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     The oxidation behavior of Ti-50al, Ti-45al-10Cr and Ti-50al- 10Cr (atomic fraction, %) alloys at 800-1100℃ was investigated.
     研究了Ti-50Al,Ti-45Al-10Cr和Ti-50Al-10Cr(原子分数,%)合金在800-1100℃下的高温氧化性能.
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     The transition of metastable al8Fe4Mm to stableα-al13(Fe,V)3Si phase takes place near 673 K.
     含0.5%和1.0%Mm(原子分数)纳米合金在673K附近al8Fe4Mm转变为α-al13(Fe,V)3Si相.
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     However, those in Ti3Al and TiAl3 were found to be lowrr 0.1%(atom).
     Y在Ti_3Al和TiAl_3相中固溶度很小,均小于(原子)0.1%。
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     At high temporature between 700℃ to 850℃,a protective film of Al2O3 forms at the sur-face of Fe3Al intermetallics, so that Fe3Al is more oxidation resistance than stainless steels,Additionof 2%Cr to Fe3Al results in the increase of oxidation rate at the initial stage of oxidation,In melted sulphates or smoke of high pressure boileres,Fe3Al has higher corrosion resistance than the superalloyGH132.
     在700℃与850℃的高温下,Fe_3Al金属间化合物表面形成了Al_2O_3保护膜,使其抗氧化性能远优于不妨钢,2%Cr(原子百分比)加入Fe_3Al会导致氧化过程初期氧化速率的增高,在熔融的硫酸盐和高压锅炉的烟气中,Fe_3Al的耐热腐蚀性能优于高温合金GH132.
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     The effects of Mn on the microstructures and the mechanical properties of Ti 45Al 10Nb alloy have been studied.
     研究了Mn对Ti-45Al-10Nb(原子分数)合金铸态组织和1100℃再结晶组织的影响以及Mn对于Ti-45Al-10Nb合金力学性能的影响。
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     Unusual Atoms
     反常原子
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     ATOM LITHOGRAPHY 
     原子光刻
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Duality theorems, atomic decompositions, and factorization of functions are treated.
      
We show that if(X,Σ, μ) is not purely atomic, then the unconditional basis constant of our basis is (max(p, q) -1).
      
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Emission and absorption band spectra of sulphur dioxide were studied in the region between 2600 to 2000 A.U. A new system of emission bands (about 150 bands) was found. When these bands were compared with the absorption bands and Mr. Lotmar's fluorescent bands, coincidences were found which amount to 40% and 50% of the total number of absorption and fluorescent bands respectively. These agreements and the very different structure as compared with the SO bands recorded on the same plate made it very probable...

Emission and absorption band spectra of sulphur dioxide were studied in the region between 2600 to 2000 A.U. A new system of emission bands (about 150 bands) was found. When these bands were compared with the absorption bands and Mr. Lotmar's fluorescent bands, coincidences were found which amount to 40% and 50% of the total number of absorption and fluorescent bands respectively. These agreements and the very different structure as compared with the SO bands recorded on the same plate made it very probable that SO2, is the emitter of these emission bands. Evidences were also found that these emission bands arc not the known bands of O2, Oa+ and S2 in the same region. As a further support a vibra-tional level scheme was worked out, using the three fundamental frequencies of the normal SO2, molecule (1150, 525, and 1360 cm-1) in the lower state and 750 and 350 cm-1 (possible also 1110 cm-1) as the frequencies in the upper state. This scheme accounts for 1Q% of the absorption bands, 70% of the emission bands and a small fraction of the fluorescent bands. While the scheme may not be the final due to the complexity of the vibrational formula, one feels fair, as far as the present evidence goes, to conclude that the emission bands observed are actually emitted by the SO2, molecules and that they can be fitted by a vibrational level scheme based on the three known fundamental frequencies of the normal state.

此文目的在报告二氧化硫气体分子之吸收光谱及发射光谱(emission speetrun)之研究光谱区域约在2000A与2600A间有一新组发射光带(band)发现。数约百五十在吸收光带中有百分之四十之光带与此发射光带附合。在Lotmar先生之弗光光谱(fluorescent speetrum)中,有百分之五十之光带与此发射光带附合并此所得之发射光带之结构与SO之光带显有区别,令人设信此发射光带为SO_2分子所发者。在另一方面,找到证据,所得之发射光带亦非0_2,O_2~+及S_2诸分子之光谱为求更进一步之证实,试以SO_2之三基本振动数(fundamental frequency)1150,525及1360cm~(-1)为能力阶梯之差而作一常态(normal state)下之能力阶梯。再用750,350cm~(-1)(或1110亦用)为分子在激态(excited state)时之振动数,而作一激态下之能力阶梯所得之能力图(energydiagram)可说明吸收光带之70%,发射光带之70%及弗光光带之一小部份,此能力图并不完全,故不能望其为最终者。以三原子分子情形复杂,完全正确之分析,尚有待焉。之...

此文目的在报告二氧化硫气体分子之吸收光谱及发射光谱(emission speetrun)之研究光谱区域约在2000A与2600A间有一新组发射光带(band)发现。数约百五十在吸收光带中有百分之四十之光带与此发射光带附合。在Lotmar先生之弗光光谱(fluorescent speetrum)中,有百分之五十之光带与此发射光带附合并此所得之发射光带之结构与SO之光带显有区别,令人设信此发射光带为SO_2分子所发者。在另一方面,找到证据,所得之发射光带亦非0_2,O_2~+及S_2诸分子之光谱为求更进一步之证实,试以SO_2之三基本振动数(fundamental frequency)1150,525及1360cm~(-1)为能力阶梯之差而作一常态(normal state)下之能力阶梯。再用750,350cm~(-1)(或1110亦用)为分子在激态(excited state)时之振动数,而作一激态下之能力阶梯所得之能力图(energydiagram)可说明吸收光带之70%,发射光带之70%及弗光光带之一小部份,此能力图并不完全,故不能望其为最终者。以三原子分子情形复杂,完全正确之分析,尚有待焉。之 能 力唯协所得之能 力 圆 山。。。,。w山。…。。。。\可。Z5t 叫 吸收 几 卅之70九传 时 光排 上 7,%及 比 儿 儿 卅上 一 个 部 份 此 能 力 闲 伙 不 正 全;故个能 望IC iX侦相 许 nt原一户 外 广似形 应 输,完全 正雕之分 析。尚有

Measurement of the intensity of total scattering of x-rays by a number of polyatomic gases was made for scattering angles between 15° and 130 ° using an ionization method of recording the scattered intensity. Balanced filters of ZrO2, and SrO were used to separate the MoKa rays and Soller slits were placed in front of the ionization chamber to obtain a definite scattering angle. The gases studied are CL2, CO2, N2O, H2S, CC14 and CHCl3. In each case the absolute values of the scattered intensity were determined...

Measurement of the intensity of total scattering of x-rays by a number of polyatomic gases was made for scattering angles between 15° and 130 ° using an ionization method of recording the scattered intensity. Balanced filters of ZrO2, and SrO were used to separate the MoKa rays and Soller slits were placed in front of the ionization chamber to obtain a definite scattering angle. The gases studied are CL2, CO2, N2O, H2S, CC14 and CHCl3. In each case the absolute values of the scattered intensity were determined by comparison with the scattering from oxygen, the results of Wollan for the latter gas being taken as correct. The experimental results are actually compared with Woo's theory of the scattering of x-rays by polyatomic gases and the agreement seems to be satisfactory.

吴有训氏最近对于多原子气体散射线之理论,曾作详尽的探讨。吴氏得到一个公式,表示由多原子气体所散射之强度,其中一部为相干的散射,另一部为不相干的散射。 以前关于多原子气体散射X-线之实验,为数甚少,且为定性的结果。最近美人Wollan,对于由O_2及N_2(双原子气体)所散射钼的K_3α线之强度,曾作绝对的度量。Wollan的结果,与吴有训氏的理论,甚属相符。本篇目的,在测定由 Cl_2,CO_2,N_2O,H_2S,CCl_4及 CHCl六种气体所散射X-线之强度,每一实验,均与由0_2者互相比较,根据Wollan的结果,每种气体所散射之绝对强度,皆一一量得。所用之入射X-线为钼之Kα线,系藉Ross的平衡过滤法分出。强度之测量,系用一游离方法。散射角度的范围,自15度至130度。每种气体的实验结果,均与吴氏的理论,互相比较,证明理论与实验,甚属相符。在计算时,原子的“构造因数”,系由Hartree的方法算得,一分子中两原子的相隔距离,则由带光谱的结果推得。

The general feature of the Stark effect of the alkali atoms, the linear effect observed by Ny and Choong for the lines near the series limit of Cs and Rb, the decomposition of the m2S-n2D lines of Na into n-2 equidistant components, and the appearence of m2S-n2S series in a polarization are discussed on the basis of the perturbation theory.

本文於金硷属原子Stark效应之主要现象,及严锺二氏观察得在电场中Cs及Rb线系限附近之线之 移动与电场所成之直线关系,m~2S—n~2S系线在σ偏极面之出现,及严翁二氏视察得Na之3~2S—n~2D线之分为n—2线等现象,从量子力学之微扰理论,加以讨论及解释。

 
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