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供心
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  donor heart
     Result: Operating time:(39 2±29 0) min, time of harvest donor heart:(7 3±4 8) min,warm ischemic time: (1 7±1 9) min, cold ischemic time:(126 0±27 6) min and the time of preparing donor heart:(26 4±14 4) min.
     结果:供心切取时间(392±290)min,剖心手术时间(73±48)min,心脏热缺血时间(17±19)min,心脏冷缺血时间(1260±276)min,供心修裁时间(264±144)min。
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     The warm ischemic time of donor heart was 2.6-6.7 min(4.2±1.0)min, and cold ischemic time was 110-175 min(141±16) min.
     供心热缺血时间2.6-6.7(4.2±1.0)min,冷缺血时间110- 175(141±16)min。
短句来源
     The donor heart had warm ischemic time 2.6-6.7(4.2±1.0)min and cold ischemic time 110-175(141.2±16.3)min.
     供心热缺血时间2.6~6.7(4.2±1.0)min,冷缺血时间110~175(.141.2±16.3)min。
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     Coenzyme Q_(10) and Ischemia-reperfusion Injury of Donor Heart
     辅酶Q_(10)与供心缺血再灌注损伤
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     \ The ischemic time of the donor heart were 12±5 minutes and the anastomosis time were only 2~4 minutes.
     供心缺血时间 12± 5 min,吻合时间 2~ 4 min。
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  donor hearts
     Effect of 11,12-EET on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and bcl-2 mRNA gene expression in donor hearts of immature rabbit underwent prolonged protection
     11,12-EET对长时间保存幼兔供心再灌注后心肌细胞凋亡及bcl-2 mRNA基因表达的影响
短句来源
     The cold ischemic time of donor hearts was 142.5±29.0 minutes,ranging from 110~180 minutes.
     供心热缺血时间 1~ 3min ,冷缺血时间 110~ 180min(平均 14 2 5± 2 9 0min)。
短句来源
     The donor hearts were harvested at 3, 5, 7, 14, and 28 days (n=7)after transplantation, and the β-galactosidase activity was assessed by the X-gal staining.
     分别在移植术后3、5、7、14及28d取供心,经X-gal染色检测Ad-LacZ基因的表达情况和规律。
短句来源
     (2) experimental group: Donor hearts were infused with pUF1-CTLA4-Ig by means of coronary artery before transplantation.
     实验组:在供心获取的过程中,以质粒载体携带CTLA4-Ig(pUF1-CTLA4-Ig)经过冠状动脉灌注供心
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     Before and after 6,12,24 hours of preservation ,the donor hearts were mounted on modified Langendorff-Neely model.
     分别于保存前及保存6,12,24 h后,取出供心,在改良的非循环式Langendorff Neely灌注模型上测定血流动力学指标。
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  donor myocardial
     Objective To summarize successful experience in three of orthotopic homoplastic heart transplantation,to explore some problems for donor myocardial protection,the application of immunosuppressive drugs,anti-infection and prevent acute rejection.
     目的 总结 3例同种异体原位心脏移植成功的处理经验 ,探讨供心保护、免疫抑制剂的应用及感染、预防急性排斥反应等问题。
短句来源
     Conclusion Successful keys of heart transplantation are donor myocardial protection,technology of anastomosis and treatment of peroperation.
     结论 心脏移植、供心保护、吻合技术以及围手术期处理是手术成功的关键
短句来源
     ObjectiveTo study the dynamic changes of rat donor myocardial cell apoptosis during hypot hermic preservation and the effect of melatonin.
     目的 探讨大鼠供心保存期间心肌细胞凋亡的动态变化及褪黑素的保护作用。
短句来源
     Conclusion: Melatonin (0.1 mmol/L) supplement in St Thomas solution could significantly reduce donor myocardial cell apoptosis and improved the preservation effect of rat hearts.
     结论:褪黑激素增补于供心保存液中可明显改善体外供心延时保存效果,机制可能与其减少心肌细胞凋亡有关。
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  “供心”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results (1)MST: Group D (124.3 ± 12.0h)>Group C (91.1±22.8h) >Group B (65.2±5.6h)>Group A (36.2±5.9h).
     结果 ①供心平均存活时间(MST):A组(36.2±5.9h),B组(65.2±6.6h),C组(91.1±22.8h),D组(124.3±12.0h)。
短句来源
     RESULTS: The myocardial apoptosis index and expressions of Bax,Fas proteins significantly increased,and the expression of Bcl-2 proteins significantly decreased in groups E1 and E2 compared with group C.
     结果:供心移植2h后,E1、E2组心肌细胞凋亡显著高于C组(P<0.01),E2组心肌细胞凋亡显著高于E1组(P<0.01),Bcl2蛋白表达C组高于E1、E2组(P<0.01),Bax和Fas蛋白表达C组低于E1、E2组(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Results: The ECC time was 133.3±13.1 min, and the warm and cold ischemia time was respectively 1-3 min and 142.0±28.2 min.
     结果 :ECC时间 (1 33.3± 1 3.1 )min ,供心热缺血时间为 1~ 3min ,冷缺血时间为 (1 4 2 .0± 2 8.2 )min。
短句来源
     IL-10 group: IL10 was transfected on BALB/C mice isolated heart for 1 hour,then transplanted to C57 mice.
     IL-10组:供、受者各16只,分别为BALB/C、C57小鼠,用IL-10重组腺病毒载体先转染供心
短句来源
     RESULTS The myocardial apoptosis index significantly increase in E1 and E2 group than C group.
     结果供心移植2h后,E1、E2组心肌细胞凋亡明显高于C组(P<0.01),E2组心肌细胞凋亡明显高于El组(P<0.01)。
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  donor heart
For many reasons echocardiography is the optimal method of imaging a potential donor heart.
      
Continuous infusion of intravenous drugs from a portable pump may allow such patients to live fairly active life until a donor heart is found.
      
Inotropic and chronotropic stimulation are necessary due to postischemic "stunning" and to assure "basal" β-adrenergic "tone" of the denervated donor heart.
      
A few weeks after orthotopic heart transplantation, a male adolescent developed atrial arrhythmias of the donor heart due to an atypical recipient atrial flutter with a recipient-to-donor transatrial conduction resulting in an absolute arrhythmia.
      
Under medication with propafenone, the atrial flutter of the donor heart could be terminated with cardioversion.
      
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  donor hearts
Given the continuing shortage of available donor hearts, echocardiography may aid to improve the successful utilisation of potential cardiac donors.
      
Heart transplantation, the gold standart in the treatment of end-stage heart failure is reserved for only a few patients because of the shortage of donor hearts.
      
Aortic valves from human donor hearts (native) (n=4), which were considered not transplantable served as controls.
      
However, when donor hearts were made severely hypoxic so that oxygen consumption decreased, and recipient hearts were perfused at constant flow, the
      
The positive inotropic response were examined in electrically driven (1 Hz, 37°C) human left ventricular papillary muscle strips from terminally failing hearts (NYHA IV, n=24) and nonfailing donor hearts (NF, n=9).
      
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  donor myocardial
In order to induce immunological tolerance, intrathymic inoculation of incompatible donor myocardial cells in rats was performed in the neonatal period.
      
Immunohistochemical staining for myoglobin of the thymus from the inoculated recipient revealed that the donor myocardial cells continued to survive.
      


Twenty-two orthotopic cardiac allotransplantatlons were performed in neonate goat. There were 12 homografts and 10 heterografts. Cyclosporin-A was used as the only immunosuppressant (immunosuppressive agent) .Six goat-recipients developed chronic rejection postoperatively (horaograft in 3, heterograft in 3). Survival time of homograft ranged from 4 to 540 days with mean survival time of 114.4 days. Heterograft lamb-goat demonstrated significant prolongation of ailograft survival, the longest survival time being...

Twenty-two orthotopic cardiac allotransplantatlons were performed in neonate goat. There were 12 homografts and 10 heterografts. Cyclosporin-A was used as the only immunosuppressant (immunosuppressive agent) .Six goat-recipients developed chronic rejection postoperatively (horaograft in 3, heterograft in 3). Survival time of homograft ranged from 4 to 540 days with mean survival time of 114.4 days. Heterograft lamb-goat demonstrated significant prolongation of ailograft survival, the longest survival time being 72 days (mean 21.1 days). Cyclosporin-A alone was associated with extended cardiac ailograft survival neonate goat.

以黑山羊为受心者,用深低温、循环停止法作婴羊原位异体心脏移植22例:①同种移植12例,存活4~540天,平均114.4天;②绵羊供心异种移植8例,存活2~72天,平均21.1天;③花猪供心移植 2例,存活3及 3天,手术前后均注免疫抑制剂 Cyclosporin-A。作者认为此手术方法对心肌保护较好,操作方便,Cyc-A可延长移植心脏的存活期。

This paper studies resting conventional leads ECGs taken from 76 healthystudents by consecutive recording every one in three posture changes-supine,sitting and standing positions. The effect of every posture on frontal QRS electrical axes and relationship between QRS electrical axes of these three postures are observed.It has been found that when the posture changes from supine#sitting#standing positon, the QRS electrical axes shift step-by-step to the right in normal ranges. No statisically signifcant difference...

This paper studies resting conventional leads ECGs taken from 76 healthystudents by consecutive recording every one in three posture changes-supine,sitting and standing positions. The effect of every posture on frontal QRS electrical axes and relationship between QRS electrical axes of these three postures are observed.It has been found that when the posture changes from supine#sitting#standing positon, the QRS electrical axes shift step-by-step to the right in normal ranges. No statisically signifcant difference (P>0.05) was found for QRS electrical axis measurement with changes in supine to sitting posture, but when the subjects turned their posture from sitting to standing or from supine to standing position QRS electrical axes were displayed of great significant difference (P<10.001) for all. Calculation and the analysis of correlation and regression have been made for three groups, results obtained are as follows.supine -Sitting position.r=0.96, P<0.001, y = 2,49+0.98x sitting-standing position.r=0.76, P<0.001, y = 1.12x-5.40supine-standing position.r=0.95. P<0.001, y = 1.06x-0,62Correlation coefficients of mentioned groups calculated by mat hematic method ap-peared highly positive correlative, and their linear regression equation may be used for prediction or correction of the two variables of QRS electrical (axes).The mechanism of posture changes on frontal QRS electrical axes shift was discussed in the end of the paper,

求文对76例健康大学生进行每个人连续三种不同体位——仰卧位、坐位和站位静态常规心电图的228人次检测,观察在同一人体中三种体位对额面QRS电轴的影响以及各种体位心电轴相互之间的密切程度和数量关系 发现体位由卧位→坐位→立位改变时,则心电轴在正常范围内逐级趋向右移。经统计学处理:卧—坐位心电轴之间的差异无显著性意义(P>0.05);然而,坐—立位、卧—立位心电轴之间均呈极显著差异(P<0.001)。并对上述三组测算结果作相关和回归分析,结果如下: 卧—坐位:r=0.96,p<0.001,(?)=2.49+0.98X 坐—立位:r=0.76,p<0.001,(?)=1.12X-5.40 卧—立位:r=0.95,p<0.001,(?)=1.06X-0.62用数学方法求出的三组相关系数说明均呈显著正相关,并通过求出的三组直线回归方程可以供心电轴双变量之间的预计和推算。 最后,对体位性电轴变移的机理进行了探讨。

The authors adopted the model of rat heart heterotopic transplantation established by Ono who anastomosed the donor ascending aorta and pulmonary artery to the recipient abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava respectively, and sonie improvemenLs on this model were made in this experimenL The time of procedure and the ischemic time of the donor heart were shortened, and the protection of the donor heart was satisfactory. The successful rate of 52 formal transplantations was 88%. The main reason of surgical failure...

The authors adopted the model of rat heart heterotopic transplantation established by Ono who anastomosed the donor ascending aorta and pulmonary artery to the recipient abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava respectively, and sonie improvemenLs on this model were made in this experimenL The time of procedure and the ischemic time of the donor heart were shortened, and the protection of the donor heart was satisfactory. The successful rate of 52 formal transplantations was 88%. The main reason of surgical failure is bleeding from the anastomosis. To lessen the intraoperative bleeding is a key factor to make the procedure successful. The method of the improved experimental model and the expenence are described in details.

作者采用Ono创建的大鼠异位心脏移植模型,即将供体升主动脉和肺动脉分别与受体腹主动脉和下腔静脉吻合。对手术方法作了部分改进,手术时间和供心缺血时间缩矩,供心保护良好。52次正式实验手术成功率为88%,手术失败的主要原因是吻合口出血,减少术中出血是保证手术成功的关键,作者着重介绍了改进的大鼠异位心脏移植术的方法和经验。

 
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