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consequences of
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     Some algebraic identities among multipoint functions have shown to be the consequences of the property W [ J+,J_] | j+=j_=j == 0 for the generating functional on the closed time path.
     证明多点格林函数之间的一些代数关系,是闭路上相连格林函数生成泛函W[J+,J-]_(J+=J-J)=0这一性质的后果
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     On the character and consequences of the style revolution of Chinese poetry in the end of 19th century and the beginning of 20th century
     论19世纪末20世纪初汉语诗歌文体革命的特征及后果
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     Causes and consequences of heart failure after prophylactic implantation of a defibrillator in the multicenter automatic defibrillator implantation trial II
     在多中心的自动除颤器植入试验II中预防性植入除颤器后心力衰竭的原因及后果
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     This paper first analyses the contributive reasons and economic consequences of the creative accounting on the basis of the contract theory;
     本文借鉴契约理论的思想,对创造性会计的产生原因及经济后果进行了分析,在此基础上提出了一个关于创造性会计的新的定义。
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     The present paper is aimed at summarizing all the studies concerning the social behavioral domain, internet behavioral features, the influence of the internet and the consequences of internet use.
     本文通过文献综述,简要梳理和介绍了国内外学界在网络空间作为社会行为场域、网络行为特征与行为类型、网络行为影响因素、网络行为后果等网络行为研究基本议题上的研究现状和主要成果。
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     ②Construction and identification of plasmid VR1012-GFP-hTERT and pEGFP-C1-hTERT: The consequences of enzymes digestion, PCR and sequencing were match to the anticipation.
     ②质粒VR1012-GFP-hTERT和pEGFP-C1-hTERT的构建和鉴定结果:双酶切、聚合酶链反应鉴定和测序结果与预期完全相符。
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     In this paper , the author comprehensively proves the consequences of solutions of the equations x ̄(q+1)=λand x+x ̄q=u over the field of p ̄(2k)elements。
     本文详细证明了p ̄(2k)元域上的方程x ̄(q+1)=λ与x+x ̄q=u的解的结论。
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     Firstly, the paper defined the concept and content of financialsecurity and capital account, and then studied theory and empirical linkfinancial security and capital account openness, and the focus of myanalysis is the risks and the consequences of opening of capital accountimpact on financial security.
     本文首先界定了金融安全和资本账户开放的相关概念和内涵,然后研究了资本账户开放与金融安全的理论与实证联系,并且重点分析了我国开放资本账户过程中对金融安全所产生的风险与影响。
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     The average score of knowledge concerning health consequences of smoking is 22.0±4.46 (4~29).
     被调查对象吸烟与健康的知识得分为 2 2 .0± 4.46(4~2 9)。
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     We explore whether prior exposure to H2O2 (H2O2 preconditioning) protects PC12 cells against the apoptotic consequences of subsequent oxidative damages and what role the ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels play in the preconditioning protection.
     本研究旨在探讨H2O2。 预处理能否对H2O2诱导的PC12细胞凋亡产生保护作用及ATP 敏感性K+(ATP-sensitive potassium,KATP)通道在其中的作用。
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     4. The consequences were serious.
     4.危害程度深,史书中不止一次出现过“人相食”的记载。
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     On the Strategies and Consequences of Postmodernism
     论后现代主义的策略和后果
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     Teaching Disease and Its Consequences
     教学疾病及其运作后果
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     Two Consequences of Riemann Hypothesis
     Riemann假设的两个推论
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One of the most surprising consequences of quantum mechanics is the entanglement of two or more distant particles.
      
Consequences of High-Intensity Magnetic Effects on the Early Growth Processes in Plant Seeds and the Development of Honeybees
      
This method made it possible to determine the consequences of meiotic processes in the maternal plant and to reveal the hybrid nature of seed endosperm.
      
The primary basis for the pathological consequences of the failure to adequately regulate thrombin production is that the multi-functional thrombin activates several types of cells to initiate their mitogenesis.
      
Mitogenesis precedes many of the undesirable consequences of poorly regulated thrombin production and platelet activation.
      
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As in general in all time service works, the problem is to obtain and keep an accurate time, to determine the corrections of standard clock and to transmit time signals. This present report is concerned only with the last two items. At Zi-Ka-Wei Observatory, radio method was introduced into time service in 1914. Some rigorous changes occured in 1926, a number of instruments were installed. Many of them are still in use. In 1940, the observatory began to transmit rhythmic signals twice a day. From then on until...

As in general in all time service works, the problem is to obtain and keep an accurate time, to determine the corrections of standard clock and to transmit time signals. This present report is concerned only with the last two items. At Zi-Ka-Wei Observatory, radio method was introduced into time service in 1914. Some rigorous changes occured in 1926, a number of instruments were installed. Many of them are still in use. In 1940, the observatory began to transmit rhythmic signals twice a day. From then on until December 1950, no further developments were made. The main instruments we had in 1950 were: a 80mm Prin transit with impersonal micrometer, two Leroy pendulums as standard clocks, three astronomical clocks and their slaves, equipments for receiving and recording time signals, etc. Since 1952, we began to make some improvements, especially on rhythmic signals. First, we converted a common clock into a "transmitting clock" to obtain 61 impulses in every minute and second by making use of photoelectric arrangement (Fig. 1), we succeeded to raise the accuracy of our signals. To improve signal accuracy further, we have to deal with various sources of errors which are conditioned by our equipments. The most important among these are: 1. error in prediction of corrections of the standard clocks, 2. error in the adjustment of the transmitting clock and 3. time lag in transmission. In consequence of last three-year's research, these errors are reasonably reduced. The first two are now±0~s.007 and ±0~s.005 respectively and the last is small. Accordingly, the deviation of time signals XSG has been supposed to be±0~s.01. However, this is not enough for the requirement. The more efforts are being made to bring further improvements. But as the requirements for signal accuracy is far above what the present installation can offer, some new equipments are ordered and they will joint in force with the old ones in the nearest future. Since February 1954, Zi-Ka-Wei Observatory has cooperated with the time service departments in Soviet Union. This has been helpful to our works in every way.

授時包括测時、守時和播時三个主要方面。在時號的发播中包含了预報主钟改正量的差误,工作钟的調節誤差和電路遲滯变化等三种誤差。如果使用石英钟及有關设备,这就可基本解决。各台站在其天文观测基础上订定的時號改正數也包含有偶然差和系统差,比較全面解決的只有蘇聯和国際時間局这两个标准系统。徐家匯觀象台授時工作歷史很久,作了一些工作,但抗戰以來,郎停滯不前,直到人民政府接办,才逐步在原有基礎上開展了改進。幾年来主要是改裝了一具工作钟,裝置光電设备以发播科学式時號,對時号精确度解决了秒距誤差和五分间誤差。工作钟的调节誤差被其本身品質所限,仍未解决,只是在加強值班工作之后,有了一定限度的提高,目前約為±0~s.005,在预报主钟改正量時,也有很大程度的不稳定,約為±0~s.007。所以時号的精确度在±0~s.01左右。要进一步提高质量,满足要求,有待於新設備的增添使用。在時号改正數方面,所存在的相當大的系统差,可採用蘇聯或国際時間局系統的改正數來避免。

It is suggested that during the nucleation and growth process of the ordering of migration of vacancy in the crystal lattice plays an important role. It is due to the presence of vacancy that an atom occupying a wrong site may shift to a right site. The rate of nucleation based on this mechanism has been calculated. It decreases exponentially with time. It has also been estimated that the number of embryos per unit volume, so does the number of nuclei per unit volume is very large. Hence a nucleus grows with...

It is suggested that during the nucleation and growth process of the ordering of migration of vacancy in the crystal lattice plays an important role. It is due to the presence of vacancy that an atom occupying a wrong site may shift to a right site. The rate of nucleation based on this mechanism has been calculated. It decreases exponentially with time. It has also been estimated that the number of embryos per unit volume, so does the number of nuclei per unit volume is very large. Hence a nucleus grows with constant velocity only for a short interval of time. During most of time it does not grow much. As a consequence of this, the isothermal transformation curve will not be a conventional third order or fourth order time exponential curve.

本文中我们提出AuCu_3中有序化转变的机构。在有序化成核成长的过程中,我们认为孔穴起主要作用。坐错的原子依靠和孔穴换位才可以坐到对的座位上。根据这样的机构我们得出有序核的成核率。证明成核率随时间依指数下降的关系改变的。同时我们也估计了作为有序核的中心数,结果表示这种中心数是很大的,平均200个原子中就可以有一个中心。中心密度既然这样大,所以有序核以恒速长大的时间不会太长的。在计算恒温转变曲线时就不能把成长时率当做是常数。这使恒温转变曲线与时间不作3次或4次方的指数关系。 直接利用X光衍射的超点阵线的强度,我们定出恒温转变曲线。结果表示恒温转变曲线接近1次方的指数关系。

After the construction of reservior in an alluvial stream, the equilibrium condition of the downstream channel will be upsetted due to the reduction of sediment supply. This will result in a change in the form and gradient of the channel. The direction of the displacement will lead to a reduction of the sediment carrying capacity of the channel, through which the river regains its equilibrium. The whole process is accomplished by the flattening of the bed slope, as suggested by the theories generally accepted...

After the construction of reservior in an alluvial stream, the equilibrium condition of the downstream channel will be upsetted due to the reduction of sediment supply. This will result in a change in the form and gradient of the channel. The direction of the displacement will lead to a reduction of the sediment carrying capacity of the channel, through which the river regains its equilibrium. The whole process is accomplished by the flattening of the bed slope, as suggested by the theories generally accepted at the present. From a study of the fluvial processes of Colorado River and some other streams, it appears that a decrease in channel gradient is one of the three possibilities only, and should not be regraded as an universal rule. In fact, the change in bed slope below an impounding reservoir depends essentially on the geologic and geographic conditions of that area. It is first considered that the channel width does not change materially in the downstream direction. In many of the sandy rivers, there exists, a layer of gravel or pebble below the finer surface material. The inclination of this layer is generally steeper than the present bed slope. After the releasing of clear water from the reservoir, the surface material is carried away and thereby exposing the coarse layer, first near the dam and gradually extended to the downstream. This will result in an uneven erosion along the direction of the flow, and the steepening of the channel gradient is the consequence of such a process. The Colorado Eiver below the Hoover Dam belongs to this case. If the distribution of the bed material in the downstream, direction is more or less uniform, and if there exists no coarse layer within a finite depth below the bed surface, the bed will be degraded as a whole and the channel gradient remains essentially at its initial value. Results of flume study seem to indicate that such is the case. The Colorado Eiver below both the Parker and the Imperial Dam also belongs to this group. Only when there is a base level within a short distance from the dam which controls the depth of scour at that neighborhood, or if ther is a tributary which brings coarser material into the lower part of the reach, will the channel slope below the dam become flatter. On the other hand, if the river is impounded in a gorge and enters a plain not far away from the dam site, the width of the channel on the alluvial fan becomes progressively wider downstream. It is then possible that the depth of degradation decreases in the downstream direction and the slope becomes flatter. This case is well illustrated by one of the rivers in U. S. S. R. It must be realized that no matter how the channel gradient below an impounding reservoir changes, it is mainly through the coarsening of the bed material which makes the channel regains its equilibrium. Two different types of the coarsening of the bed material can be distinguished from the field data available. One of which is the exposing of a gravel or pebble layer below the present alluvium. As soon as this layer is exposed, there will be a sudden jump in the bed material size, and the stream channel becomes stable again. The othertype of coarsening of bed material takes place continuously and at a much slower rate. One often fails to notice the occurence of such a phenomenon, as the size of the bed material only increases in a relatively small amount. Yet, such a small increase in bed material size results in a much significantly rise of the roughness coefficient, by remolding the sand bars on the bed surface. Both the velocity of the flow and the sediment carrying capacity of the channel will be reduced, and the river gradually re-establishes its equilibrium. It is now possible to calculate such a proeess according to the theories on sediment transport and river roughness. Following the coarsening of the bed material, the down-cutting rate of the stream channel decreases with time. Both the flume studies and field measurements indicate that the relationship between the down-cutting rate and the cumulative time of erosion is an exponential one. This study demonstrates that the fluvial processes of an alluvial channel depend very much on the hydrographic conditions of the basin, of which the stream forms a part. One can't visualize the whole aspect of the problem (?)y studying the fluvial proteases through hydraulics, view-point only.

冲积河流上修建水库以后,下游河道将失去平衡。河流为了重新建立平衡,必将发生一系列的变化。本文对这—变化的过程,提出了一些新的概念。根据枢纽下游所在地区的地质地理条件,河流的坡降可以有各种不同的变化。坡降的渐趋和缓只是三种可能性中的一种,不能当做普遍规律来看待。河槽的重新建立平衡,主要是通过河床质的粗化作用。河床质的粗化现象具有两种不同的类型。一种是河床表层复盖物因清水冲刷而外移,露出了底下属于另一地质时代的较粗的卵石层,这时河床质的粒径会发生突变。另一种是由于水流的分迭作用,河床质的变化是连续的,徐缓的。在第二种情况下,河床质的粒径虽然变化不多,但是,通过河底沙垅的加多,却可以使曼宁糙率系数有很快的增加,这就使水流的流速降低,挟沙能力减小,河流逐渐建立起新的平衡。随着河床质的渐次粗化,河床的冲刷下切率与时俱減。野外实测结果及水槽试验成果都指出冲刷率与冲刷历时之间成一指数关系。河床质中不能为水流所挟运的颗粒所占百分比愈大,冲刷率下降得愈快,河道重新恢复平衡所需要的时间也愈短。从黄河下游的具体情况来判断,将来修建枢纽以后,下游河道在承受清水冲刷时可能作整体下降,坡降的变化不会很大。黄河下游的河床质虽然很细,同样也...

冲积河流上修建水库以后,下游河道将失去平衡。河流为了重新建立平衡,必将发生一系列的变化。本文对这—变化的过程,提出了一些新的概念。根据枢纽下游所在地区的地质地理条件,河流的坡降可以有各种不同的变化。坡降的渐趋和缓只是三种可能性中的一种,不能当做普遍规律来看待。河槽的重新建立平衡,主要是通过河床质的粗化作用。河床质的粗化现象具有两种不同的类型。一种是河床表层复盖物因清水冲刷而外移,露出了底下属于另一地质时代的较粗的卵石层,这时河床质的粒径会发生突变。另一种是由于水流的分迭作用,河床质的变化是连续的,徐缓的。在第二种情况下,河床质的粒径虽然变化不多,但是,通过河底沙垅的加多,却可以使曼宁糙率系数有很快的增加,这就使水流的流速降低,挟沙能力减小,河流逐渐建立起新的平衡。随着河床质的渐次粗化,河床的冲刷下切率与时俱減。野外实测结果及水槽试验成果都指出冲刷率与冲刷历时之间成一指数关系。河床质中不能为水流所挟运的颗粒所占百分比愈大,冲刷率下降得愈快,河道重新恢复平衡所需要的时间也愈短。从黄河下游的具体情况来判断,将来修建枢纽以后,下游河道在承受清水冲刷时可能作整体下降,坡降的变化不会很大。黄河下游的河床质虽然很细,同样也存在着粗化的可能。通过粗化作用,可以使河床下切的深度大大减低。

 
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