助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   hypertension family 在 泌尿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.048秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
泌尿科学
心血管系统疾病
预防医学与卫生学
内分泌腺及全身性疾病
医药卫生方针政策与法律法规研究
儿科学
神经病学
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

hypertension family
相关语句
  高血压家族
    More males, older, frequent hypertension family history and longer duration were observed in BN group, whereas lower urine protein excretion was found in BN and MN groups as compared to PN group.
    BN组患者男性较多,年龄较大,高血压家族史比例及高血压病程明显高于PN组,而PN组尿蛋白定量高于BN及MN组。
短句来源
    Results:Compared with primary MHT, pro portion of positive hypertension family history and hypertension history,therapy age,blood TG, blood IgG and alexin C3 were decreased significantly.
    结果:与原发组相比,IgA组高血压家族史、高血压病史的比例、就诊年龄、血甘油三酯(TG)、血IgG、补体C3明显低于原发组;
短句来源
查询“hypertension family”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
没有找到相关例句


Objective To find out the clinical characteristics and prognostic risk factors of malignant hypertension (MHT) with pre existed chronic glomerulonephritis.Method The clinical and renal pathological data of 38 chronic glomerulonephritis patients with MHT hospitalized in our department from 1990 to 2002,and the associated factors for renal prognosis were analyzed. Results All the patients suffered from chronic glomerulonephritis.The ratio of male to female was 3 75∶1.The average age was (29 5±7 74)years old....

Objective To find out the clinical characteristics and prognostic risk factors of malignant hypertension (MHT) with pre existed chronic glomerulonephritis.Method The clinical and renal pathological data of 38 chronic glomerulonephritis patients with MHT hospitalized in our department from 1990 to 2002,and the associated factors for renal prognosis were analyzed. Results All the patients suffered from chronic glomerulonephritis.The ratio of male to female was 3 75∶1.The average age was (29 5±7 74)years old. The rates of recognition, therapy and control of hypertension before MHT onset were 75 7%, 13 5%and 5 4%respectively. IgA nephropathy was the most common pathological type.Of 38 cases,3 maintained normal renal function, 6 presented acute renal failure,13 presented chronic renal failure, and 16 had acute attack based on chronic renal failure. Twenty four patients were followed up for 1~6 months after antihypertensive therapy and renal function of 10(41 7%) was improved. 1 year renal survival rate of 20 patients was 55%. The analysis of risk factors showed that those patients who were possessed of positive hypertension family history(P=0 03), high SBP/DBP levels(P=0 023,0 047), and high scores of chronic index of renal pathology(P=0 032) had worse prognosis. The level of highest serum creatinine and the scores of chronic index of renal pathology were associated with 1 year renal survival(P=0 031,0 037).Conclusions MHT occuring in young patients with chronic glomerulonephritis is not rare, which becomes an important reason inducing rapidly decrease of renal function, especially in patients with IgA nephropathy. Actively antihypertensive therapy is helpful for renal function recovery. The low rates of recognition, therapy and control of pre existed renal hypertension may play key roles in the development of MHT. It is important to recognize and treat the hypertension at early stage of renal disease to improve the renal survival.

目的了解慢性肾小球肾炎患者出现的恶性高血压(MHT)的临床特点及其对肾脏疾病预后的影响。方法分析我科1990~2002年4月收治的肾脏病伴发MHT患者的临床和病理资料。用多元回归进行预后相关因素分析。结果符合诊断的共38例,男女比例3.75∶1;平均年龄(29.5±7.7)岁,皆为慢性肾小球肾炎患者,病因以IgA肾病最多见。这组患者的高血压知晓率75.7%,长期治疗率13.5%,控制率5.4%。其中6例发生急性肾衰竭,16例发生慢性肾衰竭基础上的急性肾衰竭,13例为慢性肾衰竭,3例肾功能正常。经过积极抗高血压治疗后,41.7%患者肾功能好转,需透析者中20%脱离透析。1年肾存活率55%。高血压家族史、最高收缩压(SBP)和舒张压(DBP)水平以及肾脏慢性病变积分是影响短期肾功能好转的不良指标。最高血肌酐水平和肾脏慢性病变积分是决定1年肾脏存活的重要指标。结论在年轻肾小球肾炎患者中发生MHT并不少见,严重影响肾脏预后。经过积极降压治疗部分患者可好转。最高血肌酐水平和肾脏慢性病变积分是决定1年肾脏存活的重要指标。肾性高血压治疗率和血压控制率低可能是这组患者容易发生MHT并导致肾功能快速恶化的重要原因。

Objective:To uhderstand the clinical pathologic al characteristic and prognosis of IgA nephropathy with malignant hypertension pat ients.Method:The clinical and pathological data of 12 cases IgA nephropathy with MHT were analyzed and compared with 14 cases primary MHT hospi talized at the same term.Results:Compared with primary MHT, pro portion of positive hypertension family history and hypertension history,therapy age,blood TG, blood IgG and alexin C3 were decreased significantly.But SBP,DBP, urinary...

Objective:To uhderstand the clinical pathologic al characteristic and prognosis of IgA nephropathy with malignant hypertension pat ients.Method:The clinical and pathological data of 12 cases IgA nephropathy with MHT were analyzed and compared with 14 cases primary MHT hospi talized at the same term.Results:Compared with primary MHT, pro portion of positive hypertension family history and hypertension history,therapy age,blood TG, blood IgG and alexin C3 were decreased significantly.But SBP,DBP, urinary protein excretion,hematuria,and blood IgA were increased obviously.Kidne y pathology of 22 cases showed that:The IgA group (12 cases) possessed heavy glo merular pathological changes, glomerular mesangial proliferation and obvious wid ening mesangial basic texture under optic microscope.The degree of glomerular ar tery pathological changes was inferior than that of primary MHT group.The primar y MHT group(10 cases) possessed heavy glomerular artery inner velum hyperplasias that presented typical changes like onionskin or fibrinoid necrosis, glomerular capillary vessel crimple with scarce blood and Bowman′s capsule dilatation.The effective rate of IgA group was 25% and that of primary MHT group was 64.3% aft er therapy.Conclusion:The clinical and pathological characteris tics of IgA nephropathy with MHT is different from those of primary MHT and its prognosis is worse than that of the primary MHT.

目的:了解IgA肾病伴恶性高血压(MHT)患者的临床病理特点和预后。方法:分析12例IgA肾病伴MHT(IgA组)的临床病理资料,并与同期收治的14例原发性MHT(原发组)进行比较。结果:与原发组相比,IgA组高血压家族史、高血压病史的比例、就诊年龄、血甘油三酯(TG)、血IgG、补体C3明显低于原发组;而收缩压(SBP)、舒张压(DBP)、尿蛋白定量、血尿、血IgA明显高于原发组。22例MHT肾脏病理:IgA组(12例),光镜下肾小球病变重,肾小球系膜增生及系膜基质增宽明显,而肾小动脉病变的程度低于原发组。原发组(10例),肾小动脉内膜重度增生,呈现典型的洋葱皮样改变或呈纤维素样坏死,肾小球毛细血管袢缺血皱缩和包蔓氏囊扩张。经治疗IgA组有效率25%,原发组有效率64.3%。结论:IgA肾病伴MHT的临床病理特点与原发性MHT不同,预后较原发性MHT差。

Objective To explore the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic risk factors of hypertensive nephrosclerosis. Methods A retrospective study was performed on 63 hypertensive patients with renal injury. The clinical date such as age, gender, family medical history, blood pressure, urine protein excretion, serum indicates, eyeground and echocardiography were analyzed. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to histological diagnosis:benign nephrosclerosis (BN), malignant nephrosclerosis (MN) and...

Objective To explore the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic risk factors of hypertensive nephrosclerosis. Methods A retrospective study was performed on 63 hypertensive patients with renal injury. The clinical date such as age, gender, family medical history, blood pressure, urine protein excretion, serum indicates, eyeground and echocardiography were analyzed. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to histological diagnosis:benign nephrosclerosis (BN), malignant nephrosclerosis (MN) and primary nephritis (PN). The clinicopathological data were compared among three groups. The risk and prognostic factors were further analyzed for the patients confirmed by pathology. Results Among 63 patients,49 (77.8%) were diagnosed as HN, including 12 (19.0%) of MN, 37(58.7%) of BN, and 14 (22.2%) as PN. More males, older, frequent hypertension family history and longer duration were observed in BN group, whereas lower urine protein excretion was found in BN and MN groups as compared to PN group. MN group exhibited higher left ventricular mass index (LVMI)than PN group. 78% BN patients presented grade 0- Ⅱ hypertensive retinopathy and most of MN patients grade Ⅲ - Ⅳ. The frequency of globally sclerotic glomeruli increased significantly in PN group as compared to BN and MN groups, and so did the score of chronic index of renal pathology. The severity of vascular injury, assessed by the myointimal proliferation, was higher in BN than that in PN. Systolic blood pressure (odds ratio,OR 2.563), urine protein excretion (OR 2.467), uric acid (OR 2.323) and total cholesterol (OR 2.357) were independent risk factors for the disease progression by multivariate analysis. Conclusions HN diagnosed clinically without renal pathological evidence can not exclude primary nephritis. Further biopsy-based study is necessary to establish the true dimension of HN. High systolic blood pressure, urine protein excretion, total cholesterol and uric acid promote the progress of renal disease.

目的探讨拟诊高血压肾硬化(HN)患者的临床特征及影响预后的因素,以期提高临床对该病诊断及治疗的认识。方法回顾性分析我科63例最初拟诊HN且有肾活检诊断的患者的临床资料。根据肾脏病理学结果分为原发性肾炎(PN)组、良性肾小动脉硬化症(BN)组及恶性肾小动脉硬化症(MN)组,比较各组间临床参数及组织学特征。对确诊HN的患者分析影响其预后的临床及病理因素。结果 63例临床拟诊为HN的患者经肾组织活检病理诊断,37例 (58.7%)为BN;12例(19.0%)为MN;14例(22.2%)为PN,HN诊断符合率为77.7%。BN组患者男性较多,年龄较大,高血压家族史比例及高血压病程明显高于PN组,而PN组尿蛋白定量高于BN及MN组。MN组左心室心肌重量指数(LVMI)高于PN组。BN组视网膜病变主要为0-Ⅱ级,占78%,而MN组则主要为Ⅲ~Ⅳ级。PN组球性硬化肾小球比率及小管慢性化指数(CI)积分均高于MN及BN组。MN及BN组肌内膜细胞增殖、小动脉玻璃样变等血管病变均较PN组明显,其中BN组改变最为显著。多因素回归分析提示收缩压(SBP)、尿蛋白定量、尿酸(UA)、总胆固醇(TC)是影响肾脏病进展的危险因素,优势比分...

目的探讨拟诊高血压肾硬化(HN)患者的临床特征及影响预后的因素,以期提高临床对该病诊断及治疗的认识。方法回顾性分析我科63例最初拟诊HN且有肾活检诊断的患者的临床资料。根据肾脏病理学结果分为原发性肾炎(PN)组、良性肾小动脉硬化症(BN)组及恶性肾小动脉硬化症(MN)组,比较各组间临床参数及组织学特征。对确诊HN的患者分析影响其预后的临床及病理因素。结果 63例临床拟诊为HN的患者经肾组织活检病理诊断,37例 (58.7%)为BN;12例(19.0%)为MN;14例(22.2%)为PN,HN诊断符合率为77.7%。BN组患者男性较多,年龄较大,高血压家族史比例及高血压病程明显高于PN组,而PN组尿蛋白定量高于BN及MN组。MN组左心室心肌重量指数(LVMI)高于PN组。BN组视网膜病变主要为0-Ⅱ级,占78%,而MN组则主要为Ⅲ~Ⅳ级。PN组球性硬化肾小球比率及小管慢性化指数(CI)积分均高于MN及BN组。MN及BN组肌内膜细胞增殖、小动脉玻璃样变等血管病变均较PN组明显,其中BN组改变最为显著。多因素回归分析提示收缩压(SBP)、尿蛋白定量、尿酸(UA)、总胆固醇(TC)是影响肾脏病进展的危险因素,优势比分别为2.563、2.467、2.323、2.357。结论临床拟诊HN的患者不能排除PN。部分HN与PN患者临床表现相似,单纯依据病史及实验室检查难以区分。肾组织病理检查是确诊的最佳手段。SBP、尿蛋白、TC、UA等因素可加速HN的病变进展。

 
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关hypertension family的内容
在知识搜索中查有关hypertension family的内容
在数字搜索中查有关hypertension family的内容
在概念知识元中查有关hypertension family的内容
在学术趋势中查有关hypertension family的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社