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merton
相关语句
  默顿
    On the Stage and Features of the Development of Merton's Sociology of Science
    默顿科学社会学思想发展的阶段特征
短句来源
    Thereby, by reviewing the relationship between Merton's scientific viewpoint of positivism and the theory of the Sociology of Science, this thesis tries to analysis what
    因此,本文试图通过考察默顿所持有的实证主义科学观与其科学社会学理论之间的关系,来理解在默顿科学社会学理论的形成、发展和衰落的过程中,作为其理论基础的实证主义认识论发挥了怎样的影响。
短句来源
    Robert King Merton
    罗伯特·金·默顿
短句来源
    Science and Society:Movement Towards Each Other ——On Merton Supposition
    科学与社会的互动——“默顿命题”评析
短句来源
    A Review of Merton's Sociology of Science
    默顿科学社会学述评
短句来源
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  “merton”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Merton's theory of self - fulfilling prophecy is about the social and personal behavior.
    自我实现预言理论是关于社会和个人行为的理论,得到了西方学术界的普遍认同,并广泛为公众所知悉和应用。
短句来源
    Besides,Merton and Lyotard do not agree with each other in terms of the relation between science and technology,the aim of scientific knowledge and the purpose of functional analysis.
    二者在科学与技术的关系、科学知识的目标和功能分析的目的三个方面存在着不一致。
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  merton
Merton und Elinor Barber: The travels and adventures of serendipity.
      
Merton, with the Assistance of Marjorie Fiske and Alberta Curtis: Mass persuasion.
      
We consider an extended Merton's problem of optimal consumption and investment in continuous-time with stochastic volatility.
      
Finally, a numerical study on the accuracy of several strong schemes applied to the Merton model is presented.
      
TECHNOLOGICAL CULTURE AND CONTEMPLATIVE ECOLOGY IN THOMAS MERTON'S CONJECTURES OF A GUILTY BYSTANDER
      
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Merton Supposition is composed of two different assumptions derived from two different origins.The first refers to that the tradition of craftsmen in the 17th century and the experimental science advocated by Fracis Bacon together gives a powerful impetus to the substantive revolution of modern science and produces a practical value for science.And the second is that Puritanism promotes the institutionalization of England′s modern science.This supposition has given birth to a wide-spread concern and sustained...

Merton Supposition is composed of two different assumptions derived from two different origins.The first refers to that the tradition of craftsmen in the 17th century and the experimental science advocated by Fracis Bacon together gives a powerful impetus to the substantive revolution of modern science and produces a practical value for science.And the second is that Puritanism promotes the institutionalization of England′s modern science.This supposition has given birth to a wide-spread concern and sustained debates in academic fields.The present paper expounds this supposition′s reasonableness and gives it a concise evaluation.

“默顿命题”是两个来源不同的命题的重合,即:17世纪的工匠传统和培根所提倡的实验科学有力地推动了近代科学的实质性变革并使科学更具实用价值;清教主义促进了英国近代科学的制度化。这一命题引起了学术界的广泛关注和持久争论。本文试图说明其合理性所在并作简要评价

The development of Merton's sociology of science can be divided into two stages.This paper analyzes the different features of the two stages in theoretical frames, problems, objects and methods. Moreover, the paper questions the idea of regarding Merton's sociology of science as “sociology of scientific community”.

默顿的科学社会学思想发展前后两个时期在理论框架、研究问题、研究对象、研究性质等方面具有不同的特征 ,特别是其理论框架的不同是最基本的方面。前期运用知识社会学的框架分析了科学发展与其社会文化背景之间的关系 ,后期从结构功能主义的观点分析了科学制度独立的结构和特征。默顿科学社会学的理论体系包括科学制度的规范和运行两方面内容 ,不能简单地把它看作是“科学共同体社会学”。

The development of western sociology of deviance can be divided into three stages: the foundation stage, the orthodox stage, and the new stage, represented respectively by E. Durkheim, R.K.Merton, and the school of labeling. The object of study has been shifted from norm violation to social definition. In terms of object of study and theoretical constructs and logic, we can divide western sociology of deviance into three schools: structural/functional, disorganizational, differential association, social...

The development of western sociology of deviance can be divided into three stages: the foundation stage, the orthodox stage, and the new stage, represented respectively by E. Durkheim, R.K.Merton, and the school of labeling. The object of study has been shifted from norm violation to social definition. In terms of object of study and theoretical constructs and logic, we can divide western sociology of deviance into three schools: structural/functional, disorganizational, differential association, social control, labeling, ethnomethodology, and conflict. It is predicted that the problems of white-collar crime and social unit crime, cross-school study, and international comparative research will become important areas of research, and that the schools of social control and conflict will achieve a dominant status in the study deviance in the future.

西方越轨社会学的发展 ,经历了以迪尔凯姆为代表的开创阶段、以默顿为代表的正统越轨社会学阶段和以标签学派为代表的新越轨社会学阶段 ,研究对象也从违规行为转变为社会定义和标签。依据研究对象、理论内容和逻辑结构 ,可以将西方越轨社会学划分为结构功能、社会解组、亚文化群、社会控制、标签、日常生活方法、冲突等七大流派。预测其未来发展趋势 ,中上阶级违规问题、单位违规问题、跨学派研究和国际比较研究等将成为重要研究领域 ,而社会控制学派和冲突学派将上升为主导学派

 
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