The large-scale public projects are bones and blood vessels of the urban / the region,which construction would change the civic space distribution,having a deep influence on the sustainable development of the urban / the region.
Aiming at the phenomena and harm of "quality shortage "and "quality surplus" existing in the public construction project in China, this essay pointed out the meaning of reasonableness of project quality.
This study synthesized 9 influential categories including 91 factors related to quality management of public works in Taiwan using a sequential analysis procedure.
Expenditure trends of six categories of public works are analysed at three regional scales.
To this, policy responses have been grossly inadequate as Japan resorted to massive public works programmes and Germany to an expanded welfare state-both entirely debt financed and unsustainable.
From the viewpoint of budgets, the budget share of the Farmland Improvement Project (FIP) in annual national public works budgets decreased in close correlation with percentages of gross agricultural product in gross domestic product (GDP).
Japan under construction: Corruption, politics and public works
Studies which estimate the economic and socialimpacts of a public project can be confused with studies whichevaluate the economic and social merit of a project relative to alternatives.
This paper considers the explicit, real time dynamic processes in which cooperation emerges in a class ofbinary decision mechanisms, each of which determines funding for a public project.
Consider a situation in which individuals "post" their private contributions for the financing of an indivisible public project.
Allowing the individuals' valuations for an excludable public project to be random variables, we show under very general assumptions that expected welfare loss generated by the CER, as the size of the population increases, becomes arbitrarily large.
We analyse the role of uncertainty in a sequential game where players have to decide whether to contribute to a public project or not.