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客家人
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  hakka
     Hakka of Meizhou, Guangdong Province: C6*A 0.4569, C6*B 0.5152. C6*B. 0.0279 (C6*R is the frequency of rare alleles).
     广东梅州客家人:C6*A 0.4569、C6*B 0.5152和C6*B_2 0.0279。 C6*R为罕见等位基因之频率。
短句来源
     The distribution of red cell blood group systems, including ABO, MNSs, Rh, Kidd, Duffy, Diego, Xg, Lewis and P was investigated on 200 healthy Hakka students whose parents and grandparents are Hakkas too.
     对父母双方上溯三代均为客家人的广东梅县200名(其中男89人,女111人)健康学生进行了红细胞血型ABO,MNSs,Rh,Kidd,Duffy,Diego,Xg,Lewis及P等系统的分布调查。
短句来源
     Identification of G6PD gene variants from Hakka population in Guangdong province
     广东客家人G6PD基因突变型研究
短句来源
     Admixture analysis revealed that the relative genetic contribution 80 2% (Han),13% (She) and 6 8% (Kam) in Hakka.
     混合分析发现客家人数据结构中汉族结构占 80 2 % ,类畲族结构 13% ,类侗族结构 6 8%。
短句来源
     The frequencies of 14 alleles and 11 haplotypes of 10 blood group loci showed that the gene frequencies 5(0.0250), NS(0), P(0.0917) and Fyb(0.0300) in Hakka appeared to be the lowest among Han subpopulations.
     结果显示,客家人的基因频率S=0.0250,NS=0,pl=0.0917和Fy~b=0.0300,都是汉族人群中最低的。
短句来源
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  hakka people
     Hakka People and Woodcut Movement
     客家人与新兴木刻运动
短句来源
     Hakka music is the important component of Hakka culture,which embodies the aesthetic pursuit of the Hakka people.
     客家音乐是客家文化的重要组成部分,它承载了客家人的审美追求。
短句来源
     The Spread and Impacts of Christianity Among the Hakka People of Modern China
     基督教在近代客家人中间的传播与影响
短句来源
     Currently, there are, more than 60 million Hakka people scattered in 84 countries and regions all over the world.
     现在已有6000多万客家人分布在全世界的84个国家和地区。
短句来源
     WATER DRAGON FESTIVAL ENJOYING SONGKRAN FESTIVAL WITH HAKKA PEOPLE I LUODAI
     水龙节:洛带客家人泼水狂欢的节日
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  “客家人”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results Mutations of G6PD gene in cDNA 1388(G→A), 1376(G→T),95(A→ G),392(G→T),1024 (C→T),1311(C→T) have been found.
     结果 在客家人中发现 G6 PD c DNA1388(G→ A)、1376 (G→ T)、95 (A→ G)、392 (G→ T)、10 2 4 (C→ T)及 1311(C→ T)复合 11内含子 93位 (T→ C)的突变。
短句来源
     Methods Identifying the variants of G6PD gene and determining the frequencies respectively with the use of amplified refractory mutation system(ARMS), polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism(PCR-SSCP) and ABI 3100 DNA sequencing technologies.
     方法 应用突变特异性扩增系统法 ,聚合酶链反应 -单链构象多态性并结合 DNA测序技术 ,确定客家人 G6 PD基因突变型的类型及频率。
短句来源
     In Ming and Qing Dynasty, some of the Hakkas moved from Guangdong, Fujian and Jiangxi into Hunan.
     明清时期一些客家人先后从福建、广东以及江西等省客家人集中分布的地区迁入湖南。
短句来源
     A Probe into the Contribution of the Hakkas of Taiwan to the Chinese Nation
     试论台湾客家人对中华民族的贡献
短句来源
     The Hakkas Architecture and the Thoughts of the Hakkas
     客家建筑与客家人的思维
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  hakka
Of the 31 variants found in this province, Gd Kaiping, Gd Taiwan-Hakka, Gd Haad Yai, Gd Haad Yai-like and Gd Huiyang occurred most frequently.
      
On the other hand, two ethnic groups, Fo-lo and Hakka, in Taiwan had both of the Y1 and the Y2 alleles.
      
Three of the eight Y2-positive men, 2 Fo-lo and a Hakka, shared family name Chen.
      
Both Hakka people and ancesters of Chen families could be traced to the Province of Henan in northern China in early 4th century.
      
The results show that Taiwan's Han Chinese differ drastically in genotypic information compared with Caucasians but are relatively homogeneous among the three major ethnic subgroups, Minnan, Hakka and Mainlanders.
      
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  hakka people
Both Hakka people and ancesters of Chen families could be traced to the Province of Henan in northern China in early 4th century.
      


The distribution of red cell blood group systems, including ABO, MNSs, Rh, Kidd, Duffy, Diego, Xg, Lewis and P was investigated on 200 healthy Hakka students whose parents and grandparents are Hakkas too. The frequencies of 14 alleles and 11 haplotypes of 10 blood group loci showed that the gene frequencies 5(0.0250), NS(0), P(0.0917) and Fyb(0.0300) in Hakka appeared to be the lowest among Han subpopulations. Other gene frequencies were as follows: r= 0.6632, p= 0.1863, q= 0.1505; m= 0.5250, n= 0.4750, MS=...

The distribution of red cell blood group systems, including ABO, MNSs, Rh, Kidd, Duffy, Diego, Xg, Lewis and P was investigated on 200 healthy Hakka students whose parents and grandparents are Hakkas too. The frequencies of 14 alleles and 11 haplotypes of 10 blood group loci showed that the gene frequencies 5(0.0250), NS(0), P(0.0917) and Fyb(0.0300) in Hakka appeared to be the lowest among Han subpopulations. Other gene frequencies were as follows: r= 0.6632, p= 0.1863, q= 0.1505; m= 0.5250, n= 0.4750, MS= 0.0250, Ms= 0.5000, Ns= 0.4750, s= 0.9750; C= 0.6575, D= 1.0000, E= 0.1515, CDe= 0.6226, cDE= 0.1200, cDe= 0.2189, CDE= 0.0389; Jka= 0.4642, Jkb= 0.4881, Jk = 0.0477; Fya = 0.9700; Dia = 0.0202, Dib = 0.9798; Xga = 0.3633, Xg = 0.6367; P2 = 0.9083. A Jk(a-b-) type was found. At the same time, no MNS, NS, NSs, CCDEE, CcDEE, Fy(a-) and Rh0(-) types were observed. The Lewis system showed the following phenotype distribution: Le(a+b-) 29 (14.5% ), Le (a+b+) 2 (1.0% ), Le(a-b+) 67 (33.5% ) and Le(a-b-) 102(51.0%).

对父母双方上溯三代均为客家人的广东梅县200名(其中男89人,女111人)健康学生进行了红细胞血型ABO,MNSs,Rh,Kidd,Duffy,Diego,Xg,Lewis及P等系统的分布调查。结果显示,客家人的基因频率S=0.0250,NS=0,pl=0.0917和Fy~b=0.0300,都是汉族人群中最低的。其它基因频率为r=0.6632,p=0.1863,q=0.1505;m=0.5250,n=0.4750,MS=0.0250,Ms=0.5000,Ns=0.4750,s=0.9750;C=0.6575,D=1.0000,E=0.1515,CDe=0.6226,cDE=0.1200,cDe=0.2189,CDE=0.0389;JK~a=0.4642,JK~b=0.4881,JK=0.0477;Fy~a=0.9700;Di~a=0.0202,Di~b=0.9798;Xg~a=0.3633,Xg=0.6367;P2=0.9083。发现了国内第二例Jk(a-b-)表型,未发现MNS型,NS型,NSs型,CCDEE型,CcDEE型,Fy(a-)型和Rho(-)型。Le(a+b-)型29人,...

对父母双方上溯三代均为客家人的广东梅县200名(其中男89人,女111人)健康学生进行了红细胞血型ABO,MNSs,Rh,Kidd,Duffy,Diego,Xg,Lewis及P等系统的分布调查。结果显示,客家人的基因频率S=0.0250,NS=0,pl=0.0917和Fy~b=0.0300,都是汉族人群中最低的。其它基因频率为r=0.6632,p=0.1863,q=0.1505;m=0.5250,n=0.4750,MS=0.0250,Ms=0.5000,Ns=0.4750,s=0.9750;C=0.6575,D=1.0000,E=0.1515,CDe=0.6226,cDE=0.1200,cDe=0.2189,CDE=0.0389;JK~a=0.4642,JK~b=0.4881,JK=0.0477;Fy~a=0.9700;Di~a=0.0202,Di~b=0.9798;Xg~a=0.3633,Xg=0.6367;P2=0.9083。发现了国内第二例Jk(a-b-)表型,未发现MNS型,NS型,NSs型,CCDEE型,CcDEE型,Fy(a-)型和Rho(-)型。Le(a+b-)型29人,Le(a+b+)型2人,Le(a-b+)型67人,Le(a-b-)型102人。客家人与国内19个群体的遗传距离计算结果表明,与客家人遗传距离最近的是福建汉族、湖南苗族、贵州汉族及广西侗族,其次为河南汉族、黑龙江汉族、陕西汉族,福建畲族及上海汉族,而与云南白族、辽宁满族、甘肃汉族、广西瑶族、广西壮族、内蒙汉族及四川彝族的遗传距离较远。与客家人遗传距离最远的是湖南土家族、海南苗族及海南黎族。

The adobe castle is the folk living home of the Kejia people who reside around Yongding County in the southwestern Fujian province. This kind of buildings have special shapes, such as square or circular. Most of them have four floors and an open courtyyard in the middle. People living in them mostly belong to a big clan, a patriarchal clan of the same surname. The castles are built by their owners, who had fled from disasters of wars from northern China to Fujian province. After the East Han Dynasty, flames...

The adobe castle is the folk living home of the Kejia people who reside around Yongding County in the southwestern Fujian province. This kind of buildings have special shapes, such as square or circular. Most of them have four floors and an open courtyyard in the middle. People living in them mostly belong to a big clan, a patriarchal clan of the same surname. The castles are built by their owners, who had fled from disasters of wars from northern China to Fujian province. After the East Han Dynasty, flames of wars had been burning everywhere in the north. To defend them selves, the numerous gentry families built castles. When they fled to the Southwestern part of Fujian Provence, to avoid the harassing attacks from the native minority and wild animals, they inherited this kind of architecture. To the local environment, the adobe castles in Yongding County have been developing gradually, especially the circular ones, growing up to a speciality. Because Kejia people moved by the whole clan, on the hand, the adobe castles changed with the specific surroundings, on the other hand, the Kejia culture developed in adobe castles had a powerful cohesive force. So, the adobe castles are not only an external landscape of Kejia culture, but also a kind of external condition for interior culture.

土楼是福建西南部以永定为中心的客家人的民居。这种民居非常特殊,有方形、园形。多为四层,中间为庭院。居民多属同族、同宗、同姓。它是北方因战乱而南迁的移民带来的。在东汉以后。北方战乱,大姓士绅多聚居建成坞壁,作为保护自己。客家人南迁到福建西南,在少数民族与荒野之中,也采取这种形式建筑以适应防守需要。永居的土楼在当地环境亦有发展,特别是园形土楼,形成独特形式。由于客家人聚族迁移此地,土楼既适应其特殊环境,而且也进一步促进了客家人以耕读为中心的强大内聚力的文化的发展。因此,土楼既是客家文化的一种外在景观,又是其文化内涵的外在条件。

As a component of Chinese culture, Kejia genealogies are important supplements to Chinese historical documents and sources for Kejia people to find their ancestors.They will show their importance in the unification of China.At present, Shanghang Library has a collection of genealogies with 64 family names, 400 titles and several thousand volumes. 9 refs.

客家人与客家族谱“客家人是汉族里头一个系统分明、富有忠义思想、民族意识的民系。”[1]客家先民,原是中原的汉民。由于战乱、饥荒等种种原因,自西晋以来,经过几次大的南迁,聚集在6000年前就生息在客家大本营区域的南蛮族原居地——闽(闽西)、粤(粤东)...

 
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