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主要手术
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  major surgical
     · RESULTS: All 5 major surgical approaches for repair of a primary retinal detachment, applied at the beginning of the 21st century, have one common issue: to find and close the leaking break which caused the primary retinal detachment or would cause a redetachment, if not sealed off sufficiently.
     结果:在21世纪开端,治疗原发性视网膜脱离可应用的所有5种主要手术方式,有一个共同的要点:找到并封闭引起原发性视网膜脱离、或如果封闭不充分会造成再脱离的裂孔。
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  main repair
     The average first operation age has been decreased and the main repair methods have changed since 1980.\;
     自 1980年以来 ,唇腭裂患者的首次手术年龄呈逐渐下降趋势 ,主要手术方法也有很大的变化。
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  primary operation
     [Conclusion]The effect of sphincter_saving operation with total mesorectal excision is perfect in 132 cases with low rectal cancer. It is the primary operation style in treatment of low rectal cancer and prevention of local recurrence.
     [结论]直肠系膜全切除在低位直肠癌保肛手术效果满意 ,是治疗低位直肠癌 ,防止局部复发的主要手术方式
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     Methods It was carried out in aged patients undergoing surgical intervention in senile ward in the two years of 1995 and 2004, and emphasized on analyzing and comparing the demology data, the relationship between the number of operated patients and the time, the types of surgical procedure and the constituent ratio of primary operation kinds.
     方法病例选自1995年和2004年2年老年病房手术室治疗的全部患者,以描述法着重分析人口学资料,手术人数和时间关系及主要手术种类构成比,并进行对比。
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  “主要手术”译为未确定词的双语例句
     One lung ventilation as applied duringanesthesia, monitoring M A P、 Pa C O2 、 Pa C O2 Sa O2 and Pet C O2 meanw hile .
     胸内主要手术步骤应用单肺通气,监测 M A P、 Pa O2 、 Pa C O2 、 Sa O2 、 Pet C O2 等。 采用双腔支气管插管。
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     The operations may be classified mainly as follows:cholangiostomy(53.5%),cholangiojejunostomy and antificial valve(23.2%),cholangiostomy and cholecystostomy(15.2) and choledochoduodenostomy(8.0%).
     主要手术方式为胆总管引流(53.6%),胆肠定向引流(23.2%),胆总管及胆囊双引流(15.2%),胆总管十二指肠吻合(8.0%)等。
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     In 88.52% of the patients, glycemia rose to above the normal level in 30 min after tumor excision, the oth ers within 2 hrs;
     单纯摘除是主要手术方法 ,88.52 %肿瘤切除后 30min血糖上升至正常水平以上 ,余于术后 2h内恢复至正常水平以上。
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     34 cases received surgical treatment,mainly intestinal segmentectomy.
     37例病人中34例经手术治疗,以肠段切除为主要手术方法。
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     The main operative complications including slight anterior charmber haemorrhage,ocular hypertension and iris inflammation reaction were controlled within 1~2 weeks postoperatively.
     主要手术并发症:前房少量出血、高眼压、虹膜炎性反应、玻璃体腔内出血,术后1~2w k 均得到控制。
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      major surgical
    Complex alterations in the GH/IGF-1 axis are thought to play an important role in the protein catabolism that complicates major surgical procedures.
          
    Patients under immunosuppressive therapy with malignant diseases, malformations, premature infants or children after major surgical interventions and trauma are particularly susceptible to infections.
          
    These results indicate that perioperative rhG-CSF can decrease some of the adverse effects of the immunoinflammatory reaction normally seen in the host response to the trauma and stress induced by major surgical procedures.
          
    For many patients, endoscopic treatment cures VUR with a single procedure, eliminating the need for long-term antibiotic treatment and avoiding the trauma of a major surgical procedure.
          
    Socially and medically debilitating conditions requiring major surgical reconstruction and hospitalization in the past have now been replaced by outpatient endoscopic procedures.
          
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      main repair
    Thus, it appears that error-prone NEHJ is the main repair mechanism involved in chromosomal translocation.
          
      primary operation
    Redo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is still associated with increased morbidity and mortality compared to primary operation.
          
    If the abdomen is difficult to close at the primary operation, it is best to prevent the development of an acute abdominal compartment syndrome by closing only the skin or leaving it open and using an impermeable dressing.
          
    Based on our own experience and the reports of other authors, we advise the combination of transabdomial ultrasound and endosonography for the primary operation.
          
    In order to obtain a decompression in 394 cases of brain swelling the bones were not reinserted at the primary operation.
          
    The location of this site, near the primary operation, offers certain advantages, but there is little documentation on its morbidity, and varying approaches are used.
          
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    The near therapeutic effect of antiglaucomatous operations of various kinds on 266 eyes of 194 patients with various types of glaucoma were evaluated. 82 eyss of 61 patients out of those were followed up from 10 to 193 months(an average of 69 months) and thus the remote therapeutic effect was observed in these cases. In general the near operative results of this series was similar to those of the concurrent reports by other authors, but the remote effect was not satisfactory. Invariably, the therapeutic effect...

    The near therapeutic effect of antiglaucomatous operations of various kinds on 266 eyes of 194 patients with various types of glaucoma were evaluated. 82 eyss of 61 patients out of those were followed up from 10 to 193 months(an average of 69 months) and thus the remote therapeutic effect was observed in these cases. In general the near operative results of this series was similar to those of the concurrent reports by other authors, but the remote effect was not satisfactory. Invariably, the therapeutic effect deteriorated as the time went by. The possible factors which led to the deterioration of the therapeutic effect were discussed by the author.Altogether 19 kinds of operative methods were used and four of them, Scheie's operation, subscleral sclerenclesis, interlamellar Scheie's operation and trabe-culectomy were the main methods used. It was found that trabeculectomy resulted in high percentage of success in controlling the intraocular pressure and brought about rather few complications. It was suggested that trabeculectomy be the operation of choice for the treatment, of glaucoma.

    本文分析了194例266眼各型青光眼的各种抗青光眼手术的近期疗效,以及其中61例82眼的远期疗效(平均69月)。分析发现本组手术远期疗效均明显低于近期疗效,文内初步探讨了远期疗效降低的原因。分析结果表明本组4种主要手术(小梁切除术,巩膜灼滤术,巩膜下巩膜嵌置术,巩膜层间灼滤术)中之小梁切除术远期眼压控制成功率最高(60%),手术并发症发生率最低,所以我们认为小梁切除术是目前抗青光眼手术中疗效较好的一种手术。

    Modified ead-to-side anastomosis for obstruction of nasolacrimal duct in 8 eyes are reported. Of these 8 eyes, 6 were completely cured and followed up for 20 years; the 7th eye was observed for 6 months and the result was good; the prognosis of the last patient was unknown.The main steps of the operation were introduced,the nasal mucosa opening was modified into a "crossed incision" which is easy to be sutured and closed better.Anatomy of the lacrimal sac, the advantage and disadvantage of the "T" shaped anastomosis...

    Modified ead-to-side anastomosis for obstruction of nasolacrimal duct in 8 eyes are reported. Of these 8 eyes, 6 were completely cured and followed up for 20 years; the 7th eye was observed for 6 months and the result was good; the prognosis of the last patient was unknown.The main steps of the operation were introduced,the nasal mucosa opening was modified into a "crossed incision" which is easy to be sutured and closed better.Anatomy of the lacrimal sac, the advantage and disadvantage of the "T" shaped anastomosis as well as the conventional side-to-side anastomosis are also discussed

    本文报告8眼丁字形泪囊鼻腔吻合术,其中6眼追踪观察廿年获得完全治愈;1眼观察6个月效果良好 1眼愈后不详。同时对主要手术步骤做了介绍,鼻粘膜瓣环钻法改用十字切开法更易于吻合。

    Of the cases with acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis,14.5% have the history of bile duct operation.The operations may be classified mainly as follows:cholangiostomy(53.5%),cholangiojejunostomy and antificial valve(23.2%),cholangiostomy and cholecystostomy(15.2) and choledochoduodenostomy(8.0%).The fatality rate is 10.1%.Opera- ting earlier and in suitable ways according to the concrete conditions of the patients is the key to decrease the fatality rate.

    手术治疗急性梗阻性化脓性胆管炎138例,其中有胆道手术史者14.5%。主要手术方式为胆总管引流(53.6%),胆肠定向引流(23.2%),胆总管及胆囊双引流(15.2%),胆总管十二指肠吻合(8.0%)等。病死率10.1%。尽早手术,据具体情况采取适当的术式是降低病死率的关键,

     
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