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     METHODS:Random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis (RAPD) and experimental animal infection were performed.
     现场采检叶形棘隙吸虫(湖北)、藐小棘隙吸虫(安徽)和福建棘隙吸虫囊蚴进行人工感染实验及形态观察。
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     3)In summer half year, timely varying curves of daily energy consumption and daily average air temperature are unanimous, and the peaks or gorges of the former is about one or two days later than that of the latter. The correlation coefficient is 0.89 (Hubei).
     ③夏半年日用电量与日平均气温的时间变化曲线较一致,有时前者峰或谷比后者峰或谷迟1~2天,二者相关系数0、89(湖北)
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     Paifang in Hubei
     湖北的牌坊
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     Hubei、Jilin;
     湖北、吉林;
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     THE GEOGRAPHICALLY DISTRIBUTIONAL REGULARITY OF THE VEGE TATION IN HUBEI PROVINCE(Ⅰ)
     湖北植被地理分布的规律性
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     THE REGULARITY OF GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTIONS OF THE VEGETATION IN HUBEI PROVINCE
     湖北植被地理分布的规律性
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Analysis of the change in the original Metasequoia glyptostroboides population and its environment in Lichuan, Hubei from 1948 t
      
Lichuan, located at the foot of the Wuling Mountain in southwest Hubei Province of central China, is well known in the world for the discovery of the living fossil Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu >amp;amp; Cheng in the 1940s.
      
Genetic diversity of wild Cymbidium goeringii (Orchidaceae) populations from Hubei based on Inter-simple sequence repeats analys
      
Depositional characteristics of Dalong Formation and its potential as hydrocarbon source rocks in Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou and Guan
      
The glass samples were unearthed from Hunan, Hubei, Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangdong and Xinjiang of China.
      
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This paper deals with ecology and part of the Life history of the Chinese alligator. In making the investigation, the auther has paid visits to the Lower Yangtze basin and its adjacent territory during February-October in 1951, 1954, and 1956 in south Anhwei.The Chinese alligator inhabits the alluvial plain. During the growth and development of river, there are two seasonal periods in a year. The rainy season covering from April to October, and the dry season from October to March of the next year. During the...

This paper deals with ecology and part of the Life history of the Chinese alligator. In making the investigation, the auther has paid visits to the Lower Yangtze basin and its adjacent territory during February-October in 1951, 1954, and 1956 in south Anhwei.The Chinese alligator inhabits the alluvial plain. During the growth and development of river, there are two seasonal periods in a year. The rainy season covering from April to October, and the dry season from October to March of the next year. During the dry season, one side of a broad sand swamp is an artifial dam, while the opposite is the natural bank, which may be gradually destroyed by the current in the rainy season year after year.During the rainy season, the water level is higher which serve as a shelter to the hidden alligator.The Chinese alligator is not only found along the basin of the lower Yangtze River, but also in south Anhwei districts along Chin-I-Kiang and Cheun-Ho River system. The plain is always sunk down by the tide, its surface being usually covered by a harder mud. A lot of burrows are distributed here and there. Each burrow has seveal holes. It is seaier to find out such burrows in the fall and winter, because the reeds are then cropped.Investigations showed that there were two types of burrows with respect to the sex of the alligator found inside. The male burrow is a simple tunnel with two openings, while the female's is more complicated.A longitudinal section of the female's burrow shows that the burrow is somewhat like a three-storied building. The differences in the level of diggings are considered as adaptations to different water levels.The following table presents burrow types in sexual diamorphism.The changes of water levels of the alluvial plain of definite regional river system may be related, according to our field examination, to the period of the animal's hibernation. The burrowed creature is coiled underground in 2m. deep during the winter season. The types of the burrows may be shown in the following table:In the wet season, the water level is about 8m. deep, just reaching.the surface of plain. This fact indicates that water is essential to the animal in the regulation of its physiological processes.The alligator mates in May and June, nesting at the end of June, laying The words "Doors'' and "Windows" adopted here are taken to indicate the various openings of the nests of the alligators.eggs in the July and August. The eggs measure 59 mm. in diameter. The shell is very hard, being ashy white in colour.The head and body length of the breeding adults as well as the number of eggs found in females may be given in following table:Other observations on the night movement during the breeding period may be shown as follows:

1.我国古代早在商周时期,即对此项动物加以记载,下至晋唐,都曾有记述,包括分布、形态和生态诸方面。综合辨考前人记载鼍及其近种的分布,是在今日的湖北、山西、广西、广东、安徽、福建、江苏、江西和当时邻国柬埔寨等地。 2.动物的栖息地为河流、湖泊、丘陵山涧的河漫滩的芦苇及竹林丛中。调查地包括了安徽省、江西省沿江的河漫滩及属於黄山天目山的青弋江、渲河、青山河的下游和芜湖、南陵、宣城、泾县、当涂、高淳、宁国、郎溪诸县。时间是1951年,1954年,1956年2—10月间。 3.据据39尾鼍的标本测定,其雌雄的外形性徵差异不显著,但其所营穴窟却有显著的两性相异形式。二者均包括有洞身和各种不同的洞口,适於进出、呼吸等用。 4.雌性个体异穴分居。 5.动物每年4月初开始出洞活动,6月间配偶,7月初至8月中旬筑巢产卵,在在6—8月间最为活动,10月下旬开始入蛰休眠。 6.动物在竹林芦苇田中筑巢,取材枯叶、杂草、乾枯稻草和菱白叶。体长92.1厘米者,巢中的卵数20。卵长59毫米,径34毫米,围110毫米,卵重43克,壳重3.75克。 7.动物昼伏夜出,风雨之夜概不出洞。最热季节,日中当大气气温31—35℃、湿度40—...

1.我国古代早在商周时期,即对此项动物加以记载,下至晋唐,都曾有记述,包括分布、形态和生态诸方面。综合辨考前人记载鼍及其近种的分布,是在今日的湖北、山西、广西、广东、安徽、福建、江苏、江西和当时邻国柬埔寨等地。 2.动物的栖息地为河流、湖泊、丘陵山涧的河漫滩的芦苇及竹林丛中。调查地包括了安徽省、江西省沿江的河漫滩及属於黄山天目山的青弋江、渲河、青山河的下游和芜湖、南陵、宣城、泾县、当涂、高淳、宁国、郎溪诸县。时间是1951年,1954年,1956年2—10月间。 3.据据39尾鼍的标本测定,其雌雄的外形性徵差异不显著,但其所营穴窟却有显著的两性相异形式。二者均包括有洞身和各种不同的洞口,适於进出、呼吸等用。 4.雌性个体异穴分居。 5.动物每年4月初开始出洞活动,6月间配偶,7月初至8月中旬筑巢产卵,在在6—8月间最为活动,10月下旬开始入蛰休眠。 6.动物在竹林芦苇田中筑巢,取材枯叶、杂草、乾枯稻草和菱白叶。体长92.1厘米者,巢中的卵数20。卵长59毫米,径34毫米,围110毫米,卵重43克,壳重3.75克。 7.动物昼伏夜出,风雨之夜概不出洞。最热季节,日中当大气气温31—35℃、湿度40—48°时,曝晒於水面。

1. The present paper is a preliminary report on the biological investigationof chiggers infesting chicken during 1954-1956. 2. According to our investigation, together with all the avallable literature onthe subject, 6 species, in 2 genera, of chicken chiggers have so far been recordedin this country. Among them, Neoschongastia gallinarum is widely distributedin Fukien, Chekiang, Anhwei, Taiwan, Shantung, Honan, Kiangsu, Hupeh, Kiangsi,Szechwan and Shanghai. Trombicula deliensis was found in Yunnan and N. posekanyi,N....

1. The present paper is a preliminary report on the biological investigationof chiggers infesting chicken during 1954-1956. 2. According to our investigation, together with all the avallable literature onthe subject, 6 species, in 2 genera, of chicken chiggers have so far been recordedin this country. Among them, Neoschongastia gallinarum is widely distributedin Fukien, Chekiang, Anhwei, Taiwan, Shantung, Honan, Kiangsu, Hupeh, Kiangsi,Szechwan and Shanghai. Trombicula deliensis was found in Yunnan and N. posekanyi,N. americana solomonis were found only in Fukien, whereas Trombicula akamushiand T. corvi were accidentanlly discovered in Taiwan. With the exception of therecord from Kiangsu and Anhwei Provinces, the above-indicated distribution ofN. gallinarum, N. posekanyi, N. americana solomonis on the Chinese mainlandis supposed to be the first report made. 3. As the external parasites of birds, N. gallinarum, N. posekanyi, and N.americana solomonis possess no strict host-specificity, they have commonly beenfound as natural parasites of different species of wild and domestic birds in thecourse of our 2 years' survey. However, the discovery of the common magpie(Picapica sericea), siberian black-billed dipper (Cinclus pallaci), silver pheasant (Lophuranycthemera rufipes), golden pheasant (Chrysolophus amherstiae), big-billed crow(Corvus macrorhynchus), common turkey (Meleagris gallopavo), burmese pea-fowl(Pavo muticus imperator) and eastern turtle dove (Streptopelia decaocto) as naturalhosts of N. gallinarum, and the common turkey as the natural hosts of N. pose-kanyi, are new records. With the exception of the common turkey, it should beemphasized that reports regarding other birds as natural hosts of chiggermitesand the infestation of N. posekanyi and N. americana solomonis among domesticfowls has been vague in literature. 4. Attempts have been made to discuss the sources and factors of infestation,breeding place, distribution, disease relations and damages of N. gallinarum. 5. A preliminary observation of the seasonal distribution of N. gallinarum wasmade and it was found that in East China the difference is not very conspicuous.They are distributed between March and December, being more active and causingmuch damage during June to October. 6. Due to the peculiar characteristics of the pathological picture caused by thebite of the chicken chiggers, the name--"Chicken Chigger Pox"--is herewithproposed for this infestation to distinguish it from viral-borne chicken pox. 7. The damage caused by the chicken chiggers is always very serious in thiscountry, and yet very little attention was paid by the veterinary workers in protectingchickens against the infestation. The present paper emphasize the importance offurther and more intensive study of the mite, especially in the course of our nation-wide socialistic transformation.

1.本文初步总结1954—1956年间所作有关我国鸡体恙螨在生物学方面观察的结果。 2.根据我们的调查,前人的记录和所获的资料,共知我国能见于鸡体的恙螨幼虫有2属6种,其中鸡新勋恙螨广泛存在于福建、浙江、安徽、台湾、山东、河南、江西、湖北、四川及上海等省市。扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种仅见于福建省,地里恙螨见于云南省,而红恙螨及鸦恙螨则偶见于台湾。我国大陆上除江苏、安徽两省以外,其它地区有上述3螨种的存在为国内之首次报告。 3.鸡新勋恙螨、扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种属多宿主的恙螨,两年来在上述地区的多种禽鸟间常见有该3种恙螨幼虫的自然寄生,其中喜鹊、河乌、白鹇、土绶鸡、绿孔雀、灰斑鸠、白腹绵鸡、乌鸦可为鸡新勋恙螨,及土绶鸡可为扑氏新勋恙螨幼虫的自然宿主系首次记录。上述禽鸟中,除土绶鸡体已有恙螨幼虫寄生的报告外,其它鸟类可以作为恙螨幼虫的自然宿主及扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种的幼虫在家鸡体的寄生,国内外尚无文献的记载。 4.本文就鸡新勋恙螨的感染因素,感染来源,孳生和流行,危害及其与疾病的关系等加以讨论。 5.以鸡新勋恙螨的季节分布作了初步的观察,测知在华东诸省境内鸡新勋恙...

1.本文初步总结1954—1956年间所作有关我国鸡体恙螨在生物学方面观察的结果。 2.根据我们的调查,前人的记录和所获的资料,共知我国能见于鸡体的恙螨幼虫有2属6种,其中鸡新勋恙螨广泛存在于福建、浙江、安徽、台湾、山东、河南、江西、湖北、四川及上海等省市。扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种仅见于福建省,地里恙螨见于云南省,而红恙螨及鸦恙螨则偶见于台湾。我国大陆上除江苏、安徽两省以外,其它地区有上述3螨种的存在为国内之首次报告。 3.鸡新勋恙螨、扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种属多宿主的恙螨,两年来在上述地区的多种禽鸟间常见有该3种恙螨幼虫的自然寄生,其中喜鹊、河乌、白鹇、土绶鸡、绿孔雀、灰斑鸠、白腹绵鸡、乌鸦可为鸡新勋恙螨,及土绶鸡可为扑氏新勋恙螨幼虫的自然宿主系首次记录。上述禽鸟中,除土绶鸡体已有恙螨幼虫寄生的报告外,其它鸟类可以作为恙螨幼虫的自然宿主及扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种的幼虫在家鸡体的寄生,国内外尚无文献的记载。 4.本文就鸡新勋恙螨的感染因素,感染来源,孳生和流行,危害及其与疾病的关系等加以讨论。 5.以鸡新勋恙螨的季节分布作了初步的观察,测知在华东诸省境内鸡新勋恙螨的发生与消降情况差异不大。其季节分布为3—12月共占10

The trombiculid larvae of the family Trombiculidae Ewing known to China include altogether 51 species and varieties which fall into 3 subfamilies, namely, Leeuwenhoekiinae Womersley, Gahrliepiinae Womersley and Trombiculinae Ewing. In the subfamily Leeuwenhoekiinae are 2 species of genus Acomatacarus Ewing, 1942. In the subfamily Gahrliepiinae are 14 species of genus Gahrliepia Oudemans, 1912. The subfamily Trombiculinae is largest, comprising 35 species in 5 different general, namely, 5 in Neosch(?)ngastia...

The trombiculid larvae of the family Trombiculidae Ewing known to China include altogether 51 species and varieties which fall into 3 subfamilies, namely, Leeuwenhoekiinae Womersley, Gahrliepiinae Womersley and Trombiculinae Ewing. In the subfamily Leeuwenhoekiinae are 2 species of genus Acomatacarus Ewing, 1942. In the subfamily Gahrliepiinae are 14 species of genus Gahrliepia Oudemans, 1912. The subfamily Trombiculinae is largest, comprising 35 species in 5 different general, namely, 5 in Neosch(?)ngastia Ewing, 1929, 7 in Globularosch(?)ngastia Chert & Hsu, 1955, 1 in Sch(?)ngastia Oudemans, 1910, 6 in Eusch(?)ngastia Ewing, 1938, 2 in Tragardhula Berlese, 1905, and 14 in Trombicula Berlese, 1905.The geographical distribution of the 51 species include Kwangtung (Hainan), Kwangsi, Fukien, Shangtung, Kiangsu, Yunnan, Chekiang, Hopei, Honan, Taiwan, Anhwei, Kiangsi, Szechuan, Hupeh and the Autonomous Region of Inner Mongolia. The host species include 29 species of mammals and 40 species of birds.

本文是中国恙虫科(Trombiculidae Ewing,1944)恙虫蚴种类的名录,总共51种,其中绝大多数系解放后描述的种类。这51种中,属于六节亚科(Leeuwenhoekiinae Womersley,1944)的计2种,全部是多齿属(Acomatacarus Ewing,1942)的恙虫蚴;属於背展亚科(Gahrliepiinae Womersley,1952)的计14种,全部为背展属(GahrliepiaOudemans,1912)的恙虫蚴;属於恙虫亚科(Trombiculinae Ewing,1946)的计35种,其中奇棒属(Neosch(?)ngastia Ewing,1929)5种(变种),球棒属(Globularosch(?)ngastia Chen & Hsu,1955)7种,棒属(sch(?)ngastia Oudemans,1910)1种,真棒属(Eusch-(?)ngastia Ewing,1938)6种,恙虫属(Trombicula Berlese,1905)14种(变种),五甲属(Tragardhula Berlese,1905)2种。分布地区包括广东(海南岛)、广西、福建、山...

本文是中国恙虫科(Trombiculidae Ewing,1944)恙虫蚴种类的名录,总共51种,其中绝大多数系解放后描述的种类。这51种中,属于六节亚科(Leeuwenhoekiinae Womersley,1944)的计2种,全部是多齿属(Acomatacarus Ewing,1942)的恙虫蚴;属於背展亚科(Gahrliepiinae Womersley,1952)的计14种,全部为背展属(GahrliepiaOudemans,1912)的恙虫蚴;属於恙虫亚科(Trombiculinae Ewing,1946)的计35种,其中奇棒属(Neosch(?)ngastia Ewing,1929)5种(变种),球棒属(Globularosch(?)ngastia Chen & Hsu,1955)7种,棒属(sch(?)ngastia Oudemans,1910)1种,真棒属(Eusch-(?)ngastia Ewing,1938)6种,恙虫属(Trombicula Berlese,1905)14种(变种),五甲属(Tragardhula Berlese,1905)2种。分布地区包括广东(海南岛)、广西、福建、山东、江苏、云南、浙江、河北、河南、台湾、安徽、江西、四川、湖北等14省和內蒙古自治区。寄生的宿主,已经鉴定的,共67种,其中哺乳类27种,鸟类40种。

 
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