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  manure
    Furthermore,POC in >2mm water-stable aggregates was significantly higher under chemical fertilization plus straw return,while POC in those of 2-0.25mm and 0.25-0.053mm in size slightly higher under chemical fertilization plus pig manure,indicating a higher sensitivity of POC in larger aggregates to fertilization practices.
    而化肥与猪配施则显著增加了2~0.25mm和0.25~0.053mm水稳性团聚体中的POC含量。
短句来源
    Results indicated that mineralization rates of NO3——N increased rapidly after 10 d,10 d and 30 d,respectively for chicken manure,pig manure and cattle manure.
    结果表明,鸡和猪培养10 d后、牛培养30 d后,NO3--N矿化率快速提高,使土壤NO3--N含量上升;
短句来源
    The mineralization rates of composts for chicken manure,cattle manure and pig manure increased after 10 d,60 d,60 d,respectively.
    鸡堆肥培养10 d后、牛堆肥和猪堆肥培养60 d后,矿化率开始上升。
短句来源
    The mineralization rate of NO3——N became slower after 90 d,while after 120 d the rate of chicken manure,cattle manure and pig manure was 42.6%,24.0%,22.6%,respectively; that of chicken manure compost,cattle manure compost and pig manure compost was 23.4%,16.0%,18.0%.
    培养90 d后NO3--N矿化率趋缓,培养120 d后NO3--N的矿化率分别为:鸡42.6%、牛24.0%、猪22.6%、鸡堆肥23.4%、牛堆肥16.0%、猪堆肥18.0%。
短句来源
    Decayed for 30 days, the order of H/F is goat manure > maize stalk > pig manure > green gram straw.
    30天以后,H/F比的高低顺序为羊>玉米秸>猪>绿豆秸。
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  feces
    Through the operation test and economic analysis to the system, the results show that the death rate of the ascarid’s egg ≥95% and the number of the coliform ≤105/kg, and the treated feces was environmental friendly. The granular organic fertilizer has total nutrient content ≥5.0%, organic content ≥35% and moisture content ≤20%,and its every item is superior to the standard NY525-2002 of China.
    对该系统进行运行试验和经济分析表明,处理后蛔虫卵死亡率≥95%,大肠杆菌群数≤105个/kg,鸡达到了无害化,有机复肥颗粒产品总养分含量≥5.0%,有机质含量≥35%,水分含量≤20%,各项指标均高于国家有机肥行业标准NY525-2002;
    Separation and identification of biological active organic acids in chicken feces
    鸡中活性有机酸的分离与鉴定
短句来源
    (2)The standard germination percentage of seeds recovered from the animal feces was significantly higher than the control (P<0.05), the animals with big size had relative strong digestion effect on seeds.
    (2)从动物中回收的种子的标准发芽率均显著高于对照(P<0.05),体型大的动物对种子的消化作用较强。
短句来源
    The contribution rate of chemical fertilizers to maize yield was only 1/5~1/3 in Jilin Province,and the rest was contributed by the application of organic manure,such as chicken feces or cow feces,and by the mineralization of soil organic matter.
    化学肥料在本地区玉米产量的贡献率仅 1/5~ 1/3 ,其余 2 /3~ 4/5来自施用的有机肥料如鸡、牛等以及土壤有机、矿质养分的供应 .
短句来源
    Three kinds of organic compost were manufactured from pig feces with sawdust, peat and water hyacinth respectively. The change of temperature, pH, C/N and the content of the main nutrient elements N, P, K during the composting were measured.
    分别以木屑、泥炭及水葫芦作为猪堆肥的调理剂 ,制作有机堆肥 ,研究了 3种堆肥体系在堆制过程中温度、pH、C/N和主要营养元素N、P、K的动态变化。
短句来源
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  dung
    The effect of organic manures,including chicken dung,cattle dung and pig dung,on the content of available Cu,Zn,Fe and Mn in soil was studied with a incubation method in lab.
    采用室内培养和DTPA浸提法研究了鸡、牛和猪等有机肥料对土壤有效Cu、Zn、Fe、Mn含量的影响。
短句来源
    The content of available Cu,Zn,Fe and Mn increased with the increasing amount of chicken dung application in soil.
    增加鸡施用量,可使土壤中有效Cu、Zn、Fe、Mn含量增加;
短句来源
    The humification coefficient was relatively lower in chicken dung and pig dung but in cow dung it was higher than 4×10(-3).
    肥的除鸡和猪较小外,牛、鸭的达4×10(-3)以上。
短句来源
    The water absorbent, then cattle dung, was superior in water retention to the others, the soil water content increased by 1.4% to 9.9% and 0.8% to 2.5% respectively, at >-200kPa (weight water%>16%).
    保水剂和对土壤水的保持具有良好作用,当水势ψ>-200kPa,重量含水量W%>16%,保水剂和牛分别可使W%提高1.4%~9.9%和0.8%~2.5%。
短句来源
    Therefore, the strategy of combination of high planting density (25cm× 5cm) with chicken dung applying is recommended for obtaining the highest yield of fresh Pteridium aquilium .
    因此,高密度(25cm×5cm)栽植配合施用鸡,是获得蕨菜鲜菜最高产量的适宜组合措施。
短句来源
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  droppings
    Application of Microbial Preparation on Compost of Chicken Droppings
    微生物菌剂在鸡有机肥料堆制发酵中的应用
短句来源
    Impact of Bio-filter's Media Depth on Deodorization of Emission from Chicken Droppings Composting
    生物滤池中填料高度对鸡堆肥尾气除臭效果的影响
短句来源
    At the level of 2 250kg compound fertilizer applied,the suitable amount of chicken droppings applied to vegetable crop was 45t per hectare. Don' t spread manure on surface of soil,otherwise the pollution of environment will occur.
    蔬菜作物在每公顷施专用复合肥2250kg基础上,以每季每公顷施鸡45t为宜,避免撒施土表,谨防污染环境。
短句来源
    Results showed that two kinds of poultry droppings and cattle dung after 60 days' composting could be applied to farming fields safely with obviously reduced damage to crops, for the harmful living beings and grass seeds all had been killed.
    结果表明:经过60d的堆(沤)制,两种鸡和牛对作物的毒害性显著降低,致病生物体和杂草种籽的杀灭率达100%,可安全还田;
短句来源

 

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  manure
The microorganisms were isolated from diverse specimens of fermented vegetables and manure.
      
Fresh manure evenly distributed in the substrate or on its surface is toxic for the worms but could be consumed by them if buried.
      
Two pure cultures of obligate methanotrophs, strains H-11 and O-12, growing in the temperature range from 30 to 61°C with a optimum at 55°C were isolated from samples of silage and manure.
      
Most of all, the fly infests barley and winter wheat, preferring crop rotation systems with green-manure fallow and causing 2.6-7.2% yield loss.
      
The soil properties are regenerated after application of an adequate rate of phosphogypsum and manure.
      
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  feces
In the second day after treatment with the dose at 10 mg/mL of the alkaloid, the RGR reduced by 39.8%, and the food intake and the feces weight were respectively 57.7% and 57.4% of the controls.
      
The lowest amount of food ingested and voided feces, the lowest nutritional index, slowest development, lightest pupae and most mortality were found in those pine caterpillar larvae fed with pine needles which were 50% damaged.
      
The germination experiment of three groups of seeds (seeds from feces, dry fruits and extracted seeds from dry fruits) was carried out.
      
sinensis, the seeds from feces still have a relatively higher germination ratio.
      
Differences in the olfactory response of the palm civet to feces was observed only if they belonged to different species.
      
更多          
  dung
Livestock behaviour in the Pyrenees includes free grazing and a long resting period that provokes the accumulation of dung and urine in some places, so-called camping areas.
      
Most of the abundant mite species were associated with dung and coprophilous insects.
      
It is likely that they were introduced into the nests by adult storks with dung as part of the nest material shortly before and after the hatching of the chicks.
      
Ermüdung des Muskels und nachfolgende Ruhe begünstigt.
      
Sie kann bis zum 40fachen des tiefsten Punktes ansteigen.6.Es gelingt mit dem Verfahren nicht, die Lokalisation der Ermüdung anzugeben.
      
更多          
  droppings
The system "litter-droppings-litter + droppings-soil" was investigated.
      
A fraction of readily hydrolyzable nitrogen was accumulated in the worm droppings.
      
Dressing the litter with droppings shifted transformation of the plant materials towards mineralization.
      
In 2000-2002 bat droppings were collected under the emerging crevice of a nursery colony of Pipistrellus pygmaeus.
      
In total, 27 samples (20 pellets in one sample) of droppings were used to analyze prey remains.
      
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  其他


A successive fertilization was conducted from 1979 to 1988 to study its effect on fertilizer provision from soil and fertilizer absorption by rice plants.The result revealed that the basic fertility in the soil of non-fertilizing plots still maintained in a certain degree. Among the nutrition of three essential elenents (N, P, K) which absorbed by rice plants from soil, a large amount was come from the return of rice straw and root into the plots. This is the material basis to maintain the nutrition cohdition...

A successive fertilization was conducted from 1979 to 1988 to study its effect on fertilizer provision from soil and fertilizer absorption by rice plants.The result revealed that the basic fertility in the soil of non-fertilizing plots still maintained in a certain degree. Among the nutrition of three essential elenents (N, P, K) which absorbed by rice plants from soil, a large amount was come from the return of rice straw and root into the plots. This is the material basis to maintain the nutrition cohdition of paddy soil in a certain levcl. The total fertilizer-absorbing amount of rice plants increased following with the development of rice growing period.Fertilization can not only increase the content of three essetial elements in rice plants but also improved the total fertilizer-absorbing ampunt of rice.The combining application of fertilizer with organic manure,such as pig dung and rice straw, can further enhance the fertilizcr-absorbing intensity and capacity of riet plants.The available nutrition content decteased following with the development of rice growing periord.The increase of fertilizer amount improved the nutrition efficiency in paddy soil;the combining application with organic manure tended to further enhance the efficiency.Successive fertilization obviously affected the input / output ratio of three essential elements in soil.

连续10a不施肥的土壤仍保持一定的基本肥力.水稻从土壤吸收的养分三要素中有相当一部分通过稻茬、稻根自然归还土壤,这是水稻土保持一定养分水平的物质基础.随着生育期的进展,水稻植株的吸肥总量不断提高.施用化肥不但可提高植株三要素的含量,而且也提高植株吸肥总量,化肥配合增施有机肥(如猪或稻草)又有进一步增加植株吸肥强度和吸肥容量的效果.土壤中的速效养分含量随着水稻生育期的进展而逐渐减少.增施化肥有提高土壤中有效养分的作用,如再配施有机肥则有进一步提高的趋势.施肥10a对土壤三要素产投比有明显影响.

The storage of carbon in soil of Haihe River basin is l.77×l0 ̄(12)kg calcu-lated according to the analytical result.The total input of carbon from pa-rental material,the excrement of human body and other living things,ap-plication of chemical fertilizer,and inflow through run-off,air deposit,and plant residue is 4.39×l0 ̄(10)kg/a. The output of carbon is 4.09×l0 ̄(10)K/a,through run-off,dust-raising,and uptake by plant.

通过对海河流域土壤中碳及其各形态含量的分析结果.计算出该流域土壤中碳的库存量为1.77×10 ̄(12)kg.并以成土母质、人畜、化肥施入和径流带入量、大气降尘及其植物的残留等因素为对土壤中碳的贡献;同时以径流的带出、大气扬尘及植物体的茎叶等因素为碳的迁出部分,计算出海河流域土体中碳的进出量分别为4.39×l0 ̄(10)kg/a和4.09×10 ̄(10)kg/a,并研究其流通关系.

he amount of phosphorus reserved in soil in the Haihe River basin is estimated at 6. 62× 10 ̄(10)kg,based on a computation of the analytical results for all the species of phosphoruspresent in soil. The input of phosphorus is 4. 24 × 10 ̄8kg/a which was calculated from the con-tributions of earth-forming parent material . human and animal wastes applied as manure ,chemical fertilizers , surface runoff, air dust deposition and plant residues ,to the phosphorusin soil. And the output of phosphorus is 3. 66 × 10 ̄8kg/a...

he amount of phosphorus reserved in soil in the Haihe River basin is estimated at 6. 62× 10 ̄(10)kg,based on a computation of the analytical results for all the species of phosphoruspresent in soil. The input of phosphorus is 4. 24 × 10 ̄8kg/a which was calculated from the con-tributions of earth-forming parent material . human and animal wastes applied as manure ,chemical fertilizers , surface runoff, air dust deposition and plant residues ,to the phosphorusin soil. And the output of phosphorus is 3. 66 × 10 ̄8kg/a which was calculated by the amountof phosphorus transfereed by surface runoff and from soil.

本文通过对海河流域土壤中磷及其形态含量的分析结果,计算出该流域土壤中磷的库存量为6.42×10 ̄(10)kg。并以成土母质、人畜、化肥施入量和径流带入量、大气降尘及植物的残留量等因素为对土壤中磷的贡献;同时以径流的带出,大气的飘尘及植物体茎叶等因素为磷的迁出部分,计算出海河流域土体中磷的进出量分别为4.24×10 ̄8kg/a和3.66×10 ̄8kg/a,以此来研究其通量关系。

 
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