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扁桃体
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  tonsil
    Results In AIS patients and healthy controls,the mean position of the cerebellar tonsil was 0.9 and 2.9 mm above the BO line,respectively.
    结果AIS患者的小脑扁桃体平均位置明显低于对照组(分别为枕骨大孔上0.9mm和2.9mm)。
短句来源
    Variations of the position of the cerebellar tonsil in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with a Cobb angle above 40 degrees
    Cobb角大于40°的青少年特发性脊柱侧凸患者的小脑扁桃体位置分析
短句来源
    3. Herniation of cerebeliar tonsil needed no excision.
    (3)下疝小脑扁桃体不需切除;
短句来源
    Numerous pigment granules were observed in the macrophages of the spleen and lymph node. However, no phagocytosis of pigment granules was found in the palatine tonsil and thymus.
    结果提示:四种淋巴器官中只见脾脏和淋巴结的吞噬细胞吞噬大量色素颗粒,而腭扁桃体则和胸腺一样,未见有吞噬血流和淋巴液中的异物的现象。
短句来源
    It indicated that the function of palatine tonsil as a lymph organ is to contact exogenous antigens and to take part in immune response. It is important for children, especially infants, to establish a complete immune mechanism.
    因此推断,腭扁桃体作为淋巴器官,其主要功能是在儿童期,特别是婴儿期,接触体表外来抗原,参与免疫应答,建立完备的免疫机制。
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  “扁桃体”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Microanatomy of the cerebellomedullary fissure and clinical application
    小脑扁桃体延髓沟的显微解剖及其临床应用价值
短句来源
    The application of remifentanil anesthesia in tonsillectomy in pediatric patients
    瑞芬太尼在小儿扁桃体摘除术麻醉中的应用
短句来源
    [Methods] 30 pediatric patients(5-10 years old, ASA I ) were randomly divided into 3 groups: group R(remifentanil+propofol total intravenous anesthesia), group F(fentanyl+propofol total intravenous anesthesia) and group E(enflurane+propofol combinate anesthesia), each group included 10 cases.
    [材料与方法]:小儿择期扁桃体、腺样体切除手术患者(5-10岁)30例,(ASA分级均为Ⅰ级)随机分为R组(患者行瑞芬太尼合用异丙酚全凭静脉麻醉),F组(患者行芬太尼合并异丙酚全凭静脉麻醉),E组(安氟醚合并异丙酚静吸复合全身麻醉)每组10例。
短句来源
    We observed the variation of blood pressure, heart rate, oxygen saturation of functional hemoglobin (SPO_2) and the level of corticosteroid and adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH) at four time points: 3 minutes before operation(T_1), just after tracheal intubation(T_2), the time when cutting out the gland(T_3) and just after operation(T_4).
    对比观察三组术前5min(T1),麻醉诱导气管插管后(T2),手术切除扁桃体,腺样体时(T3),手术结束拿出开口器后(T4)的血压,心率,SPO_2及内分泌激素皮质醇(Cos),促肾上腺皮质激素(ACTH)的变化。
短句来源
    97 children aged 3~10 have been operated by dissection tonsillectomy with local anesthesia from 1985 to 1992.During the performance-the operation were all very successful-there was no patient appearing to be in abnormal condition.
    作者于1985年至1992年对3~10岁97例患儿,采用局麻扁桃体剥离术。
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  tonsil
A 1 846 bp cDNA is isolated from a human tonsil cell λ gt 11 cDNA library (ATCC No.
      
Using computed tomography, examination revealed an infection extending from the right tonsil to the mediastinum and into the pericardium.
      
The penetration of erythromycin into Waldeyer's ring - Tonsil and adenoid tissue
      
This unusual mode of administration was chosen to avoid tonsil surface contamination, which might cause artificially high values.
      
The levels of erythromycin in the tonsil tissue were the same as the concomitant plasma levels.
      
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1,213 hospitalized patients were tonsillectomized in our department during a fi-fteen year period from 1961 over 1975.of them,50 patients had a complication ofpostoperative hemorrhage of various degrees,the postoperative bleeding rate being4.1%.Twenty-four cases were male and twenty-six cases female.Statistically,nosignificant difference could be seen between the postoperative bleeding rates of maleand female groups(P>0.05).While primary hemorrhage occurred in forty one pa-tients(82%),nine patients were complicated...

1,213 hospitalized patients were tonsillectomized in our department during a fi-fteen year period from 1961 over 1975.of them,50 patients had a complication ofpostoperative hemorrhage of various degrees,the postoperative bleeding rate being4.1%.Twenty-four cases were male and twenty-six cases female.Statistically,nosignificant difference could be seen between the postoperative bleeding rates of maleand female groups(P>0.05).While primary hemorrhage occurred in forty one pa-tients(82%),nine patients were complicated with secondary bleeding.The bleedingcame from the upper pole of the tonsillar fossa in 15,lower pole in 14 and middleportion in 5 cases.The remaining sixteen patients had merely diffuse oozing.Basingon the clinical analysis and personal experience as well as the exhaustive reveiw ofthe recent literature,the authors made in this article a detailed discussion on whatfactors might predispose to either primary or secondary bleeding following tonsillec-tomy,how one can detect and diagnose as early as possible this potentially seriouscondition and what energytic and effective measures ought to be adopted promptly tocontrol such a bleeding.It was emphasized that the earlier the bleeding is detected,the easier it can be treated.The hemostatic method should be tailored to the concretesituation of the patient.

我科在1961~1975年的15年中行扁桃体切除术1,213例,其中并发手术后出血者共50例(4.1%),其中原发性出血41例(82%),继发性出血9例(18%)。本文对可能导致扁桃体术后出血的各种因素以及如何尽早发现这类出血和采取止血措施进行了讨论。

The report dealt with the pathological changes in the extrahepatic organs from 30 autopsied cases with clinical manifestations of severe viral hepatitis (SAH) . The main findings were epitomized as follows.(1 ) Brain edema with herniation of tonsil cerebelli in 24 (71%) cases among the 27 whose brains were examined. (2) Bilateral pulmonary edema in 20 (43%) cases among the 28 whose lungs were examined. 45% cases of pulmonary edema were complicated by bronchopneumonia, 10% by fungal infection, and 15% by pulmonary...

The report dealt with the pathological changes in the extrahepatic organs from 30 autopsied cases with clinical manifestations of severe viral hepatitis (SAH) . The main findings were epitomized as follows.(1 ) Brain edema with herniation of tonsil cerebelli in 24 (71%) cases among the 27 whose brains were examined. (2) Bilateral pulmonary edema in 20 (43%) cases among the 28 whose lungs were examined. 45% cases of pulmonary edema were complicated by bronchopneumonia, 10% by fungal infection, and 15% by pulmonary hemorrhage. ( 3 ) Cardiac hypertrophy in ( 43% ) cases among the 28 whose hearts were examined. (4) Biliary nephrosis in 22 (92%) cases among the 24 whose kidneys wers examined. ( 5 ) All the 30 cases showed intestinal congestion and edema throughout the 3 laminae of intestinal wall. (6) of 30 cases, 8 (27%) showed esophageal varicosis. Early hepatic cirrhosis was established in half of the cases. (7) of 29 cases, 25 (85%) had ascitis with various amount of transudate ranging from 2000-8000 ml in adults and 300-1500ml in children. (8) of 30 cases, 4 (13%) had subacute phlegmonous colitis. (9) of 30 cases, 3 (10%) were complicated by the generalizad aspergillosis and/or candiasis involving the lungs, brain, heart, kidneys, intestines, et al.It was considered that the alterations in extrahepatic organs should aggravate the primary disease and thus be prone to increase its motality rate. Some of them, such as brain edema might be the direct cause of death. It was thought that two factors might be responsible for the initiation of extrahepatic alterations. ( 1 ) increase in intrahepatic resistance to the portal blood flow which is presumably due to reduction of hepatic microcirculatory beds, and ( 2 ) hypoxemia which is probably due to intrapulmonary vascular shunts in case of hepatic failure. These factors, once established, might in turn trigger off a sequence of pathological events.

本文对30例重型肝炎时肝外脏器病变作了详细的形态学观察和分析,结果表明:27/30例(90%)有脑水肿,其中24例伴发小脑扁桃体疝;20/28例(约71%)有肺水肿,其中9例伴发支气管肺炎、3例伴发霉菌感染、2例伴发肺出血;12/28例(约43%)有心脏肥大;30/30例(100%)有肠道充血、水肿;8/30例(约27%)有食道下端静脉曲张,其中2例破裂出血;25/29例(约86%)有腹腔积液;22/24例(约92%)有胆汁性肾病;对17例脾脏作了观察,都有脾窦扩张、充血,其中6例重量在210~750g之间;在30例中有亚急性蜂窝织性结肠炎者4例;全身性霉菌病3例。 对这些肝外脏器病变的发生和它们之间相互关系作了分析和讨论,认为重型肝炎时肝内毛细血管床容量缩小所导致的门脉血流受阻和肺内循环短路引起的低血氧症,是一系列肝外并发症发生的两个始动因素。

Forty-five patients with peritonsillar abscesses(PA) were treated by needle aspiration. Pus was drawn in 89%(40/45) of the cases at the first aspiration and repeated aspiration was necessary in 33%(15/45) of the patients. All of the patients were cured by needle aspiration without further invasive therapy and no serious complication was observed. 32 out of 45 patients were available for follow-up. Among them, three had another recurrent PA in situ and the other ten(31%) had recurrent tonsillitis. However, analysis...

Forty-five patients with peritonsillar abscesses(PA) were treated by needle aspiration. Pus was drawn in 89%(40/45) of the cases at the first aspiration and repeated aspiration was necessary in 33%(15/45) of the patients. All of the patients were cured by needle aspiration without further invasive therapy and no serious complication was observed. 32 out of 45 patients were available for follow-up. Among them, three had another recurrent PA in situ and the other ten(31%) had recurrent tonsillitis. However, analysis showed that the patients under 35 years of age had higher recurreuce rate of PA of recurrent tonsillitis than those over 35 years old(P<0. 01), and that 77% of the patients with recurrent symptoms had past history of tonsillar diseases.These data indicated that needle aspiration is a simple and effective treatment for PA, and that preventive tonsillectomy should be performed on those patients under 35 years of age and with the history of recurrent and previous tonsillar diseases

45例扁桃体周围脓肿(PA)病例经穿刺抽脓法治疗,89%首次抽脓阳性,需复穿者仅33%,所有病例均痊愈出院,未见严重并发症.随访其中32例,3例(9.4%)复发患侧PA,10例31%发生慢性扁桃体炎.分析显示35岁以下组复发率显著高于35岁以上组(P<0.01),且复发病例大多数(77%)有既往发作史.结果表明穿刺抽脓法简单易行、疗效肯定,可常规用千治疗PA.基干本文分忻,作者建议预防性扁桃体切除术宜施于年龄35岁以下,有既往发作史的复发病例.

 
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