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   先天性 在 儿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.261秒
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先天性     
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  congenital
    Congenital Dislocation of the Hip: Study of Genetic Epidemiology and Associations with HOXB9 and COL1A1 Genes
    先天性髋脱位的遗传流行病学研究以及与HOXB9基因和COL1A1基因的关联分析
短句来源
    Studies of Adhesion Molecules Expression in Children with Congenital Hydronephrosis and Evaluation of Renal Function by Nuclide Nephro-Dynamic Imaging
    小儿先天性肾积水粘附分子表达及核素肾动态显像评价肾功能的研究
短句来源
    The Effect of eNOS、MMP-1 and TIMP-1 in the Pathogenesis of Pulmonary Hypertension Associated with Congenital Heart Disease
    eNOS、MMP-1、TIMP-1在先天性心脏病肺动脉高压发病机制中作用的研究
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    Screening Survey of Neonatal Congenital Hypothyroidism by Umbilical Serum TSH Determination
    测定脐血清促甲状腺激素水平筛选新生儿先天性甲状腺功能低下
短句来源
    DEFECTS IN 21-HYDROXYLATION OF CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA
    21-羟化酶缺陷型先天性肾上腺皮质增生症
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  inborn
    Early diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism in neonatal Period
    先天性遗传代谢病的早期诊断
短句来源
    2-Methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase (MHBD) deficiency: An X-link-ed inborn error of isoleucine metabolism that may mimic a mitochondrial disease
    2-甲基-3-羟基乙酰基-CoA脱氢酶缺乏:一个表现与线粒体病相类似的X性连锁先天性异亮氨酸代谢缺陷
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    Renal replacement therapy in the treatment of con-firmed or suspected inborn errors of metabolism
    确诊或疑诊为先天性代谢缺陷患儿的肾脏替代疗法
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    Inborn Pelviureteric Junction Obstruction
    先天性肾盂输尿管连接部梗阻
短句来源
    Evoked Potentials of Inborn Metabolic Error
    先天性代谢缺陷病的诱发电位改变
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  congenital abnormalities
    17 patients(24%) present congenital abnormalities, 8 patients(11%) present lated vitamin k deficiency bleeding respectively.
    17例 ( 2 4%)合并先天性异常 ,8例 ( 11%)并发晚发性维生素K缺乏性出血。
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    It is suggested that, during childhood, nervous system diseases are common and neurological disabilities are mainly caused by congenital abnormalities or perinatal brain injuries.
    结果表明,小儿神经系统疾病比较常见,先天性疾病和围产期脑损伤是小儿神经伤残的主要原因。
短句来源
    Duodenal and small intestinal atresia are congenital abnormalities rarely seen in pediatric surgery. It is one of the significant cause of newborn ileus, and is often associated with other anomalies.
    十二指肠、小肠闭锁是小儿外科少见的先天性发育畸形,也是新生儿肠梗阻的重要病因之一,常合并其它发育异常。
短句来源
  congenital persistent
    Unusual presentation of congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1a: Congenital persistent thrombocytopenia, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and hydrops-like aspect due to marked peripheral edema
    罕见的先天性1a型糖基化紊乱报道:先天的持续性血小板减少、肥厚性心肌病及明显的外周水肿性水肿外貌
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      congenital
    Histopathological study of congenital aortic valve malformations in 32 children
          
    The histopathological characteristics of congenital aortic valve malformations in children were investigated.
          
    Among 32 children with congenital aortic valve malformations, the age was ranged from six to 18 years, with a mean of 14.9 years, and there were 27 boys and five girls (male: female = 5.4:1).
          
    Twenty cases still had other congenital heart diseases: ventricular septal defect (19 cases), patent ductus arteriosus (two cases), double-chambered right ventricle (one case), aneurysm of the right anterior aortic sinus of valsalva (three cases).
          
    Congenital aortic valve malformations in children involve males more than females, mostly associated with other congenital heart diseases.
          
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      inborn
    Human biochemical genetics: An insight into inborn errors of metabolism
          
    Inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) include a broad spectrum of defects of various gene products that affect intermediary metabolism in the body.
          
    Thrombotic events develop as the result of multiple interactions between circumstantial and inborn risk factors shifting the delicate balance between pro- and anticoagulant processes towards coagulation.
          
    Inborn factors predisposing to thrombosis are present in the majority of patients.
          
    The acute porphyrias are four rare disorders which are characterized by an inborn enzymatic error of the biosynthesis of heme.
          
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      congenital abnormalities
    Cervical ribs are highly associated with stillbirths, congenital abnormalities and embryonal tumours.
          
    Its occurrence is associated with a characteristic facial dysmorphology, a range of congenital abnormalities, and psychiatric problems, especially schizophrenia.
          
    Congenital abnormalities, cancer, trauma, infection, inflammation, iatrogenic injuries, and other conditions may lead to genitourinary organ damage or loss, requiring eventual reconstruction.
          
    Further, obese women are more prone to have babies born with congenital abnormalities.
          
    The mothers of 3 infants with congenital abnormalities had received Metformin only during the last trimester of their pregnancy.
          
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      其他


    Toxoplasmosis is widely distributed throughout the world. High prevalence rate of the infection has been reported from all territories bounding China. and neighboring countries like Japan. Korea South Eastern ,Asian nations. In China. although the investigation of this disease was started as early as in 1956 but only a few proven cases with presence of T. gondii had been observed by us and others. Obviously many cases of toxoplasmosis went undiagnosed because of lack of modern knowledge of this disease including...

    Toxoplasmosis is widely distributed throughout the world. High prevalence rate of the infection has been reported from all territories bounding China. and neighboring countries like Japan. Korea South Eastern ,Asian nations. In China. although the investigation of this disease was started as early as in 1956 but only a few proven cases with presence of T. gondii had been observed by us and others. Obviously many cases of toxoplasmosis went undiagnosed because of lack of modern knowledge of this disease including life history of the parasite and the complicated epidemiology. In this article, we have briefly reviewed the morphological characteristics of this parasite at different phases as well as its complicated life cycles, the route of transmission. clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of toxoplasmosis with the hope of calling attentions of the medical profession to this important disease which needs intensive and extensive studies in this country. It is our opinion that the relative paucity of case reports does not represent the actual situation In China. We believe that further systematic studies on the disease would likely reveal its widespread occurrence in all provinces.

    弓形体病是由戈弟弓形体引起的原虫性寄生虫病,与内科、儿科、妇产科、神经科、精神科、眼科甚至外科均有密切关系。临床上先天性弓形体病可表现为流产、脑积水、头颅畸形、脑内钙化灶、肺炎、视网膜脉络膜炎等,获得性弓形体病可表现为发热、斑疹伤寒样皮疹,淋巴结肿大、肝炎、脑炎、心肌炎等。世界各地均有本病存在,而且发病率也很高。我国自1956年开始研究本病以来,也陆续有少数病例报告,但由于国内医务人员对本病的临床表现,流行病学及弓形体的生活史没有足够的认识,估计漏诊、误诊的病例并非少数。本文对本病的病原体、传染途径,临床表现,诊断和治疗以及预防作了介绍,以便引起广大医务人员对本病的重视,加强对本病的研究,摸清发病和流行情况,为进一步防治本病而努力。

    1000 cases of pneumonia hospitalized during 176-1979 were analysed. The incidence was higher in spring and winter seasons. The morbidity and mortality were comparatively higher in infancy.5.4% of patients died. By excluding those who died within 24 hours after admission, the corrected fatality rate was 3.7%. Among the deaths, 87.09% had a total leucocyte count>10000/mm~3. and 90.30% had neutrcphile greater than 50%. All death cases suffered from coexisting diseses. at the top of the list was toxic encephalopathy(100%),and...

    1000 cases of pneumonia hospitalized during 176-1979 were analysed. The incidence was higher in spring and winter seasons. The morbidity and mortality were comparatively higher in infancy.5.4% of patients died. By excluding those who died within 24 hours after admission, the corrected fatality rate was 3.7%. Among the deaths, 87.09% had a total leucocyte count>10000/mm~3. and 90.30% had neutrcphile greater than 50%. All death cases suffered from coexisting diseses. at the top of the list was toxic encephalopathy(100%),and next were malnutrition(61.90%).and myccsrditis (23.33%): those with congenital heart disease and cardiac failure constituted 19.23% and 16.67% respectively.

    唐茂志等:小儿肺炎1000例临床分析,安徽医学院学报.16(1)∶54,1981。本文对1976至1979年4年中住院肺炎患儿1000例进行临床分析。结果表明肺炎的发病率以冬春季节为多,婴儿时期肺炎的发病率和病死率均较其他年龄组为高。1000例肺炎中有合并症者占52.5%。心力衰竭占第一位(12.0%),其次为佝偻病、心肌炎、先天性心脏病,营养不良等。本组死亡54例,病死率为5.4%,除去在住院后24小时内死亡的病例,纠正病死率为3.7%。死亡病例中白细胞总数>1万占87.09%,中性粒细胞>50%占90.30%。所有死亡病例均有合并症发生,其中病死率最高的是中毒性脑病(100%),其次为营养不良(61.90%)、心肌炎(23.33%)等,合并先天性心脏病和心力衰竭的病死率分别为19.23%和16.67%。

    In this paper was presented the clinical analysis on missing diagnosis of 13 cases with congenital diaphragmatocele among the total of 41 affected newborns and infants who wereadmitted to this department during the years 1970—1981. According to the authors' clinical experience, all the problems such as the key points of correcting the missing diagnosis rate, the main causes of missing diagnosis, the possible clinical manifestations of this deformity, the probabe factors influencing the severity of dyspnea and...

    In this paper was presented the clinical analysis on missing diagnosis of 13 cases with congenital diaphragmatocele among the total of 41 affected newborns and infants who wereadmitted to this department during the years 1970—1981. According to the authors' clinical experience, all the problems such as the key points of correcting the missing diagnosis rate, the main causes of missing diagnosis, the possible clinical manifestations of this deformity, the probabe factors influencing the severity of dyspnea and cyanosis during the course and the differentiation diagnosis were well discussed herein. Finally, the authors claimed that a pediatrician should make out the correct diagnosis for this deformity as possible as he can and lead to an earliest repair operation, although this disorder is generally considered as a problem involving pediatric surgery.

    本文对1970~1981年收治41例先天性胸腹裂孔疝中误诊的13例作了临床分析,并在讨论中就纠正误诊的关键、误诊的主要原因、本症可能出现的临床表现、决定膈疝时呼吸困难和青紫严重度的因索和鉴别诊断等方面根据作者临床体会作了叙述。本文提示儿内科医师应尽早对病孩作出诊断,及时进行手术修补。

     
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