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  cylinder
     A Two-shaft Balance System Analysis and a Slipper Balance Scheme for the Second Order Reciprocating Inertia Forces of Plane Crankshaft Eight cylinder V-type Internal Combustion Engines
     平面曲轴八V型内燃机二阶往复惯性力二轴平衡条件的直接推求及滑块平衡方案
短句来源
     NUMERICAL COMPUTATION AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE VOLUMETRIC EFFICIENCY OF A HIGH SPEED FOUR STROKE SINGLE CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE
     高速四冲程单柴油机充气效率的数值计算和实验研究
短句来源
     The Calculation and Control of Inertia Forces and Additional Moments of a Singular Balancing Shaft in a Small Single Cylinder Diesel Engine
     小型单柴油机单轴平衡时惯性力和附加力矩的计算与控制
短句来源
     The Computation of Exhaust Pressure Wave for 115 Type Single Cylinder Diesel Engine
     115单柴油机排气压力波计算
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     Failure-Analysis of a Slush Pump Cylinder Head
     三单作用泥浆泵泵头失效分析
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  cylinders
     Development of the 305 mm×254 mm Spinning Seal Type Brake Cylinders
     305mm×254mm旋压密封式制动的研制
短句来源
     Technical Development of 2.8L Six Cylinders Supercharge Diesel Engine
     2.8L六增压柴油机的技术开发
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     A Test Study for the NO_x Emission Difference of Cylinders in a 492QC Spark Ignition Engine
     492QC发动机NO_x排放的间差异研究
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     Described are the development process, structure, main technical parameters, key technique and testing of the 305 mm×254 mm spinning seal type brake cylinders.
     介绍了305mm×254mm旋压密封式制动的研制过程、结构、主要技术参数、关键技术及试验情况。
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     The Design and Research of the Cylinders、Pistons in CY6110 Diesel
     CY6110型柴油机的套、活塞组的设计研究
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  jar
     The production materials of Shan'niang wine (calculated by one jar)were 144 kg japonica glutinous rice, 26 kg crude wheat yeast, 50 kg Yuanhong wine, 13~17 kg yeast wine, and 44 kg seriflux.
     善酿酒的生产配方(按计)为粳糯144kg,生麦曲26kg,元红酒50kg,淋饭酒母13~17kg,浆水44kg。
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     The detection rate with microaerophlilic incubation in 100 mL/L CO 2 atmosphere environment was high 13.0% than with incubation in candle jar (P<0.01).
     结果表明 ,在 10 0mL/LCO2 气体环境中微需氧培养比烛内培养空肠弯杆菌检出率高 13 .0 % ,即显示 10 0mL/LCO2 法明显优于烛法 (P <0 .0 1) ;
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     It is better than candle jar method, and as good as the method that evacuate and replace the air to form a mixture of gases(containing 85% N2,10% CO2 and 5% O2 ) .
     它较烛法为优,与换气法(使含85%N_2、10%CO_2和5%O_2)几无差别。
短句来源
     using candle jar to replace CO 2 incubator;
     以烛取代CO2 培养箱 ;
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     Results The fluoine content of residential drinking water,for most jar water(dated),was(0 715±0 697)mg/L,higher than that of raw water(well) which was(0 483±0 206)mg/L( t =3 16, P <0 01)As for indoor air fluorine content in residential house was above 0 02?
     结果 居民饮用水氟含量 (水 )为 (0 715± 0 6 97)mg/L ,高于源 (井 )水 (0 4 83± 0 2 0 6 )mg/L ,T =3 16 ,P <0 0 1。
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     A Study on the Mixture Formation and Air Flow in the "Bump" Combustion Chamber of A Diesel Engine
     BUMP燃烧室"内混合气形成及内气流运动的研究
短句来源
     Study on Electronic Controlled LPG Fueled Engine and Its Direct Injection Technology
     电控LPG发动机及其内直接喷射技术的研究
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     Bionic Study of Non-smooth Effect on Engine Piston-cylinder System
     内燃机活塞套系统非光滑效应的仿生研究
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     The Welding Technique for Repairing Cracks on High Pressure Steam Turbine Casings
     高压汽轮机体裂纹补焊技术的研究
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     The Calculations of Kinematics, Dynamics, Balance and Fatigue Strength of Multi-cylinder Multi-bank Single Crankshaft Engine
     单轴多列多内燃机运动学、动力学、平衡及疲劳强度计算
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  cylinder
A standard procedure, for modelling a laboratory-scale wire-to-cylinder electrostatic precipitator and for guiding the research of the set point, is presented.
      
The SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) of the vibration signals of a diesel cylinder lid is the highest.
      
All the test data fall into the factor of 2.5 for CMSX-2 hollow cylinder specimens and 2.0 scatter band for DD3 notched specimens, respectively.
      
Turbulent Taylor vortex flow, which is contained between a rotating inner cylinder and a coaxial fixed outer cylinder with fixed ends, is simulated by applying the development in Reynolds stress equations mold (RSM) of the micro-perturbation.
      
In our work, Ar was used as the plasma forming gas, O2 was the reactive gas and metal zinc powder (99.99% purity) vaporized by cylinder hollow-cathode discharge (HCD) acted as the zinc source.
      
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  cylinders
In this paper, a limiting problem for an optimal boundary control problem of a laminar flow of a viscous incompressible fluid in the generalized Couette cell, when the number of inner cylinders unrestrictedly increases, is obtained.
      
Stokes flow in periodic systems of parallel cylinders with porous permeable shells
      
The problem solved in this study concerns steady-state flow of a viscous incompressible liquid at low Reynolds numbers in a model filter consisting of parallel cylinders with porous permeable shells.
      
Both a separate row and lattices (square and hexagonal) of cylinders directed perpendicularly to the flow are considered.
      
The drag force and the filtration efficiency are determined both as functions of the ratio between the cylinder diameter and the distance between the axes of adjacent cylinders and as functions of the thickness and permeability of the shells.
      
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  jar
The coagulation efficiency of Nano-Al13, PAC and AlCl3 in synthetic water was also investigated by Jar tests.
      
By scaling up fermentation from flask to jar fermentor, we obtained promising results.
      
The presently recognized anaerobic bacteria of clinical interest, with the possible exception of some spirochaetes, can be cultured by conventional procedures with an anaerobic jar.
      
Care and attention to detail in the design and operation of an anaerobic jar are essential.
      
Anaerobic cabinets and oxygen-free gassing systems may contribute to further research and development, but the potential usefulness of a good anaerobic jar in clinical bacteriology should not be under-rated.
      
更多          


1. On the basis of the preliminary studies from November, 1954 to March, 1955,further studies on the hibernation of mosquitoes were carried out in Changshafrom January to March, 1956. During this period tree holes, bamboo stumps, jars. earthern pots, fertilizer pits containing feces, basements, green-houses and mountaincaves were targets for the collection of hibernating mosquitoes each week. As aresult of this collection three species of mosquitoes hibernating during the winterwere newly discovered. Including...

1. On the basis of the preliminary studies from November, 1954 to March, 1955,further studies on the hibernation of mosquitoes were carried out in Changshafrom January to March, 1956. During this period tree holes, bamboo stumps, jars. earthern pots, fertilizer pits containing feces, basements, green-houses and mountaincaves were targets for the collection of hibernating mosquitoes each week. As aresult of this collection three species of mosquitoes hibernating during the winterwere newly discovered. Including the original four known species, Aedes albopictus,Aedes niveus, Culex fatigans, and Anopheles hyrcanus var. sinensis, which were foundin the preliminary study, there are seven in total representing five genera. 2. Aedes albopictus was confirmed to bibernate in the egg stage. Eggs werefound in earthern pots, jars, bamboo stumps of Phyllostachys mitis, tree holes ofLiquidambar formosana Hance, Evodic glauca Miq., Ilex purpurea var. oldhami Loes,Dalbergia sp., Albizzia kalkora Prain, Cinnamomum camphora Nees and Eberm. 3. Aedes niveus was again found to hibernate in the egg stage in the treeholes of Quercus sp., Quercus fabrei Hance, Quercus glauca Thunb, Ilex sp., Ilex pur-purea var. oldhami Loes, Liquidambar formosana Hance, Evodia officinalis Dode,Evodia glauca Miq., Spondias axillaris Roxb., Cinnamomum camphora Nees andEberm, Albizzia kalkora Prain, Hovenia dulcis Thunb, Dalbergia sp., Celtis sinensisPers, Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. 4. The larvae of second, third and fourth instars of Orthopodomyia anopheloideswere found in the tree holes of Liquidambar formosana Hance and Dalbergia sp.Whether Orthopodomyia anopheloides will actually hibernate in the larval stageneeds further observation for confirmation. 5. Armigeres obturbans was found to hibernate in the larval stage under thecover of grasses, leaves, twigs and so forth on the surface of water in fecal pits. 6. Culex hayashii was found to hibernate in the adult stage. Both male andfemale adults were caught in the mountain caves. The quantity of fat bodieswithin the female was noted and analysed. 7. Culex fatigans was again found to hibernate in the adult stage. Both maleand female adults were caught in tbe basements, greenhouses and mountain caves.But its chief shelter for hibernation was in mountain caves where the majority ofthis species was caught. Dissections showed that the quantity of fat bodies washigh for those adults which were caught in January and February while thosecaught in March showed a lower fat body content. After hibernation was over thefirst adults engorged with blood was caught on March 22nd. 8. The hibernation of Anopheles kyrcanus var. sinensis in adult stage was veri-fied. Female adults were caught chiefly in mountain caves. The condition of thewings, the development of ovaries as well as the quantity of fat bodies were notedand analyzed. After hibernation the first two females engorged with blood werecollected on March first. 9. The influence of temperature, humidity and light in the shelters where theadults of Culex hayashii, Culex fatigans and Ahopheles hyrcanus var. sinensis passedthe winter has been discussed.

在1954年11月至1955年3月初步调查长沙市蚊虫越冬的基础上,又于1956年1月至3月作了第二次调查,其结果如下: 1.白纹伊蚊(Aedes(Stegomyia) albopictus)确系以卵越冬。此蚊在树洞、竹筒、小罐及瓦中发现了越冬卵。树、竹名为枫树Liquidambar formosana Hance,臭辣树Evodia glauca Miq,冬青树Ilex purpurea var.oldhami Loes,黄檀属Dalbergia sp.,山槐Albizzia kalkora Prain,樟树Cinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm及江南竹Phyllostachys mitis等。 2.白雪伊蚊(Aedes(Finlaya)niveus)亦以卵越冬,与初步调查结果相似。它的越冬卵在白栎Quercus fabrei Hance,青刚栎Quercus glauca Thunb.,栎树一种Quercussp.,冬青Ilex purpurca var.oldhami Loes,冬青一种Ilex sp.,枫树Liquidambar for-mosana Hance,...

在1954年11月至1955年3月初步调查长沙市蚊虫越冬的基础上,又于1956年1月至3月作了第二次调查,其结果如下: 1.白纹伊蚊(Aedes(Stegomyia) albopictus)确系以卵越冬。此蚊在树洞、竹筒、小罐及瓦中发现了越冬卵。树、竹名为枫树Liquidambar formosana Hance,臭辣树Evodia glauca Miq,冬青树Ilex purpurea var.oldhami Loes,黄檀属Dalbergia sp.,山槐Albizzia kalkora Prain,樟树Cinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm及江南竹Phyllostachys mitis等。 2.白雪伊蚊(Aedes(Finlaya)niveus)亦以卵越冬,与初步调查结果相似。它的越冬卵在白栎Quercus fabrei Hance,青刚栎Quercus glauca Thunb.,栎树一种Quercussp.,冬青Ilex purpurca var.oldhami Loes,冬青一种Ilex sp.,枫树Liquidambar for-mosana Hance,吴朱萸Evodia officinalis Dode,臭辣树Evodia glauca Miq,酸枣Spon-dias axillaris Roxb.,樟树Cinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm,山槐Albizziakalkora Prain,枳椇Hovenia dulcis Thunb,黄檀属Dalbergia sp.,朴树Celtis sinensisPers.,瑯瑜Ulmus parvifolia Jacq.等15种树的树洞内发现。 3.拟按蚊直脚蚊(Orthopodomyia anopheloides)的幼虫是这次发现的。它孳生在枫 树Liquidambar formosana Hance及黄檀?

In a previous paper, it has been found that the manganese-sulfur equilibrium

本文根据前人研究结果,导出了一个计算校正的SiO_2分子分数N′_(SiO_2)的公式。依此式及CaO-SiO_2二元系中logα_(SiO_2)与N_(SiO_2)的关系可以求得液态高炉型熔渣内SiO_2的活度。然后分析了本系列前一文内所提到的122组高炉渣、铁数据,将[%Si]~(1/2)/(α_(SiO_2))~(1/2)与(%S)/[%S]及[%Mn]/(%MnO)分别画成曲线。从曲线的形状得知矽还原度与脱硫及锰还原度间有着平行的关系,但不论矽-硫或矽-锰反应都没有在高炉炉内达到平衡。矽-碳反应即矽的还原反应在碱度较高时可能在高炉炉内接近平衡。

During the smelting of an iron ore containing high fluoride content in a small blast furnace, the hearth refractories were severely corroded. This can be ascribed to the action of very fluid fluoride-containing slags.Moreover, the products of corrosion reactions also have low viscosity which easily flow away from the working face, and leave a new surface fresh for further attack.The stack lining with the same 45%-Al_2O_3 blast furnace brick was, however, in fairly good condition. The chemical analyses of the...

During the smelting of an iron ore containing high fluoride content in a small blast furnace, the hearth refractories were severely corroded. This can be ascribed to the action of very fluid fluoride-containing slags.Moreover, the products of corrosion reactions also have low viscosity which easily flow away from the working face, and leave a new surface fresh for further attack.The stack lining with the same 45%-Al_2O_3 blast furnace brick was, however, in fairly good condition. The chemical analyses of the inner surface of the brick samples show a high percentage of alkali-,alkaline earth-and fluoride-ion contents. But as the amount of melt formed at the temperatures on these zones is comparatively little, that corrosion is not severe.Minerals identified at the stack lining surface consist of: fluorite, fluoro-biotite, kaliophilitenephelite, leucite, cuspidine and spinels etc. This is the first time that mica minerals have ever been identified in blast furnace linings. It is thought that the formation of fluoro-biotite has fixed a part of the F~-, K~+ or Ca~(2+)-ions, which would otherwise go into the melt. Thus its formation actually exerts some protective action against the corrosion of the stack lining.The higher temperatures prevailing in the bosh region in contrast to the stack caused the formation of a much larger amount of fluoride-containing melt, which is probably responsible for the remarkable degree of Corrosion on the bosh refractories.High temperature experiments carried out in the laboratory on the reactions betwccn CaF_2 and 45%-Al_2O_3 brick powder in closed graphite crucibles throw light to explain the process of corrosion of the furnace lining. Hexagonal anorthite was identified in all of these experimtnts, which has identical optical properties and X-ray diffraction patterns with those of hexagonal anorthite synthesized in our laboratory. It is also interesting to note that these hexagonal anorthites change over to normal triclinic modification under heat treatment at 1000℃ for a period of 24 hours.As a result of this and other previous studies in this laboratory, the appropriate selection of refractory materials for the lining of blast furnaces, smelting iron (?)e containing high fluoride content, is recommended.

在某地高氟含量铁矿石的冶炼过程中,炉粘土质高炉砖砖视遭到了极其严重的破坏作用。主要侵蚀介质是含氟炉渣,侵蚀产物容易从砖面流失,因而加速了耐火材料的溶解。在炉身部位发现的矿物是:氟化钙、含氟黑云母、钾和钠的铝矽酸盐、枪晶石及尖晶石等。虽然在砖面附着物中包含着相当数量的氟、硷金属及硷土金属的化合物,但是由于温度较低,只有少量熔体出现,砖衬的损毁情况,并不严重。在高炉砖衬中发现云母矿物,还是第一次。在炉身部位的温度条件下,含氟黑云母具有固定F~-,K~+成Ca~(+2)的能力,对砖机起了保护作用。由于炉腹部位的温度较高,较大量含氟熔体出现,侵蚀就相当显著了。 CaF_2—45%Al_2O_3高炉砖的化学反应实验,可以帮助了解高炉砖视的损毁过程。反应产物中发现有六方钙长石,与实验室合成的六方钙长石具有一致的光学性质和X—射线粉末衍射图型。经过1000℃,24小时热处理后,这种六方钙长石会转变成为三斜晶系变体。 根据两个高炉砖衬的化学-矿物学研究及实验室中辅助研究的结果,对于冶炼高氟含量矿石的高炉砖衬的选择提出了建议。

 
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