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  ethnic group
    Early Meanings and Application of the Terms "Ethnos" and "Ethnic Group
    Ethnos(民族)和Ethnic group(族群)的早期含义与应用
短句来源
    Brief Discussion about the Western Culture Background of "Ethnic Group" Conception
    略论“族群”概念的西方文化背景
短句来源
    Ethnic Group and Nationality: The Concepts and Their Relationship
    论族群与民族
短句来源
    On the Political Attribute of the Concept of "Ethno-Nationality": The "Ethno-Nationality" and "Ethnic Group" in the Relevant Documents of the Council of Europe
    论民族概念的政治属性——从欧洲委员会的相关文件看“民族”与“族群
短句来源
    Starting with the discussion on concepts and definitions of nation and nationalism, this article stresses the difference between what imagined by a nation and the imagination by an ethnic group lies in the former's aiming at the founding of the nation-state;
    本文从讨论民族与民族主义的概念入手 ,强调民族的想象与族群的想象之差别在于前者以建立民族国家为目的 ;
短句来源
更多       
  ethnic group
    Early Meanings and Application of the Terms "Ethnos" and "Ethnic Group
    Ethnos(民族)和Ethnic group(族群)的早期含义与应用
短句来源
    Brief Discussion about the Western Culture Background of "Ethnic Group" Conception
    略论“族群”概念的西方文化背景
短句来源
    Ethnic Group and Nationality: The Concepts and Their Relationship
    论族群与民族
短句来源
    On the Political Attribute of the Concept of "Ethno-Nationality": The "Ethno-Nationality" and "Ethnic Group" in the Relevant Documents of the Council of Europe
    论民族概念的政治属性——从欧洲委员会的相关文件看“民族”与“族群
短句来源
    Starting with the discussion on concepts and definitions of nation and nationalism, this article stresses the difference between what imagined by a nation and the imagination by an ethnic group lies in the former's aiming at the founding of the nation-state;
    本文从讨论民族与民族主义的概念入手 ,强调民族的想象与族群的想象之差别在于前者以建立民族国家为目的 ;
短句来源
更多       
  ethnic group
    Early Meanings and Application of the Terms "Ethnos" and "Ethnic Group
    Ethnos(民族)和Ethnic group(族群)的早期含义与应用
短句来源
    Brief Discussion about the Western Culture Background of "Ethnic Group" Conception
    略论“族群”概念的西方文化背景
短句来源
    Ethnic Group and Nationality: The Concepts and Their Relationship
    论族群与民族
短句来源
    On the Political Attribute of the Concept of "Ethno-Nationality": The "Ethno-Nationality" and "Ethnic Group" in the Relevant Documents of the Council of Europe
    论民族概念的政治属性——从欧洲委员会的相关文件看“民族”与“族群
短句来源
    Starting with the discussion on concepts and definitions of nation and nationalism, this article stresses the difference between what imagined by a nation and the imagination by an ethnic group lies in the former's aiming at the founding of the nation-state;
    本文从讨论民族与民族主义的概念入手 ,强调民族的想象与族群的想象之差别在于前者以建立民族国家为目的 ;
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  ethnic group
Genetic risk factors of arterial hypertension: Analysis of ischemic stroke patients from the Yakut ethnic group
      
The genotype frequency distribution observed in either ethnic group did not differ from that reported for other populations.
      
Association of the hSERT and SLC6A4 Polymorphic Markers of the Serotonin Transporter Gene with Schizophrenia in Two Ethnic Group
      
Polymorphism 192Q/R of the paraoxonase 1 gene in elderly men and long-lived people of the Tatar ethnic group
      
Statistically significant differences in the dopamine transporter gene allele and genotype frequency distribution were revealed both between the populations belonging to one ethnic group and between the populations from different linguistic families.
      
更多          
  ethnic groups
The purpose of such a data register would be to assess the genetical predisposition to tumors in various ethnic groups by determining the "starting conditions" of enzyme systems responsible for the metabolism of chemical carcinogens.
      
The literature data are presented on the correlations between the enzyme activity and cancer morbidity in various ethnic groups.
      
It was found that the work capacity and exercise tolerance significantly decreased in both ethnic groups during the last decade of the 20th century.
      
According to the results, drugs exported to monoethnic and multiethnic countries should be thoroughly tested for metabolic safety for ethnic groups with particular drug-metabolism phenotypes.
      
Migrants of different ethnic groups exhibited significantly different frequencies of AB0 and Rh phenotypes.
      
更多          
  ethnic group
Genetic risk factors of arterial hypertension: Analysis of ischemic stroke patients from the Yakut ethnic group
      
The genotype frequency distribution observed in either ethnic group did not differ from that reported for other populations.
      
Association of the hSERT and SLC6A4 Polymorphic Markers of the Serotonin Transporter Gene with Schizophrenia in Two Ethnic Group
      
Polymorphism 192Q/R of the paraoxonase 1 gene in elderly men and long-lived people of the Tatar ethnic group
      
Statistically significant differences in the dopamine transporter gene allele and genotype frequency distribution were revealed both between the populations belonging to one ethnic group and between the populations from different linguistic families.
      
更多          
  ethnic group
Genetic risk factors of arterial hypertension: Analysis of ischemic stroke patients from the Yakut ethnic group
      
The genotype frequency distribution observed in either ethnic group did not differ from that reported for other populations.
      
Association of the hSERT and SLC6A4 Polymorphic Markers of the Serotonin Transporter Gene with Schizophrenia in Two Ethnic Group
      
Polymorphism 192Q/R of the paraoxonase 1 gene in elderly men and long-lived people of the Tatar ethnic group
      
Statistically significant differences in the dopamine transporter gene allele and genotype frequency distribution were revealed both between the populations belonging to one ethnic group and between the populations from different linguistic families.
      
更多          


Starting with the discussion on concepts and definitions of nation and nationalism, this article stresses the difference between what imagined by a nation and the imagination by an ethnic group lies in the former's aiming at the founding of the nation-state; nationalism is a kind of political movements, and the key character in political modernization is embodied in the development of sovereign and abordered states, each of which wants to become a member of the system of nations. Both the biological basic needs...

Starting with the discussion on concepts and definitions of nation and nationalism, this article stresses the difference between what imagined by a nation and the imagination by an ethnic group lies in the former's aiming at the founding of the nation-state; nationalism is a kind of political movements, and the key character in political modernization is embodied in the development of sovereign and abordered states, each of which wants to become a member of the system of nations. Both the biological basic needs and the political requirements of a nation-state cause nationalism to interweave with territory problems. Territory is the land towards which the ethnic group(s) cherish(es) special feelings, while a state exercises its functions and powers within the range of its territory, the sovereignty is operated within the “nation's territory”. The so-called nation-state is a compound integrating the two con-cepts of “nation”and “state ”with the factor of sovereignty.Since nationalism's purpose is the nation-state with sovereignty, and, without territory sovereignty would lose its significance, thus it is only natural that various national conflicts have always involved the factor of territory.

本文从讨论民族与民族主义的概念入手 ,强调民族的想象与族群的想象之差别在于前者以建立民族国家为目的 ;民族主义是一种政治运动 ,而政治现代化的中心特征就是主权与边界国家的发展 ,以期成为相互竞争之国家体系中的一员。无论是生物的基本需求还是民族国家的政治需求都使民族主义与领土问题交织在一起。领土是族群怀有特殊情感的土地 ,国家则在领土范围内行使其基本职能 ,主权是在“民族领土”内部运作的。所谓民族国家就是把“民族”与“国家”这两个概念 ,加上主权的因素结合而成。由于民族主义的目的就在于建立具有主权的民族国家 ,而没有领土 ,主权将丧失意义 ,因此 ,在各种民族冲突中总会涉及领土这一因素

The introduction and employment of the concept of ethnic group opened up a new sphere in the anthropological and ethnological research in China. The concept of ethnic group can convey several meanings, with some emphasizing its connotation, others emphasizing its boundaries and still others combining the both. For a concise and accurate definition, however, we can summarize the ethnic group as follows: an ethnic group is a form of social entity that identifies with its members in terms of some socio-cultural...

The introduction and employment of the concept of ethnic group opened up a new sphere in the anthropological and ethnological research in China. The concept of ethnic group can convey several meanings, with some emphasizing its connotation, others emphasizing its boundaries and still others combining the both. For a concise and accurate definition, however, we can summarize the ethnic group as follows: an ethnic group is a form of social entity that identifies with its members in terms of some socio-cultural factors and that is aware of their identifications. The concept of ethnic group and that of nationality can be distinguished in the following aspects: First, the concept of ethnic group essentially underlines the cultural nature, while that of nationality underlines the political nature. Second, in terms of social effect, the former appears to be an academic concept, while the latter a legal one. Third, in terms of the range of application, the former can be widely used, while the latter is used within a relatively narrow range. The connection between the two is that an ethnic group may be correspondent with a nationality or may be not, whereas a nationality can not only be called an ethnic group, but also includes a number of ethnic groups in it.

族群概念的引入和使用为中国人类学和民族学的研究开辟了一个新天地。族群概念的界定是多义的 ,有的强调族群的内涵 ,有的强调族群的边界 ,有的是两者兼而有之 ,但简明准确的界定可以概括为“族群是对某些社会文化要素认同 ,而自觉为我的一种社会实体”。族群与民族的区别是 :(1)从性质上看 ,族群强调的是文化性 ,而民族强调的是政治性 ;(2 )从社会效果上看 ,族群显现的是学术性 ,而民族显现的是法律性 ;(3)从使用范围上看 ,族群概念的使用十分宽泛 ,而民族概念的使用则比较狭小。族群与民族的联系是 :族群可能是一个民族 ,也可能不是一个民族 ;而民族不仅可以称为族群 ,还可以包括若干不同的族群

The English word "ethnic" is the Latinized adjective form of the Greek word "ethnos". It can be understood as "zu" or "of zu" in Chinese, and it belongs to the "group community" of human society in application category. The word has no its noun derivative, but is used together with the word "group", thus forming the phrase "ethnic group". In the mid 1960s, the term "ethnic group" became prevalent in the disciplines such as sociology, anthropology and political science in the United States and Western European...

The English word "ethnic" is the Latinized adjective form of the Greek word "ethnos". It can be understood as "zu" or "of zu" in Chinese, and it belongs to the "group community" of human society in application category. The word has no its noun derivative, but is used together with the word "group", thus forming the phrase "ethnic group". In the mid 1960s, the term "ethnic group" became prevalent in the disciplines such as sociology, anthropology and political science in the United States and Western European countries. It was used in these countries to analyze the "identified group" based on the factors such as race, nationality, language, religion, culture and customs. In the 1980s the phrase "ethnic group" became prevalent in the world. When introduced into China, it was translated into "minzu", "minzu jituan", "zhongzu", "zuyi qunti" or "zuqun" , among which "zuqun" is the most general translation. However, there has been lack of study on the origination and evolution of the word "ethnos" and its derivatives, "ethnic" and "ethnic group", since they were introduced into the academia of China. This paper makes an explanation of the term "ethnic group" in terms of its meaning evolution and application at the early stage (pre 1970s) in the West. It points out that the prevalence of these term resulted from the fission of the "ethnic politicization" in the Western countries and expressed the feature of "post modern" discourse. This paper aims at paving the way for further researches of the wide application and social background of the term in the West.

英文ethnic是希腊语ethnos拉丁化的形容词形式 ,对应中文的直译可理解为“族”或“族的” ,属于人类社会“族类共同体”应用范畴。该词在英文中没有形成名词形式 ,在与group连用后形成了复合名词ethnicgroup形式。在 2 0世纪 6 0年代中期以后 ,ethnicgroup一词在美国和西欧国家的社会学、人类学和政治学等学科流行开来 ,用以分析这些国家基于种族、民族、语言、宗教、文化、习俗等要素基础上的“认同群体”。 2 0世纪 80年代以后 ,ethnicgroup这一术语在世界范围流行开来 ,在引入中国人类学、民族学界时 ,中文翻译为“民族”、“民族集团”、“种族”、“族裔群体”和“族群”等 ,其中以“族群”最为通行。但是 ,学界在研究和应用这一术语时 ,缺乏对ethnos及其派生的ethnic和ethnicgroup源流的关注。本文就这一术语在西方国家早期 (2 0世纪 70年代以前 )的含义演变和应用情况做一梳理 ,并指出了这一术语的流行属于西方国家“族类政治化”裂变的产物及其表现出的“后现代”话语的特点 ,以期为进一步研究这一术语在西方国家广泛应用的社会背景作一...

英文ethnic是希腊语ethnos拉丁化的形容词形式 ,对应中文的直译可理解为“族”或“族的” ,属于人类社会“族类共同体”应用范畴。该词在英文中没有形成名词形式 ,在与group连用后形成了复合名词ethnicgroup形式。在 2 0世纪 6 0年代中期以后 ,ethnicgroup一词在美国和西欧国家的社会学、人类学和政治学等学科流行开来 ,用以分析这些国家基于种族、民族、语言、宗教、文化、习俗等要素基础上的“认同群体”。 2 0世纪 80年代以后 ,ethnicgroup这一术语在世界范围流行开来 ,在引入中国人类学、民族学界时 ,中文翻译为“民族”、“民族集团”、“种族”、“族裔群体”和“族群”等 ,其中以“族群”最为通行。但是 ,学界在研究和应用这一术语时 ,缺乏对ethnos及其派生的ethnic和ethnicgroup源流的关注。本文就这一术语在西方国家早期 (2 0世纪 70年代以前 )的含义演变和应用情况做一梳理 ,并指出了这一术语的流行属于西方国家“族类政治化”裂变的产物及其表现出的“后现代”话语的特点 ,以期为进一步研究这一术语在西方国家广泛应用的社会背景作一铺垫

 
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