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     Methods Serial sections of skin overlying the tumor were done for pathological examination in 50 cases of early stage breast cancer after skin sparing breast conserving operation.
     方法取50例行保乳手术的早期乳腺癌患者标本的肿瘤表面皮肤做连续切片并行病理检查,了解皮肤受累情况。
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     Results 6 were final diagnosed in 13 cases and 6 were healed in 8 cases by the minimally invasive techniques in biliary complications after OLT.
     结果13例术后胆道并发症中6例经微创手段确诊,8例中6例行微创方法治愈,治愈率为75%.
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     Results Among all pediatric patients with intussusception, 79(89.8%)cases were confirmed by X-ray gaseous enema reduction, 10 cases(11%)were confirmed by operative reduction. 1 cases were misdiagnosed and therefore the diagnostic ratio of ultrasonography was 98.8%.
     结果经X线空气灌肠复位成功79例(87.8%),10例行手术治疗(11%)后复位成功,超声误诊1例,超声确诊率98.8%。
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     7 cases were all examined by CT and MR plan scan,2 cases were examined by CT enhancement scan,7 cases were examined by MR enhancement scan,5 cases by MR diffusion weighted imaging and 6 cases by MR proton spectroscopy.
     资料与方法7例均经手术病理证实,均行CT和MR平扫,2例行CT增强扫描,7例行MR增强扫描,5例行MR扩散加权成像(DWI),6例行1HMRS检查。
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     The incidence of anastomosis leakage was compared between the two groups. Results Nine cases out of 88 non-colostomy cases had anastomotic leakage (10.2%),whereas 1 case out of 73 colostomy cases had leakage respectively (1.4%) (P<0.05).
     结果88例未行辅助性肠造口组9例(10.2%)发生吻合口漏,73例行辅助性肠造口组1例发生吻合口漏(1.4%),两者差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。
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     In primary ACCs, 11 cases underwent CT examination , 9 cases were diagnosed as ACCs ,2 cases were misdiagnosed as adenomas, accuracy rate of diagnosis by CT was 82%(9/11).
     原发性ACC中11例行CT检查,9例诊断为ACC ,2例误诊为腺瘤,确诊率为82%(9/11)。
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     Among them, 10 healthy cases underwent the following 4 sequences:GRASS,GRASS+FATSAT, SPGR,SPGR+FATSAT at coronal plane;
     其中 10例行 GRASS、GRASS+FATSAT、SPGR、SPGR+FATSAT4种序列扫描 ;
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     Results 501 cases underwent gastrectomy and the rate of gastrectomy was 95.2%,while 405 cases with radical resection (80.8%) and 96 cases with palliative resection (19.2%).
     结果501例行胃癌切除术,切除率95.2%。 其中根治性切除405例(80.8%),姑息性切除96例(19.2%)。
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     Materials and methods All 22 cases underwent DSA, 5 cases underwent CTA,13 cases performance MRI and 9 cases performance MRA, 2 cases underwent CTA,MRA and DSA.
     材料和方法 22例动脉瘤患者,全部行 DSA检查,其中 5例曾行CTA、13例行 MR、9例行 MRA检查、同时行 CTA、MRA及DSA检查者2例。
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     Fifteen cases underwent MRI scanning, 9 cases had CT scanning, 3 cases MRA and 5 cases DSA.
     15例行MRI检查、9例行CT扫描、3例行MRA检查、5例行DSA检查。
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     Materials and Methods CT and MRI findings of 31 patients with facial nerve diseases proved by surgery and pathology or follow up findings were analyzed retrospectively.
     资料与方法回顾性分析31例经手术病理或临床跟踪随访证实的面神经病变的CT和MRI表现,31例行MR扫描,其中28例行平扫和增强扫描,3例仅行平扫;
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     The findings of MRA were compared with that of digital subtraction angiography(DSA).
     其中23例行数字减影血管造影(DSA)检查,MRA与DSA进行对照分析。
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     Method: The clinical and imaging data of 8 patients were analyzed retrospectively, 7 patients accepted routine CT examination, 8 patients accepted routine MRI examination, 5 had DWI and among them 3 accepted contrast enhanced scan.
     方法:回顾性分析8例PRES临床和影像学资料,7例常规行CT检查,8例常规行MRI检查,5例行弥散加权成像(DWI),其中3例同时行钆喷替酸葡甲胺(Gd-DTPA)增强扫描。
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     Methods Four hundred and seventy AMI patients were treated with PCI from May 2004 to September 2006, including 363 males and 107 females with average age of 62.9±21.6 years 7.36±4.57 hours after the onset of the disease.
     方法对2004年5月~2006年9月AMI患者470例行急诊PCI治疗,在发病后平均(7.36±4.57)h内行急诊PCI。
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     MethodsThe expression of CK20mRNA in the peripheral blood samples of 37 patients with colorectal carcinoma and 8 patients with non-malignant disease by operations on abdomen.
     方法采用反转录-聚合酶链(RT-PCR)法检测37例行根治手术治疗的结直肠癌患者和8例非恶性病变腹部手术患者的外周血CK20mRNA的表达。
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  cases
In all these cases we actually show that Γ=π1(M) has a finite index subgroup which is mapped onto a nonabelian free group.
      
We can ensure that in most cases the hypothesis onG-invariance is satisfied.
      
Next we settle the remaining cases, with a computer-aided variation on the old method of Donkin.
      
We describe a basis forY, show that it is a polynomial algebra and describe its rank, which we compute explicitly in a number of cases.
      
Except for the Borel and some special cases a corresponding result is not known for the semi-centre of the enveloping algebra ofp.
      
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  cases underwent
Among them, 24 cases underwent second hepatic resection because of tumor recurrence.
      
In this series, 10 cases underwent semi-hepatectomy and 590 cases underwent irregular hepatectomy.
      
Six of 600 cases underwent second stage hepatectomy since the tumors could not be resected during laparotomy.
      
Result: All of the ten cases underwent operation and no postopertion complication occurred.
      
Eight cases underwent the operation under cardiopulmonary bypass and 7 of whom under no cardiac clamp.
      
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Diosgenin, one of the main sapogenins present in the roots of Dioscorea spp., has been studied for its determination. A simple method was proposed as follows: (1) Hydrolysis and extraction: Procedure: Cut the roots of the plant to about 1mm in size. Weigh accurately 0.2-0.4g, add 20 ml 2 N sulphuric acid and heat under reflux for 4 hours in a glass. joint apparatus. Filter through paper, wash the residue with 1% sodium carbonate solution and water until the washing is neutral. Dry the paper and residue at...

Diosgenin, one of the main sapogenins present in the roots of Dioscorea spp., has been studied for its determination. A simple method was proposed as follows: (1) Hydrolysis and extraction: Procedure: Cut the roots of the plant to about 1mm in size. Weigh accurately 0.2-0.4g, add 20 ml 2 N sulphuric acid and heat under reflux for 4 hours in a glass. joint apparatus. Filter through paper, wash the residue with 1% sodium carbonate solution and water until the washing is neutral. Dry the paper and residue at 80℃ for about 2 hours. After cutting the sapogenins into small pieces, extract them in a Soxhlet apparatus with benzene for an hour. (2) Chromatographic separation: The benzene extract was first studied by thin layer chromatography on alumina. From this result, a suitable solvent system for column adsorption chromatography was designed to separate diosgenin from the other constituents. Procedure: Make benzene extract to 50 ml in a volumetric flask, pipette out 5 ml, add to the top of an alumina column (1×5 cm). Wash the column with 15 ml fresh benzene in fractions, then elute with ether. Discard the first 4ml and collect the next 14 ml in an Erlenmeyer flask. Evaporate the elute to dryness, collect diosgenin as white needle crystals. (3) Colorimetric determination: Diosgenin was determined by the colorimetric method, based on the Liebermann-Burchard reaction. Huang's modified Liebermann reagent was used. Procedure: Add 5 ml modified Liebermann reagent to the diosgenin residue, stopper the flask loosely, put the flask in a 70±0.5℃ water bath for exactly 4 minutes, then cool in ice water immediately. Measure the colour with a photometer (480 mμ filter), use the reagent as blank. Calculate the results from a calibration curve. Using the above method, five samples have been assayed. The diosgenin contents are: Dioscorea nipponica Makino 1.45% D. deltoidea Wall 2.74% D. panthaica Prain et Burkill 3.45% D. nigrascens R. Kunth 2.39% D. althaeoides R. Kunth 0.90% The average percent deviation of six determinations of D. nipponica is ±1.8%.

以穿龙薯蓣(Dioscorea nipponica Makino)为对象,研究了根中薯蓣皂甙元的定量方法,并进一步試用于测定其他四种薯蓣植物。植物的根剪碎成小粒状,加酸迴流水解,用苯提取皂甙元,提出物經氧化鋁柱层离分出薯蓣皂甙元后,以改良Liebermann試剂显色,比色测定。本法簡便易行,結果稳定,适于作一般例行分析。

Although various methods for colorimetric and spectro-photometric determinations of vanadium have been recommended, most of the available procedures involve either extraction of the colored complex or the separation of interfering metal ions, especially in the analysis of most steel samples, while other methods without intricate treatments show less sensitivity. A new method for photometric determination of vanadium is here saggested. The dark blue chelate produced by interaction between vanadium(Ⅴ) and sulphosalicylic...

Although various methods for colorimetric and spectro-photometric determinations of vanadium have been recommended, most of the available procedures involve either extraction of the colored complex or the separation of interfering metal ions, especially in the analysis of most steel samples, while other methods without intricate treatments show less sensitivity. A new method for photometric determination of vanadium is here saggested. The dark blue chelate produced by interaction between vanadium(Ⅴ) and sulphosalicylic acid in concentrated sulphuric acid (~30 N) medium or concentrated sulphuric and phosphoric acids medium is used as basis for determining vanadium. Beer's law is obeyed over the concentration range of 1 to 20 μg vanadium per ml. The results were found to be affected by the concentration of acidic medium, the amount of chelating agent, time of colour development, temperature and heat effect during colour development; however these variables can be controlled to give satisfactory results. The presence of large amount of iron(Ⅲ) and other metal ions does not interfere with the determination.

本文提出适用于例行分析的钒的比色测定法。本法选择性良好,不必进行分离(如萃取)等过程,操作简便而且迅速,反应灵敏度高,重现度良好,所用仪器简单。钒(Ⅴ)与磺基水杨酸在硫酸或硫磷混酸中所生成的深蓝色螯合物,在较低温度下(≤100℃)尚稳定,可为比色测定的基础。钢中共存的离子,在控制的条件下不致干扰。文中尚报告测定条件,包括硫酸及磷酸浓度,发色剂用量,放置时间,发色时热效应与温度的影响;以及对这些条件的控制及测定范围。

The thesis introduces an automatic differential cathodic ray polarography, which has been made successfully.In addition to the ordinary measurement, it can be applied to the comparative polarography, the subtractive polarography and the twin cell derivative polarography.The second derivative polarography can also be performed with this instrument. The current-voltage curves can be drawn automatically by X-Y recorder and the peak height indicated by the figure.

本文介绍已制成的一种自动记录示差示波极谱仪,它除了能进行例行的测定外,还能进行比较极谱法、扣除极谱法、双池导数极谱法,二次导数极谱法。其波形能自动记录。数字显示其波高。

 
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