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   粪 在 畜牧与动物医学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.906秒
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感染性疾病及传染病
农业工程
蚕蜂与野生动物保护
呼吸系统疾病
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  feces
    Detection of Canine Coronavirus in Dog Feces by ELISA
    ELISA法检测犬腹泻样中的犬冠状病毒
短句来源
    2.It is concluded that 750 FTU·kg-1 phytase supplementation reduces percent of P,Ca,N in feces and reduces the quantity excretion of N,Ca,P of units metabolize weight,decreased the percent of P and quantity excretion of P in feces(P<0.05,P<0.01),decreased the environmental pollution of P.
    试验期2周。 结果表明,添加植酸酶可明显降低中P、Ca、N百分含量和单位代谢体重N、Ca、P的排泄量,降低P含量及P排泄量都达显著或极显著水平,减少仔猪排泄物对环境的污染。
短句来源
    NH+4-N content in feces dropped with the increase of alfalfa powder proportion;
    中氨态氮(NH4+-N)浓度显著下降(P<0.05);
短句来源
    Trials feeding EM-Fermented chicken feces to swine
    EM发酵鸡喂猪试验
短句来源
    The studies on the application of cicken feces dried as protein feed
    烘干鸡作为蛋白质饲料的应用研究
短句来源
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  fecal
    Dynamic of Bacterial 16S rDNA of Tiger's Fecal Flora
    虎细菌区系16SrDNA动态
短句来源
    Each experimental period consisted of 8 days with 6-day adaptation and 2-day collection of representative fecal samples.
    试验分6个试验期,每期8d,其中6d适应期,2d收期。
短句来源
    Fecal phosphorus excretion significantly reduced with the phosphorus level decrease by 58% and 43% respectively(P<0.05),compared with the pigs fed 0.30% and 0.24% diets.
    中磷排出量随日粮磷含量的降低而显著下降(P<0.05),低磷加酶组、高磷组和对照组日粮相比,中磷排出量分别下降58%和43%。
短句来源
    Tracking of the development of fecal bacterial community of diarrhea piglets by 16S rDNA techniques
    16S rDNA技术研究新生腹泻仔猪样细菌区系的多样性变化
短句来源
    DIVERSITY OF FECAL BACTERIAL COMMUNITY OF NEWBORN PIGLET DIARRHEA AS REVEALED BY THE 16S rDNA TECHNIQUES
    16S rDNA技术跟踪研究新生腹泻仔猪样细菌区系的多样性变化
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  dung
    Status quo and prospect to make chicken dung feeding
    鸡饲料化的现状及前景
短句来源
    Sheep dung incorporated into the soil strongly increased soil CO2 respiration compared with the unamended soil, 60% came from dung and 40% from soil itself.
    2.开垦后的农田土壤在模拟添加厩肥后,刺激了土壤微生物的呼吸代谢,使CO_2的释放量增加了5-7倍。 试验期间总体排放的CO_2中,约60%来源于羊,40%来源于土壤。
短句来源
    marked 15N,the pig can absorb 53.75% of crude protein of the ensilaged Milk Vetch,and the pig dung and urine can recover 39.36% and 24.70% of N-contained matter from ensilaged Milk Vetch.
    证明猪对青贮饲料中粗蛋白质的消化率为53.75%,猪、尿对青贮饲料中N素的回收率分别为39.36%和24.71%。
短句来源
    The yield of forage was 4823. 3kg/ha when sheep dung was fortilized in15000kg/ha The yceld of forage was increased by 18. 80% than natural pasture. Keywods:Fertilizing urea sheep dung yeilel of forage
    施羊板15000kg/hm2时,其产量为4823.3kg/hm2,比对照高18.80%。
短句来源
    In the dung samples, 91 67% (22/24) were infectious with Coccidia,45 83% (11/24) with Trematoda,and 95 83% (23/24) with Nematoda.
    检线虫卵感染率 95.83 % ( 2 3 / 2 4 ) ,吸虫卵感染染率 4 5.83 % ( 1 1 / 2 4 ) ,球虫卵囊感染率 91 .67% ( 2 2 / 2 4 ) ;
短句来源
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  faeces
    MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY ENZYME BRIDGE METHOD FOR THE DETECTION OF TREPONEMA HYODYSENTERIAE IN PIG FAECES
    用单克隆抗体PAP桥联酶标技术检测猪中的猪痢疾密螺旋体
短句来源
    Comparative study on fiber in vitro digestibility using sheep faeces and rumen liquor as a source of microorganisms
    绵羊与瘤胃液作菌源对纤维体外消化的比较研究
短句来源
    The faeces were collected from 28 to 34day of age to determine the apparent digestibility of the nutrients;
    28~34日龄进行收,参照杨胜(1993)外源指示剂法测定日粮中粗蛋白、粗脂肪的表观消化率;
短句来源
    Divide 500 Dika young roosters for egg production into six groups at random,and adopt different treatments for each of them (Add dry chick faeces in different proportions to the ration of each group).
    将500羽迪卡蛋仔公鸡随机分为六组,采用六种不同的处理(各组日粮中添加不同比例的干燥鸡),进行90天的饲养试验。 饲养结果表明:1、添加干燥鸡的量为5%、10%、15%的三个组,其日增重均超过对照组;
短句来源
    (3)Endogenous N in faeces was 0. 22g / d or 2. 6g / kg dry matter intake.
    (3)仔猪内源氮排泄量为0.22g/日,内源氮占干物质摄入量的比值为2.6g/kg;
短句来源
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  feces
In the second day after treatment with the dose at 10 mg/mL of the alkaloid, the RGR reduced by 39.8%, and the food intake and the feces weight were respectively 57.7% and 57.4% of the controls.
      
The lowest amount of food ingested and voided feces, the lowest nutritional index, slowest development, lightest pupae and most mortality were found in those pine caterpillar larvae fed with pine needles which were 50% damaged.
      
The germination experiment of three groups of seeds (seeds from feces, dry fruits and extracted seeds from dry fruits) was carried out.
      
sinensis, the seeds from feces still have a relatively higher germination ratio.
      
Differences in the olfactory response of the palm civet to feces was observed only if they belonged to different species.
      
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  fecal
Using thin-layer chromatography of fecal bile acids to study the leopard (Panthera pardus ciscaucasica) population
      
Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) of fecal bile acids has been used to confirm visual identification of scat samples found in Armenia in 2004-2005 and attributed to the leopard (Panthera pardus ciscaucasica).
      
In total, 642 human fecal samples from children under five years of age, imunocompromised patients, and high-risk persons and 480 randomly selected rectal specimens of cows and calves in Isfahan were examined.
      
In horse fecal samples, we detected more than 60 morphologically distinct phage types, the majority of which were present as a single phage particle.
      
They also keep and concentrate major food sources of benthos (live and dead phyto-and zooplankton and fecal pellets) over the benthic community locations.
      
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  dung
Livestock behaviour in the Pyrenees includes free grazing and a long resting period that provokes the accumulation of dung and urine in some places, so-called camping areas.
      
Most of the abundant mite species were associated with dung and coprophilous insects.
      
It is likely that they were introduced into the nests by adult storks with dung as part of the nest material shortly before and after the hatching of the chicks.
      
Ermüdung des Muskels und nachfolgende Ruhe begünstigt.
      
Sie kann bis zum 40fachen des tiefsten Punktes ansteigen.6.Es gelingt mit dem Verfahren nicht, die Lokalisation der Ermüdung anzugeben.
      
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  faeces
The total daily (with urine and faeces) nitrogen losses were, in this case, determined as 3.65 ± 0.
      
The quantities of consumed food and water, quantity and moisture contents of faeces as well as quantity and concentration of excreted urine were determined in representatives of Martes-European pine marten (M.
      
In a one-year-study, we collected and examined 752 faeces of dogs.
      
The survival of both strains was good (2.9 × 105 cfu of K7 Rifr /g faeces; 4.8 × 105 cfu of LF221 Rifr /g) and the LF221 Rifr /K7 Rifr viable cells were found either in the mucosa of duodenum, jejunum or in the ileum.
      
No major changes in the numbers of total aerobic or anaerobic bacteria, aerobic streptococci and yeasts were observed after sorbitol feeding but sucrose appeared to decrease the total aerobes and anaerobes in the faeces.
      
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  其他


Feed prehension and defecation behaviors were observed on indigenous pigs at the Laasi Regional swine breeding station during may to October in 1979. Through the 15-120kg period, number of defecations of the indigenous pigs was less than the Harbin white breed. Frequency decreased with increasing age. Total excretion was also less for the indigenous. Ad libitum feed intake per day was also less for the indigenous than the Harbin white. Highest frequency occurred before 8 a. m., With the next plateaued at 14-16...

Feed prehension and defecation behaviors were observed on indigenous pigs at the Laasi Regional swine breeding station during may to October in 1979. Through the 15-120kg period, number of defecations of the indigenous pigs was less than the Harbin white breed. Frequency decreased with increasing age. Total excretion was also less for the indigenous. Ad libitum feed intake per day was also less for the indigenous than the Harbin white. Highest frequency occurred before 8 a. m., With the next plateaued at 14-16 nours. Pigs excrete, feed and rest at different sites, with the former in cmmon with watering and loafing places.

随着生长肥育猪体重的增长,民猪和哈白猪每天采食饲料头次均呈下降趋势,但每天采食料量不同,按实际和相对体重计算,哈白猪多于民猪。随着生长肥育猪体重的增长,排次数反而减少,民猪和哈白猪均呈同一趋势。

The object of this research is to make sure of the application of acid insoluble ash(AIA)as indicator to the dairy goat dagestion trials. Six Xi Nong Saanen dairy goats were selected and tests were made in specially constructed metabolism cages. The means and standard deviations of the recoveries of natural indicators SiO_and AIA(concentrated HCl,4N HCl and 2N HCl)in the goatf ecals are 97.9±10.5%,96.7±1.96,100.7±1.23% and 105.7±1.98% respectively.It is therefore concluded that only the mean recovery of 4N HCl-AIA...

The object of this research is to make sure of the application of acid insoluble ash(AIA)as indicator to the dairy goat dagestion trials. Six Xi Nong Saanen dairy goats were selected and tests were made in specially constructed metabolism cages. The means and standard deviations of the recoveries of natural indicators SiO_and AIA(concentrated HCl,4N HCl and 2N HCl)in the goatf ecals are 97.9±10.5%,96.7±1.96,100.7±1.23% and 105.7±1.98% respectively.It is therefore concluded that only the mean recovery of 4N HCl-AIA is not significantly different(P>0.05)from 100%.The digestibility of dry matter, crude ash,gross energy,ether extract,crude fiber,crude protein and nitrogen- free-extract in ration determined by SiO_2 and AIA indicator mentioned above showed that only all the values determined by the method of 4N HCl-AIA near (P>0.05)the traditional method of collecting totol fecal.After quantitative feeding,the fecal samples were collected and the 2N HCl-AIA content dairy was analysed for two weeks.From ihe 6th day on,constant(P>0.05)value determined daily appeared.The 2N HCl-AIA contents of the fecal samples in different fecal collec-tion period were also determined,and the mixed samples of the 6th,7th,and 8th days showed no significant difference(P>0.05). On the 15th day after quantitativa feeding the fecal samples were collected at interval of 4-hour a day(6 times ewery day)and analysed.The 4N HCl-AIA contents of the fecal samples collected at any 4-hour interval showed no signiticant difference(P>0.05)from the whole fecal samplescollected in the same day.

试验旨在研究酸不溶灰分(Aeid Insoluble Ash,缩写为 AIA)在奶山羊消化试验中的应用。选择西农莎能奶山羊六只,在特制代谢笼内试验。试验测得内指示剂 SiO_2 及 AIA(浓 HCl、4NHCl 和2NHCl)在中的回收率分别为97.9±1.05%、96.7±1.96%、100.7±1.23%和105.7±1.98%。用 SiO_2 及三种 AIA 为指示剂测定日粮中干物质、粗灰分、总能、醚浸出物、粗纤维、粗蛋白质及无氮浸出物的消化率,除 4N HCl-AIA 法的各项测值接近于(P>0.05)传统的全收集法外,其它指示剂法均有一定差异。定量饲喂后,连续两个星期,逐日收集样,并分析其 2NHCl-AIA 含量,结果指出;从第六日始,各日测值趋于稳定(P>0.05)。试验测定了收期长短不同的样中2NHCl-AIA 含量,结果:6天、7天和8天的混合样差异不显著(P>0.05).于定量饲喂后的第15天,每隔4小时收集样一次,并分析之,结果:一天内任一4小时所采不完全样的4NHCl-AI...

试验旨在研究酸不溶灰分(Aeid Insoluble Ash,缩写为 AIA)在奶山羊消化试验中的应用。选择西农莎能奶山羊六只,在特制代谢笼内试验。试验测得内指示剂 SiO_2 及 AIA(浓 HCl、4NHCl 和2NHCl)在中的回收率分别为97.9±1.05%、96.7±1.96%、100.7±1.23%和105.7±1.98%。用 SiO_2 及三种 AIA 为指示剂测定日粮中干物质、粗灰分、总能、醚浸出物、粗纤维、粗蛋白质及无氮浸出物的消化率,除 4N HCl-AIA 法的各项测值接近于(P>0.05)传统的全收集法外,其它指示剂法均有一定差异。定量饲喂后,连续两个星期,逐日收集样,并分析其 2NHCl-AIA 含量,结果指出;从第六日始,各日测值趋于稳定(P>0.05)。试验测定了收期长短不同的样中2NHCl-AIA 含量,结果:6天、7天和8天的混合样差异不显著(P>0.05).于定量饲喂后的第15天,每隔4小时收集样一次,并分析之,结果:一天内任一4小时所采不完全样的4NHCl-AIA 含量同该日全收集样本未见有明显差异(P>0.05)。

The results of many studies demonstrated that the chick has a specificrequirement for selenium for growth and maintenance of pancreas exocrine func-tion.The pancreas is the target organ of selenium deficiency in chicks,whileskeletal muscle,heart muscle,liver and other tissues are unaffected if vitaminE is adequate.Selenium deficiency in chicks fed adequate vitamin E results inpancreatic degeneration and fibrosis.Compared with selenium-supplementedchicks,selenium deficiency animals had lower plasma tocopherols,higher...

The results of many studies demonstrated that the chick has a specificrequirement for selenium for growth and maintenance of pancreas exocrine func-tion.The pancreas is the target organ of selenium deficiency in chicks,whileskeletal muscle,heart muscle,liver and other tissues are unaffected if vitaminE is adequate.Selenium deficiency in chicks fed adequate vitamin E results inpancreatic degeneration and fibrosis.Compared with selenium-supplementedchicks,selenium deficiency animals had lower plasma tocopherols,higher fecalneutral lipids,higher bile weigts,higher activities of plasma glutamic-oxa- loacetic transaminase,and lower activities of pancreatic lipase and trypsin.Itappeared therefore,that there was a decreased hydrolosis of fat due to pancreaticdegeneration and lack of lipase,which in turn led to the impairment of lipid-bilemicelle formation necessary for absorption of lipids and vitamin E.The additionof bile acid to the diet led to only partial correction of the impaired fat di-gestion and vitamin E absorption.Supplementation with free fatty acids andmonoolein increased vitamin E absorption and survival of chicks,but did notprevent pancreatic fibrosis.The biochemical studies showed a decrease in zymogen activity and increasein the activity of lysosomal enzymes cathepsin and acid phosphatase.Thatselenium was an integral part of the enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX),it was demonstrated that this enzyme was related to the prevention ofexudative diathesis (ED) in the chicks.The levels of selenium in the diet wasshown to be highly correlated with the plasma GSH-PX activity,but Contorreported that GSH-PX was shown to be not correlated with pancreatic atrophy.Histochemical studies revealed that the invasion of macrophages accounted forthe observed increase in lysosomal enzymes.No evidence of lysosomal disrup-tion was obtained during the course of the pancreatic degeneration indi-cating that role of selenium in prevevention of pancreatic degeneration wasnot in the protection of lysosomal membranes of the acinar cells.The sequence of histological lesions began with vacuolization and hylinebody formation in the acinar.Subsequently,fibroblasts could be observed in in-creasing numbers in the interacinar spaces,while the acinar cytoplasm wasshrinking basally,thereby enlarging the central lumen of the acinus.Finally,theacini appeared,as rings of cells composed mainly of small,densestaning nucleiand were completely surrounded by fibrotic tissue.The islets are very conspi-cuous,but incretory function was not disordered.The β-islet cells are unaffec-ted by selenium deficiency.Athough hyaline body formation could be observed,the breathing function of the mitochondria was not impaired.Histological examination of the pancreases indicated that wheat and sele-nomethionine were the most effective-sources of selenium.Selenomethionine wasfour times as effective as either selenium or selenocystine with respect to pre-vention of pancreatic degeneration.Severe pancreatic atrophy is followed ED.The biological availability of selenium for prevention of ED in chicks has beenshown to be greater for feedstuffs of plant than for those of animal origin.Selenocystine was shown to be more available than selenomethionine,but not aseffective as sodium selenite.

大量的研究结果证实,硒对维持雏鸡生长和胰腺外分泌机能具有专一的作用。胰腺是雏鸡硒缺乏的靶器官,而骨骼肌、心肌、肝脏和其它组织在维生素E 充足时,不受缺硒的影响。硒缺乏的雏鸡,即使喂给足够的维生素 E,胰腺也发生变性和纤维化。与补硒鸡相比,硒缺乏鸡血清中生育酚较低,中的中性脂类和胆汁较多,血清谷草转氨酶活性升高,胰脂酶和胰蛋白酶活性较低。此结果归因于胰腺的变性和脂酶的缺乏,从而降低了脂肪的水解,破坏了脂类和维生素 E 吸收所必需的脂类——胆汁微胶粒的形成。在日粮中加入胆汁酸,仅仅部分地改善脂肪的消化和维生素 E 的吸收。补饲游离的脂肪酸和单油酸甘油脂,增加了鸡的维生素E 吸收和存活时间,但不能防止胰腺的纤维化。生物化学研究还表明,酶原活性降低,溶酶体酶中的组织蛋白酶和酸性磷酸酶活性升高。硒是谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶(GSH—Px)的重要组分,此酶与鸡的渗出性素质相关;而且日粮中的硒含量与血清中 GSH—Px 活性高度相关,但是,Contor 报道,GSH—Px 与胰腺萎缩没有相关性。组织化学的研究揭示了由于巨噬细胞的侵润,而导致溶酶体的酶增多。在变性的胰腺中未获得溶酶体破坏的证据,由此证明,硒防止胰腺纤...

大量的研究结果证实,硒对维持雏鸡生长和胰腺外分泌机能具有专一的作用。胰腺是雏鸡硒缺乏的靶器官,而骨骼肌、心肌、肝脏和其它组织在维生素E 充足时,不受缺硒的影响。硒缺乏的雏鸡,即使喂给足够的维生素 E,胰腺也发生变性和纤维化。与补硒鸡相比,硒缺乏鸡血清中生育酚较低,中的中性脂类和胆汁较多,血清谷草转氨酶活性升高,胰脂酶和胰蛋白酶活性较低。此结果归因于胰腺的变性和脂酶的缺乏,从而降低了脂肪的水解,破坏了脂类和维生素 E 吸收所必需的脂类——胆汁微胶粒的形成。在日粮中加入胆汁酸,仅仅部分地改善脂肪的消化和维生素 E 的吸收。补饲游离的脂肪酸和单油酸甘油脂,增加了鸡的维生素E 吸收和存活时间,但不能防止胰腺的纤维化。生物化学研究还表明,酶原活性降低,溶酶体酶中的组织蛋白酶和酸性磷酸酶活性升高。硒是谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶(GSH—Px)的重要组分,此酶与鸡的渗出性素质相关;而且日粮中的硒含量与血清中 GSH—Px 活性高度相关,但是,Contor 报道,GSH—Px 与胰腺萎缩没有相关性。组织化学的研究揭示了由于巨噬细胞的侵润,而导致溶酶体的酶增多。在变性的胰腺中未获得溶酶体破坏的证据,由此证明,硒防止胰腺纤维化的作用,不在于保护胰腺细胞中溶酶体的膜。胰腺变性的病理组织学损伤,开始是在胰腺细胞内形成空泡和透明体,胰腺泡成带现象消失。其次,在胰腺泡之间出现成纤维细胞,全部细胞质基本上都皱缩了,因而扩大了胰腺泡的中央腔。最后,胰腺泡呈现由小的浓染的核所组成的细胞轮,并完全被纤维组织包围。内分泌胰岛显得非常明显,但内分泌机能不紊乱,β-胰岛细胞也不受缺硒的影响。尽管组织学观察到透明体,但线粒体的呼吸机能未受影响。胰腺的组织学检查证明,大麦和硒蛋氨酸是最有效的硒源,就予防胰腺变性的效力而言,硒蛋氮酸是亚硒酸钠和硒代胱氨酸的四倍。严重的胰腺变性常常继发渗出性素质,在防止鸡的渗出性素质中,植物源性硒的生物学活性比动物源性高,硒代胱氨酸比蛋氨酸活性大,但不如亚硒酸钠有效。

 
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