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  lamb
     Thepregnancyratewas 44.00%(55/125) detected by using B-ultrasonic diagnose. 59 lambs were produced,the survival rate of single lamb was 93.62%(44/47),the surviving rate of twin lambs was 66.67%(8/12).
     用B超诊断妊娠率为44.00%(55/125),产59只,单存活率93.62%(44/47),双存活率66.67%(8/12)。
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     The bir th weight of male lamb is 5 3 kg±0 8 kg,the one of female lamb is 4 5 kg±0 9 kg;
     初生重 :公 5 3kg± 0 8kg ,母 4 5kg± 0 9kg ;
短句来源
     The estimates of genetic correlation between birth weight and litter size, lamb survival, fertility, pregnancy maintenance and prolificacy were 0.142±0.364, 0.111±0.352, 0.208±0.343, 0.246±0.335 and 0.093±0.371 respectively.
     结果表明产数、活数、受精力、妊娠维持、多胎性和初生重间的遗传相关分别为0.142±0.364、0.111±0.352、0.208±0.343、0.246±0.335 和0.093±0.371。
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     Similarly, the weaning weight and 6 month body weight of winter lamb were 28. 7% and 10. 9% greater than that of spring lamb, P< 0. 01 and 0. 05 respectively.
     ②冬平均断奶体重(P<0.01)和6月龄平均体重(P<0.05)分别比春高28.7%、10.9%,冬10月龄平均体重达到50kg以上。
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     Birth weight of male lamb F, and that of female lamb F, is 5. 08±0. 94kg and 5. 55 ±0. 70kg, respectively.
     F_1公初生重5.08±0.94kg,周岁重46.92±4.59kg;
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  lambs
     Thepregnancyratewas 44.00%(55/125) detected by using B-ultrasonic diagnose. 59 lambs were produced,the survival rate of single lamb was 93.62%(44/47),the surviving rate of twin lambs was 66.67%(8/12).
     用B超诊断妊娠率为44.00%(55/125),产59只,单存活率93.62%(44/47),双存活率66.67%(8/12)。
短句来源
     Further more, the ewes with genotype BB and B+ had 2.44 (P<0.01) and 1.94 (P<0.01) ovulations, had 0.89 (P<0.01) and 0.887 (P<0.01) lambs more than those with genotype in the China merino fecundity sheep, respectively;
     而且中国美利奴多胎群体BB和B+基因型母羊比++型分别多排2.44(P<0.01)和1.94(P<0.01)枚卵,多产0.891(P<0.01)和0.887(P<0.01)只;
     in the Prolific HU-YANG , the ewes with genotype BB and B+ had 0.875 (P<0.01) and 0.800 (P<0.01) lambs more than those with genotype.
     湖羊BB和B+基因型母羊比++型分别多产0.875(P<0.01)和0.800(P<0.01)只
     The survival rate is the highest in the group of two lambs and is 92%.
     羊成活率以双最高,为 92 %。
短句来源
     The statistical analyses indicated that the proportion of 1 tO 5 lambs per litter was 21.18%, 49.78%, 25.76%, 3.06% and 0.22%, respectively.
     统计分析表明,湖羊母羊胎产活数为1~5的比例分别为21.18%、49.78%、25.76%、3.06%和0.22%;
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  “羔”译为未确定词的双语例句
     the average birth weight of the male and female kid were separately 1.9±0.57 kg and 1.83±0.65 kg.
     公平均初生重为1.9±0.57kg,母初生重为1.83±0.65kg。
短句来源
     The average birth weights are2.37±0.36kg,and2.28±0.35kg for male and female,respectively.
     羊平均初生重公为2.37±0.36kg,母为2.28±0.35kg。
短句来源
     The female kids in 40—80 days of age had 2—3 ng/ml progesterone.
     母40~80日龄孕酮2~3ng/ml.
短句来源
     Embryonic development time and absolute fecundity of dolly varden charr ( S. malma ) were studied in Yalu river. The results showed that absolute fecundity was 280 - 500 eggs, the relation with absolute fecundity and body length, body weight presented line, namely F = 107.1766L0.4447(n=41, r = 0.8482) and F = 360.0 + 0.2475W(n =41, r = 0.7576) .
     通过对鸭绿江花红点鲑(Salvelinus malma)的绝对繁殖力和胚胎发育时间研究表明:花红点鲑的绝对繁殖力为280~500粒,绝对繁殖力与体长、体重呈线性相关,即F=107.1766 L~0.4447(π=41,r=0.8482)和F=360.0+0.2475 W(n=41,r=0.7576).
短句来源
     The resuts indicated that the testosterone levels were more than 1ng/ml and 4ng/ml at the 80th and 180th day respectively in male kids.
     结果表明:公80日龄含睾酮1ng/ml以上,180龄为4ng/ml以上.
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  lamb
Neither the group velocity of the Lamb wave modes are needed, as in the conventional method, and no direct least-square fitting of the experimental waveforms is necessary.
      
In the framework of the Hromek-Lamb equations we investigate the axially symmetric vortical flow of a nonviscous incompressible liquid in both semiinfinite and infinite gaps between two coaxial circular cylinders.
      
The idea of using an inertialess approximation to calculate waves on the surface of a fluid with high viscosity was suggested by Lamb [2].
      
Both the fluorescence and excitation spectra of glasses doped with chromium and neodymium show the Fano antiresonance effect but exhibit a Lamb shift of the valleys associated with neodymium over the emission bands of Cr3+.
      
This dependence is confirmed by the photoluminescence and Raman spectroscopic data (on the position of the Lamb mode).
      
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  lambs
Immunological changes after multiple Toxocara canis infection of lambs
      
Five-month-old Vala?ka lambs were daily infected with 1000 embryonated Toxocara canis eggs for 23 days and immune responses were studied up to 49 days post infection (dpi).
      
canis IgG was significantly enhanced on 28 dpi in infected lambs.
      
Nitrogen retention was highest in lambs fed on ABRS alone, followed by hay with ULB, and was lowest in animals fed on RS with ULB.
      
However, both the amount and proportion of N retention to N intake were enhanced by ULB supplementation to lambs fed on hay.
      
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1. The different methods of transmission of caprine pleutopneumonia have been investigated with the seed materials derived from the sporadic cases from Sinkiang, Shansi and Shantung Provinces. The results were briefly summaried as follows: (1) By subcutaneous inoculation, only local swelling and elevation of body temperature were found in a small number of goats, no pneumonic changes were seen from autopsy. (2) By intramuscular inoculation, the tested goats showed massive edema and necrosis at the site of inoculation...

1. The different methods of transmission of caprine pleutopneumonia have been investigated with the seed materials derived from the sporadic cases from Sinkiang, Shansi and Shantung Provinces. The results were briefly summaried as follows: (1) By subcutaneous inoculation, only local swelling and elevation of body temperature were found in a small number of goats, no pneumonic changes were seen from autopsy. (2) By intramuscular inoculation, the tested goats showed massive edema and necrosis at the site of inoculation and the surrounding area of the muscles, and nopulmonary lessions have been seen from autopsy. (3) By intravenous injection, one of the two goats was infected and hepatizafion of the lungs was observed. (4) By direct contact, the latent period is usually over 20 days. Both adult and kids might be infected. (5) By intrathoracic inoculation, the morbidity is approximately 72%. The latent period is uncertain. (6) By inhalation of atomized material through nostrils, the goat usually showed symptom 5—18 days later. (7) By intratracheal injection, the morbidity is about 95%, and the incubation period is 3—7 days. When the goats were injected in a standing position, the hepatized areas were usually seen on the right lung; when injected first in a recumbent position and then in standing position, the hepatized areas were usually seen on both sides of the lungs. 2. The virulent lung tissue of goat infected with caprine pleuropneumonia is non-patho-genic to sheep, rabbit and guinea pigs. 3. The infected lung tissue retained its virulence for 20 days in room temperature (16℃) and for 24 days in cold stroage (2℃) in 50% glycerin saline. 4. The frozen-dried lung tissue kept at 2—8℃ retained its virulence for 49 months. 5. The M. I. D. of fresh lung tissue for goat through intratracheal injection is about 0.000004 gin., while the frozen-dried lung tissue is about 0.004 gm. in equivalent for fresh lung tissue.

1.曾以山傳肺組織乳劑液或胸水,作對山羊之各種途徑感染試驗,其結果如下: (1)皮下注射法:僅使少數羊呈現體温及局部腫脹反應,但不引起山傳特具的肺臟病理變化。 (2)肌肉注射法:可引起局部及隣近的筋肉腫脹發炎,呈濕性壞死,重者陷於死亡,但肺臟無變化。 (3)靜脈注射法:可發生疾病並引起肺臟肝變。 (4)人工接觸法:在接觸20多天後,大多數羊均可發病,雖小亦難倖免。 (5)胸內注射法:發病率為了27%,潛伏期長短很不一致,肺的病變多限於局部。 (6)噴霧戚染法:有一部分羊經過噴霧感染後5—18天發病,並引起肺臟肝變。 (7)氣管注射法:發病率高達95%以上,潛伏期大多數為3—7天,用站立姿勢注射法,病變多在右肺葉,如採用站立仰臥姿勢兼用注射法,則病變遍於左右兩葉。 2.山傅的強毒肺組織液,不能使緬羊、家免及海猪等試驗動物致病。 3.新鮮肺組織在50%甘油鹽水中,置室温(16℃)20天,冰箱(2℃)124天,仍有致病力,如再延長時間,則失去致病力。但病原組織凍乾後,置普通冰箱保存49個月又13天,仍有致病力;2年以後,其發病毒價約減低10倍。新鮮病原組織小至0.000004克仍可致病。凍乾後毒力約減...

1.曾以山傳肺組織乳劑液或胸水,作對山羊之各種途徑感染試驗,其結果如下: (1)皮下注射法:僅使少數羊呈現體温及局部腫脹反應,但不引起山傳特具的肺臟病理變化。 (2)肌肉注射法:可引起局部及隣近的筋肉腫脹發炎,呈濕性壞死,重者陷於死亡,但肺臟無變化。 (3)靜脈注射法:可發生疾病並引起肺臟肝變。 (4)人工接觸法:在接觸20多天後,大多數羊均可發病,雖小亦難倖免。 (5)胸內注射法:發病率為了27%,潛伏期長短很不一致,肺的病變多限於局部。 (6)噴霧戚染法:有一部分羊經過噴霧感染後5—18天發病,並引起肺臟肝變。 (7)氣管注射法:發病率高達95%以上,潛伏期大多數為3—7天,用站立姿勢注射法,病變多在右肺葉,如採用站立仰臥姿勢兼用注射法,則病變遍於左右兩葉。 2.山傅的強毒肺組織液,不能使緬羊、家免及海猪等試驗動物致病。 3.新鮮肺組織在50%甘油鹽水中,置室温(16℃)20天,冰箱(2℃)124天,仍有致病力,如再延長時間,則失去致病力。但病原組織凍乾後,置普通冰箱保存49個月又13天,仍有致病力;2年以後,其發病毒價約減低10倍。新鮮病原組織小至0.000004克仍可致病。凍乾後毒力約減低1000倍,其最小發病量一般為0.004克。

The life cycle of Eurytrema cladorchis Chin, Li and Wei, 1965 is here reported for the first time. Eurytremosis due to the pure infcctien of this species of Eurytrema was found endemic in cattle and goats in the mountain villages belonging to kiu-mu People's Commune in Pu-cheng district bordering Fujian, Zhejiang and Jiangxi. Here, the infection rates among cattle were 83%-100% with an average of 93.6%. Due to high worm-infestations many cattle died with great loss to the farmers in this region.In the summer...

The life cycle of Eurytrema cladorchis Chin, Li and Wei, 1965 is here reported for the first time. Eurytremosis due to the pure infcctien of this species of Eurytrema was found endemic in cattle and goats in the mountain villages belonging to kiu-mu People's Commune in Pu-cheng district bordering Fujian, Zhejiang and Jiangxi. Here, the infection rates among cattle were 83%-100% with an average of 93.6%. Due to high worm-infestations many cattle died with great loss to the farmers in this region.In the summer of 1976 investigations on the epidemiology of this disease were conducted. While the ecologic and etiologic factors were studied, the life cycle of this species was completely elucidated. Infection experiments first conducted in the field-laboratory and later in Amoy revealed the different developmental stages of the parasite, such as the miracidium, mother and daughter sporocysts, ccrcaria, metacercarial cysts, adolescent worm and the adult.The mollnscan intermediate hosts in this area were found to be the land-snails, Bradybaena similaris Ferussac which were found infected with the parasite. Searches for the insect intermediaries resulted in the discoverv of a tiny "needle cricked", Nemobius caibae (Gryllidae, Ncmobiinae), which serves as the transmitter of Euryremosis of cattle and goats in this mountainous area. Since there is a considerable difference in altitude between Kiu-mu People's Commune situated close to Hsien-Hsia-ling and Fung-ling mountain ranges and the plains of south and central Fukien, the Tettigoniid grasshopper (Conocephalus maculatus Le Guillou) which serves as the second intermediate host of E. coelomaticum in the latter region, is replaced by the "needle cricket" which apparently is the optimum host of E. cladorchis. The wild ungulates serving as reservoir-hosts of E. cladorchis are the musk-tike deer, Muntiacusreveesi(Ogilby) and the water deer Hydropotes inermis Swinhoe.With regard to species differentiation, besides the adult morphology which can very well differentiate E. cladorchis from other species of Eurytrema, the larval structures also indicate its independent status. The stylet of the miracidium is especially long, The mature daughter sporocyst is club-shaped instead of possessing two tails on both ends of the sporocyst as in E, coelomaicum or possessing a thick proboscis on anterior end and a tail on another end as in E.pancreaticum. The specific cercarial characters are the size ratio between oral and ventral suckers, and the round tail which has no spines at its posterior end. The cyst wall of E, cladorchis is relatively thinner then the other two species. The arrangemest. of the penetration glands and ducts of the metacerearia are also different.In the course our survey a new species of Eurytrcma was found from the catties. The name Eurytrema sphaeriorchis sp. nov. is proposed. Their distinguishing charaeters form other species of Eurytrema were made in the Chinese text.

本文报导我省北部山区浦城县九牧公社所发现的牛、羊及野生反刍动物獐,麂枝睪阔盘吸虫病纯一的流行区,当地耕牛本吸虫病的感染率高达83—100%,平均93.6%。病牛普遍瘦弱无力,经常死亡。首次报导了:枝睪阔盘吸虫的全部生活史及其各发育期的形态特征;同型阔纹蜗牛自然感染枝睪阔盘吸虫幼虫期,经人工感染试验发现针蟀是本吸虫的第二中间宿主,并介绍了人工感染的针蟀喂饲则断奶的山羊的试验。对本病的传播媒介针蟀种类进行观察,认为是和小针蟀(Nemobius caibae)同种。此外,叙述寄生在耕牛胰脏表面小胰管中一种圆睾阔盘吸虫新种。

Summary 400RU FSH/200RU LH and 400RU FSH/50 microgram LRH (Luteoreleasing hormone) were used to induce superovulation in two groups of aged Xinjiang Fine-wooled sheep respectively.The time of eggs collected from the Fallopian tube of donor ewes after onset of oestrus was 65—80 hours.The average number of fertilized eggs recovered were 9.8±7.6 from 41 donors and the fertilization rate was 70.09 in the first group, and the average number of fertilized: eggs recoyered were 8.9±4.6 from 28 donors and the fertilizasion...

Summary 400RU FSH/200RU LH and 400RU FSH/50 microgram LRH (Luteoreleasing hormone) were used to induce superovulation in two groups of aged Xinjiang Fine-wooled sheep respectively.The time of eggs collected from the Fallopian tube of donor ewes after onset of oestrus was 65—80 hours.The average number of fertilized eggs recovered were 9.8±7.6 from 41 donors and the fertilization rate was 70.09 in the first group, and the average number of fertilized: eggs recoyered were 8.9±4.6 from 28 donors and the fertilizasion rate was 68.15% in the second group. The difference of lambing rate obtained between these two groups was not significant (X~2=1.16 P>0.05) .The average number of fertilized eggs recovered were 10.31±6.7 from 32 experimental donors, eggs of which were collected at 75—80 hrs, and fertilization rate was 77.66%, 8—16 cell embryos accounted for 81.52% of the total fertilized eggs. Using synthetic LRH to induce superovulation in sheep has such advantages as steady effect, facility in use and low cost. According to the analyses of the data derived from the lambing rate of the recipients, it was noticed that: 1. When superovulated eggs reached at the number of 25, there was no apparent effect on the rate of fertilized eggs and lambing rate. 2. The lambing rate in one—egg transfer at the stage of 16-celled cleavage was 69.44% (25/36) ; while in one egg transfer at 2-celled stage was 35.0% (14/40) .The advanced stage of cleavage in fertilized egg was reached the greater rate of lambing. 3. The lambing rate of two-egg transfer was 48o15% (26/24) ; whereas for one-egg transfer 46.34% (209/45).The survival rate of fertilized egg of two-egg transfer was as low as 27.77% (30/108). 4. The difference of breeds of the recipient animal seemedrelated the twinning rate of two-egg transfer.

应用FSH400单位/LH200单位和FSH400单位/LRH类似物50微克,诱发老龄新疆细毛母羊超数排卵,在发情开始后65~80小时采卵,前者41只(包括茨盖羊3只)平均取得受精卵9.8±7.6个,卵子受精率70.09%,后者28只(包括茨盖羊4只)平均取得受精卵8.2±4.6个,卵子受精率68.15%。二者所得受精卵的移植产率无明显差异(X~2=1.16 P>0.05)。 32只试验供体于75~80小时采卵,平均取得受精卵10.31±6.7,卵子受精率77.66%,8~16细胞卵占受精卵总数的81.52%。 LRH类似物,应用于绵羊的超数排卵,具有效果稳定,使用方便,价格低廉的特点,更宜在生产上应用。据对移植受体产的分析,注意到: 1、当超排卵达到25个左右时(20例),对卵子受精率及其移植产率仍无明显影响。 2、16细胞卵单卵移植的产率69.44%(25/36),2细胞卵单卵移植的产率35.0%(14/40)。分裂阶段较高的受精卵,产率相应较高。 3、双卵移植的产率48.15%(26/54),单卵移植的产#...

应用FSH400单位/LH200单位和FSH400单位/LRH类似物50微克,诱发老龄新疆细毛母羊超数排卵,在发情开始后65~80小时采卵,前者41只(包括茨盖羊3只)平均取得受精卵9.8±7.6个,卵子受精率70.09%,后者28只(包括茨盖羊4只)平均取得受精卵8.2±4.6个,卵子受精率68.15%。二者所得受精卵的移植产率无明显差异(X~2=1.16 P>0.05)。 32只试验供体于75~80小时采卵,平均取得受精卵10.31±6.7,卵子受精率77.66%,8~16细胞卵占受精卵总数的81.52%。 LRH类似物,应用于绵羊的超数排卵,具有效果稳定,使用方便,价格低廉的特点,更宜在生产上应用。据对移植受体产的分析,注意到: 1、当超排卵达到25个左右时(20例),对卵子受精率及其移植产率仍无明显影响。 2、16细胞卵单卵移植的产率69.44%(25/36),2细胞卵单卵移植的产率35.0%(14/40)。分裂阶段较高的受精卵,产率相应较高。 3、双卵移植的产率48.15%(26/54),单卵移植的产率46.34%(209/451)但双卵移植的受精卵存活率低达27.77%(30/108)。 4、双卵移植时的双率,似与受体品种本身的双率有关。

 
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