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前后     
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  pre-and post
     Objective To observe the changes of transforming growth factor β 1 (TGFβ 1), creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) induced by desflurane pretreatment pre- and post cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB).
     目的观察血中转移生长因子β1(TGFβ1)、肌酸激酶 (CK)和肌酸激酶 -同工酶 (CK -MB)的浓度在地氟醚预处理心肺转流 (CPB)前后的变化。
短句来源
     The difference of clinical neurological deficiency score and the life quality score between pre-and post treatment was 9.86±7.40 and 2.06±1.07 respectively in treat group.
     治疗前后临床神经功能缺损评分和生活功能状态评价差值蚓激酶组分别为9.86±7.40和2.06±1.07,对照组分别为5.08±5.18和1.17±0.64;
短句来源
     The levels of IL-2, IFN- γ , IL-4, IL-10 in the serums of these patients were detested by ELISA pre-and post antiviral therapy, while biochemical and viral indicators in the serums of these patients were also tested, and the side effects were observed during the treatment.
     于治疗前后用ELISA法检测血清IL-2、IFN-γ、IL-4、IL-10,同时检测生化和病毒指标并观察不良反应。
短句来源
     The Changes of Cellular Ability to Release O_2 in Peripheral Blood of Pedia-Patients with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Pre-and Post Treatment
     儿童急性淋巴细胞性白血病化疗前后外周血释放O_2能力的变化
短句来源
     Compared the difference between the pre- and post therapy and difference between the two groups, to observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture for Binswanger disease.
     观察比较治疗前后的差异及组间差异,以研究针刺治疗Binswanger病的效果。
短句来源
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  pre and post
     Result: In rhinitis group, the serum T-IgE were )783.50)±)27.80) IU/ml and )324.33)±)10.30) IU/ml pre and post the treatment, IgG were )7.82)±)0.91) g/L and )14.32)±)0.82) g/L;
     结果 :鼻炎组治疗前后TIgE为 (783.5 0± 2 7.80 )IU/mL及 (32 4 .33± 10 .30 )IU/mL ,IgG为 (7.82± 0 .91) g/L及(14 .32± 0 .82 ) g/L ;
短句来源
     Clinical significance of detection of serum IL-2,SIL-2R and TNF-α levels pre and post chemotherapy in patients with leukemia
     白血病患者化疗前后血清IL-2、SIL-2R和TNF-α水平检测的临床意义
短句来源
     T lymphocyts subpopulation CD 3 +,CD 4 +,CD 8 +,CD 4 +/CD 8 +NK and serum cytokins TNF α,IL 1β,IL 6 of patients in test group were tested pre and post therapy.
     检测实验组患者治疗前后外周血CD3+、CD4 +、CD8+、CD4 +/CD8+、NK细胞水平 ,同时检测外周血血浆TNF α、IL 1β、IL 6。
短句来源
     The results are as follows:1.The plasmic CGRP and ET contents of pre and post PBMV were 35.601±17.294ng/L,39.246±18.528ng/L( P >0.05)respectively;
     结果显示:1、PBMV前后血浆CGRP水平分别为35.601±17.294ng/L,39.246±18.528ng/L(P>0.05);
短句来源
     Results 1)There was no significant difference in OKT3+ , OKT4+ , OKT8+ , C 3, C 4 and CiC of peripheral blood between pre and post operation samples.
     结果 (1)外周血 T淋巴细胞亚群 (OKT3+ ,OKT4+ ,OKT8+ )及血清补体 (C3,C4)和循环免疫复合物 (CiC)手术前后比较,差异无显著性意义 (P > 0.05)。
短句来源
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  and post
     Result: In rhinitis group, the serum T-IgE were )783.50)±)27.80) IU/ml and )324.33)±)10.30) IU/ml pre and post the treatment, IgG were )7.82)±)0.91) g/L and )14.32)±)0.82) g/L;
     结果 :鼻炎组治疗前后TIgE为 (783.5 0± 2 7.80 )IU/mL及 (32 4 .33± 10 .30 )IU/mL ,IgG为 (7.82± 0 .91) g/L及(14 .32± 0 .82 ) g/L ;
短句来源
     Clinical significance of detection of serum IL-2,SIL-2R and TNF-α levels pre and post chemotherapy in patients with leukemia
     白血病患者化疗前后血清IL-2、SIL-2R和TNF-α水平检测的临床意义
短句来源
     T lymphocyts subpopulation CD 3 +,CD 4 +,CD 8 +,CD 4 +/CD 8 +NK and serum cytokins TNF α,IL 1β,IL 6 of patients in test group were tested pre and post therapy.
     检测实验组患者治疗前后外周血CD3+、CD4 +、CD8+、CD4 +/CD8+、NK细胞水平 ,同时检测外周血血浆TNF α、IL 1β、IL 6。
短句来源
     The results are as follows:1.The plasmic CGRP and ET contents of pre and post PBMV were 35.601±17.294ng/L,39.246±18.528ng/L( P >0.05)respectively;
     结果显示:1、PBMV前后血浆CGRP水平分别为35.601±17.294ng/L,39.246±18.528ng/L(P>0.05);
短句来源
     As to the score differences between pre treatment and post treatment,the treatment group scored 10 63±3 84 and the control group scored 6 6±2 32,P<0 001;
     症状积分治疗前后差值 :治疗组为 10 6 3± 3 84 ,对照组 6 6± 2 32 ,两组比较P <0 0 0 1。
短句来源
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  anteroposterior
     their anteroposterior diameters were(2.08±0.90) mm,(5.14±2.54) mm,(1.30±0.40) mm,((2.26±)1.02) mm,and(2.01±0.80) mm,respectively;
     前后径分别为(2.08±0.90)(、5.14±2.54)、(1.30±0.40)(、2.26±1.02)、(2.01±0.80)mm;
短句来源
     the anteroposterior diameter decreased gradually from C 4(11.6±1.7 mm) to C 7(9.6±1.7 mm);
     钩突前后径从C4 ~C7逐渐减少 ,C4 为 (11.6± 1.7)mm ,C7为 (9.6± 1.7)mm ;
短句来源
     The anteroposterior distance of the pituitary fossa, and the distances from its left to its right and from its top to its bottom were (10.2±1.5)mm, (14.0±2.4)mm and (6.5±1.4)mm respectively.
     垂体窝前后径为(10.2±1.5)mm,垂体窝左右径为(14.0±2.4)mm,垂体窝上下径为(6.5±1.4)mm。
短句来源
     and in normal fertiles,right longitudinal diameter 33 0±5 1mm,anteroposterior diameter 14 0±2 8mm,left logitudinal diameter 33 5±5 2mm,anteroposterior diameter 13 3±2 0mm.
     正常男子的精囊腺为 :右侧上下径 (33.0± 5 .1) mm,前后径 (14.0± 2 .8) mm,左侧上下径(33.5± 5 .2 ) mm,前后径 (13.3± 2 .0 ) mm。
短句来源
     Its maximal anteroposterior and superoinferior dimensions are 2 91±0 65cm and 5 62±0 99cm respectively on the cadaver sections.
     在断层标本上,其最大前后径2.91±0.65cm,最大上下径5.62±0.99cm;
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      pre-and post
    There was no significant difference in the protein levels of orexin-A, either between plasma and hypothalamus or between pre-and post-I/R injury.
          
    All the detected type I bursts were identified with known X-ray sources; the pre-and post-burst luminosities of these sources measured with the TTM telescope were high.
          
    Pre-and post-outburst parameters for the components of the symbiotic star V1329 Cyg
          
    The results demonstrate the existence of pre-and post-mating isolation between Ch.
          
    Ontology describes methods for pre-and post-processing, which are specific for each kind of initial information, and processing methods universal for all kinds of information.
          
    更多          
      pre and post
    They were required to document their two performances of the task by means of a process log, to assess their pre and post instruction processes and products, and to discuss the differences between these.
          
    The pre and post assessment data showed nine of the eleven improved in their ability to be more fluent thinkers.
          
    The group was evaluated using both quantitative pre and post measures and qualitative feedback.
          
    There was a close correlation between the pre and post-dialysis haemoglobin A1c values (r = 0.9644).
          
    During this time, pre and post-dialysis haemoglobin A1c values responded synchronously to changes in blood glucose concentration.
          
    更多          
      and post
    The concentration of Cd ions, deposition temperature, deposition time and post-treatment temperature have an impact on the formation of CdS nano-films.
          
    UV-vis absorption spectrum and atomic force microscope (AFM) images indicated that the change of concentration and post-treatment temperature may adjust the band-gap of CdS to obtain stable, homogeneous and compact films.
          
    There was no significant difference in the protein levels of orexin-A, either between plasma and hypothalamus or between pre-and post-I/R injury.
          
    The rifting phase developed in Paleogene, and post-rifting phase occurred in Neogene.
          
    Possible mechanisms of the polyamine effect on the rpoS expression on post-transcriptional and post-translational levels are discussed.
          
    更多          
      anteroposterior
    Anteroposterior body tilts evoked by vibration were recorded by stabilography.
          
    The azimuth (the least angle with the north-south direction) of the first cleavage furrow and anteroposterior axes of neurula was measured on projections of photographs of natural clutches.
          
    In the latter case, we succeeded in restoring the morphological axis not only after longitudinal stretching but also after transverse stretching, and the new axis had signs of anteroposterior polarity.
          
    An Experimental Study of the Anteroposterior Polarity Formation in the Early Development of Marine Hydroid Dynamena pumila
          
    The morphogeneses involved in the formation of anteroposterior axis and its poles in Dynamena embryos were reconstructed by means of observations over the displacement of mark particles.
          
    更多          


    An interference pattern of two systems of fringes has been obtained by vising two radiations in a Hilger prism interferometer A system of white bands with equal spacing which are always parallel to the refracting, edge of the prisin is the result of the intersection of the two systems of fringes. The white bauds travel as one of the reflecting mirror in the interferometer makes a parallel displacement. Let d be the displacement of mirror when the white bauds travel one spacing,Two yellow doublets in sodium and...

    An interference pattern of two systems of fringes has been obtained by vising two radiations in a Hilger prism interferometer A system of white bands with equal spacing which are always parallel to the refracting, edge of the prisin is the result of the intersection of the two systems of fringes. The white bauds travel as one of the reflecting mirror in the interferometer makes a parallel displacement. Let d be the displacement of mirror when the white bauds travel one spacing,Two yellow doublets in sodium and mercury lamps were used. The values found forA comparison of this method with the visibility corve by Michelson interfero-ineter has been discussed.

    在Hilger棱镜干涉仪中,用两辐射线,则在一干涉图形中可得两组不同方向之干涉纹;因两组不同方向之干涉纹之相交,而得一组平行之白色条纹。此种条纹恒与棱镜折射边相平行,而条纹间之间隔为相等。当干涉仪之一反射镜作前後平行移动时,白色条纹则向左或右移动。令白色条纹移过一间隔时,反射镜移动之距离为d.则得 1/(λ_2)-1/(λ_1)=1/2d. 钠光及汞光灯中之黄色双线普用于此实验中。1/(λ_2)-1/(λ_1)之值各求得为17.22厘米~(-1)及63.29厘米~(-1)。此实验与麦凯尔逊干涉仪之明视曲线互见短长,本文曾讨论及之。

    The rice stem borer, Chilo simplex Bulter, is one of the important rice pestsin Kiangsi. The relative proportion of this borer to Schoenobius incertellus Wk. isgradually increased especially after developing the movement of "Control the RiceBorer by Plowing in Autumn, Winter and Early Spring." This situation induced usto take up this problem. This paper deals with the distribution of the borer Chilo simplex with a dis-cussion of the factors influencing its distributional population. in Kiangsi. The lifehistory,...

    The rice stem borer, Chilo simplex Bulter, is one of the important rice pestsin Kiangsi. The relative proportion of this borer to Schoenobius incertellus Wk. isgradually increased especially after developing the movement of "Control the RiceBorer by Plowing in Autumn, Winter and Early Spring." This situation induced usto take up this problem. This paper deals with the distribution of the borer Chilo simplex with a dis-cussion of the factors influencing its distributional population. in Kiangsi. The lifehistory, behavior of the borer and its relation to Zizania latifolia Hence are also givenin detail. Zizania latifolia is a good shelter for overwintering larvae of the borer,so it is better to discourage the cultivation of this plant in the rice area, or to treatits stubbles soon after harvest or in late March the following year.

    (一)二化螟在江西的分布情况,根据三年来的考察,在比例上较三化螟有逐渐扩展的趋势。此项原因,与江西三年来厉行三耕的结果是分不开的。因三耕后,三化螟大部死亡,二化螟则在越冬期中的顽强性大,能逃逸到其他杂草根部去躲藏,所以死亡率不高。 (二)同地区二化螟的分布密度,常因水稻品种的不同、栽培制度的不同、早晚稻的不同、以及周围有无菱白而发生差异。一般糯稻与粳稻中的二化螟分布密度,较高于籼稻;一季晚籼和一季晚糯的二化螟数目,又高于二季晚籼;早稻枯心苗中极少三化螟,晚稻枯心苗中渐多,到晚稻遗株中,则又往往超过了二化螟而占优势。 (三)菱白为二化螟及大螟的越冬大本营,能提早该地区二化螟第一代幼虫的发生期,增加该地区二化螟发生化数,又能使周围水稻田中,二化螟的数量增多,故稻区最好不种菱白。如果一定要种,则必须注意处理它的越冬遗株。处理的方法,根据二化螟及大螟在越冬前后部位的转移情形,抓紧在10月底前或5月底后,将菱白地上部位齐泥割去,深埋土下,或晒乾烧去,即可免其变蛹羽化,继续加害。

    This paper is a description based on the Sinanthropus materials including5 teeth and two fragments of humerus and tibia recovered since the restorationof the Choukoutien excavation in 1949.The teeth of Sinanthropus are much bigger than those of modern man.Theleft medial upper incisor bears well-developed basal tubercle on the lingualsurface.The upper first and second premolars are robust in size and theirchewing surfaces are covered with wrinkles of special patterns.The crowns ofthe first and second lower molars...

    This paper is a description based on the Sinanthropus materials including5 teeth and two fragments of humerus and tibia recovered since the restorationof the Choukoutien excavation in 1949.The teeth of Sinanthropus are much bigger than those of modern man.Theleft medial upper incisor bears well-developed basal tubercle on the lingualsurface.The upper first and second premolars are robust in size and theirchewing surfaces are covered with wrinkles of special patterns.The crowns ofthe first and second lower molars are characterized by their lowness in relationto their lengths and breadths.Pronounced cingulum is present on the buccalsurface of the crown.The humeral shaft is almost identical with that of modern man.Thetibial shaft is slender and its anterior border is blunt.The walls of the tibiaare extraordinarily thick and its medullary cavity is very narrow.The results of the study of Sinanthropus pekinensis by the present authorsand others clearly show that the upper extremity bones of Sinanthropus arealmost identical with those of modern man;the lower extremity bones are definitely human in form and appearance,but possess also some primitive cha-racters.The teeth and skulls possess many primitive features.The cranialcapacity is considerably smaller than that of recent man.It is due to labour,and the operations of the hands that the upper extremity is differentated fromthe lower one.The differentiation of the extremities is followed by the deve-lopment of the brain and the brain case.These results further enrich Engels'theory of the transition from ape to man and testify to the truth that“labour(?)eated man himself”.

    1.本文系根据1949年北京解放后迄今在周口店中国猿人化石产地发掘而得的及由过去发现的碎骨中清理而得的中国猿人化石,加以研究,计有单独的牙齿5枚(左上内侧用齿,右上第一及第二前臼齿,左下第一和第二臼哲各1枚),肱骨及胫骨干各一小段,而胫骨化石是在周口店首次发现的新材料。2.中国猿人的牙齿有大小两种头型,大型为男性,小型为女性,本标本中的上门齿,下第一及第二臼齿属大型,所以是男性的,上第一及第二前臼齿属小型,所以是女性的。3.中国猿人的牙齿,无论其齿冠或齿根,都远较现代人或尼安德特人为硕大和粗壮。4.上内侧门齿齿冠舌面的基部有很发达的底结节及由其延伸而来的指状突, 舌面两侧增厚且向内捲而使舌面成为铲形?莞氤莨诘某ぶ嵩谝恢毕呱隙蝗缦执说某莞氤莨诘某ぶ岢梢欢劢恰?.上第一前臼齿的齿冠和齿根都大而粗壮。齿冠的唇面有三角形隆起,但其尖端偏向前方。唇结节较舌结节为大和高,嚼面的唇半大于舌半,具有特殊型式的纹理。齿根极宽,部分分为唇舌两枝。6.上第二前臼齿稍较上第一前臼齿为小,舌结节不如第一前臼齿的倾向前方。唇舌两正中(?)互相连续而将嚼面分为前后两半。唇舌两结节的大小和高度约等。齿冠唇面三角形隆起的尖...

    1.本文系根据1949年北京解放后迄今在周口店中国猿人化石产地发掘而得的及由过去发现的碎骨中清理而得的中国猿人化石,加以研究,计有单独的牙齿5枚(左上内侧用齿,右上第一及第二前臼齿,左下第一和第二臼哲各1枚),肱骨及胫骨干各一小段,而胫骨化石是在周口店首次发现的新材料。2.中国猿人的牙齿有大小两种头型,大型为男性,小型为女性,本标本中的上门齿,下第一及第二臼齿属大型,所以是男性的,上第一及第二前臼齿属小型,所以是女性的。3.中国猿人的牙齿,无论其齿冠或齿根,都远较现代人或尼安德特人为硕大和粗壮。4.上内侧门齿齿冠舌面的基部有很发达的底结节及由其延伸而来的指状突, 舌面两侧增厚且向内捲而使舌面成为铲形?莞氤莨诘某ぶ嵩谝恢毕呱隙蝗缦执说某莞氤莨诘某ぶ岢梢欢劢恰?.上第一前臼齿的齿冠和齿根都大而粗壮。齿冠的唇面有三角形隆起,但其尖端偏向前方。唇结节较舌结节为大和高,嚼面的唇半大于舌半,具有特殊型式的纹理。齿根极宽,部分分为唇舌两枝。6.上第二前臼齿稍较上第一前臼齿为小,舌结节不如第一前臼齿的倾向前方。唇舌两正中(?)互相连续而将嚼面分为前后两半。唇舌两结节的大小和高度约等。齿冠唇面三角形隆起的尖端并不偏向前方而在正中位置。齿根仅在尖端分为唇舌两枝。7.下第一及第二两臼齿大小相似。齿冠硕大,但其高度若与其长度和宽度相比,则相对极为低矮。齿冠唇面有明显的扣带,两臼齿全属五结节齿型,以前内结节为最高和最大。齿根极为粗壮,分为前后两枝,前枝较短而直,后枝则较长而明显向后倾斜。前枝末端分叉,后枝末端则为单独一尖端。8.肱骨干完全具有现代人的形式,唯一真正与现代人的不同之点在共髓腔较小和骨壁较厚,此外其三角肌粗隆特别发达。9.胫骨细长,前缘较为圆钝,中段的横切面呈圆钝的三稜形。胫骨干中央大部为海棉骨质所填充,髓腔极小。中国猿人的胫骨较苏鲁人稍细,但两者颇为相似。10.过去及本文对于中国猿人化石研究的结果,明显指出中国猿人的上肢骨与现代人极为相似;下肢骨虽已具有现代人的形式,但又有若干明显的原始性质;而牙齿及过去发现的头骨,则远较现代人为原始,脑量也远在现代人之下,说明了最初是由于劳动,由于手的使用而使手足发生了分化,脑子随着发展了起来,头骨和牙齿的形态发生了改变,这种结果进一步充实了恩格斯从猿到人的理论,阐明了“劳动创造人类”的真谛。

     
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