ,日本政府确立了以大连为中心发展满铁事业的“大连中心主义”的方针政策 ,其根本原因是日本侵略东北和推行“大陆政策”的需求。“大连中心主义”的实施 ,提高了南满铁路和大连港的竞争能力 ,实现了满铁垄断性质的经营。满铁的高额利润是经济掠夺的结果 ,从而造成中国人民的日益贫困

 
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