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居民储蓄    
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  residents ' savings
    This paper expounds the background, course and characteristics of the market-oriented reform of British endowment insurance and points out that this reform has lessened the government burden of finance, promoted the market development and raised the residents' savings.
    本文对英国养老保险市场化改革的背景、过程及特点进行了阐述,指出英国养老保险市场化改革既减轻了政府的财政负担,促进了劳动力市场的灵活性,又提高了居民储蓄倾向;
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  household savings
During the last fifty years there have in many countries been large movements in the growth of labor productivity, real wage rates, the rate of interest, and the household savings ratio.
      
Empirical results with cross-country data from five OECD countries indicate that both unanticipated and anticipated inflation affect the household savings ratio.
      
Total household savings are rather high and fairly stable, although the amount of contractual savings apears to be going up at the expense of non-contractual ('free') savings.
      
Using an approach originally pioneered by Feldstein (1974) we employ microdata to investigate the displacement effect of security and pension wealth on free household savings.
      
Do Mandatory Pensions decrease Household Savings Evidence for the Netherlands
      
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  household savings
During the last fifty years there have in many countries been large movements in the growth of labor productivity, real wage rates, the rate of interest, and the household savings ratio.
      
Empirical results with cross-country data from five OECD countries indicate that both unanticipated and anticipated inflation affect the household savings ratio.
      
Total household savings are rather high and fairly stable, although the amount of contractual savings apears to be going up at the expense of non-contractual ('free') savings.
      
Using an approach originally pioneered by Feldstein (1974) we employ microdata to investigate the displacement effect of security and pension wealth on free household savings.
      
Do Mandatory Pensions decrease Household Savings Evidence for the Netherlands
      
更多          
  household saving
Inflation, relative prices and household saving behavior
      
This article contains tests for the direct effects of inflation on household saving.
      
The purpose of this paper is to estimate the household saving functions based on cross-section data which contain fruitful informations of individual observations.
      
Indexation and household saving behavior: Some empirical evidence from finnish data
      
However, in his formulation household saving is not the outcome of utility maximization over time.
      
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  其他


It is the bottle neck for Chinas capital markets to grow mature that the capital markets in China lack the stable and long-term sources of cash inflow. At the same time, the efficiency is very low to convert individuals deposit to capitals. In western countries, their capital markets rely on pensions to increase individuals deposit flow into the market to support capital markets. Chinas pension system doesnt have such a function now. The pension system in China is pay-as-you-go model and therefore isnt...

It is the bottle neck for Chinas capital markets to grow mature that the capital markets in China lack the stable and long-term sources of cash inflow. At the same time, the efficiency is very low to convert individuals deposit to capitals. In western countries, their capital markets rely on pensions to increase individuals deposit flow into the market to support capital markets. Chinas pension system doesnt have such a function now. The pension system in China is pay-as-you-go model and therefore isnt suitable for capital markets to develop. So to develop and reform Chinas pension system is critical for Chinas capital markets to grow mature.

缺乏长期稳定的资金来源成为我国资本市场走向成熟的“瓶颈”,同时高速增长的巨额居民储蓄转化成资本的效率却很低。国际上成熟的资本市场依靠社会养老金把居民储蓄转化成长期稳定的资金来支撑资本市场,我国社会养老金的这种作用远远没有发挥,原因主要是现收现付制的社会养老金体制不适合资本市场的发展。改革社会养老金制度是我国资本市场成熟的关键。

Theories on bond pricing include classical interest rate theory, liquidity preference theory, loanable fund theory and reasonable expectation theory. This article applies causal testing method to study the correlation and causal relation between macro economic variation, monetary, financial variation and price movement of China bond market. A long-term balance is noted among the Chinese bond prices and fixed-asset investment, net export, commodity price index, monetary supply, bank loans and foreign exchange...

Theories on bond pricing include classical interest rate theory, liquidity preference theory, loanable fund theory and reasonable expectation theory. This article applies causal testing method to study the correlation and causal relation between macro economic variation, monetary, financial variation and price movement of China bond market. A long-term balance is noted among the Chinese bond prices and fixed-asset investment, net export, commodity price index, monetary supply, bank loans and foreign exchange reserves. Bank savings and net export has a one-way leading role on bond price movement, which, in turn, impacts fixed-asset investment and bank savings remarkably.

债券价格的决定理论主要有古典利率理论、流动偏好理论、可贷资金理论和理性预期理论。本文采用协整和因果检验方法,研究宏观经济变量、货币金融变量与我国债券市场价格波动的联动和因果关系。我国债券市场价格与固定资产投资、净出口、物价指数、货币供应量、金融机构存贷款和外汇储备存在长期均衡关系。居民储蓄和净出口对我国债券市场价格走势具有单向引导关系,我国债券市场价格对固定资产投资和金融机构存款具有显著影响。

This paper expounds the background, course and characteristics of the market-oriented reform of British endowment insurance and points out that this reform has lessened the government burden of finance, promoted the market development and raised the residents' savings. In the system of endowment insurance, China can use British experience such as defining responsibilities of government and market, developing individual enthusiasm in the endowment insurance, stabilizing the development of macro-economy and others....

This paper expounds the background, course and characteristics of the market-oriented reform of British endowment insurance and points out that this reform has lessened the government burden of finance, promoted the market development and raised the residents' savings. In the system of endowment insurance, China can use British experience such as defining responsibilities of government and market, developing individual enthusiasm in the endowment insurance, stabilizing the development of macro-economy and others.

本文对英国养老保险市场化改革的背景、过程及特点进行了阐述,指出英国养老保险市场化改革既减轻了政府的财政负担,促进了劳动力市场的灵活性,又提高了居民储蓄倾向;同时对于中国养老保险体制改革过程中,界定政府与市场之间的责任,发挥个人参保的积极性,稳定宏观经济的发展也具有重要的借鉴意义。

 
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