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  fecal
    Among them, the positive rate of 114 serum samples showing positive fecal egg examination was 89. 47% (102/114), and in 225 serum samples showing negative fecal egg examination, 69. 33% (156/225) also gave positive results, It is suggested that NP28-5B is of high potential for detecting the circulating antigen in the dignosis of schistosomiasis japonica.
    用双盲法检测血吸虫病流行区江西矶山岛居民血清339份,其中检阳性血清114份,阳性率为89.47%,检阴性血清225份,阳性率为69.33%,研究证明NP28-5B具有高度诊断潜能。
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    The detecting sera were obtained from 150 cases of acute schistosomiasis. 208 chronic cases, 28 chronic cases with negative fecal examination 6 monthes after praziquentil therapy and 32 cases with clonorchiasis, the positive rate was 100%, 88. 46% 3. 57%and 15. 63%respectively .
    检测急性血吸虫病150例、慢性血吸虫病208例、经吡喹酮治疗后6个月检转阴的慢性血吸虫病28例、肝吸虫32例,阳性检出率分别为100.00%、88.46%、3.57%、15.63%;
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    THe positive correlativity of fecal examination and soluble antigen from two kinds of adult clonorchis sinensis was nearly 90%.
    两种华支睾吸虫成虫可溶性抗原作ELISA与检的阳性符合率均接近90%。
短句来源
    Results of field survey showed that there was no obvious difference between the positive rates of fecal examination and that of ELISA.
    现场调查结果表明,检与ELISA的阳性检出率无显著差异。
短句来源
    The rate of positive detection in multi-monoclonal Dot-ELISA was significantly lower than that of DGS-COPT and their coincidence rate was 80. 8%(P<0. 01). When 25 cases with positive fecal examination were detected with these 3 sero-immuno tests,the positives rate was 52. 0%? 88. 0% and 100.0% respectively.
    多价单抗Dot-ELISA检出率明显低于DGS-COPT,两法总符合率为80.8%,25例阳病人3种血清学方法检出率分别为52.0%、88.0%、100.0%.
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  faeces
    The hatching positive rate of wild faeces and bovine infection rate of schistosome decreased from 11.86%, 14.29% of 2002 to 8.17%, 7.23% of 2005, respectively, but with no statistical significances.
    野阳性率和牛感染率分别由2002年的11.86%、14.29%降至2005年的8.17%、7.23%,但两者差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);
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    The results showed that EHFV polluted by blood urine and faeces of mice infected with EHFV could survive for 24h in the extermi-nal environmental of 4 ̄15℃.
    结果表明,感染鼠的EHFV通过尿、排出体外后在外界环境中(4~15℃)可存活24h;
短句来源
    After seven years of selective chemotherapy combined with management of fecal, the hookworm infection rate dropped from 58.7% to 10. 9% and the infection intensity from 111. 5 eggs per gram faeces to 8. 5 eggs per gram faeces. However, 3 years after the termination of the combined treatment,the hookworm infection rate increased to 14. 5%.
    查治结合管法经过7年的实施,居民感染率从58.7%降至10.9%,地方感染程度 EPG从111.5个下降至8.5个,中断查治3年后感染率回升至 14.5%;
短句来源
    This paper reports the experimental study and epidemiological investigation on speading of EHFV Polluted in blood, urine and faeces of mice could survivr for 24h in the extrnal environmental temperature of 4℃ ~15℃5TCID50/ml of EHFV suspension could infect experimental rats through theinconspieuous damagd skin.
    本次研究采用实验室和现场相结合的方法,对流行性出血热病毒(EHFV)经伤口传播的有关问题进行一系列的研究。 结果表明鼠感染的EHFV通过尿、排出体外后在外界环境中(4~15℃)可存活24小时;
短句来源
    RESULTS:Free sporocysts and oocysts were found in their faeces from d 11~40 , d 12~23 ,d 10~30 pi , and peaked at d 18 , d 14 ,d 14 . All of them presented clinical symptoms such as abdominal pain, distension, watery diarrhea and eosinophilia 1 wk~4 wk pi and were spontaneously cured within 29 days pi without taking any medicine.
    结果:3名志愿者分别于感染后d11~40、d12~23和d10~30中排出成熟孢子囊和卵囊,于d18、d14和d14达到排出高峰。 并于感染后1wk~4wk出现腹痛、腹胀、腹泻和嗜酸性粒细胞增加。
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    2 457 of these were positive by IFA (22.46%); schistosome eggs were detected in 394 individuals (3.85%);
    结果共调查10245人,IHA阳性2457人,kato-katz法检阳性394人,感染率为3.85%,病人感染度为30.05,人群感染度为2.22;
短句来源
    At Jiangzhou, the density of infected snails fell down to zero in 2005, and the human infection rate significantly declined from 3.11% of 2002 to 1.54% of 2003,and swung around 1% at the latter 2 years.
    双退点江洲村滩地除2005年外,前3年均检获阳性螺; 人群检阳性率2003年(1.54%)较2002年(3.11%)下降了50.50%(P<0.05),其后2年徘徊在1%左右。
短句来源
    Results From 2002 to 2005, the positive rates among the cohort population were 17.84%, 11.44%, 12.28% and 12.05%, respectively, by Kato-Katz method.
    结果2002~2005年居民检阳性率分别为17.84%、11.44%、12.28%、12.05%。
短句来源
    From 2002 to 2005, the infection rates of schistosomiasis among cattle were fluctuated from 10.69% to 17.50% by hatching examination.
    2002~2005年耕牛检阳性率10.69%~17.50%。
短句来源
    None of mouse that had been injected Streptococcus suis type 2 and Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212 by abdominal cavity dead,but the mouse that had been injected EHEC O26 and Escherichia coli ATCC25922 dead within 10 hours.
    经腹腔注射猪链球菌2型及肠球菌ATCC29212的小鼠未见死亡,而腹腔注射EHEC O26和大肠埃希菌ATCC25922后,小鼠在10 h内死亡。
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  fecal
Using thin-layer chromatography of fecal bile acids to study the leopard (Panthera pardus ciscaucasica) population
      
Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) of fecal bile acids has been used to confirm visual identification of scat samples found in Armenia in 2004-2005 and attributed to the leopard (Panthera pardus ciscaucasica).
      
In total, 642 human fecal samples from children under five years of age, imunocompromised patients, and high-risk persons and 480 randomly selected rectal specimens of cows and calves in Isfahan were examined.
      
In horse fecal samples, we detected more than 60 morphologically distinct phage types, the majority of which were present as a single phage particle.
      
They also keep and concentrate major food sources of benthos (live and dead phyto-and zooplankton and fecal pellets) over the benthic community locations.
      
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  faeces
The total daily (with urine and faeces) nitrogen losses were, in this case, determined as 3.65 ± 0.
      
The quantities of consumed food and water, quantity and moisture contents of faeces as well as quantity and concentration of excreted urine were determined in representatives of Martes-European pine marten (M.
      
In a one-year-study, we collected and examined 752 faeces of dogs.
      
The survival of both strains was good (2.9 × 105 cfu of K7 Rifr /g faeces; 4.8 × 105 cfu of LF221 Rifr /g) and the LF221 Rifr /K7 Rifr viable cells were found either in the mucosa of duodenum, jejunum or in the ileum.
      
No major changes in the numbers of total aerobic or anaerobic bacteria, aerobic streptococci and yeasts were observed after sorbitol feeding but sucrose appeared to decrease the total aerobes and anaerobes in the faeces.
      
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This paper presents the method of culture for isolation of Yersinia(Y.)enterocoliticaby cold enrichment and it wasagain compared with that being further treated with potassiumhydroxide. Four isolates of Y.enterocolitica were recovered from 72 pig stool specimens. One of thefour strains was obtained by cold enrichment method, and the other three were fromcold enrichment to be followed by dilute potassium bydroxide treatment. All the fourisolates manifested the classical morphological, cultural and biochemical...

This paper presents the method of culture for isolation of Yersinia(Y.)enterocoliticaby cold enrichment and it wasagain compared with that being further treated with potassiumhydroxide. Four isolates of Y.enterocolitica were recovered from 72 pig stool specimens. One of thefour strains was obtained by cold enrichment method, and the other three were fromcold enrichment to be followed by dilute potassium bydroxide treatment. All the fourisolates manifested the classical morphological, cultural and biochemical characteristicsof Y. enterocolitica. According to slide agglutination test the one isolate belonged to serogroup of 0:18, andthe other three belonged to 0:16. The advantage of employing alkaline treatment was also discussed in the paper.

本文报导用冷增菌和冷增菌-碱处理法,从猪中分离小肠结肠炎耶尔森氏菌的比较研究结果,从72份猪标本中分离到4株菌,其中1株获自冷增菌法,其余3株均由碱处理法获得。此4株菌的形态、培养及生化性状均符合耶氏菌特征。玻片凝集试验提示,1株属0:18群,另3株则均属0:16群。对于碱处理法的优点进行了讨论。

400 cases of schistosomiasis japonica from villages of different endemicity were randomly divided into four groups and treated with four different dosages of praziqu antel, namely, 60, 50, 40 and 30mg/kg of body weight. The drug was given twice in one day. Identical placebo tablets making up a total of 60mg/kg were used. The reactions were generally mild. At six-month follow-up, the stool negative rates were 79.8%(79/99), 71.7% (71/99), 78.8% (78/99) and 70.1% (68/97) respectively for the four groups. No significant...

400 cases of schistosomiasis japonica from villages of different endemicity were randomly divided into four groups and treated with four different dosages of praziqu antel, namely, 60, 50, 40 and 30mg/kg of body weight. The drug was given twice in one day. Identical placebo tablets making up a total of 60mg/kg were used. The reactions were generally mild. At six-month follow-up, the stool negative rates were 79.8%(79/99), 71.7% (71/99), 78.8% (78/99) and 70.1% (68/97) respectively for the four groups. No significant differences were found among them. In villages where Oncomelania snails were very few the negative hatching rates in the aforementioned four groups were 89.1% (49/55), 91.1% (51/56), 88.9% (48/54) and 81.8% (45/55), while in villages with more snails the cure rates were 68.2% (30/44), 46.5% (20/43), 66.7% (30/45) and 54.8% (23/42) (P<0.01), indicating that reinfection probably occurred in the latter area. The authors suggest that praziquantel with a lower total dose of 30 to 40mg/kg might be preferable for the mass treatment of chronic schistosomiasis.

400例孵阳性的日本血吸虫病患者,按分层随机抽样分为四组,分别采用吡喹酮总剂量60、50、40与30mg/kg-日疗法进行治疗;治毕6个月孵阴转率依次为79.8%、71.7%、78.8%与70.1%,各剂量组的疗效无显著性差异。因此建议,可以总剂量40mg/kg治疗慢性血吸虫病,并对30mg/kg总剂量作进一步研究。

A quantitative study on the probability of the dispersion of schistosome eggs into Oncomelania-infested water bodies was carried out during 1980-1982 in a plain region of schistosomiasis endemic area by field survey and simulated experiments. The results showed that the daily estimated number of eggs contaminating the snail-infested water bodies was approximately 12 671.58 in summer and 9 711.08 in other seasons, accounting for approximately 0.996 and 0.6996 of the total daily fecal egg output respectively in...

A quantitative study on the probability of the dispersion of schistosome eggs into Oncomelania-infested water bodies was carried out during 1980-1982 in a plain region of schistosomiasis endemic area by field survey and simulated experiments. The results showed that the daily estimated number of eggs contaminating the snail-infested water bodies was approximately 12 671.58 in summer and 9 711.08 in other seasons, accounting for approximately 0.996 and 0.6996 of the total daily fecal egg output respectively in the 4 villiages investigated.Quantitative comparison of different ways of egg contamination showed that the washing of commodes is of greatest importance. Direct defecation of tattle into water bodies and fertilization of the fields nearby the streams are of secondary importance while the cleaning of nightsoil buckets and dippers and promiscuous feces are of minor significance. However, in summer, the overflow of the night soil jars nearby the water body plays an important role just next to the washing of commodes.

1980~1982年,在水网型血吸虫病流行区的4个生产队用现场调查结合模拟实验的方法对虫卵落入有钉螺水体的机率作计量研究。结果发现当地一天血吸虫卵下有螺水体的推算总数,在夏季为12671.6个,在其它季节为9711.1个,分别占当地一天人、畜排血吸虫卵总数的0.90%和0.69%。定量地对比各种虫卵下水方式,发现全年各季均以下河洗刷马桶最为重要,耕牛便下水和河边田地施肥也较重要;在夏季,河边缸溢出较为重要,仅次于下河洗刷马桶。

 
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