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作为一个整体
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  “作为一个整体”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Resolves the dynamic response in temperature of inside wall surface and indoor air to the disturbance of weather conditions outside, by numerical calculation with the improved programme SIMPLE,and obtains a great amount of data to form a more reasonable foundation for establishing the design room temperature properly.
    针对我国中部地区民用建筑的连续供暖房间,以围护结构、散热器及房间空气作为一个整体求解对象,利用改进的SIMPLE程序进行数值计算,联立求出围护结构内表面温度及空气温度在室外气象条件下的响应,并得到了有关进一步确定合理的供暖室内设计计算温度的大量基础数据。
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    This paper analyzes the complicated elements of urban design regulation, discusses basic method and means of urban design regulation, proposed that apotheosis controlling and guideline controlling, together as an integrator leading urban development.
    分析了城市设计控制的复杂因素 ,探讨了城市设计控制的基本方法和手段 ,提出了典范控制和准则控制作为一个整体共同引导城市的发展 ,以及灵活积极的控制引导机制。
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    As for static or dynamic investigation, the results figured out based on interactive SPS are deviate from that based on fixed-base hypotheses structure and the loading and deforming features exhibited in interactive system under the condition of various soil-layer, soil properties and pile properties etc are also discrepant, so the interactive design of whole foundation and superstructure parts are necessarily and primly emphasized by numerous researchers in engineering practice.
    广大研究者和工程技术人员在实践中已经意识到将上部结构和基础考虑作为一相互作用的整体进行设计的必要性和优越性,无论是对于静力还是动力特性研究,桩-土-结构作为一个整体计算出的结果不仅与通常的刚性地基假定所得有较大出入,而且不同土层土质、桩属性条件下的相互作用体系所表现的受力与变形特点也不尽相同。
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    Using 3D 20-node iso-parameter, 3D 12-node infinite element and 3D 16-node interface element, a coupled numerical approach for pile group-soil system under lateral loads is set up. A corresponding three-dimensional, nonlinear and elastic-plastic program (EPAGPLL), include two materials and four nonlinear constitutive relations, is worked out by FORTRAN 90 computer language.
    针对受水平荷载作用的群桩桩土体系,用FORTRAN 90语言编制了相应的包括二种材料和三种非线性本构关系融为一体的弹塑性分析程序EPAGPLL,利用该程序可将群桩及土体作为一个整体进行分析。
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    When both foundation and structure are considered in analysis, interface problem on interface of them is keystone.
    当把地基与结构相互作用作为一个整体的力学问题来考虑时,分析中的关键环节就是两者相互作用界面上的接触问题。
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The wall rock and the rock boltwithin the limits of rock bolting or its anchorage circumscription,is regarded as an ensemble in this paper. The use of rock bolt is belieued to be a change of elastic constants within anchor age circumscription. In the analysis,anchor age circumscription is to be treated as ortho- gonal anisotropic medium and the wall rock exceeding the anchorage cirrs umscription as isotropic medium.Through deduction,the author giues out stress field and displacement component in the anchorage...

The wall rock and the rock boltwithin the limits of rock bolting or its anchorage circumscription,is regarded as an ensemble in this paper. The use of rock bolt is belieued to be a change of elastic constants within anchor age circumscription. In the analysis,anchor age circumscription is to be treated as ortho- gonal anisotropic medium and the wall rock exceeding the anchorage cirrs umscription as isotropic medium.Through deduction,the author giues out stress field and displacement component in the anchorage circumscri iption and thaf in the wall rock exceeding anchor age circumscription.

本文把锚杆长度范围内的围岩和锚杆(文中称作“锚固区”)作为一个整体来考虑,锚杆的作用看作是改变了锚固区内的弹性常数。在分析中,把锚固区作为正交各向异性体来处理,而锚固区外的围岩仍然看作各向同性体。经推演,给出了锚固区内和锚固区外的应力和位移。

A method suggested in this paper solves the very complicated problem of complex-mode random response in two steps: 1. decomposition of system random responses in terms of the responses of each mode; 2. the calculations of some parameters in complex-mode decomposition and superposition. This approach considers the displacement and velocity responses of the system as a whole, and derives the general expressions for power spectra, correlation functions and spectral moments of the displacement and velocity responses....

A method suggested in this paper solves the very complicated problem of complex-mode random response in two steps: 1. decomposition of system random responses in terms of the responses of each mode; 2. the calculations of some parameters in complex-mode decomposition and superposition. This approach considers the displacement and velocity responses of the system as a whole, and derives the general expressions for power spectra, correlation functions and spectral moments of the displacement and velocity responses. By making use of lower-rank functions of velocity responses for higher-rank functions of displacement responses, general expressions of power spectra and correlation functions are obtained in simpler forms than current methods, and new results are obtained for cross-correlation functions of system responses and between mode responses which have not been given before for systems under non-white input.The main advantage of this method is to directly apply the given results of the random responses of one-degree-of -freedom systems and thus the formulas are very simple and explicit. The calculations of mode responses are reduced by half.

本文将复杂的复振型随机反应分析化为各阶振型单自由度体系的随机反应求解和复振型叠加的有关系数计算。此方法始终将体系位移和速度反应作为一个整体来考虑,可同时得到体系位移和速度反应功率谱、相关函数和谱矩的解析表达式。文中将位移反应的高阶函数转化为速度反应的低阶函数来处理,推导出非经典阻尼体系在有色谱输入下体系反应和振型反应间相关函数的解析表达式以及在白噪声输入下的解析解。文中还给出了在白噪声输入下体系平稳反应的功率谱前三阶自谱矩的解析精确解。文中采用的分析方法物理意义明确,可直接利用现有单自由度体系随机反应分析的成熟结果,而且解析表达式简单,振型反应的计算量减少了一半,简化了现有的复振型随机反应分析方法。

This paper presents a study of interactive effects on turbine framed foundation considering variation of bottom plate thickness and inprovement of soil. In the analysis, the finite element method and the three soil models, winkler, elastic halfspace and multilayer, have been used. A typical turbine framed foundation is illustrated. The results compared with those of field measurement show satisfactory approximation. Some interesting results are obtained which may be useful for practical design.

本文用土与基础共同作用的分析方法将汽轮机构架式基础与土作为一个整体,用有限元法进行基础的静力计算,并将地基分别模拟成文克尔地基、弹性半空间地基和分层地基,编制了TFS程序。通过典型实例将计算结果与实测进行比较,得到比较满意的结果,并探讨了汽轮机构架式基础底板厚度与相对挠度之间关系以及地基加固处理对基础底板相对挠度的影响,得出有实用意义的结论。

 
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