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  drawing
     Φ38 mm×6. 6 mm seamless tube of steel TP347H (1Cr19Ni11Nb) was produced at Taiyuan Steel by hot metal pretreatment + 30 t EAF melting alloying steel - 75 t K-OBM-S blowing - VOD treatment - LF - bloom by 5. 6 t ingot or 220 mm×220 mm concasting billet -Φ100 mm tube blank piercing - cold rolling ( cold drawing) flow sheet.
     太钢采用铁水预处理+30 t电弧炉熔化合金钢水-75 t K-OBM-S吹炼-VOD处理-LF精炼-5.6 t铸锭开坯(或220 mm×220 mm铸坯)-Φ100 mm管坯穿孔-冷轧(冷)流程,生产了Φ38 mm×6.6 mm TP347H (1Cr19Ni11Nb)钢无缝管。
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     The results show that after pretreatment of solution heat treatment(495℃×3h),over aged disposal(390℃×4.5h),upsetting and drawing(360℃),the optimal strain rate of LD5 alloy is 3.35×10~(-3)mm/s,the maximum elongation is 475%,the flow stress is 17MPa at the deformation temperature 455℃.
     结果表明,LD5铝合金棒材经过495℃×3h固溶、390℃×4.5h过时效+360℃自由镦的预处理后,当超塑性变形温度为455℃时,拉伸最佳的变形速率为3.35×10-3mm/s,最高伸长率为475%,相应的流动应力为17MPa。
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     STM-R80 geological tubes can be developed with the billets forged from 42MnMo7 and 41MnV5 steels through hot piercing and cold drawing.
     采用42MnMo7、41MnV5钢锻坯,经热轧穿孔、冷加工,试制出STM-R80地质钻探管。
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     The quality of 76mm diameter 1Cr18Ni9Ti stainless steel tube produced with cold drawing process is analysed.
     分析了用冷工艺生产的φ76mm 1Cr18Ni9Ti不锈钢管的质量。
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     Failure analysis on brittle rupture of 4Cr9Si2 steel wire for valve during cold drawing
     4Cr9Si2阀门钢丝冷过程中脆断的失效分析
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  drawn
     It is demonstrated that the bar steel rolled by this method can match the cold drawn steel in the accuracy of the ellipse degress of cross-section and moreover the steel is more suitable for grinding and levelling in mechanical properties, which are σ_b=956~960MPa, HB=231~234, δ=12~17%.
     通过冷轧规圆的圆钢,断面椭圆度可达到冷精度,且机械性能σ_b=950~960MPa、HB=231~234、δ=12~17%,适于研磨及矫直处理。
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     In this paper, the effect of small amouts of Zr (0.032wt% and 0.069wt%) on the recrystallization temperature and the kinetics of recrystallization for a 92% cold drawn commericial electrical conductor grade aluminum wire with 2.87mm diameter has been studied.
     本文研究了0.032wt%和0.069wt%Zr的加入对经92%冷变形、直径为2.87mm的导电用工业纯铝线材的再结晶温度和恒温下的再结晶动力学的影响。
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     The Aluminum-alloy rods with 0.12%Zr or without Zr could be drawn to φ4. 5mm wire after 530℃ ×1. 5h solution treated and 250℃×48h ageing.
     含0.12%Zr与不含Zr的铝合金棒材,经530℃×1.5h固溶处理和250℃×48h时效处理,再经70%的冷加工成φ4.5mm的线材。
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     Study on the Cross Cracks Occurring in GCr15 Cold Drawn Steel Wire
     GCr15钢丝冷横裂纹缺陷研究
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     Analysis of Transverse Crack of Cold Drawn Steel 55
     55钢冷材横向断裂原因分析
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  “拔”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Study on In-situ Test of Uplift Capacity and Nonlinear Deformation Analysis of Vertical Single Uplift Piles with Equal Section
     等截面竖向单桩抗承载力试验研究及变形非线性分析
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     SOME STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE TEXTURE OF THE COLD-DRAWN COPPER WIRE
     冷铜线之织构变化
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     A Mathematical Model of Automatic Forging in Hydraulic Press with Flat Tool
     液压机自动锻造时平砧长工艺的数学模型
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     A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF COLD-DRAWN STEEL INDUSTRY IN JAPAN
     日本冷钢材工业概述
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     TAPPIMG AND PRICKING WITH PLUM BLOSSOM NEEDLES WITH FIRE CUPPING IN TREATMENT OF ACUTE SPRAIN OF THE ANKLE JOINT A REPORT OF 46 CASES
     梅花针叩刺加罐治疗急性踝关节扭伤46例报告
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  drawing
AnO(n) amortized time algorithm for drawing an at most single-bend embedding of a cubic graph is also presented, wheren is the number of vertices of the graph.
      
How to increase the speed in drawing and recognizing curves has always been a major concern.
      
Organic fibre is in a flowing state and obviously generates drawing, shearing, carbonization and oxidization.
      
On-line r value determination of deep drawing steel sheet
      
A potential, rapid and accurate technology to determine r value of deep drawing steel sheets was investigated.
      
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  drawn
From the Breshenham Algorithm and DDA Algorithm in the sixties to the double-step and quadruple-step line generation in the eighties, curves were all drawn point by point.
      
After the reception, the characteristic values of the received image are compared with the watermark drawn out from the image.
      
The following conclusions were drawn: 1) The order of decreasing threshold of wind speed for sand displacement and surface roughness were forestland, wild grassland, farm land, sparse wild grassland and flood plain.
      
The isogram of the PCGA was drawn out with 0.2 contours, which showed a geographical model with a northeast-southwest variation trend of the phenotypic characters of M.
      
The timescale, i.e., the unknown whirling period of Hopf bifurcation solution of bearing-rotor system is drawn into the iterative process using Poincaré-Newton-Floquet method.
      
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  pluck
The crush-syndrome can be caused by crushing injuries, pluck-out injuries and traumatic amputation and endanger the patient's life.
      
A likely reason for the reduced leaf biomass per GBU at the low browsing level is the tendency for small browsers to pluck individual leaves from shoots, while large browsers prune off whole shoots.
      
Recently introduced motorized plucking machines decrease the time required to pluck each chick and make plucking less physically demanding and less painful.
      
Taking care to avoid contact with the receptacle, the marmosets pluck out the frutioles and ingest the seeds.
      
An entire piece is written in the control language, and the system advances to the next pluck event when it receives a trigger from the user.
      
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A.The Soils Since the goological formation of this mountainous area is quite uniform,a vertical distribution of soils is obviously observed. At the top of the mountain with an elevation of 8,500 feet,the podzolic soil is found. The process of podzolization is clearly shown by the translocation of clays,organic matter, and active aluminum from an upper to lower layer.The gray brown podzolic soil is distributed in areas ranging from 7,000 to 8,500 feet in elevation.It is developed under forest and has a...

A.The Soils Since the goological formation of this mountainous area is quite uniform,a vertical distribution of soils is obviously observed. At the top of the mountain with an elevation of 8,500 feet,the podzolic soil is found. The process of podzolization is clearly shown by the translocation of clays,organic matter, and active aluminum from an upper to lower layer.The gray brown podzolic soil is distributed in areas ranging from 7,000 to 8,500 feet in elevation.It is developed under forest and has a surface covering of leaf litter and a surface soil with high content of organic matter.In places at an elevatin from 3,900 to 7,000 feet the yellow podzolic soil is dominant.At an elevation below 3,000 foot the red podzolic soil and the sketetal soil are fonnd. The analytical data of the soils of this area may be summarized as follows: 1.pH values of the soils:In the whole area,since the parent rock (gneiss) is poor in basic constituents,soils are all acid in reaction.The pH of the different horizons of the soils ranges from 4.0 to 5.5.The A_0 and A_1 horizons are usually less acid than B horizon,the A and B horizons are much more acid than the parent rock.This shows the leaching process of the soils under such a humid atmosphere. 2.Organic Matter of the soils:The organic matter content of the soils in this area is greatlg influenced by the kind of the vegetation cover.At an elevation of 8,500 feet, the soil developed under forest has 38.92% of organic matter in the A_1,while that under grass has only 11.08% of organic matter in the corresponding horizon.However as the vegetation cover is constant,the dopth of the A_1 and its organic matter content are evidently affected by the elevation.At an elevation of 3,000 feet,the A_1 horizon of the red podzolic soil is only 1 cm.in depth,and it has 3.37% of organic matter.At an elevation of 8,500 feet,howerver,the A_1 horizon of the podzolic soil is 7 cm.in depth, and it has 11.08% of organic matter.In addition,deposition of organic matter in the B horizon is clearly found in the podzolic soil,but it has not been seen in soils found at lower elevation. 3.Active aluminum of the soils:All the soils in this area are high in active aluminum. They contain from 20 to 16 p.p.m.of active aluminum.The content of active aluminum in the different horizons of the same profile has a very close relationship with the pH values of the corresponding horizon.The less acid the reaction the smaller is the amount of acitve aluminum.The active aluminum of the soil is usually higher in amount than that of the parent rock from which the soil is derived. 4.Available calcium magnesium,and potassium of the soils:All the soils are general- ly low in available calcium,magnesium,and potassium.The comparatively high content of these elements in the A horizon is derived from the leaves of the vegetation which are grown on that soil. 5.Available phosphorus of the soils:All the soils of this area are low in available phosphorus. 6.Available nitrate:All soils in this area are very low in nitrate. B.The Vegetation 1.The plants growing on soils of this area are most calcifuge species which are acid- loving (Vaughan and Wishe,1937).As far as the chemical analysis of the soil is concer- ned,those species may be assumed as not only acid-loving,buy also active aluminum- loving (Hutchinson,1943). 2.The distribution of the calcifuge plants In this area is apparently affected by the local climate in terms of elevation.Some of them (temperate plants) are confined to high elevation,others(tropical plants) being limited to low elevation,Two groups of the plants may be given as follows.Many of them are of the same species as those found in southwestern China (Hou,1944). (a) Plants mainly ocurring in areas at elevations from 7,000 to 8,500 foot (temperate plants): Pteridophyta: Destaedtia Scabra (Wall.) Moore Diranopteris linearis Under. Hicrioptris glauea Under. Hymenophyllum crispatum Wall. Hymenophyllum exsertum Wall. Lidsaya cultrata Sw. Lycopodium clavatum L. Plagiogyria pyphylla (Kunze) Mett. Pteridium aquilinum Wightianum Trym Pteris aspericaulis Wall. Flowering Plants: Castanopsis tribuloides A.DC. Lindera pulcherrima Bth. Osbeckia crinata Bth. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Rhododendron grande Wight Pieris formosana D.Don Vaccinium refersceda HK. Vaccinium serrasum Wight (b) Plants mainly ocurring in areas at elevation from 1,000 to 3,000 feet (tropical plants): Pteridophyta: Adiantum philippense L. Blechnum orientale L. Aglaoorpha coronaus Copel Lycopodium cernum L. Nephrolepsis cordifolia Presl Tectaria spp. Polypodium ucidum Roxb. Flowering plants: Oxyspora paniculate DC. Themeda arundinacea Ridl.

1945年10月中旬,作者留印三月另一周,曾作三次野外调查,计包括印缅边区、恒河平原及喜马拉雅山东南麓等三区,茲先将大吉岭区调查结果,草成此文。调查区域大吉岭位于喜马拉雅山东南麓,在我国西藏边境,全区是山地,海自1000到9000尺不等,主为酸性的片麻岩地层,在海6500尺地点,年平均气温为56.3℉.,年雨量为122寸。土壤灰壤——灰棕壤组合:在海8500尺左右的山顶,灰壤见于草地上,而灰棕壤则发育在森林之下。灰棕壤——灰化黄壤组合:在海7000—8000尺地带,森林下仍是灰棕壤,而草地上则为灰化黄壤。灰化黄壤——粗骨土组合:在海1000—3000尺地带,片麻岩生成灰化红壤,酸性砂岩生成砾质土。全区土壤特征可归纳如下: (1)土壤 pH 值:全区因土壤母质为酸性片麻岩,各类土壤剖面亦为酸性反应;pH 值约自4.0至5.5。A_1层之 pH 值恒较 B 层为大,而土壤剖面内之 A 层及 B 层均较母岩之酸度为高。 (2)土壤有机质:从土壤有机质分析结果观之,显示植物种类对于土壤有机质之含量高低,有密切的关系,在海8500尺之地...

1945年10月中旬,作者留印三月另一周,曾作三次野外调查,计包括印缅边区、恒河平原及喜马拉雅山东南麓等三区,茲先将大吉岭区调查结果,草成此文。调查区域大吉岭位于喜马拉雅山东南麓,在我国西藏边境,全区是山地,海自1000到9000尺不等,主为酸性的片麻岩地层,在海6500尺地点,年平均气温为56.3℉.,年雨量为122寸。土壤灰壤——灰棕壤组合:在海8500尺左右的山顶,灰壤见于草地上,而灰棕壤则发育在森林之下。灰棕壤——灰化黄壤组合:在海7000—8000尺地带,森林下仍是灰棕壤,而草地上则为灰化黄壤。灰化黄壤——粗骨土组合:在海1000—3000尺地带,片麻岩生成灰化红壤,酸性砂岩生成砾质土。全区土壤特征可归纳如下: (1)土壤 pH 值:全区因土壤母质为酸性片麻岩,各类土壤剖面亦为酸性反应;pH 值约自4.0至5.5。A_1层之 pH 值恒较 B 层为大,而土壤剖面内之 A 层及 B 层均较母岩之酸度为高。 (2)土壤有机质:从土壤有机质分析结果观之,显示植物种类对于土壤有机质之含量高低,有密切的关系,在海8500尺之地带,发育于森林下的灰棕壤,表土含有机质38.92%,而同处草类和蕨类植物发育下的灰壤的表土,仅含有机质11.08%,但在相同的植物环境下,海高度或局部气候,也是支配土壤有机质含量的重要因素,例如在海3000尺地带,长有草类的灰化红壤,仅有极薄之有机质层,该层有机质含量为3.37%,而在海8500尺地带,长有草类的灰壤,则有较厚层有机质,其含量为11.08%。 (3)可溶性铝质:全区土壤含有高量可溶性铝,大约自20至160 p.p.m.,其含量与 pH 值高低相关,土壤 pH 值愈酸,可溶性铝含量就愈高。 (4)可溶性钙镁及钾质:全区土壤之可溶性钙,镁及钾等之含量均较低,但就同一土壤剖面而言,富于有机质的 A。或 A_1层的钙镁和钾质,常较 B 层为高,此点显示此等成份是来自植物遗体,亦即指示土壤中有机质与肥力之关系。 (5)全区土壤有效磷含量均甚低。 (6)全区土壤硝酸态氮之含量均极低,并有下淋现象。植物本文所论植物,仅以作者所采集而经各专家鉴定为限,其中以蕨类植物为主。本区的土壤都是酸性反应,所见的植物是以嫌钙性者为主,这些嫌钙性植物与海高度的关系很显著,兹将常见的植物种类,叙述如下: (一)主分布于海7000—8500尺地带的植物: 蕨类植物 Dennstaedtia scabra(Wall.)Moore Dicranopteris linearis Under. Hicriopteris glauca Under. Hymenophyllum crispatum Wall. Hymenophyllum exsertum Wall. Lindsaya cultrata Sw. Lycopodium clavatum L. Plagiogyria pycniphylla(Kunze)Mett. Pteridium aquilinum Wightianum Trym. Pteris aspericaulis Wall.种子植物 Castanopsis tribuloides A.DC. Lindera pulcherrima Bth. Osbeckia crinata Bth. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Rhododendron grande Wight Pieris formosana D.Don Vaccinium referesceda HK. Vaccinium Serrasm Wight(二)主分布于1000—3000尺地带的植物: 蕨类植物Adiantum philippense L.Blechnum orientale L.Aglaomorpha coron(?)us copelLycopodium cernuum L.Nephrolepsis cordifolia PresslTectaria spp.Polypodium lucidum Roxb.种子植物Oxysoira paniculata DC.Themedra arundinacea Ridl.

1. In order to study the distribution of the two species of bedbugs,Cimex lectularius and C. hemiptera, 81 representative localities of 23provinces and Inner Mongolia were selected for the collection ofbedbugs.2. Among the 81 localities, 55 had only C. lectularius, 11 had onlyC. hemiptera, while the remaining 15 localities had both species.3. Atmospheric temperature forms one of the most important factorslimiting the distribution of bedbugs. Consequently C. hemipteralimits itself in the North at Chian-Yang of...

1. In order to study the distribution of the two species of bedbugs,Cimex lectularius and C. hemiptera, 81 representative localities of 23provinces and Inner Mongolia were selected for the collection ofbedbugs.2. Among the 81 localities, 55 had only C. lectularius, 11 had onlyC. hemiptera, while the remaining 15 localities had both species.3. Atmospheric temperature forms one of the most important factorslimiting the distribution of bedbugs. Consequently C. hemipteralimits itself in the North at Chian-Yang of Fukien, Lo-Chang ofKuangtung, Heng-Yang of Hunan, Tsun-I of Kweichow, Ch'eng-Tuof Szechuan and Ya-An of Sik'ang. In these localities the wintertemperature is usually at 4°- 8℃. North of this belt, because thewinter temperature is much lower, the condition is not suitable forthe existence of this species. Cimex lectularius is more resistant tocold. It is, however, less resistant to extreme heat. In localities inSouth China where the summer temperature runs over 30℃, thecondition is not suitable for the survival of this species. Its southernlimit of distribution has been found to be a line connecting Amoy,Chu-Kiang of Kuangtung, Kwei-Lin of Kuangsi, P'ing-T'ang of Kwei-chow and Meng-Tze of Yunnan.4. The relationship of latitude, altitude, atmospheric pressure andhumidity to the biology of bedbugs were briefly discussed.

(一)作者在1950—1951年,曾收集中国81个地区的臭虫标本,作一系统的调查研究,这81个地区包括23省和内蒙古自治区。 (二)在81个地区所采集到的标本,有55个地区只有温带臭虫,44个地区只有热带臭虫,其余15个地区两种臭虫均有发生。 (三)气温是影响臭虫分布的重要因素之一。热带臭虫的分布,北至福建的建阳,广东的乐昌,湖南的衡阳,贵州的遵义,四川的成都(李、孟1951),西康的雅安,这些地区的冬季气温大都在4°—8℃。在这些北分布地区以北的地区,冬季气温较低,大多不适于它的生长,温带臭虫的抗寒力较强,在华北、东北、西北均有发生,它的分布南至福建的厦门,广东的曲江、广西的桂林、贵州的平塘(李、孟1951)、云南的蒙自,这些地区夏季气温均在30℃以下,仍可适于它的生长。 (四)地理上的经度与臭虫的分布并无关系,但纬度与臭虫的分布有关,热带臭虫的分布北至北纬30°41″(成都),它的发生地带以热带为主,在亚热带亦可生长,温带臭虫的分布南至北纬23°25′(蒙自),它的发生地带以亚热带及温带为主但传入部分的热带地区,亦可生长。 (五)地势过高可以影响热带臭虫的发生,在昆明、大理、昭通、丽江等地,...

(一)作者在1950—1951年,曾收集中国81个地区的臭虫标本,作一系统的调查研究,这81个地区包括23省和内蒙古自治区。 (二)在81个地区所采集到的标本,有55个地区只有温带臭虫,44个地区只有热带臭虫,其余15个地区两种臭虫均有发生。 (三)气温是影响臭虫分布的重要因素之一。热带臭虫的分布,北至福建的建阳,广东的乐昌,湖南的衡阳,贵州的遵义,四川的成都(李、孟1951),西康的雅安,这些地区的冬季气温大都在4°—8℃。在这些北分布地区以北的地区,冬季气温较低,大多不适于它的生长,温带臭虫的抗寒力较强,在华北、东北、西北均有发生,它的分布南至福建的厦门,广东的曲江、广西的桂林、贵州的平塘(李、孟1951)、云南的蒙自,这些地区夏季气温均在30℃以下,仍可适于它的生长。 (四)地理上的经度与臭虫的分布并无关系,但纬度与臭虫的分布有关,热带臭虫的分布北至北纬30°41″(成都),它的发生地带以热带为主,在亚热带亦可生长,温带臭虫的分布南至北纬23°25′(蒙自),它的发生地带以亚热带及温带为主但传入部分的热带地区,亦可生长。 (五)地势过高可以影响热带臭虫的发生,在昆明、大理、昭通、丽江等地,海高度均在1922米以上,热带臭虫并无发生,但对温带臭虫并不影响。 (六)气压与地势的高低有关,昆明、大理,昭通、丽

1. Les cellules pancréatiques exocrines du cobaye, du lapin et du souris blanc ontété étudiées. Nous avons constamment appliqué la méthode convergeante; dans tous lescas, l'étude cytologique d'une espèce a comportè la mise en ceuvre de techniques vitales (rouge neutre, blue crésel brillant et vert Janus), mitochondriales, d'imprégnation métallique et osmique, et histochimiques.2. Notre recherche tend à résoudre les questions suivantes: (a) cn dehors du noyau et du centrosome, quels sont les constituants morphologiques...

1. Les cellules pancréatiques exocrines du cobaye, du lapin et du souris blanc ontété étudiées. Nous avons constamment appliqué la méthode convergeante; dans tous lescas, l'étude cytologique d'une espèce a comportè la mise en ceuvre de techniques vitales (rouge neutre, blue crésel brillant et vert Janus), mitochondriales, d'imprégnation métallique et osmique, et histochimiques.2. Notre recherche tend à résoudre les questions suivantes: (a) cn dehors du noyau et du centrosome, quels sont les constituants morphologiques fundamentaux du cytoplasme de la cellue pancréatique exocrine? (b) La théorie du vacuome de l'Ecole de Parat et the "Golgi artifact theory" de l'Ecole de Baker s'appliquent-elles aussi sur cette cellule? L'appareil de Golgi existe-il dans la cellule pancréatique exocrine vivante? (c) Dans cette cellule, existe t-il une "Zone de Golgi," (Parat) composée du vacuome, du chondriome périvacuolaire et des lipoides diffus? si oui, quels sont les rapports entre cette zone et le soi-disant l'appareil de Golgi? (d) Quelles sont les relations entre le vacuome, le chondriome, l'appzreiI, de Golgi et les grains de secrétion. La théorie de la naissance des grains de secrétion de la cellule pancréatique au dépens du chondriome, défendue brillamment par les uns et attaquée vivement par les autres, est-elle exacte?3. Observations vitales—la cellule pancréatique exocrine du cobaye est caractérisée par la taille très différente des grains de secrétion, selon le degré de maturité auquel ils sont parvenus. Les grains murs sont très petits et sont accumulés è l'apex de la cellule, cn face de la cavite d' excrétion, en attendant d' etre expulsès. Les grains volumineux qui sont moins murs sont concentrés audessus d'une plage immédiatement juxta-nucléaire.Dans la plage en question, il existe un nombre assez considérable de petites vésicules. colorées de facon homogène et intense par le rouge neutre, ou par le blue crésyl brillant. Il s'agit de vacuoles du type plasmocrines de Renaut. Ces vacuoles se sont groupées. plutt au centre de la zone vacuolaire. Autour d'eux, et aussi entre les grains desecrétion et les petites vacuoles, se trouvent des vacuoles plus grosses colorées en rouge rose, rouge orange ou rouge doré, scion l'état de condensation du contenu vacuolaire.Parni ces vacuoles, se trouvent quelques petites vésicules renfermant un grain refringcant. La coloration vitale au rouge neutre met parfaitement en évidence ces vésicules, mais laisse les grains incolores. Il s'agit donc des vacuoles rhagiocrines de Renaut, Les vacuoles rhagiocrines se présentent en coupe optique comme un anneou ou un croissant colorable par le rouge neutre, tandis le grain inclus dans Ia vacuole reste toujours incolore, comme les grains de secrétion eux-memes non plus, ils ne sont jamais colorés par les colorants basiques. Les vacuoles plasmocrines précédent toujòurs Ies rhagiocrines. Les vacuoles plasmocrines sont les plus jeunes; tandis que les vacuoles rhagiocrines sont plus évoluées, ayant condensé leur contenu. Ces vacuoles en voie de condensation, ont tendence à s' écarter vers la région supérieure de l'aire vacuolaire. Rapidement, d'aiIleurs, elles perdent leur colorabilité, par le rouge neutre, la coque colorable diminuant en meme temps que le grain grassit.La coloration au vert Janus est fort belle et instructive: elle nous montre des chondriocontes filamenteux, lisses, allongés dans, l' axe de la cellule; quelques-uns cependant, dans la zone infra-nucléaire, tre couchés dans un sens perpendiculaire. C' est le chondriome ordinaire. De plus, dans la zone supra-nucIéaire se trouvent d' autres chondriocontes un peu plus courts dont l'orientation se dispose tout autrement: ils convergent, en effet, vers la plage vacuolaire, serpentent entre les vacuolcs, tout enéant intimement accolés à elles, sans jamais toutefois se résoudre en grains, en chainettes de grains ou vésicules. C' est le chondriome perivacuolaire. Il y a donc au niveau de la plage vacuolaire une intricat

(1)在脊椎动物胰脏细胞内,根据活观察,活体染色的结果,知道在细胞质内,除胞核及中心体外,只存在着两种独立的,不同的形态组成物:液泡系和线粒体系,在活细胞内绝对没有任何形态的高尔基体,如同在其他动物细胞内一样。 (2)由中性红或亮焦油蓝染色所显示的液泡系,和由金属浸染法所得到的,独立的圆形颗粒的高尔基体——就是属于“dictyosomes”类型,两者是完全符合一致的。 (3)在胰脏细胞内,如同在其他任何後生动物细胞,尤其是腺细胞内一样,也存在着一个“高尔基区”,出液泡系,环泡线粒体系及弥散类脂体三者共同组成的,这三种组成物可以单独地或彼此混合地被金属浸染成为各式各样的高尔基体,(圆形的、独立的粒状,细网或粗网状,以及“大斑块”状。) (4)胰脏细胞分泌粒是由液泡直接产生的,和任何线粒体系,不发生任何直接的关系,分泌粒起源于线粒体系的学说,完全是不正确的。 (5)我的研究结果,再一次地证明:巴哈学派的液泡学说和克的“人工产物的高尔基体学说,是完全正确的,这两种学说,对胰脏细胞也完全适用的。

 
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