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浅层
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  superficial layer
     Ach suppressed the ED response in 10 of 13 units in superficial layer, but enhanced the ED response in 7 of 9 units in deep layer.
     Ach抑制浅层(10/13)细胞的ED,易化深层(7/9)细胞的ED。
短句来源
     Atr showed enhancement effect in 19 of 22 units in superficial layer, but showed inhibitory effec in 10 of 19 units in deep layer.
     Atr易化浅层(19/22)细胞的ED,抑制深层(10/19)细胞的ED。
短句来源
     When C6 was applied, response supress-ion was observed in 12 of 16 units in superficial layer, whereas response enhancement was observed in 8 of 12 units in deep layer.
     C_6抑制浅层(12/l6)细胞的ED,易化深层(8/12)细胞的ED。
短句来源
     The results were as follows: 1. Numerous NMDAR1-, NMDAR2A/B-immunopositive perikarya and fibers were densely dis-tributed in the superficial layer of Vc. PAG-and Glu-immunopositive perikarya were distributed in every layer, especially in the superficial layer of Vc.
     结果:N-甲基-D-天冬氨酸型受体1和2A/B亚单位免疫阳性胞体和纤维密集分布于大鼠三叉神经尾侧亚核的浅层(Ⅰ、Ⅱ层),磷酸激活的谷氨酰氨酶和谷氨酸免疫阳性胞体分布于三叉神经尾侧亚核各层,尤以浅层密集.
短句来源
     Results: 1 The number of mast cells in lymphocytic infiltration zone (superficical layer) and under the zone (deep layer) was significantly more than that in controls,and the number of mast cells in-deep layer was statistically higher than that in superficial layer (P<0.01).
     结果:(1)扁平苔癣病损固有层淋巴细胞浸润带(浅层)及其下方(深层)的肥大细胞数量明显多于对照组,且病变深层明显多于浅层(P<0.01)。
短句来源
  “浅层(”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Trie daily average temperatures in the shallow soil (0-20 cm) in the orchard were 22.0 ℃ -23.5 ℃ which were 2.0 ℃ -3.6 ℃ lower than those in the open area.
     ③果园内土壤浅层(0-20 cm)日平均温度为22.0-23.5℃,比空旷地的低2.0-3.6℃;
短句来源
     Synsedimentary anticline traps mainly distribute in Mangya depression, and mainly develop in the middle-shallow layers (N23-Q1+2).
     同沉积背斜圈闭主要分布在茫崖坳陷,层位上主要发育在中浅层(N23-Q1+2)。
短句来源
     Daily mean temperature of solum (0~20cm) and daily range in soil temperature were 20.4~21.1℃ and 0.5~6.8℃, respectively, 1.8~2.8℃ and 0.8~6.0℃ lower than those in open area, respectively.
     ③果园内土壤浅层(0~20cm)日均温为20.4~21.1℃,比空旷地(23.3~24.4℃)低1.8~2.8℃; 果园内土温日较差为0.5~6.8℃,比空旷地(1.3~12.8℃)低0.8~6.0℃。
短句来源
     It is discovered that the shallow (1-5km) anomaly mainly reflects the Es3-Ed shallow structures ;
     发现浅层(1-5km)异常主要反映Es3-Ed浅层构造;
短句来源
     Ammonia and nitrogen adsorption capacity of superficial soil layer(0~10 cm) is twice of that of deeper soil layers(10~20 cm and 20~40 cm).
     浅层(0~10cm)土壤的氨氮吸附量为中层(10~20cm)和深层(20~40cm)土壤的2倍以上。
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  相似匹配句对
     (3) shallow inference.
     (3)推理。
短句来源
     Shallow Semantic Parsing
     语义分析
     B) the shallow layer is constrained by deep ones;
     (2 )深部制约 ;
短句来源
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  superficial layer
The process is controlled by the diffusion of Co in the intermetallic compound and the diffusion of oxidized Co in the superficial layer of hydrated SiO2.
      
Their formation is attributed to reaching the critical Sn concentration in a superficial layer of the dissolving phase.
      
Thermodynamic causes of the high diffusion rate of atoms in the superficial layer of a metallic electrode
      
Concentration of vacancies NV(S) in a superficial layer (SL) of fcc lattices of Ag, Cu, and Au metals is thermodynamically estimated and analyzed.
      
A thermodynamic approach to estimating the critical potential of the selective alloy dissolution Ec at a vacancy concentration Nv(s) in the superficial layer is considered.
      
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The cells of the apical ectodermal thickening, neighboring ectoderm and underlyingmesenchyme of the limb buds of mouse embryos, 11--13 days vaginal plug age, wereused for this study. Most of the specimens were fixed in 1% osmic acid in veronalacetate buffer, pH 7.6, 4℃, 1 hour and embedded in methylchrylate. Parts of the speci-mens were either fixed in potassium permagnate or stained in lead hydroxide after osmicacid fixation. Observations and photographs were made under SEM Ⅲ electron micros-cope. The Golgi...

The cells of the apical ectodermal thickening, neighboring ectoderm and underlyingmesenchyme of the limb buds of mouse embryos, 11--13 days vaginal plug age, wereused for this study. Most of the specimens were fixed in 1% osmic acid in veronalacetate buffer, pH 7.6, 4℃, 1 hour and embedded in methylchrylate. Parts of the speci-mens were either fixed in potassium permagnate or stained in lead hydroxide after osmicacid fixation. Observations and photographs were made under SEM Ⅲ electron micros-cope. The Golgi apparatus appeared to be horse-shoe shaped in the apical ectodermalthickening and S-shaped in the neighboring ectoderm. It consisted of small vesicles andtubules without any large vesicle. The mitochondria in the neighboring ectoderm were usually round or oval in shape,with fewer and irregular cristae and lighter matrix. The mitochondria of the mesenchy-mal cells were even more embryonic in structure with only 2--3 oblique cristae and alarge inner chamber. The mitochondria in the supperficial layers of the apical ectoder-mal thickening were more or less similar to those in the neighboring ectoderm. Rod-shaped and filamentous mitochondria increased in number in the deeper layers of theapical thickening. Such filamentous mitochondria had vertical cristae, denser matrix andoval and light inner chambers. Transitional stages between the very small vesicles withvague cristae and the large mitochondria with distinct cristae were found in our leadstained preparations. Except in the Golgi region, ribosomes grouped into ring or tubular forms weredistributed all over the cytoplasm in the three kinds of the embryonic cells studied.Transitional stages between such ribosome clusters and the granulated vesicles and tubulescould be clearly demonstrated in the lead stained specimens. In the apical ectodermal thickening, granulated endoplasmic reticulum in the formof scattered small vesicles and tubules seemed to be more abundant than in the neighbor-ing ectoderm and underlying mesenchymal cells. But the most striking difference foundin the apical thickening was the expansion of the granulated endoplasmic reticula intolarge saccules, the cisternae of which containing a grayish dense substance. Another interesting phenomenon found in the apical ectodermal thickening was thepresence of dense bodies in the cytoplasm. They were in various sizes and densitieswith dense granules, masses or cords and various forms of vesicles. They might be round,oval or irregular with a complete, partial or entire absence of limiting membrane. Thosewithout membrane were usually irregular in form and could hardly be demarkated from their surrounding cytoplasm whence assembly of ribosome clusters, mitochondria andendoplasmic reticulum from the surrounding cytoplasm to form the dense bodies could befound. Preliminary histochemical studies found them to be positive in alkaline and acid-phosphatases and RNA staining. They were therefore considered to be lysosomes orcytosomes. The significance of the differences in mitochondrial form and structure, abundantand expanded cisternae of the granulated endoplasmic reticulum and the presence of thedense bodies in the apical ectodermal thickening in relation to embryonic differentiationof the limb was discussed.

用小白鼠胚胎阴栓日龄11—13天的前肢芽和后肢芽,锇酸固定,甲基丙烯酸甲酯及甲基丙烯酸丁酯包埋,在SEM Ⅲ型电子显微镜观察了肢芽尖端增厚外胚层、邻近普通外胚层及间充质细胞。部分材料用过锰酸钾固定或锇酸固定后氢氧化铅染色。各种细胞相互比较的结果如下: 1.两种外胚层的高尔基体极相似,均由小泡及小管组成,无大泡,横切时成为成群的小泡。普通外胚层细胞的高尔基体呈S形,增厚外胚层的马蹄形。 2.线粒体在普通外胚层卵圆形或圆形,嵴不整齐。增厚外胚层的线粒体在浅层细胞少,结构与普通外胚层相似,但愈至深层则细长的线粒体愈多。细长线粒体的嵴较密,亦较整齐,与表面垂直,基貭亦较致密。在尖端增厚外层细胞见到由胞质新形成的小泡过渡到小圆的线粒体。 3.无论在普通外胚层下或在尖端增厚外胚层下的间充质细胞,其线粒体的形状和结构相同,都是圆或卵圆,嵴少而靠近表面作半月状,内室大,基貭密度低,属比较原始的胚胎型。 4.嗜碱质在两种外胚层及间充貭细胞均以弥散的核朊粒为主,由5—10余粒组成小群落。这些群落在尖端增厚外胚层较大、较密,粒亦较多。普通外胚层细胞的有粒内貭网或动貭较间充貭为多,二者均系胚胎型,是分散的小泡或小管。尖端...

用小白鼠胚胎阴栓日龄11—13天的前肢芽和后肢芽,锇酸固定,甲基丙烯酸甲酯及甲基丙烯酸丁酯包埋,在SEM Ⅲ型电子显微镜观察了肢芽尖端增厚外胚层、邻近普通外胚层及间充质细胞。部分材料用过锰酸钾固定或锇酸固定后氢氧化铅染色。各种细胞相互比较的结果如下: 1.两种外胚层的高尔基体极相似,均由小泡及小管组成,无大泡,横切时成为成群的小泡。普通外胚层细胞的高尔基体呈S形,增厚外胚层的马蹄形。 2.线粒体在普通外胚层卵圆形或圆形,嵴不整齐。增厚外胚层的线粒体在浅层细胞少,结构与普通外胚层相似,但愈至深层则细长的线粒体愈多。细长线粒体的嵴较密,亦较整齐,与表面垂直,基貭亦较致密。在尖端增厚外层细胞见到由胞质新形成的小泡过渡到小圆的线粒体。 3.无论在普通外胚层下或在尖端增厚外胚层下的间充质细胞,其线粒体的形状和结构相同,都是圆或卵圆,嵴少而靠近表面作半月状,内室大,基貭密度低,属比较原始的胚胎型。 4.嗜碱质在两种外胚层及间充貭细胞均以弥散的核朊粒为主,由5—10余粒组成小群落。这些群落在尖端增厚外胚层较大、较密,粒亦较多。普通外胚层细胞的有粒内貭网或动貭较间充貭为多,二者均系胚胎型,是分散的小泡或小管。尖端增厚外胚层的动貭有独特形态,即池的一端扩张成大泡,内含网状致密物,显然含有较多的,要不是特异的蛋白貭。这种扩张动貭对于胚胎分化及诱导的关系曾加讨论。 5.动质的形成有证据表明是先从核朊粒群落出现膜成为动貭小泡或小管,再并合成较大的小泡和较长的小管。 6.增厚外胚层细胞的另一特点是比较普逼的存在着形状、大小及密度不同的致密体。有的完全致密,有的泡状,有的是二者的混合体,有的界限清楚,有的处于分散状态。在形态上类似溶酶体和卵子的多泡体。内含类似核朊粒的致密粒、退化线粒体及动质膜。这些致密体和细胞膜、核膜及高尔基体未显有何关系。基膜及细胞膜完好。未见增厚外胚层细胞有排出、吞食或饮液现象,亦未见致密体排至中胚层,故认为这些致密体起于胞貭。对于分化诱导关系曾提出讨论。 7.细胞核及核膜在三种细胞未见有显著不同。核膜有孔,其外膜可与动貭膜相连,核仁小,紧靠核膜,未见有排出现象。氢氧化铅染色的标本有时显示染色貭有微丝,这在胞貭核朊粒群落亦可出现。 8.细胞膜完整,比较直,膜的内侧有一层致密物貭,无桥粒。

1. The skin of 15 regions from each of 19 cadavers, 2--24 hours after death, was

1.本文作者分别采取死后2—24小时19例尸体15个部位的皮朕,用10%福尔马林固定,McManus的PAS反应法显示后,对表皮及其衍生结构中的糖原,进行了观察。 2.糖原在表皮中的分布不恒定,因个体及部位不同而有差别,大部分标本的表皮未显示出糖原,只在少部分标本的表皮中显示出少量糖原,它们主要分布于棘层的浅层细胞。 3.人体不同部位毛囊的糖原分布及含量,决定于毛囊所处的生长周期。生长期毛囊的糖原含量最丰富,主要分布于中段外毛鞘与棘层相连续的细胞中。极少数标本未角化的内毛鞘亦显示出糖原。静止期毛囊均为阳性。个体之间未见明显区别。 4.皮脂腺中的糖原与表皮相似,分布亦不恒定,约有1/2标本显示出糖原,但会量很低。它们主要分布于接近分化完全的细胞中。少数标本的皮脂腺导管细胞含有糖原。此外,在有些接近分化完全的细胞中见到了呈现环状的糖原。 5.汗腺的糖原可因个体和部位的机能状态不同而有差异,在大部分标本的分泌细胞中都显示出了多量糖原,但含量互有差别。少数标本的导管细胞显示出了糖原,其中以近分泌细胞一段的阳性标本较多。

The differentiation of cells types and layers in the cerebellar cortex of 74 white mice

我用Nissl,Golgi,Cajal,Golgi-Cox等组织学方法观察了74个从新生到成年小白鼠的小脑皮质各层及神经细胞分化,得出下列事实。从出生到第3周,在小脑皮质叶片浅层有外颗粒层存在,此层以生后第4、5天为最厚,同时有细胞分裂现象,以后逐渐变薄,至第18—20天消失。外颗粒层细胞有些分化为颗粒细胞及星状细胞。浦氏细胞的生后分化亦先有胞周树突的原始形状,胞周树突在生后第8天萎缩消失,浦氏细胞至第3周完全成熟。在生后发育期中,浦氏细胞除在正常位置以外,尚可在外颗粒层、脑膜下腔、分子层、内颗粒层及髓质内出现。一部分浦氏细胞可能来自外颗粒层。外颗粒层消失时,正值浦氏细胞完全成熟,这与小白鼠独立行动的时期,如跑、跳等是相应的。

 
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