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转换企业经营机制
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The paper first expounds the signifi-cance of enterprise management mechansim and the necessity of transforming it in railway sub-administrations. Then the paper demonstrates from four aspects (dynamic mechanism, transforming mechanism, self-adjustment mechanism, and self-restraining mechanism) that enterprise management mechanism must be transformed. Finally, the paper puts forward three specific reform plans to MOR and railway administrations.

首先阐述了企业经营机制的意义以及铁路分局转换企业经营机制的必要性。接着论证分局必须从四个方面(动力机制、转换机制、自我调节机制、自我约束机制)进行企业经营机制的转换。最后向铁道部铁路局提出了三项具体改革方案的建议。

In the process of buildingsocialist market economy system of China, the Ministry of Railways must separate the administration of government departments from the daily management of enterprises. The focal points of the reform of railway enterprises are as follows: transforming the management mechanism of enterprise and putting railway enterprises into market; freeing tariff and carrying out a tariff system of diversified structure and management at different levels; re-evaluating the original value and drawing...

In the process of buildingsocialist market economy system of China, the Ministry of Railways must separate the administration of government departments from the daily management of enterprises. The focal points of the reform of railway enterprises are as follows: transforming the management mechanism of enterprise and putting railway enterprises into market; freeing tariff and carrying out a tariff system of diversified structure and management at different levels; re-evaluating the original value and drawing by classification in depreciation management, and changing the situation of living off the past gains of the transportation facilities;practising diversified economy, with transportation coming first .?changing the investment of capital construction from free loan to paid utilization; for a railway administration, the revenue within its administration range be-longing to itself while that of through transport being cleared with other administration, so that the potentiality of transport can be tapped and production and revenue increased; and further improving the inner contract system of railway.

在建立我国社会主义市场经济体制进程中,铁道部必须实行政企分开;铁路企业改革的重点是转换企业经营机制,把铁路企业推向市场;实行放开运价,多元结构,分层管理的运价体系;折旧管理上应重估原值,分类提取,改变运输设备“吃老本”的状况;经营上要以运为主,多种经营,基本建设投资变无偿安排为有偿占用;分配上实行管内归己,直通清算,可挖掘运输潜力,促进增产增收;进一步完善铁路内部承包,采取“包死基数、定额上交、超额全留”的承包形式。

The connotation of modern enterprise system is: perfected legal entity system, limited responsibility system, and scientific organization system. In order to establish modern enterprise system,the railway transportation enterprises should firstly transform their operational mechanism and ascertain decision-making power; Secondly, separate government administration and enterprise operation, and transform enterprises into companies ; Finally, position them in the market, and estabish modern enterprises system....

The connotation of modern enterprise system is: perfected legal entity system, limited responsibility system, and scientific organization system. In order to establish modern enterprise system,the railway transportation enterprises should firstly transform their operational mechanism and ascertain decision-making power; Secondly, separate government administration and enterprise operation, and transform enterprises into companies ; Finally, position them in the market, and estabish modern enterprises system. Some people many worry about thederegulation of tariff. The author believes however,that there is competition. among different modes of transportation and also within railway transportationitself. There is no need for worrying.

现代企业制度的内涵是:完善的企业法人制度、有限责任制度和科学的企业组织制度。铁路运输企业建立现代企业制度,首先要转换企业经营机制,落实企业自主权;其次要政企分开,进行公司化改造;最后,全面推向市场,建立规范化的现代企业制度。有人会对放开运价引起种种担忧,作者认为,因有各种运输企业竞争,路内也有竞争,担忧是不必要的。

 
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