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平均血
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  mean blood
     6.5 hours later, the mean blood concentration was (1.01±0.53)μg/ml; and the recovery of meropenem in 0h~12h urine was (58.06±16.83) %.
     6.5h后平均血药浓度(1.01±0.53)μg/ml,0h~12h尿回收率(58.1±16.8)%。
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     Results: LIMA was used in 100% of patients with mean blood flow value of (19 99±1 93)? ml/min which was significantly lower than the value of (38 17±2 85)? ml/min of SV. Mean PI value was 3 29±0 22 in LIMA and 3 41±0 37 in SV, respectively.
     结果 LIMA使用率 10 0 % ,LIMA和SV桥通畅率 10 0 % ,LIMA平均血流量(19 99± 1 93)ml/min ,SV血流量 (38 17± 2 85 )ml/min ,两者差异显著 (P <0 0 1)。
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     The mean blood osmolar was 353±17mosm/L. The mean blood glucose wsa 39 3±4 33mmol/L,mean blood natriam was 145±18mmol/L,in 26 patients.
     26例患者平均血渗353±17mosm/L,血糖39.3±4.33mmol/L,血钠145±9.7mmol/L。
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     The mean blood flow of skeletonized ITA before anastomosis was 86.5ml/min,after anastomosis was 26.4ml/min.
     骨骼肌化ITA平均血流量吻合前为86.5m l/m in,吻合后为26.4m l/m in。
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     Results Mean blood flow of 175 left internal mammary artery grafts was (33±18)ml/min, of vein grafts was(46±20)ml/min.
     结果左乳内动脉均移植到左前降支,血流量为(33±18)ml/min,左前降支流量在近端狭窄等于或超过90%病人高于近端狭窄小于90%病人; 大隐静脉旁路组平均血流量为(46±20)ml/min。
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  mean flow
     The mean flow velocity and flow volume in the pulmonary arteriole (ID=55μm) were decreased from 0.27±0.02 cm/s to 0.18±0.01cm/s, and from O. 04±0.005ml/min to 0.02±0.002ml/min, respectively (P<0.001);
     细动脉(平均ID为55μm)内平均血流速度由0.27±0.02cm/s减慢至0.18±0.01cm/s,平均血流量由0.04±0.005ml/min减少至0.02±0.002ml/min(P<0.001);
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     Results: The mean flow was19. 32 ± 17. 33ml/min for 60 IMA , 25.75 ± 20.15ml/min for 22 vein graft to diagonal ,46.56±25. 68ml/min for 43 vein graft to OM, and 34.08120. 21ml/min for 41 vein graft to PDA/RA.
     应用大隐静脉桥共105根,其中对角支22根,平均血流量25.75±20.15ml/min; 回旋支43根,平均流量46.56±25.68ml/min;
短句来源
     Results: The mean flow significantly decreased from (29.91±3.32) ml/min in early phase to (25.12±2.56) ml/min, P<0.001. There was no significant alteration of diastolic flow [(59.26±5.21) ml/min to (54.36±4.27) ml/min, P=0.08)].
     结果 两组平均动脉压差异无显著性 (P =0 0 5 ) ; LIMA桥平均血流量早期 ( 2 9 91± 3 32 )ml min显著高于晚期 ( 2 5 12± 2 5 6 )ml min ,P =0 0 3;
短句来源
     Method:Transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) was used to detect mean flow velocity (Vm) and pulsatility index (PI) of middle cerebral artery within 48 hours of onset in 40 patients with acute intracerebral homorrhage.
     方法:应用经颅多普勒超声(TCD)对40例急性脑出血病人测量了发病后48小时内的大脑中动脉平均血流速(Vm)及脉动指数(PI)。
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     The mean internal diameters of MPV, SV and SMV had no significant difference (P> 0.05), but the mean flow velocity was significantly slower, and the mean flow volume was significantly decreased after treatment in patients with cirrhosis(p<0.05).
     治疗后三者平均内径无明显变化(P>0.05),但与治疗前比较,平均流速明显减慢,平均血流量明显减少(P<0.05)。
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  “平均血”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Mean peak serum concentrations were found 2. 25±0. 29ng/ml in Group β,and 1. 44±0.77ng/ml in Group D;
     结果β组的平均血药浓度均高于D组,β组的平均峰浓度为2.25±0.29ng/ml,D组为1.44±0.77ng/ml。
短句来源
     Preoperative serum calcium and PTH levels were(3.0±0.33)mmol/L and(228.7±360.1)ng/L.
     术前平均血钙(3.0±0.33)mmol/L、血PTH(228.7±360.1)ng/L。
短句来源
     average plasma concentration C av were ( 5.9 ± 2.4) mg ·L -1 and (6.2 ± 1.9) mg ·L -1 ;
     稳态平均血药浓度Cav分别为 (5 .9± 2 .4 )mg·L-1和 (6 .2± 1.9)mg·L-1;
短句来源
     Mean SaO_2:male:(94.42±2.75)%,female:(94.02±2.39%).
     平均血氧男(94.42±2.75)%,女(94.02±2.39)%;
短句来源
     The mean serum levels of uric acid of the CT and TT genotypes (394.2 μmol/L and 465.8 μmol/L) were higher than that in CC genotype (347.3 μmol/L)(all P<0.05).
     CT和TT基因型患者平均血尿酸水平(分别为394.2μmol/L和465.8μmol/L)明显高于CC基因型者(347.3μmol/L)(P<0.05)。
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  mean blood
DNIC administration significantly decreased the mean blood pressure throughout the experiment.
      
In the CHD patients with excessive body mass, mean blood pressure, cardiac output, left ventricular power output, and left ventricular posterior wall thickness were significantly increased even at rest.
      
In parallel experiments, local hydrogen clearance applying the H2-PH2 probe (33) was used to determine the mean blood flow per area (microflow) at the capillary level.
      
Reactive hyperemia following total and subtotal occlusions resulted in similar mean blood flow debt repayments of 451±34% and 492±51%, respectively.
      
Under halothane the mean blood pressure (BP) during coronary artery ligation was 113±2/82±2 mm Hg and the heart rate (HR) was 135±2/min.
      
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  mean flow
The nonlinear development of Tollmien-Schlichting waves in a boundary layer is studied taking account of the nonparallel character of the mean flow.
      
In particular, the presence of velocity pulsations influences the growth of the dispersion even if the mean flow velocity is equal to zero at every point of the flow.
      
The turbulence was generated by grids with square cells of two sizes (4.8 and 10 mm) and an impenetrability parameter equal to 0.49 at a mean flow velocity equal to 9.5 m/s.
      
It is shown that a mean flow develops under the simultaneous action of both horizontal and vertical vibration; quantitative flow stability characteristics are determined numerically using the differential sweep method.
      
A similar inference may be made with respect to the mean flow parameters.
      
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The oral administration of tartar emetic to rabbits infected schistosomiasis can produces a certain degree of effectiveness, but the Sb content is not parallel with the oral dosage used. No correlation between the blood Sb content and the therapeutic effect was observed. The blood Sb content in the group of animals treated by intravenous dripping of tartars emetic is markedly lower than that in rabbits receiving the same dosage in 6 i.v. injections, but the therapeutic effects are just the same in both groups....

The oral administration of tartar emetic to rabbits infected schistosomiasis can produces a certain degree of effectiveness, but the Sb content is not parallel with the oral dosage used. No correlation between the blood Sb content and the therapeutic effect was observed. The blood Sb content in the group of animals treated by intravenous dripping of tartars emetic is markedly lower than that in rabbits receiving the same dosage in 6 i.v. injections, but the therapeutic effects are just the same in both groups. The assumption that higher level of blood Sb will bring about better therapeutic effect is not confirmed. The urinary Sb content runs parallel with the dosage used. This therefore, suggests that in order to know the absorption of Sb after its oral administration, urinary Sb may be determined instead of blood Sb content.

血吸虫病家兔連續14天每天口服酒石酸銻鉀20毫克/公斤的一組无明显疗效,而每天口服30及40毫克/公斤的两組动物有相当的疗效,減虫率分別为60.8%及63.3%。三组动物平均血銻含量相似,分別为0.49,0.44及0.50微克/克,因而不能証明血銻含量高低与疗效高低相关。 連續3天靜脉滴流組家兔的血銻虽无高浓度出現,但疗效并不低于3天6針注射組,因此不能証明高浓度血銻是影响酒石酸銻鉀治疗家兔血吸虫病疗效的主要因素。口服酒石酸銻鉀剂量大者尿內銻量亦多,是故以后欲了解口服銻剂吸收情况时可考虑用尿銻含量的測定来代替血銻的测定。

The serum concentration of amiodarone was determined in47 cases of various arrhythmia during long-term oral use of amiodarone witha HPLC method. The arrhythmia included: paroxysmal or sustained atrialfibrillation or flutter, paroxysmal superventricular tachycardia, ventricularpremature and paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia, The dosage schedule of amiodarone was given as follows: 0.2g tid for one week; 0.2g bid for thenext week; then with maintenance dose of 0. 2g or 0. 1g qd (some cases,0.2g qd five times a...

The serum concentration of amiodarone was determined in47 cases of various arrhythmia during long-term oral use of amiodarone witha HPLC method. The arrhythmia included: paroxysmal or sustained atrialfibrillation or flutter, paroxysmal superventricular tachycardia, ventricularpremature and paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia, The dosage schedule of amiodarone was given as follows: 0.2g tid for one week; 0.2g bid for thenext week; then with maintenance dose of 0. 2g or 0. 1g qd (some cases,0.2g qd five times a week). Blood samples were taken in the morningbefore giving the next dose. The total efficacy rate of amiodarone in thosepatients was 89. 3%, among which 63. 8% of the cases were completely co-ntrolled, 25. 5% improved, and 10. 7% noneffective. Mean serum concentra-tion of amiodarcne in the completely controlled group was 0.66mg/l; theimproved group 0.57mg/l; and the noneffective group 0. 34mg/l. There is astatistical significance on serum concentration among these three groups byvariance analysis (F test, >0. 01). The correlation between serum concen-tration of amiodarone and its clinical effect and significance for guidingclinical practice were discussed.

用高效液相色谱方法测定47例长期口服胺碘酮的各类心律失常患者血清药物浓度。胶碘酮治疗心律失常的总有效率为89.3%。平均血清浓度于显效组、改善组和无效组分别为0.66、0.57、0.34μg/ml。服药时间超过半年者17例,其平均血浓度为0.58μg/ml,对血药浓度与疗效的关系及其指导临床用药的意义进行了讨论。

Beta-methyldigoxin, a novel digitalis glycoside, was studied onits inotropic effect in a comparasion with digoxin. The investigation was carriedout among 4 healthy volunteers who were divided into two groups: beta-methyl-digoxin (Group β) and digoxin (Group D). Dosages of 0.2 mg for Group β and0. 25 mg for Group D were given orally to each subject b.i.d. in the firstthree days, and then q. d. in another seven days, respectively. Mean peak serum concentrations were found 2. 25±0. 29ng/ml in Group β,and 1. 44±0.77ng/ml...

Beta-methyldigoxin, a novel digitalis glycoside, was studied onits inotropic effect in a comparasion with digoxin. The investigation was carriedout among 4 healthy volunteers who were divided into two groups: beta-methyl-digoxin (Group β) and digoxin (Group D). Dosages of 0.2 mg for Group β and0. 25 mg for Group D were given orally to each subject b.i.d. in the firstthree days, and then q. d. in another seven days, respectively. Mean peak serum concentrations were found 2. 25±0. 29ng/ml in Group β,and 1. 44±0.77ng/ml in Group D; and the time of peak level achieved in bothgroups were about a week. In Group β the mean concentration trended to declinein the late period, and in Group D to maintain. QA_2I, CA_2I, and LVETI didnot change after administration of either drugs. TIVC in both groups was founddecreased, and PEPI in Group β decreased faster than in Group D. The heartrates decreased gradually in both groups, but it decreased more rapidly in Groupβ than in Group D. However, the degree of decrease became smaller in Group βone week later, and this tendency was consistent with the variation in serumlevels. Abnormal changes in EKG, blood pressure, GPT, BUN or Cr were notobserved in both groups.Our results of the study indicate that both of the drugstested are effectively inotropic agents, but β-methyldigoxin is absorbed morequickly and completely and found more potent, which is preferable to digoxinin the treatment of congestive heart failure.

β-甲基地高辛是近年来合成的一种新的地高辛衍生物,它除具有与地高辛相似的强心作用外,还有吸收较快、半衰期较长等优点。本文目的是:通过血药浓度监测、左心功能测定和临床指标的观察,比较β-甲基地高辛和地高辛对正常人心脏的影响。志愿者分β组(β-甲基地高辛)与D组(地高辛)。每组男女各2人。给药方法为β组每次0.2mg,每日2次,3天后改为每日1次,共服10天。D组除每次剂量为0.25mg外,服法与β组相同。地高辛血药浓度用RIA法测定。结果β组的平均血药浓度均高于D组,β组的平均峰浓度为2.25±0.29ng/ml,D组为1.44±0.77ng/ml。平均峰浓度出现的时间均在1周左右。在服药的后期,β组的血药浓度略有下降的趋势。表明β-甲基地高辛在人体内吸收较地高辛快而完全。用非创伤检查方法(STI)测定两组的左心室功能,QA_2I、CA_2I、LVETI两组在服药前后无明显变化,两组的TIVC及β组的PEPI均有不同程度缩短,表明两药均有增强心缩力的功能。进一步对比两组服药后参数缩短的百分率,β组TIVC缩短41.8%,D组缩短14%;β组PEPI缩短21.4%,D组仅缩短1.9%,表明β-甲基地高...

β-甲基地高辛是近年来合成的一种新的地高辛衍生物,它除具有与地高辛相似的强心作用外,还有吸收较快、半衰期较长等优点。本文目的是:通过血药浓度监测、左心功能测定和临床指标的观察,比较β-甲基地高辛和地高辛对正常人心脏的影响。志愿者分β组(β-甲基地高辛)与D组(地高辛)。每组男女各2人。给药方法为β组每次0.2mg,每日2次,3天后改为每日1次,共服10天。D组除每次剂量为0.25mg外,服法与β组相同。地高辛血药浓度用RIA法测定。结果β组的平均血药浓度均高于D组,β组的平均峰浓度为2.25±0.29ng/ml,D组为1.44±0.77ng/ml。平均峰浓度出现的时间均在1周左右。在服药的后期,β组的血药浓度略有下降的趋势。表明β-甲基地高辛在人体内吸收较地高辛快而完全。用非创伤检查方法(STI)测定两组的左心室功能,QA_2I、CA_2I、LVETI两组在服药前后无明显变化,两组的TIVC及β组的PEPI均有不同程度缩短,表明两药均有增强心缩力的功能。进一步对比两组服药后参数缩短的百分率,β组TIVC缩短41.8%,D组缩短14%;β组PEPI缩短21.4%,D组仅缩短1.9%,表明β-甲基地高辛加强心缩力的作用较地高辛为强。两药均能明显降低心率。临床症状β组有轻微头痛、头晕、恶心,D组无此类表现。

 
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