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作为一个整体
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  as a whole
     Finite element method can consider piles and soil as a whole, practically simulate their interaction, and offer reasonable basis for design and construction.
     有限元法可以把桩与土体作为一个整体来考虑,切合实际地模拟抗滑桩与土体的相互作用状态,为设计和施工提供合理的依据。
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     Study on reaction path: citric acid complexed metal ion through NH_4~+ and NO_3~- participated gel formation as a whole;
     研究各反应历程发现:柠檬酸通过NH_4~+与金属离子络合,NO_3~-作为一个整体参与了成胶;
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     Fourth, while most prior research has always regarded psychological contract violation as a whole, they lack the study on the consequent behavior after the violation of sub-components of psychological contract.
     第四,过去对心理契约违背的研究主要是把组织的心理契约违背作为一个整体来研究,缺少对心理契约次级因素违背后的行为后果研究,而这些内容的研究显然又具有更大的现实意义和使用价值。
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     The interaction of ADM·Fe(Ⅲ) with DNA was investigated by absorbance spectrometry. The results indicated that ADM·Fe(Ⅲ) intercalated as a whole unit into base pairs of DNA, and formed an ADM·Fe(Ⅲ)·DNA ternary complex.
     应用吸收光谱法研究了阿霉素铁(Ⅲ)[ADM·Fe(Ⅲ)]与DNA的结合作用,结果表明ADM·Fe(Ⅲ)作为一个整体嵌入DNA碱基之间形成ADM·Fe(Ⅲ)·DNA三元复合物。
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     Taking the research on liquidity management of the commercial bank as a whole, which has very strong theoretical value and realistic meaning, and also puts up a higher platform for the further investigation of liquidity management theory of thecommercial bank.
     针对目前中国国内有关流动性研究的论文很多还只停留在流动性风险和资产负债比例管理问题的分析范围上,把商业银行流动性风险管理作为一个整体进行研究,具有很强的理论价值和现实意义,也为商业银行流动性风险管理理论的深入研究搭建了一个较高平台;
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  considered as a whole
     In monitoring system controlled by single ship processor, the cost of hardware can be reduced and the monitoring and controlling accuracy improved, while the nonlinear distortion brought about by humidity/temperature sensor and system circuit are considered as a whole, and adjusted by software and method of looking up the table.
     在单片机控制监测系统中,把温湿度传感器及系统电路产生的非线性失真作为一个整体来考虑,采用软件编程和查表的方法统一校正,可以降低硬件成本,提高监测和控制准确度。
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     By analyzing the best nonlinear station position of the uniform grade nonlinear unit, nonlinear unit must be considered as a whole.
     对均匀坡度支管单元的支管最佳位置进行分析,发现支管单元必须作为一个整体来考虑,否则,所搜索出的最佳支管位置只是一个近似值,有时会离准确支管位置很远。
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     For optimum design of a motor series some motors of same size must be considered as a whole.
     电机的系列优化设计要将若干台具有某些相同尺寸的电机作为一个整体来考虑。
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     Therefore, area predominance of developing Beijing cultural industry must be considered as a whole.
     因此,对于北京发展文化产业的地区性优势,必须作为一个整体来考虑。
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     The relevant provinces along the Yangtze River should be considered as a whole in regional ecological geochemical assessment on Cd anomalies.
     沿江各省应有全局观念,把长江流域作为一个整体,开展Cd异常的区域生态地球化学评价。
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  “作为一个整体”译为未确定词的双语例句
     A method for setting up the optimization model of automobile independent suspension and steering system based on R-W method of multi-body dynamics was put forward, which can improve the generalization of optimization model.
     提出了基于多刚体系统动力学中R-W理论,建立汽车独立悬架和转向系统优化模型的方法,提高了优化模型的通用性。 提出了把独立悬架和转向机构作为一个整体进行优化建模的方法,减少了独立悬架系统运动对转向机构的影响,从而可以获得最佳的转向性能。
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     the model of the passive ground electrostatic detection system with the spherical electrode is built by using the charge mirror method.
     将空中静电目标、探测电极和大地作为一个整体系统,利用镜像法建立了空中静电目标的被动式球形电极地面探测系统模型。
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     This text analyzes from the domestic and international legislation current situation that sets out, has analyzed the characteristic of the Network Communications right of information and and propagating difference of rights of tradition, combine case probe into information Network Communications right hot question protect ,.
     本文从国内外的立法现状出发,分析了信息网络传播权的特征及与传统传播类权利的区别,结合案例探讨信息网络传播权保护中热点问题。 本文认为信息网络传播权不同于传统的传播类权利,其具有复合、集成的权利性质,应当将信息网络传播权作为一个整体加以保护;
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     So, the real aim of Environmental and Resources Law that treats the environment and resources as an integer is to hold the value of the whole ecosystem but not the part of it.
     因此,将环境资源作为一个整体对待的环境资源法,其真正目的应该是保持生态系统整体的价值,而不是保护这一整体中某一部分的价值。
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     The next in order, with current company law and new 《company law》 is basis,analyze the contents of direct corpus of that mechanism and three part of to should relateto.
     其次,以现行《公司法》与新《公司法》为依据,对公司内部监督机制进行静态分析,即将公司内部监督机制作为一个整体,分析该机制的监督主体、监督客体、监督内容,以及三部分的对应关系。
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  as a whole
Special emphasis is placed upon the development of the proofs of the two Hausdorff-Young inequalities and their impact upon Fourier analysis as a whole, in particular on the M.
      
To study the performance of high and low stage compressors and that of the system as a whole, a two-stage turbocharging system was matched, and a special two-stage turbocharging system test bench was built.
      
We shall introduce a multi-scale simulation algorithm that deals with the entire carbon nanotube as well as the substrate as a whole.
      
Calculation results show that the variation of the rotational inertia or stiffness either of the rotor system as a whole (namely shafting) or only locally may both remarkably influence the TV characteristics of the rotor.
      
The influence of localized variation is still notable although it is not as great as that of the rotor as a whole.
      
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  considered as a whole
A statistical method for the analysis of the autocorrelation characteristics of the amino-acid sequences of polypeptides, considered as a whole, is presented.
      
The species must be considered as a whole, because there are no genetic barriers of isolation, only geographical ones and no sterility barriers have been produced between the subspecies.6.A description of the Central Nucleus of Evolution is given.
      
The quantitative response of the lung was clearly dose-related in each study, and when the studies were considered as a whole a reasonable overall dose-response relationship was apparent for major lung lesions.
      
Considered as a whole, the results support the view that preferences for morphine in rats can provide a valid measure of their need for the drug.
      
For the patient group considered as a whole, only minor AER changes occurred in response to either d- or l-amphetamine; nonetheless, these minor changes were attenuated by lithium co-administration.
      
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In this paper,the transistor DC-DC converter as a whole is analysed by the theory

本文将晶体管直流变换器作为一个整体,用振动理论的方法进行了分析.在忽略寄生电容时,变换器中存在着不连续振动,其中有两种不同的跳变现象.跳变现象Ⅰ是变换器特有的,跳变现象Ⅱ和变流器中跳变现象相同.其发生原因均为变换器在所处状态下磁化电流已达最大值.实验结果与理论分析一致.

The motion of the electromagnetic field is derided into two parts:the whole motion and the internal motion.The internal motion consists of the intrinsic interaction and the motion relative to the centre of inertia.In general,the velocity of the inertia centre is lower than c.This leads to a conclusion that the electro- magnetic field as a whole should have a rest mass other than zero. A photon is explained as an exciton of the electromagnetic mode,and the photon has an internal motion.The internal motion of...

The motion of the electromagnetic field is derided into two parts:the whole motion and the internal motion.The internal motion consists of the intrinsic interaction and the motion relative to the centre of inertia.In general,the velocity of the inertia centre is lower than c.This leads to a conclusion that the electro- magnetic field as a whole should have a rest mass other than zero. A photon is explained as an exciton of the electromagnetic mode,and the photon has an internal motion.The internal motion of photon leads to that the photon has also a rest mass other than zero.

把电磁场的运动区分为整体运动和内部运动。内部运动由内禀项以及相对于场惯性中心的运动项所组成。在一般情况下,惯性中心的速度小于光速 c,导致电磁场作为一个整体,应该具有静止质量的结论。把光子理解为一个电磁模的元激发,光子亦具有内部运动。光子的内部运动使得光子也具有静止质量。

It is powerless to analyse the stress distribution in complicated structures such as ring-stiffened shells with the present analytic method, but the finite element method can be used in this area conveniently.The frame and shell being considered as a integral structure acted by outside pressure, a ring-stiffened circular cylindrical shell is analysed firstly in the paper.The obtained stress distribution in the shell, except for frame stress, gives a good agreement with results calculated with theoretic anaytic...

It is powerless to analyse the stress distribution in complicated structures such as ring-stiffened shells with the present analytic method, but the finite element method can be used in this area conveniently.The frame and shell being considered as a integral structure acted by outside pressure, a ring-stiffened circular cylindrical shell is analysed firstly in the paper.The obtained stress distribution in the shell, except for frame stress, gives a good agreement with results calculated with theoretic anaytic method.It is also indicated in the paper that as frames are regarded as elastic supports of shell in the present analytic method, different results are obtained by two different methods for the frame stress.Therefor, when formala of analytic method is used to calculate stress in inside frame, it is necessary to make appropriate correcton and pay attention to it especially when studying of strengthening of ring-stiffened shells, in which geometric imperfection exceed allowable limits, is produed. It is pointed out secondly the paper that the stress analysis program with F E M for cone-cone-cylinder shell can be usd to analyse the stress distribution in different ring-stiffened shells as common program and shows a good accuracy. Fimally, the stress distribution in connection of shell and bulchaed, and in connection of concave cone-cylinder shell are invetigated and some corresponding conclusions are got.

分析环肋壳体这种复杂结构的应力分布规律,现行的解析法往往是无能为力的,但有限元方法却大有用武之地.本文首先从环肋园柱壳入手,把肋骨与壳板作为一个整体承受外压力,在壳中的应力分布,除肋骨应力外,与理论分析(解析法)的结果很接近.对于肋骨应力而言,由于在解析法中把肋骨作为壳体的弹性支座,两种不同的方法给出不同的结果.因此在用解析法的公式计算内肋骨应力时,应该作适当修正.在研究环肋壳体的超差加强时,应该特别注意这一点. 本文接着指出锥-锥-柱结合壳的有限元应力分析程序能够作为通用程序耒分析各种环肋壳体的应力分布规律,并且给出足够的精确度. 最后,着重探讨了壳板与仓壁连接处,以及锥-柱结合壳凹结合处的应力分布规律得到了一些相应的结论.

 
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