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回顾性研究     
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  retrospective studies
     The proportion of prospective studies also increased from 3.9% to 6.0% and that of retrospective studies decreased from 25.0% to 13.9%, particularly, that of case series decreased from 17.3% to 5.9%.
     前瞻性研究的比例从39%上升到60%; 回顾性研究的比例从250%降至139%,病例报告的比例更是由173%降至59%。
短句来源
     Retrospective Studies of Two Methods in Treatment of Femoral Neck Fracture of Garden Ⅲ in Elderly Patients
     二种方法治疗GardenⅢ型老年股骨颈骨折患者的回顾性研究
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     Methods:Retrospective studies were performed on 36 cases of COPD with acute respiratory failure who enrolled ICU in our hospital during past 3 years.
     方法 :对 3年来收入我院ICU 36例行机械通气的COPD急性期病人进行回顾性研究
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     ②experimental or retrospective studies on concrete events.
     ②对具体事件的实验性或回顾性研究
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     We made the retrospective studies about the serum samples of 37 patients routinely diagnosed as having bullous pemphigoid ( BP) to obtain the incidence of the epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) a-mong this group of the people and tested 4 saliva samples with BP to define whether there are anti - basement membrane zone ( BMZ) antibodies in the saliva or not.
     对经过常规手段诊断为大疱性类天疱疮(BP)的37例患者的血清进行回顾性研究以确定获得性大疱性表皮松解症(EBA)在该组人群中的发生率,对4例BP患者唾液进行检测以确定唾液中是否存在抗基底膜带(BMZ)抗体。
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  retrospective study
     ②retrospective study;
     ②回顾性研究
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     In the retrospective study, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of CCR7 expression for lymph node metastasis was 83.1%, 73.8%, 78.7%, 78.9%, and 78.8%, respectively.
     在回顾性研究中,CCR7表达对胃癌淋巴结转移判断的敏感性、特异性、阳性预测值(PPV)、阴性预测值(NPV)和准确率分别为83.1%、73.8%、78.7%、78.9%和78.8%;
短句来源
     METHODS: The pharmacoeconomic cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted on the 4 therapeutic regimens using retrospective study.
     方法:采用回顾性研究方法,运用药物经济学的成本-效果分析法对4种方案进行成本与效果分析。
短句来源
     Retrospective Study of a Goose Parvovirus Stain HG5/82 Which Was Isolated in China
     鹅细小病毒中国分离株HG5/82的回顾性研究
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     A Retrospective Study on Relationship of HER-2 Expression and Prognosis in Breast Cancer
     HER-2表达与乳腺癌预后关系的回顾性研究
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  a retrospective study
     A Retrospective Study on Relationship of HER-2 Expression and Prognosis in Breast Cancer
     HER-2表达与乳腺癌预后关系的回顾性研究
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     Epidemiology of cutaneous tuberculosis in Japan: A retrospective study from 1906 to 2002
     日本皮肤结核的流行病学研究:1906/2002回顾性研究
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     A retrospective study showed that 475 of all the 8338 hospital patients were affected with hospital infections(5.70%).
     从1993— 1994年是回顾性研究 ,两年间住院病人 8338例 ,发生院内感染者 475例 ,感染率 5 .70 %。
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     Mode of delivery of HIV-infected women:a retrospective study of 358 pregnancies followed in the same hospital between 2000 and 2004(Fren)
     HIV感染妇女的分娩模式:对2000—2004年同所医院358例患者的回顾性研究(法)
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     CT and clinic of middle turbinate gasification A retrospective study
     中鼻甲气化CT所见与临床的回顾性研究
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  retrospective research
     Objective To evaluate the accuracy of MRI diagnosis and its clinical value by retrospective research of MRI diagnosis and differential diagnosis between pancreatic carcinoma and chronic pancreatitis.
     目的通过胰腺癌与慢性胰腺炎MRI诊断与鉴别诊断的回顾性研究,为探讨MRI对胰腺癌与慢性胰腺炎诊断的准确性及其临床应用价值。
短句来源
     The Retrospective Research on 11 Forensic Autopsy Case due to Drug Addiction
     11例吸毒死亡法医学鉴定回顾性研究分析
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     A retrospective research of osteoporotic diagnosis standards in China
     中国人骨质疏松症诊断标准回顾性研究
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     Methods: A retrospective research of 21 cases of oral mucosa melanomas was done,and the clinical symptom,therapeutic methods and prognostic factors were recorded and estimated.
     方法:对21例恶性黑色素瘤病例的临床表现、治疗方法及预后进行回顾性研究
短句来源
     Methods A retrospective research was done on 73 cases.
     方法 对A型肉毒素 (BTXA)治疗的 73例面部肌张力障碍的患者进行回顾性研究
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  retrospective studies
According to the results of retrospective studies a controlled approach comparing different therapies is ethically not feasible.
      
These opinions are mainly based on retrospective studies and pathophysiological reasoning.
      
There are only few, mostly retrospective studies with a small number of patients included.
      
Excellent local control rates of interstitial brachytherapy in oral cavity cancer and oropharyngeal carcinoma have been demonstrated in different retrospective studies.
      
Only one, reported by the Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP) group, has been prospectively internally validated, and validated externally by retrospective studies.
      
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  retrospective study
The aim of this retrospective study was to understand the role of IAH as an independent risk factor for ARF in the early postoperative period.
      
A retrospective study is made to investigate the methods of reconstruction in LPD.
      
An anamnestic retrospective study was done on 1074 children aged between 7 and 11 years old who lived in Nis (Serbia).
      
This was a retrospective study performed in twenty-four patients who underwent bilateral carpal tunnel decompression.
      
Methods: This investigation was a retrospective study of 63 CHB patients with YMDD mutation during lamivudine therapy.
      
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  a retrospective study
A retrospective study is made to investigate the methods of reconstruction in LPD.
      
This was a retrospective study performed in twenty-four patients who underwent bilateral carpal tunnel decompression.
      
Methods: This investigation was a retrospective study of 63 CHB patients with YMDD mutation during lamivudine therapy.
      
A retrospective study of case attrition in a child psychiatric clinic
      
A retrospective study was carried out of 208 treated schizophrenic patients and their next of kin in two apparently dissimilar psychiatric centres in Nigeria.
      
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  retrospective research
Consideration is first given to problems, namely the lack of universal definition, heterogeneous effects, and retrospective research.
      
This study, which builds on previous retrospective research, affirms that this course has much to offer those who are confronted with the life-altering diagnosis of a haematological malignancy.
      
There is a need both for more longitudinal research on child care workers as they progress through their career ladders and for retrospective research on individuals after they have left the field due to burnout.
      
Third, meta-analysis is by definition retrospective research that is subject to methodologic deficiencies of the included trials.
      
The data obtained from retrospective research were analysed with SPSS software.
      
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