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From Hanbury-Brown and Twiss Experiment to the Second-Order Double-Slit Interference for Incoherent Light
      
Our theoretical description, which is carried out in contrast with coherent light and two-photon state sources, demonstrates that this effect can be explained in accordance with the Hanbury-Brown and Twiss experiment.
      
Dark brown microfossils have been reworked, and have little or no fluorescence.
      
An extra-thick high-quality brown coal was found to have accumulated in the Xianfeng basin in Yunnan Province, China.
      
Phenolic substances of brown algae and their antioxidant activity
      
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Akutagawa Ryunosuke is one of the representative writers in the Daishou age of Japan.He is a typical urban,intellectual writer,who shut himself in the study to observe and learn from life.Akutagawa's short historical stories are based on the materials drawn from the classics of Japan or China,with ingeniously conceived plots and a concise style.In the mode of modern literature,his stories put the “reality”into the historical background,trying to interpret the real life,and probe into human nature.In the Grove...

Akutagawa Ryunosuke is one of the representative writers in the Daishou age of Japan.He is a typical urban,intellectual writer,who shut himself in the study to observe and learn from life.Akutagawa's short historical stories are based on the materials drawn from the classics of Japan or China,with ingeniously conceived plots and a concise style.In the mode of modern literature,his stories put the “reality”into the historical background,trying to interpret the real life,and probe into human nature.In the Grove is one of his later historical stories,with its material drawn from konzyaku stories, a Japanese classic edited in the first half of the 12th century,and its form lesrned from Robert Browning's The Ring and the Book,and Ambrose Bierce's The Road Under the Moonlight,The theme of this story is about an inquiry into the reality.The author of this article resorts to a textual analytical way to expound the story,with the aim of revealing the mystery between the fictitious account and the truthfulness.

芥川龙之介是日本大正文坛的代表作家之一。他是一位典型的都市型、知识型的作家 ,是在书房中体验人生的。芥川龙之介的短篇历史小说 ,构思精巧 ,文笔凝练 ,多取材于日本或中国的古典文学作品 ,以现代文学的形式将“现实”置于历史背景之中 ,诠释现实 ,解释人生 ,探索永恒的人性。本文所要分析的《树丛之中》是芥川系列历史背景小说中比较靠后的一篇 ,它取材于十二世纪前半叶在日本编撰的古代传说故事集《今昔物语集》 ,在形式上借鉴了英国诗人罗伯特·布朗宁的长诗《戒指与书》和美国作家庇亚斯的短篇小说《月光下的小路》①作者对“真实”的质疑是贯穿全篇的主题。本文在使用文本分析的方法解读这篇作品的基础上 ,尝试从现代接受美学的角度探索作品中虚构与真实之间的奥秘。

The author makes a thorough analyses of the subject and otherness.The subject,according to Freud's perspective is the human being's ego,while the id is the unconsciousness,or desire.In the two stories the egos are Young Goodman Brown and "I".The ids are the desire to participate in the devil's congregation in the forest at midnight and the desire to find his kinsman Moliniex in New England so as to develop himself there.The author also points out that the otherness always tries hard to fulfill its pleasure principle.The...

The author makes a thorough analyses of the subject and otherness.The subject,according to Freud's perspective is the human being's ego,while the id is the unconsciousness,or desire.In the two stories the egos are Young Goodman Brown and "I".The ids are the desire to participate in the devil's congregation in the forest at midnight and the desire to find his kinsman Moliniex in New England so as to develop himself there.The author also points out that the otherness always tries hard to fulfill its pleasure principle.The moment the id fulfills itself the subject will immediately psychologically result in the state of fall.The fall of the subject means the collapse of human mentality.

主体按照弗氏的理论就是人的自我 ,而他者指的则是无意识即伊德或欲望。在小说中自我分别指的就是年轻的布朗先生和“我”。他者在霍桑的两篇小说中指的是布朗到森林去参加魔鬼的午夜聚会和“我”到新英格兰去找我的亲戚去发展。他者在小说中不断地通过各种手段来实现其快乐的原则。文章还论述了他者在其满足欲望的同时也就导致了主体的坍塌。主体的坍塌也就意味着人的内心世界的崩溃。

Abstract : By using the ways of psychological analysis, this paper analyzes" journey in the forest", i.e. the "Journey of Heart" of Young Goodman Brown, and illustrates that man should have the courage to oppose with firm faith during the period of process of growing up. If "the inner welt once spiritualized, the sins of the outside wanderer may fade away". Brown' s tragedy is due to his fluctuation and flabbiness.

《年轻人古德曼·布朗》中布朗的林中之旅即其“心路历程”的成长过程,暗喻了人的成长过程中要勇于抗争,信仰坚定,只要“内在世界一旦净化,外在世界游荡着的许多罪恶都会自行消失”。布朗的悲剧在于他的动摇与软弱。

 
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