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  ramus
    Experimental Study of Blood Supply of the Posterior Region of the Mandibular Ramus
    用核素测定下颌升后缘血供的实验研究
短句来源
    Experimental study of effects of the vertical ramus osteotomy on the condyle
    下颌升垂直截骨术对髁状突影响的实验研究
短句来源
    A Quantitative Study on the Compensatory Blood Supply After Oblique Osteotomy of the Mandibular Ramus
    下颌升斜行骨切开术后血供代偿的定量研究
短句来源
    ②Bionator appliances can promote the mandibular ramus and body growth and improve the soft tissue profile.
    ②使用Bionator矫治器可使下颌体及下颌升长度明显增长,使下颌生长方向有利于软硬组织侧貌面型的改善;
短句来源
    PURPOSE:To evaluate the effect of two kinds of rigid internal fixation on the structure of the inferior alveolar nerve(IAN)following sagittal split of ramus osteotomy(SSRO)in a rhesus model.
    目的:对比观察下颌矢状劈开术(sagittal split ramus osteotomy,SSRO)2种内固定方式术后不同时期下牙槽神经(inferior alveolar nerve,IAN)结构的改变,为临床SSRO手术选择内固定方式提供实验依据。
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  “支”译为未确定词的双语例句
    THE CLINICAL RESEARCH OF TRIGENMINUS NERVE MARXILLARIS BLOKING IN 1017 CASES
    1017例经腭大孔阻滞三叉神经上颌的临床探讨
短句来源
    BSSRO or osteotomy along fracture lines was used for mandible bone.
    术中上颌Lefort Ⅰ型截骨术或分块截骨术,下颌按原骨折线截骨或双侧下颁升矢状劈开术。
    According Urken's classification of mandible defects,B:3cases;
    下颌骨的缺损部位参考Urken 的分类标准,B(下颌骨体部缺损):3例; RB(升和体部缺损);
    RBS:4 cases;
    RBS(升、体部累及颏部的缺损):4例;
    By different apical aperture (15#, 25#, 40#, 80#), each group was divided into four subgroups (each subgroup 10).
    每组再按孔径不同(15#,25#,40#,80#)分为4个亚组,每组10
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  ramus
Notfallm??ige Stent-Implantation in dem Bereich einer ausgedehnten Muskelbrücke des Ramus interventricularis anterior nach posti
      
Bei einem 64j?hrigen Patienten mit progredienter Angina-pectoris-Symptomatik zeigte die koronare Angiographie eine Muskelbrücke im Ramus interventricularis anterior.
      
Akuter Myokardinfarkt bei Muskelbrücke des Ramus interventricularis anterior: Komplizierter Verlauf mit Gef??perforation nach St
      
Eine dringlich durchgeführte koronarangiographische Untersuchung zeigte einen proximalen Verschlu? des Ramus interventricularis anterior (RIVA).
      
Das Infarktgef?? war in 43% der Ramus interventricularis anterior, in 37% die Arteria coronaria dextra, in 16% die Arteria circumflexa, in 2,3% ein Bypassgef?? und in 1,4% der Hauptstamm der linken Koronararterie.
      
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In a group of 103 (125 branches)patients with trigeminal neuralgia,pathological bone cavities were foundin either upper or lower jaws duringtheir operations. On the basis of a series of closeand systematic observations the triggerzones of trigeminal neuralgia were foundto be closely related to pathologicalbone cavities. A rational classificationof involvements based on clinical char-acteristics of trigger zones has beenmade: 1. the trigger zone of bone cavity;2. the trigger zone of unusal seat; 3.the dominant...

In a group of 103 (125 branches)patients with trigeminal neuralgia,pathological bone cavities were foundin either upper or lower jaws duringtheir operations. On the basis of a series of closeand systematic observations the triggerzones of trigeminal neuralgia were foundto be closely related to pathologicalbone cavities. A rational classificationof involvements based on clinical char-acteristics of trigger zones has beenmade: 1. the trigger zone of bone cavity;2. the trigger zone of unusal seat; 3.the dominant trigger zone and 4. therecessive trigger zone. In the light of data gathered inclinical practice a tentative definitionfor various trigger zones has beenpresented. Of the 204 bone cavities of thegroup of 103 (125 branches) patients,in the corresponding soft tissues thereare trigger zones found. The recessivetrigger zone becomes visible only afterthe anesthetization of the dominanttrigger zone. In 8 out of the 103 cases group,the trigger zones of unusual seat areall on the facial parts distal from theupper or lower jaw bones. This is ofsubstantial importance in locating theposition of the jaw bone cavity andin making distinguishing the triggerzone of bone cavity from the triggerzone of unusual seat. With the discovery of clinicalcharacteristics and the relationshipbetween the trigger zones and bonecavities the clinicians are able todetermine position of the jaw bonecavity with reasonable accuracy. Hence this location method can beof practical significance in the diagnosisof the bone cavity.

本文报告以采用颌骨病变性骨腔清除术治疗的原发性三叉神经痛患者103例(125)为对象,对扳机点与骨腔进行观察,研究了扳机点的临床特征及其与骨腔的关系。提出了骨腔扳机点、优势扳机点、隐性扳机点和异位扳机点的概念,并对各扳机点的临床意义、鉴别方法加以讨论,从而总结出扳机点与骨腔相互关系的规律性。

This paper intends an introductionto an effective approach to the locali-zation of pathological jaw bone cavityin diagnosis which is based on a detaileddescription of a clinical picture ofvarious trigger zones and of the rela-tions between the trigger zones and thejaw bone cavities. We refer to thediagnostic practice of jaw bone cavity thetracing of trigger zones as localizationmethod. We apply the method to the diagnosisof the jaw bone cavities for 73 cases(91 branches) with good results. The method in practice...

This paper intends an introductionto an effective approach to the locali-zation of pathological jaw bone cavityin diagnosis which is based on a detaileddescription of a clinical picture ofvarious trigger zones and of the rela-tions between the trigger zones and thejaw bone cavities. We refer to thediagnostic practice of jaw bone cavity thetracing of trigger zones as localizationmethod. We apply the method to the diagnosisof the jaw bone cavities for 73 cases(91 branches) with good results. The method in practice is as follows:All of the patients were with theepisode of pain. The locality of triggerzones may be determined initially byinquiring into the patients' history andby observing attacks of pain, part ofwhich induced pain by palpation andfinally by means of the localizationtest in the anesthetized trigger zones.It is meant to differentiat the triggerzones of bone cavity from those ofunusual seat.The trigger zones of bonecavity never fails in correspondenceto the site of jaw bone, hence the af-fected area of the bone cavity is likelyto be found. The trigger zones of bonecavity may be divided into the dominantkind and recessive one. The induction of anesthesia indominant trigger zones is by way ofperipheral infiltration of localanesthetic; in the cases of recessivetrigger zones, it never appears untilthe dominant zones were previouslyanesthetized. Having anesthetized theexposed trigger zones of the recessivekind and ferreting out the other triggerzones of the recessive in succession.we are able to discover more jaw bonecavities all at once. In a group of 73 (91 branches)patients with trigeminal neuralgia,we have made sure the site of 110 jawbone cavities according to localizationof the dominant trigger zones.Thepositive rate was 100%. 39 jaw bonecavities were found by tracing thetrigger zones of the recessive. In a singiesession 27 jaw bone cavities of 39 werediscovered. The positive rate was 100%too. Localization method in the diagnosisof jaw bone cavity through the tracingof trigger zone is effective and simple.This method can be of clinical signifi-cance.

作者根据各种类型扳机点的临床特征及其与颌骨病变性骨腔相互关系的规律性,建立了病变性骨腔定位诊断新方法:“扳机点追踪定位法”。应用此法对73例(91)原发性三叉神经痛患者的病变性骨腔进行定位诊断,取得了好的效果。本文就临床实际应用中的经验体会作了初步报告。

Surgical treatment of tongue cancer always results in large or whole tongue defects, which makes swallow, speech and mastication very dificult and causes mental suffering. In order to restore the shape and function of the tongue we have repaired and reconstructed large and whole tongue defects using deltopectoral flap, forehead flap, free forearm f.ap and pectora-lis major myocutaneous flap in 17 patients since 1978. The results are good.Some experience in repairing and reconstruction of tongue defects in different...

Surgical treatment of tongue cancer always results in large or whole tongue defects, which makes swallow, speech and mastication very dificult and causes mental suffering. In order to restore the shape and function of the tongue we have repaired and reconstructed large and whole tongue defects using deltopectoral flap, forehead flap, free forearm f.ap and pectora-lis major myocutaneous flap in 17 patients since 1978. The results are good.Some experience in repairing and reconstruction of tongue defects in different Ways was reported, but the advantages and disadvantages have not been compared. The methods of four flaps we have used are discribed and their advantages and disadvcentages discussed in this article. The feasible way may be chosen individualy according to the condition of each patient and the best result muy be expected.

在综合比较以往各学者在舌再造与修复效果优缺点的基础上,自1978年以来先后采用了三角胸皮瓣、额瓣、前臂游离皮瓣和胸大肌肌皮瓣四种瓣,对17例舌大部切除和全舌切除的舌癌忠者进行了修复与再造,使忠者的吞咽,语言和咀嚼功能恢复等,取得了较满意的效果。

 
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