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  manure
    STUDY ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF ECO-AGRICULTURE IN HEHENG VILLAGE, TAI COUNTY, JIANGSU PROVINCE. Ⅲ Comparative Study on Breeding fish Fry and Clams with Digested Liquid Sludge and Chicken Manure
    江苏省泰县河横村生态农业建设的研究 Ⅲ.沼液养鱼种套育蚌种与鸡养鱼种套育蚌种的效益比较研究
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    A Study on the Comprehensive Exploitation and Utilization of Chicken Manure Resources
    鸡资源综合开发利用的研究
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    A Study on Comprehensive Treatment of Manure Water in Large Scale Piggery
    大型养猪场水综合处理研究
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    Furthermore,POC in >2mm water-stable aggregates was significantly higher under chemical fertilization plus straw return,while POC in those of 2-0.25mm and 0.25-0.053mm in size slightly higher under chemical fertilization plus pig manure,indicating a higher sensitivity of POC in larger aggregates to fertilization practices.
    而化肥与猪配施则显著增加了2~0.25mm和0.25~0.053mm水稳性团聚体中的POC含量。
短句来源
    Results indicated that mineralization rates of NO3——N increased rapidly after 10 d,10 d and 30 d,respectively for chicken manure,pig manure and cattle manure.
    结果表明,鸡和猪培养10 d后、牛培养30 d后,NO3--N矿化率快速提高,使土壤NO3--N含量上升;
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  feces
    Through the operation test and economic analysis to the system, the results show that the death rate of the ascarid’s egg ≥95% and the number of the coliform ≤105/kg, and the treated feces was environmental friendly. The granular organic fertilizer has total nutrient content ≥5.0%, organic content ≥35% and moisture content ≤20%,and its every item is superior to the standard NY525-2002 of China.
    对该系统进行运行试验和经济分析表明,处理后蛔虫卵死亡率≥95%,大肠杆菌群数≤105个/kg,鸡达到了无害化,有机复肥颗粒产品总养分含量≥5.0%,有机质含量≥35%,水分含量≤20%,各项指标均高于国家有机肥行业标准NY525-2002;
    Separation and identification of biological active organic acids in chicken feces
    鸡中活性有机酸的分离与鉴定
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    The concentration of Cu in air-dried feces is 1150.6mg/kg ~1211.9mg/kg, and the concentration of Zn in feces of piglet is 12921.3mg/kg.
    猪饲喂高铜日粮,风干样中铜含量达1150.6mg/kg~-1211.9mg/kg,仔猪饲喂高锌日粮风干样中锌则高达12921.3mg/kg。
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    The one in earthworms’ feces accounted for ingested organic C 6.15%~13.70%.
    转化成蚓中的有机碳量占蚯蚓摄食有机碳量的6.15%~13.70%。
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    As ~(15)N labelled ryegrass was comsumed by rabbit,the ~(15)N labelled recovery rates in feces and urine collected were 11.78% and 17.95% respectively.
    以草饲兔,所收集兔~(15)N回收率为11.78%,尿为17.98%。
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  dung
    The effect of organic manures,including chicken dung,cattle dung and pig dung,on the content of available Cu,Zn,Fe and Mn in soil was studied with a incubation method in lab.
    采用室内培养和DTPA浸提法研究了鸡、牛和猪等有机肥料对土壤有效Cu、Zn、Fe、Mn含量的影响。
短句来源
    The content of available Cu,Zn,Fe and Mn increased with the increasing amount of chicken dung application in soil.
    增加鸡施用量,可使土壤中有效Cu、Zn、Fe、Mn含量增加;
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    Potential of the hydrogen production by fermenting the cow dung and chicken dung
    牛、鸡发酵产氢潜力的研究
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    The humification coefficient was relatively lower in chicken dung and pig dung but in cow dung it was higher than 4×10(-3).
    肥的除鸡和猪较小外,牛、鸭的达4×10(-3)以上。
短句来源
    The water absorbent, then cattle dung, was superior in water retention to the others, the soil water content increased by 1.4% to 9.9% and 0.8% to 2.5% respectively, at >-200kPa (weight water%>16%).
    保水剂和对土壤水的保持具有良好作用,当水势ψ>-200kPa,重量含水量W%>16%,保水剂和牛分别可使W%提高1.4%~9.9%和0.8%~2.5%。
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  droppings
    Discussion and Analysis of the Droppings Treatment of Poultry Farms
    家禽养殖场污治理技术探讨及分析
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    Application of Microbial Preparation on Compost of Chicken Droppings
    微生物菌剂在鸡有机肥料堆制发酵中的应用
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    Impact of Bio-filter's Media Depth on Deodorization of Emission from Chicken Droppings Composting
    生物滤池中填料高度对鸡堆肥尾气除臭效果的影响
短句来源
    Methods for disposing poultry droppings in China and abroad can be summarized as following drying poultry manure in tlx: cage with ventilator, under sun light, through ferment, by fire and microwave emitting burning the dry poultry droppings for heating;
    国内外鸡处理方法,归纳有以下几种:1.干燥处理:干燥后的鸡既达到了除臭、灭菌、减少环境污染的目的,又能作为肥料、饲料而加以利用。 干燥方法很多,主要有:笼内干燥,太阳能自然干燥,发酵干燥,火力干燥,微波干燥等.
短句来源
    At the level of 2 250kg compound fertilizer applied,the suitable amount of chicken droppings applied to vegetable crop was 45t per hectare. Don' t spread manure on surface of soil,otherwise the pollution of environment will occur.
    蔬菜作物在每公顷施专用复合肥2250kg基础上,以每季每公顷施鸡45t为宜,避免撒施土表,谨防污染环境。
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  manure
The microorganisms were isolated from diverse specimens of fermented vegetables and manure.
      
Fresh manure evenly distributed in the substrate or on its surface is toxic for the worms but could be consumed by them if buried.
      
Two pure cultures of obligate methanotrophs, strains H-11 and O-12, growing in the temperature range from 30 to 61°C with a optimum at 55°C were isolated from samples of silage and manure.
      
Most of all, the fly infests barley and winter wheat, preferring crop rotation systems with green-manure fallow and causing 2.6-7.2% yield loss.
      
The soil properties are regenerated after application of an adequate rate of phosphogypsum and manure.
      
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  feces
In the second day after treatment with the dose at 10 mg/mL of the alkaloid, the RGR reduced by 39.8%, and the food intake and the feces weight were respectively 57.7% and 57.4% of the controls.
      
The lowest amount of food ingested and voided feces, the lowest nutritional index, slowest development, lightest pupae and most mortality were found in those pine caterpillar larvae fed with pine needles which were 50% damaged.
      
The germination experiment of three groups of seeds (seeds from feces, dry fruits and extracted seeds from dry fruits) was carried out.
      
sinensis, the seeds from feces still have a relatively higher germination ratio.
      
Differences in the olfactory response of the palm civet to feces was observed only if they belonged to different species.
      
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  dung
Livestock behaviour in the Pyrenees includes free grazing and a long resting period that provokes the accumulation of dung and urine in some places, so-called camping areas.
      
Most of the abundant mite species were associated with dung and coprophilous insects.
      
It is likely that they were introduced into the nests by adult storks with dung as part of the nest material shortly before and after the hatching of the chicks.
      
Ermüdung des Muskels und nachfolgende Ruhe begünstigt.
      
Sie kann bis zum 40fachen des tiefsten Punktes ansteigen.6.Es gelingt mit dem Verfahren nicht, die Lokalisation der Ermüdung anzugeben.
      
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  droppings
The system "litter-droppings-litter + droppings-soil" was investigated.
      
A fraction of readily hydrolyzable nitrogen was accumulated in the worm droppings.
      
Dressing the litter with droppings shifted transformation of the plant materials towards mineralization.
      
In 2000-2002 bat droppings were collected under the emerging crevice of a nursery colony of Pipistrellus pygmaeus.
      
In total, 27 samples (20 pellets in one sample) of droppings were used to analyze prey remains.
      
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  其他


The fertility of brown-yellow soil(brown earth)derived from loessi- al parent-materials is mainly determined by its organic matter contents. In order to provide the basis for increasing and maintaining the organic matter levels of brown-yellow soils,the organic matter contents,the indexes of humus composition,the rates of organic nitrogen mineralization and the residual ratios of various organic materials and some crop root materials in these soils were studied in this investigation.Results obtained are as following....

The fertility of brown-yellow soil(brown earth)derived from loessi- al parent-materials is mainly determined by its organic matter contents. In order to provide the basis for increasing and maintaining the organic matter levels of brown-yellow soils,the organic matter contents,the indexes of humus composition,the rates of organic nitrogen mineralization and the residual ratios of various organic materials and some crop root materials in these soils were studied in this investigation.Results obtained are as following. (1)The average organic matter contents of various soil layer in pro- ductive brown-yellow soil were 1.58% for 0-20cm and 1.18% for 20-40cm. The HA/FA ratios of humus in these soil layers were 0.52 and 0.41 respe- ctively. (2)In pot experiments,the mineralization rates of organic nitrogen were 2.56-3.78% for productive soils and 2.35-2.63% for medium and poor ones.In field experiments,this rate was 2.05% and lower than that obtai- ned in pot experiments. (3)The decaying residual ratios of different organic materials,in pot and carborundum tube experiments,were 32-45% for stovers and horse manure.The residual ratio of pigfarm manure being influenced by feed,showed greater variation(16—30%),Fresh green manure was less than 20%.The residual ratios of root materials of different crops measur- ed by carborundum tube method were 30%,26%,33% and 41% for corn, sorghum,soy bean and millet respectively.

黄土性母质上发育的棕壤(棕黄土)的肥力高低,主要决定于有机质含量。我们对高肥力棕黄土的有机质含量,腐殖质组分指标,影响土壤有机质消长的土壤氮素矿化率,各种有机物料及主要作物根茬的腐解残留率进行了研究,为提高和维持土壤有机质水平提供依据。主要研究结果是:(1)高肥力棕黄土有机质平均含量0~20厘米为1.58%,20~40厘米为1 .18%。腐殖质组分中,胡敏酸碳/富里酸械平均。0~20厘米为0.52,20~40厘米为0.41。(2)棕黄土氮素年矿化率盆钵法测定结果是高肥力的为2 .56~3 .78%,中低肥力为2.35~2.63%。中肥力田间试验为2.05%,较盆钵法低。(3)不同有机物料的腐解残留率,盆钵及砂滤管法测定结果:秸秆及牛马为32~45%,猪变化较大,为16~30%,绿肥不到20%。用砂滤管测定根茬腐解残留率玉米、高粱、大豆及谷子分别为30%、26%、33%和41%。

Pot experiment was carried out to prove that trichloroacetic acid and chloral can be degraded by heaping and fermenting with manure or compost so that the phosphatic fertilizer containing these compounds may not be toxic to crop seedlings. Factors influencing the rate of degradation are kinds of manure or compost, ratio of the phosphatic fertilizer to the manure or compost, heaping temperature and the level of chloral ( TAC ) in the phosphatic fertilizer.Our experiment showed that a good mixture, in the heap...

Pot experiment was carried out to prove that trichloroacetic acid and chloral can be degraded by heaping and fermenting with manure or compost so that the phosphatic fertilizer containing these compounds may not be toxic to crop seedlings. Factors influencing the rate of degradation are kinds of manure or compost, ratio of the phosphatic fertilizer to the manure or compost, heaping temperature and the level of chloral ( TAC ) in the phosphatic fertilizer.Our experiment showed that a good mixture, in the heap for the degradation of TAC under thermal condition of 40-50℃ are 1 part of phosphatic fertilizer, 4 parts of pig manure, 4 parts of fertile soil, 0.4 part of wood ashes and 0.2 part of ammonium fertilizer. The pH of the compost may be at 6.5-7.0. The degradation process may be accelerated by adding green manure to the heap.A short duration, about one to three weeks was needed for the degradation of TAC to a nontoxic level of the phosphatic fertilizer when heaped in the room. It takes less than 4 weeks in summer and move than 2 months in winter when heaped in the field.It is suggested that microbial activities are the main cause in chloral ( ATC ) degradation.

废酸磷肥中对农作物有危害的三氯乙醛、三氯乙酸类污染物质是可以通过与有机肥混合堆腐过程中逐渐降解消失。其降解决慢与堆腐肥料类型及混合比例、培养温度以及三氯乙醛、酸含量等有关。经试验,培养温度以40℃—50℃为宜。配料和用量的比例以废酸磷肥、猪、肥沃土壤(菜园土更好)、草木灰、碳铵,按1:4:4:0.4(以腐堆pH达6.5—7为度):0.2为宜,并加入少量绿肥以加快降解速度。在室内恒温40℃时,一般为1—3周左右,在野外则随环境温度不同而异。在杭州,夏天高温下废酸磷肥堆腐时间为27天左右,冬季堆腐不压紧时约需2个多月。其堆腐降解原因经腐堆灭菌和不灭菌试验证明为微生物作用之故。

The influence of several fertilizer structures on phosphorus supplying power and organic phosphorus fractions of the paddy soil in the southeastern area of Hubei province was studied. The results indicated that average values of total P, inorganic available P,labile organic P, and moderately labile organic P in the soils applied by only chemical fertilizers(including calcium superphosphate) were on the low level;in the soils applied by chemical fertilzers (including calcium superphosphate) and green manure,...

The influence of several fertilizer structures on phosphorus supplying power and organic phosphorus fractions of the paddy soil in the southeastern area of Hubei province was studied. The results indicated that average values of total P, inorganic available P,labile organic P, and moderately labile organic P in the soils applied by only chemical fertilizers(including calcium superphosphate) were on the low level;in the soils applied by chemical fertilzers (including calcium superphosphate) and green manure, also on the low level; but in the soils applied by N fertilizer, compost and pig manure, the values were on the high level.

本文研究了几种肥料结构对鄂东南水稻土磷素供应能力和有机磷组分的影响。结果表明,土壤全磷、速效磷、活性有机磷和中度活性有机磷的含量,在长期只施化肥(包括磷肥)或本田绿肥沤清配合施用化肥(包括磷肥)的稻田位于低水平,在长期猪、堆肥还田配合施氮肥的稻田位于高水平。

 
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