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基础
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  infrastructure
    A Dynamic Fuzzy Evaluation Method of Project Financing Risk on Large Scale Infrastructure
    大型基础项目融资风险的动态模糊评价
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    Comprehensive Assessment Model of the Informational Infrastructure of Primary Education
    教育信息化基础建设的综合评价模型
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    Research on using BOT model participation in infrastructure construction for private economy
    民营经济以BOT模式参与基础建设的应用
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    On Allocation of Cost Risks of Credit Information Infrastructure
    论信用信息基础建设项目成本风险的分担
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    Infrastructure Privatization Reform: Theory Basis and Palicy Form
    基础设施民营化改革:理论基础与政策构想
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  “基础”译为未确定词的双语例句
    ON EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCEAND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY (Ⅰ)
    论地球系统科学与可持续发展战略科学基础(Ⅰ)
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    EVOLVING DEVELOPMENT: A LOGICAL GROUND FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    渐进发展:可持续发展战略的逻辑基础
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    A new fractal forecast model--"Equal-length and Changeable-dimension Fractal Model Using Compensating figure" is put forward.
    在已有研究的基础上,提出了一种新的分形预测模型——等长度递补变维分形模型。 首先阐述了等长度递补变维分形模型的基本原理;
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    Analyzing the structure and functions of supply logistics system, the paper establishes the efficiency optimization model. After analyzing the each element of the model, the relationship among the elements and the conditions of system operation, it studies the optimization channel of supply logistics system in coal enterprises.
    概括了煤炭企业供应物流概念、特点,描述了传统模式所存在的问题。 在对供应系统的结构和功能进行分析的基础上,建立了效率优化模型,在分析了模型的各个要素以及要素之间的关系和系统运作的条件之后,针对煤炭企业供应物流系统的优化渠道进行了研究,并得出结论。
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    So the Copula-GARCH-GPD model is established and used to study the financial market.
    在此基础上构造了比较灵活的Copula-GARCH-GPD模型.
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  infrastructure
An urban economic growth model with endogenous infrastructure allocation
      
In this paper, an urban economic growth model with endogenous infrastructure allocation is given by introducing the two-variable utility function for city's inhabitant.
      
The model has the unique optimal growth and an optimal rate of infrastructure allocation.
      
The simulation support platform architecture consists of the management layer, the resource layer, the communication layer, the application layer and the infrastructure layer.
      
Before investing in new capacity, data managers should rationalize their existing storage infrastructure to maximize the use of existing capacity.
      
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China's policy of opening to the outside world and promoting external eco- nomic relations has gained distinct achievements. International Iaw has an extremely important bearing on international economic cooperation. Hence the necessity of further studies in this respect. This paper expounds the significance and the function of a deep-going research and proper application of international economic law, including: safeguarding national sovereignty and economic rights, perfecting the external economic legislation,...

China's policy of opening to the outside world and promoting external eco- nomic relations has gained distinct achievements. International Iaw has an extremely important bearing on international economic cooperation. Hence the necessity of further studies in this respect. This paper expounds the significance and the function of a deep-going research and proper application of international economic law, including: safeguarding national sovereignty and economic rights, perfecting the external economic legislation, making better use of international conventions, ensuring a realistic and feasible basis on which to draw contracts, and thus rendering more desirable service for the promotion of foreign economic cooperation and technological exchange.

我国实行对外开放政策,发展对外经济关系已经取得明显的成效。国际经济合作同国际经济法的关系极为密切。我们必须进一步研究国际经济法。深入研究和正确运用国际经济法的意义和作用在于:能够维护国家主权和经济利益;有利于完善对外经济立法;能够更好地利用国际惯例;能够保证合同建立在切实可靠的基础上;从而更好地为扩展对外经济合作和技术交流服务。

The author is an associate research fellow and director of the depart-ment of industrial economics of the Research Institute of Industrial Eco-nomics under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and member of China'sAssociation of Industrial Economics. The article is a research paper based on an overall study of China'stobacco industrT, It briefly analyses the economic conditions and the main problems of China's tobacco industry. There are out-of-control phenomena,the article stresses, in the planting and purchasing...

The author is an associate research fellow and director of the depart-ment of industrial economics of the Research Institute of Industrial Eco-nomics under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and member of China'sAssociation of Industrial Economics. The article is a research paper based on an overall study of China'stobacco industrT, It briefly analyses the economic conditions and the main problems of China's tobacco industry. There are out-of-control phenomena,the article stresses, in the planting and purchasing of tobacco, thedistribution of cured tobacco and the production and distribution ofcigarettes, resulting in the blind increase of production capacity, thedecline of economic efficiency and the loss of state financial resources. Allthis should be promptly dealt with. The author puts forward some majormeasures to carry on the reform and raise the economic efficiency: First,to institute a monopoly tax and carry out the policy of "achievingprohibition through taxation," to enact the monopoly law and strengthenthe supervision of the monopoly of sales of tobacco. Third, to adopt thecontracted system of economic responsibility so as to promote reforms anddevelopment of the General Tobacco Company and its subordinate enter-prises. Fourth, to work out plans for the strategy of development.Fifthly, to effect technological transformation in a planned way. In thelight of the characteristics of the tobacco industry, the author discussesin detail these measures.

本文是作者在全面调查我国烟草行业的基础上提出的研究报告,文章简略分析了我国烟草行业的经济现状和存在的主要问题,着重指出,烟草行业在烟草种植和收购方面、烤烟调配方面、卷烟生产和调配方面,都存在着失控现象,造成生产能力盲目增长,经济效益下降和国家财源流失的趋向,亟待扭转。作者提出了进一步改革和提高经济效益的主要措施:(1)建立专卖税,真正实现“寓禁于征”的作用;(2)建立专卖法,加强烟草专卖的监督;(3)实行经济承包责任制,增强烟草总公司及其所属企业的改造和发展能力;(4)制订发展战略和规划;(5)有计划地进行技术改造。作者根据烟草行业的特点,对这些措施作了较具体切实的研究和分析。

Li Shirong is director of the third departmert of the Bureau ofStructural Reform under the State Economic Commission. Liu Minshi is a lecturer of Civil Administration Cadres College underthe Ministry of Civil Administration. The article describes the development and evolution of guild organi-zations in Chinese history, analyses the present situation of China'strade associations and the practical problems they face, and exploressome questions of theory and knowledge it raises about trade associations. The author...

Li Shirong is director of the third departmert of the Bureau ofStructural Reform under the State Economic Commission. Liu Minshi is a lecturer of Civil Administration Cadres College underthe Ministry of Civil Administration. The article describes the development and evolution of guild organi-zations in Chinese history, analyses the present situation of China'strade associations and the practical problems they face, and exploressome questions of theory and knowledge it raises about trade associations. The author points out the industrial trade association is a non-profitsocial economic organization. Its characteristics should include: first,is trade association organized voluntarily by enterprises in the same trade;second, organized on the basis of trade, it is exempted from the restric-tion of departments, localities, or the ownership; third, it does notpossess power of administrative control and cannot exercise control inplace of the government or the industrial company; fourth, it is neitheran economic entity nor an economic co-operative entity, so it shouldnot aim at profit-making.

本文介绍了我国历史上行会组织的发展和演变;分析了目前我国行业协会的现状和存在的实际问题;提出了有关行业协会的一些理论和认识问题并进行了探讨。作者指出,工业行业协会是非盈利性的社会经济团体,其特点应包括;第一,它是同行业的企业自愿联合组成的行业组织;第二,它的组建应以行业为基础,不受部门和地区以及所有制的限制;第三,它不具有行政管理的权限,不能代替政府机构或工业公司来管理企业;第四,它不是经济实体,也不是经济联合实体,不应以盈利为目的。

 
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