A comparison between “cultural evolution” and “cultural relativity” brings the conclusion that the latter has adapted itself to the theoretical requirement in the human multicultural development and that it is its basic idea against cultural hegemony and for cultural difference that abides by the spirit of ethnomusicology.
Applying research methods from national musicology and based on the two music books- Yang zhengxuan Lute Score and Wang Yuting Lute Score, this paper, the comparison study on Lute Arts of Pudong School and Wang School, attempts to examine the lute arts of Pudong school and Wang school, their musical pedigree and general courses in development.
Any types of national musicology property cannot do without practical description. Certainly so many methods of research for the national music is also the integrated presentation of description and explanation.
From the aspect of folk musicology, it is of great value and significance to sum up and de-scribe the studies and scientific research results of the polyphonic Dong Chorus during the past 50 years, and to discuss the environment and the time in which the Dong Chorus came into being, and the overall form and classification of the music.