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    Study on the Welding Material and the Microstructure and Properties of the Welded Joint in a 800MPa Grade Structural Steel
    新一代800MPa级超碳微合金钢焊材及接头组织性能研究
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    Study on Low-Cycle Fatigue for Zirconium Alloys
    锆合金的周疲劳行为研究
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    INTERNAL FRICTION PEAK ASSOCIATED WITH THE STRESSINDUCED DIFFUSION OF CARBON IN LOW-CARBON ALLOY MARTENSITE
    碳在碳合金马氏体中微扩散所引起的内耗峰
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    AN INVESTIGATION OF HAZ MICROCRACKS IN MULTILAYER WELDING OF LOWALLOY HIGH-STRENGTH STEELS
    合金高强度钢焊接热影响区微裂纹的研究
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    THE BEHAVIOUR OF ALLOYING ELEMENTS IN MARINE LOW-ALLOY STEELS I. THE INFLUENCE OF ALLOYING ELEMENTS ON THE CORROSION POTENTIAL OF LOW-ALLOY STEELS IN ARTIFICIAL SEAWATER
    海洋用合金钢中合金元素作用的研究——(一)合金元素对合金钢在海水中的腐蚀电位的影响
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A spectrographic procedure for determining copper in concentrated iron ores has been worked out for routine analysis. The powder method is found to be satisfactory with a medium quartz spectrograph and an activated a. c. arc between carbon electrodes as light source. In order to minimize erratic burning of the sample, the electrodes are pre-burned for one minute and then loaded with a mixture of equal weight of the ore sample and carbon powder. The analysis pair of lines chosen are: Cu 2824.369- Fe 2824.67 for...

A spectrographic procedure for determining copper in concentrated iron ores has been worked out for routine analysis. The powder method is found to be satisfactory with a medium quartz spectrograph and an activated a. c. arc between carbon electrodes as light source. In order to minimize erratic burning of the sample, the electrodes are pre-burned for one minute and then loaded with a mixture of equal weight of the ore sample and carbon powder. The analysis pair of lines chosen are: Cu 2824.369- Fe 2824.67 for copper contents ranging from 0.05 to 0.3%, and Cu 2824369- Fe 2828.813 for those between 0.3 and 1.0%. The results obtained spectrographically have been checked by wet chemical analysis, amongst 110 samples 80% of which the two methods checked within 0.02%.

我们尝试用光谱的方法协助解决分析大量铁矿精矿试样中微量铜(O.05-0.1%)的问题。采用了交流电弧碳电极粉末法,应用现有的设备(中型光谱仪、不纯碳电极、质量的照相板)进行试验,找出了比较适当的激发条件和分析线对。把空白碳电极加以预燃并在铁矿试样中搀入适当分量的碳粉,可以基本上消减样品在燃烧中的喷爆现象。根据样品的燃烧曲线的研究,选择了适当的曝光时间,使分析的结果不受样品所含铜的化学组成状态的影响。 所选定的分析线对当含铜量在0.05-0.3%的范围内时是Cu2824.369-Fe2824.67,当含铜量在0.3-1.0%的范围内时是Cu2824.369-Fe2828.813。根据所得的两条定标曲线作了110个样品的分析,光谱分析结果与化学分析结果的差值在0.02%以下的约占分析样品总数的80%左右。关于含铜量为0.05-0.3%的样品,光谱分析已经可以代替化学分析,并节省大量的人力和物资。

Creep under very small torsional stress has been investigated for 99.95% polycrystalline iron in the temperature range of 350°-525℃. The general features of the creep curves obtained are essentially the same as those previously reported for 99.991% aluminum. The creep is shown to be consisted of two parts, one occurring at lower temperatures or shorter times and the other at higher temperatures or longer times. The first part of the creep is limited in extent and is associated with the viscous behavior of grain...

Creep under very small torsional stress has been investigated for 99.95% polycrystalline iron in the temperature range of 350°-525℃. The general features of the creep curves obtained are essentially the same as those previously reported for 99.991% aluminum. The creep is shown to be consisted of two parts, one occurring at lower temperatures or shorter times and the other at higher temperatures or longer times. The first part of the creep is limited in extent and is associated with the viscous behavior of grain boundaries. The activation energy for this grain-boundary creep is 78,000 ± 4,000 calories per mole according to the present creep and stress relaxation measurements. This value is close to the activation energy for self-diffusion of iron, a correlation which indicates that, in so far as to the mechanism of atomic migration is concerned, grain boundaries may not be very different from the interior of the grains.

用99.95%的多晶纯铁作了从350°-525℃的扭转微蠕变及应力弛豫试验,所得结果的概貌与以前用多晶纯铝所得的基本上相同。从蠕变曲线上可以看出这蠕变是由两部分组成的:第一部分是在较温度或较短时间内发生的,第二部分是在较高温度或较长时间内发生的。第一部分的蠕变是有限的,是由于晶粒间界的粘滞性滑移所引起。根据微蠕变及应力弛豫测量的结果,这一部分蠕变所包含的激活能是78,000±4,000卡/克分子。这个激活能(晶粒间界滑移激活能)的数值与纯铁自扩散的激活能很相近,表示晶粒间界与晶粒内部对于原子迁移的基本过程而言并没有显著的差异。 加碳于纯铁中对于这两部分的蠕变都有显著的影响。最值得注意的结果是含碳量少到0.0004%时已经使晶粒间界的粘滞性滑移受到显著的阻碍。这些发现在控制金属高温蠕变的问题上指出一个一般性的原则,对于以前所提出来的晶粒间界空穴模型也提供了一些新的实验证据。 根据加碳的实验结果,对于第二部分高温蠕变的机构也提出了一个初步的看法,这蠕变所包括的基本过程可能是晶粒内部的空穴中的原子重新排列。

In the spectrochemical analysis of high speed steels with a small current activated a.c. arc (after Aбрамсон), the results of analysis were found to be affected by different previous heat-treatments given to the steel samples. To study this effect we selected 10 chromium steel samples of different carbon content. Spectrochemical analysis of these samples under different procedures of heat treatment shows that with an a.c. arc (5 amp.) the results of analysis of Cr for annealed and for hardened samples of the...

In the spectrochemical analysis of high speed steels with a small current activated a.c. arc (after Aбрамсон), the results of analysis were found to be affected by different previous heat-treatments given to the steel samples. To study this effect we selected 10 chromium steel samples of different carbon content. Spectrochemical analysis of these samples under different procedures of heat treatment shows that with an a.c. arc (5 amp.) the results of analysis of Cr for annealed and for hardened samples of the same steel are different and the difference increases with the increase of carbon content. We are inclined to think that in a low energy light source, the evaporation and the excitation of the alloying elements vary according to the existing form of carbon and this directly affects the results of spectrochemical analysis. The magnitude of this effect is different for different alloying elements, it is considerable in the case of Cr but is inappreciable in the case of Mn and Si.

我们用爱氏光源(电流交流电弧)作高速钢的光谱分析时,发现样品的组织结构对于分析结果有影响。为了对这个现象得到进一步的了解,我们选择了10种含碳量不同的铬钢进行热处理试验和光谱分析。一系列实验的结果指出,用小电流(5安)电弧光源时,铬的光谱分析结果由于试样是退火组织或淬火组织而有差别,这个差别又随着钢中含碳量的增加而增加。我们认为,这种影响是由于碳在试样中存在状态的不同所引起的。在功率光源中,这种不同使合金元素被蒸发和被激发的情况有所差别,因而就影响了光谱分析的结果。这种影响由于合金元素之不同而有程度上的不同,对铬的影响很显著,对锰和矽的影响则很小。此外,所选择的分析线对是弧线还是火花线,对于这种组织结构的效应也有显著的影响。 曾经进行了一些消除组织结构影响的实验。发现在应用功率光源时,增加预燃时间并不能消除这个效应。用火花光源或大电流(8安)电弧光源时,这种影响大为减小。

 
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