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现有规范
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  existing specifications
     In addition, it makes some proposals for tunnel waterproofing after analyzing the existing specifications and waterproofing methods in China.
     在分析了国内现有规范及防水做法后,对隧道防水提出了几点建议。
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     Based on an introduction of the existing specifications of OpenGIS Consortium, this article not only explores the relationships among OGC specifications and the interoperability of geospatial data as well as geoprocessing services, but also discusses its impact on the development of Chinese geographic information industries.
     通过对开放地理信息系统联合会(OGC)的现有规范介绍,探讨了OGC规范与地理空间数据、服务互操作性的关系,以及对我国地理信息产业发展的意义。
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     As a result, if the strength of the lime soil as roadbed packing is determinated according to the existing specifications, it is difficult to reflect accurately its strength properties.
     如果用石灰土作路基填料 ,仍按现有规范测定其强度 ,则不能准确反映石灰土的强度特性。
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  current specifications
     OSEK COM is well implemented based on CAN bus,but the detailed interfaces and behaviors are not defined in current specifications.
     OSEK COM可以基于CAN总线实现,但具体接口和行为在现有规范中没有定义。
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     Combining with an engineering instance, basing on the current specifications and a certain construction, the transfer girder structure is analyzed by the method of finite element.
     根据现有规范规定,结合工程实例,本文提出了钢骨转换梁与上部剪力墙共同作用的结构的截面极限承载力的计算方法;
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     The ultimate bearing capacity of the specimens,calculated by the methods of current specifications and codes is quite conservative,compared with the experimental results.
     同时,应用现有规范及规程有关方形钢管混凝土承载力计算公式,对带约束拉杆方形钢管混凝土轴压试件承载力进行计算,计算结果与试验结果相比较为保守。
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  “现有规范”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The model of pile-soil- structure elastio-plastic dynamic interaction has been analyzed and the property of pile-soil- structure elastio-plastic dynamic interaction has been studied in the paper.
     论文详细研究了桩-土-结构体系弹塑性分析模型,在自由场和桩-土体系弹塑性分析的基础上,对桩-土-结构体系进行了弹塑性动力分析,指出了现有规范进行相互作用分析中存在的不足之处。
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     Accordingly,based on studying the current VRML standard,a model builder of VRML was developed,which used Visual C++6.0 as the system developing platform,implemented realistic image display of 3D model and dynamic browse by OpenGL,the standard graphic API,and offered visual and interactive manipulation,which made the users construct the virtual scenes based on Web without directly using VRML.
     鉴于此,在研究VRML现有规范的基础上,用VisualC++6.0作为系统开发平台,用目前通用的3D图形API标准OpenGL实现模型的真实感显示和动态预览,建立了一个VRML模型创建工具,并提供了可视化的交互操作模式,使得用户无须直接接触VRML代码,即可建立基于Web的虚拟场景。
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     However, under the combined effects of the cold-formed and welding residual stresses, the result is a little lower than the specification.
     然而在焊接残余应力和冷弯残余应力的共同作用下,厚壁轴心受压构件的整体稳定性能普遍较现有规范的结果低。
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     Two simplified formulae, which accord with well known Mononobe-Okabe solution and are convenient for engineering calculation with higher accuracy, are suggested.
     根据众所周知的Mononobe-Okabe解得到的计算简便、精度高的工程计算式可以代替现有规范式.
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     This article also identifies possible unsafe cases when unbonded prestressed concrete frames have large horizontal loadings and the limitations of the current codes ACI318-89, BS8110 and JGJ/T92-93. The accuracy of the corrected formula has been verified by comparison with experimental results.
     结果表明:现有规范ACI318-89、BS8110、JGJ/T92-93计算结果存在局限性,特别是对承受较大水平荷载的无粘结预应力混凝土框架的设计存在不安全的情况。 对修正公式、规范公式与试验结果进行了对比。
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  existing specifications
However, if X-machines are to be used in practice as a tool for specification and test generation, there needs to be ways of developing existing specifications into more complex and more detailed versions through a process of refinement.
      
After 6 h of heating, the amount of Conradson carbon residue and after 16 h the viscosity exceeded that of the existing specifications for biodiesel.
      
The article also shows the dynamics of the change in the number of rolled products of steel 10 that failed to meet the existing specifications in initial tests.
      
A general modeling framework consisting of supply, demand, and demand-supply interaction models, and including most of the existing specifications is presented both for the discrete time-discrete flow and continuous time continuous flow cases.
      
As it is DONG's intention to have general specifications available for new projects, the existing specifications will have to be rewritten.
      
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  current specifications
In the case of years with normal inflows, the total amount of cascade power generation running on current specifications reaches 107500 GWh per year.
      
These values meet the current specifications for biodiesel, a renewable substitute for petroleum-derived diesel fuel.
      
The contamination of the deposited aluminium with respect to Ni and Cu was, however, too high to meet current specifications for commercial grade metal.
      
Current specifications for such materials tend to be restrictive to some extent, however, and in many countries there are separate standards for each admixture.
      
Current specifications for equipment for diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine, and radiotherapy
      
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The specification of rolling angular velocity oscillation qualities is studied in this paper. According to the handing qualities specification,the characteristic of rolling angular velocity oscillation is measured against the values of peaks of ωx(t) curve. Because of the nonlinearity of ωx(t) ,the existence of jumping phenomenon of the solution of ωx(t) = 0 , coresponding to the peaks of ωx(t) curve,has been found in this paper. It causes the uncertainty on the evaluation of rolling angular velocity oscillation...

The specification of rolling angular velocity oscillation qualities is studied in this paper. According to the handing qualities specification,the characteristic of rolling angular velocity oscillation is measured against the values of peaks of ωx(t) curve. Because of the nonlinearity of ωx(t) ,the existence of jumping phenomenon of the solution of ωx(t) = 0 , coresponding to the peaks of ωx(t) curve,has been found in this paper. It causes the uncertainty on the evaluation of rolling angular velocity oscillation qualities. This paper calculated the locus curve of zero point of the transfer function ωx/δx(s) while the jumping phenomenon happened ,verified the existence of uncertainty on the rolling angular velocity oscillation qualities, discussed the conditions on which the uncertainty occured, and made some suggestions on the relevant handling qualities specification.

本文对评定飞机滾转速率振荡特性的规范条款的使用进行了研究。现有规范规定,飞机滚转速率振荡特性可由ε_x(t)曲线的峰谷值来加以评定。本文从ε_x(t)曲线的变化规律中发现,由于ε_x(t)的非线性特性,在特定情况下,对应于ε_x(t)曲线峰谷值状态的ε_x(t)=0的解具有不连续的跳跃现象,这将导致滚转速率振荡指标的计算结果具有不确定性。通过推导计算,本文求得了产生此种突变现象时,传递函数(ε_x)/(δ~x)(s)的零极点位置的变化轨迹线,证实了计算滚转速率振荡特性指标值时存在的不确定性,求得了产生此种现象的具体条件,进而对现有规范中的有关条款提出了建议。

The acting force of sea ice is more important to off shore structures than sea wave force in Bobai Bay, China. The working stress of tubular joints of platform structure very closely related to rupture forms of sea ice. The rupture forms of sea ice are mainly crushing,buckling and bending. It used to calculate the stress only according to one of the rupture forms. Now some rupture forms are considered together in this paper. In the present specification,the fatigue life curve of off shore structure steel under...

The acting force of sea ice is more important to off shore structures than sea wave force in Bobai Bay, China. The working stress of tubular joints of platform structure very closely related to rupture forms of sea ice. The rupture forms of sea ice are mainly crushing,buckling and bending. It used to calculate the stress only according to one of the rupture forms. Now some rupture forms are considered together in this paper. In the present specification,the fatigue life curve of off shore structure steel under condition of low temperature and ice load is not given. In this paper,based on the experimental results of fatigue crack propagation under low temperature and random ice load by Petroleum University,the fatigue life curve and its parameters are given. A new method of fatigue life calculation of tubular joints is put forward in this paper.

我国渤海的海冰对海上结构物的作用力,较波浪力尤为重要。海冰作用下,平台管节点构件承受的应力与海冰的破坏形式密切相关。海冰的破坏形式主要有挤压、屈曲、弯曲等。过去在计算应力时,只是按照一种破坏形式;本文综合起来考虑几种破坏形式并存。现有规范中,未给出低温冰载荷作用下的海洋结构用钢的疲劳寿命曲线,本文根据石油大学进行低温随机冰载作用下疲劳裂纹扩展试验的结果,给出了疲劳寿命曲线及其参数。在上述基础上,文章提出了管节点疲劳寿命计算的一种新方法。

The influence of ice force acting on offshore vStructure in Bohai Sea area is more serious than that of the sea wave. The maximum stress acting on tubular joint of offshore platform due to sea ice is closely related to the rupture form of sea ice which consists of crushing, bending and buckling etc. In the calculation of stress in this paper* a few number of rupture forms is considered together at same time, while in the past time, only one form is accorded. Moreover, in the present code, no fatigue life of...

The influence of ice force acting on offshore vStructure in Bohai Sea area is more serious than that of the sea wave. The maximum stress acting on tubular joint of offshore platform due to sea ice is closely related to the rupture form of sea ice which consists of crushing, bending and buckling etc. In the calculation of stress in this paper* a few number of rupture forms is considered together at same time, while in the past time, only one form is accorded. Moreover, in the present code, no fatigue life of steel structure under low temperature and ice load is given, but in this paper, the fatigue life curve and its parameters are given according to the results of experimental test of fatigure crack development under low temperature and random ice load. Based on above, this paper proposed a new method for fatigue life calculation of tubular joint in platform structure.

我国渤海湾的海冰对海上结构物的作用,较波浪的作用尤为重要。海冰作用于近海平台管节点承受的最大应力与海冰的破裂形式密切相关。海冰的破坏形式主要有:挤压、屈曲、弯曲等,过去在计算应力时,只是按照一种破裂形式,本文综合起来同时考虑几种破裂形式。现有规范中,未给出低温冰载荷作用下的海洋结构用钢的疲劳寿命曲线,本文根据石油大学进行低温随机冰载作用下疲劳裂纹扩展试验的结果,给出了疲劳寿命曲线及其参数。文章在上述基础上,提出了管节点疲劳寿命计算的一种新方法。

 
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