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残端
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  stump
     The 5-year survival rate was 52.3% of patients with pelvic lymph node metastasis, vaginal positive stump and vasculitis carcinoma embolus, but 88.2% for patients without these factors(χ~2=41.79, P<0.01).
     盆腔内淋巴结转移、脉管瘤栓、残端及宫旁切缘呈阳性的有与无者5年生存率分别为52.3%与88.2%(χ2=41.79,P<0.01)。
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     The 1,3,5 and 10-year cumulative survivals of 71 patients with positive in bronchial stump were 59 5%,32 4%,25 0% and 19 3%, respectively. It is lower than the group of curative operation.
     71例术后支气管残端阳性的肺癌病人的1、3、5和10年累积生存率分别为595%、324%、250%和193%,低于根治术组。
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     Results:Of these 89 patients,43 cases were complicated with bile duct stones (48.3%),29 cases with gallbladder remnant or long cystic duct stump (32.6%),21 cases with constrictive papillitis (23.6%),7 cases with duodenal papillary diverticula (7.9%) and 7 cases with tumors (7.9%).
     结果:89例中合并胆管结石43例 (48.3%),残留胆囊或胆囊管残端过长29例(32.6%),缩窄性乳头炎21例(23.6%),十二指肠乳头旁憩室7例(7.9%), 胆管或胰腺癌肿7例(7.9%)。
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     Results The incidences of Hp infection in cardiac cancerous mucosa,tumor adjacent mucosa,normal mucosa of stump,and inflammatory,intestinal metaplastic tissues were 58 7%,71 7%,63 0%,60 0%,and 64 7%respectively, significantly higher than 16 7%in normal tissues(P< 0 001).
     结果(1)贲门癌癌灶、癌旁、相应手术残端黏膜及贲门炎、肠化生组Hp检出率分别为58.7%、71.7%、63.0%、60.0%和64.7%,比对照组16.7%明显增高,差异具有显著性意义(P<0.001);
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     Clinical Analysis of 42 Cases with Cervical Stump Carcinoma
     宫颈残端癌42例临床分析
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  stumps
     Results The time expended by handling the stumps was (5.5± 3.4) minutes in group A, (1.3±0.7 ) minutes in group B and (1.6±0.8) minutes in group C respectively. The spent time was significantly longer in group A than those in groups B (P < 0.05 ) and C( P <0.01).
     结果:处理残端所用时间A组5.5±3.4min,B组1.3±0.7min,C组1.6±0.8min,C组与A组比较差异有显著意义(P<0.01),C组与B组比较差异无显著意义(P>0.05)。
短句来源
     And, the other group, including 39 carcinoma tissues and 9 stumps, was fixed by70% alcohol in 4。
     流式细胞组:癌组织39例,残端组织9例,70%酒精固定,4°C保存进行流式细胞学检测。
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     MMP-9, as an invasion-related factor, was also higher expression in human cardiac tumor tissues than in stumps (P<0.01). Its higher expression was correlated with tumor lymph node metastases (P<0.05), tumor grading (P<0.01) and TNM stages (P<0.05).
     MMP-9作为一种促进肿瘤细胞浸润与转移的蛋白酶,在贲门癌组织中表达水平明显高于残端组织(P<0.01),且与贲门癌淋巴结转移(P<0.05)、分化程度(P<0.01)及贲门癌TNM分期有关(P<0.05)。
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     From 1981 to 1985,183 cases of pulmonary resection were treated with double ligature on its bronchial stumps and the occurrence of bronchial fistula after operation was 1.1%.
     1981至1985年183例肺切除术,采用双重结扎支气管残端,术后并发支气管胸膜瘘占1.1%;
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     Methods\ 6 cases of soft tissue defects on the remaining stumps after traumatic amputation were repaired by the technique. The sizes of flaps ranged from 6cm×8cm to 26cm×34cm.
     方法 通过吻合血管用于 6例截肢残端软组织缺损创面的修复 ,皮瓣面积为 6cm× 8cm~ 2 6cm× 34cm。
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  “残端”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The operative time was (282.8±32.8) min, the blood loss was 139.3±82.7 ml, the number of lymph nodes dissected was 30.1±17.0, and the lengths of proximal and distal margins to the tumor were (6.0±1.3) cm and (6.4±1.1) cm respectively.
     手术时间(282.8±32.8)min,出血量(139.3±82.7)ml,清扫淋巴结(30.1±17.0)枚,肿瘤近残端(6.0±1.3)cm,远残端(6.4±1.1)cm。
短句来源
     The distance from VSD to aortic valve was ( 2.8± 2.4)mm and to tricuspid valve was ( 3.2± 2.6)mm.
     VSD残端距主动脉瓣距离(2.8±2.4)mm,距三尖瓣距离(3.2±2.6)mm。
短句来源
     Disinfection in delivery,baby gender and umbilical cord wrapping with dressing were main risk factors according to path analysis with coefficients of 0.532,0.212 and 0.212 respectively, accounting for 42.765%,17.039% and 17.039% of the total factors,respectively.
     通径分析显示,接生过程的消毒、婴儿性别和脐带残端包裹为直接影响NT发生的主要因素,其通径系数分别为0.532、0.212、0.212,分别占总直接影响的42.765%、17.039%、17.039%;
短句来源
     Microscopic positive margin ratio of the lower resection border in length≤1.5 cm group was higher than that in length>1.5 cm group(8.1% vs 0.4%,P=0.000).
     癌下切除范围≤1.5 cm组下残端阳性率高于癌下切除范围>1.5 cm组(8.1%∶0.4%,P=0.000);
短句来源
     Results After fixation,microscopic positive margin ratio of the upper resection border in length≤0.5 cm group was higher than that in length>0.5 cm group(16.4% vs 4.1%,P=0.000).
     结果标本固定后,癌上切除范围≤0.5 cm组上残端阳性率高于癌上切除范围>0.5 cm组(16.4%∶4.1%,P=0.000);
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  stump
This augmentation consists in higher animal mortality, extension of the dedifferentiating stump tissue and concomitant retardation of limb restoration, and increase in the incidence of abnormal regenerates.
      
Some axons degenerated distally and regeneration by sprouting of the proximal stump was noted 80 days after implantation.
      
For lower limb amputations, the important key points are that the length of the stump indicates the length of the socket, if the stump is short the socket has to be longer.
      
To choose the right components, it is necessary to determine what soft tissues are in the load zone, the bone structure and the unequal forces to the stump.
      
The large scope of application and the resulting requirements for an adequate foundation for the amputation stump require at least the same amount of variety and individuality in prosthetic models.
      
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  stumps
There are also more tall trees and stumps in the home ranges of Narcissus Flycatchers than in that of Yellow-rumped Flycatchers.
      
The continuous development in material technology as well as the newly gained possibilities in the combination of various materials have created new opportunities for new specific and individual imbedding techniques of amputated feet stumps.
      
The amount of energy required for brooding and the limited number of suitable nest sites in the bamboo forests probably explain why every female frog except one in this study brooded tadpoles in only one of the bamboo stumps.
      
In most cases, all of the tadpoles in a bamboo stump were fed by only one female, but there were two bamboo stumps where two females fed the tadpoles.
      
Displacing bamboo stumps by 1 m did not significantly affect female homing, but displacing bamboo stumps by 3 m did, suggesting bamboo stump location is critical to homing by female frogs.
      
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From March 1980 through April 1983. Models GF-1 XF and CF stapling apparatuses for gastrointestinal anastomosis, all domestically made, were used in 203 patients for 316 anastomoses. The types of operation included gastrojejunal.gastroduodenal.Roux-Y gastrojejunal. colo-rectal.esophagogastric. esophago-esophageal. and esophago-jejunal anastomoses, and closure of gastric and duodenal stumps. The technic and results of using such stapling apparatuses were described in detail. No anastomotic leakage or bleeding...

From March 1980 through April 1983. Models GF-1 XF and CF stapling apparatuses for gastrointestinal anastomosis, all domestically made, were used in 203 patients for 316 anastomoses. The types of operation included gastrojejunal.gastroduodenal.Roux-Y gastrojejunal. colo-rectal.esophagogastric. esophago-esophageal. and esophago-jejunal anastomoses, and closure of gastric and duodenal stumps. The technic and results of using such stapling apparatuses were described in detail. No anastomotic leakage or bleeding occurred with exception of one case. The advantages of the stapling apparatus can be summarized as:(1) The anastomotic stoma made by such apparatus was smoother and tidier than that of conventional suturing method; (2)Some anastomoses,which would be technically impossible with conventional suturing technic, were successfully made with the aid of the stapling apparatus; (3) The stapler shortened the operation time. However, it should be emphasized that the operator should familiarize themself with the construction and the method of operation of the stapler beforehand.

自1980年3月至1983年4月,应用国产GF-1型管状吻合器、XF残端缝合器及CF侧侧吻合器行消化道手术203例316次。手术方式有胃十二指肠吻合、胃空肠吻合、直肠结肠吻合、胃空肠Roux-Y吻合,食管胃吻合、食管横断再吻合、食管空肠吻合及胃和十二指肠残端吻合。本文详述了手术操作方法及结果,除1例外未发生吻合口瘘及出血。用吻合器手术有以下优点:(1)吻合口质量好,比手工缝合光滑整齐;(2)可以完成某些用手工不能完成的手术;(3)完成手术快,缩短了手术时间。手术者必须熟悉吻合器的性能及掌握正确的操作方法。

The abdominal total hysterectomy is one of the most common operations.in general. it is safe, but sometimes may followed by complications, in this ar-tical, we made a clinical analysis of 520 cases of abdominal total hysterecto-my from 1976 to 1980. During the operations,one case of bladder injury wasencountered, 47 cases were infected (9.04%), 72 cases had bleeding from va-ginal residual (13.85%), and 4 cases were burned after operations,To avoidcommon complications, following preventive measures should be...

The abdominal total hysterectomy is one of the most common operations.in general. it is safe, but sometimes may followed by complications, in this ar-tical, we made a clinical analysis of 520 cases of abdominal total hysterecto-my from 1976 to 1980. During the operations,one case of bladder injury wasencountered, 47 cases were infected (9.04%), 72 cases had bleeding from va-ginal residual (13.85%), and 4 cases were burned after operations,To avoidcommon complications, following preventive measures should be taken; to int-roduce aseptic surgery, Right choice of antibiotics and to control inflamationof there reproductive organs before operation,Bleeding from vaginal residuecan be prevented by controlling infection and improving the suturing method.To avoid injury of organ one should be familiar with the anatomy of the fe-male pelvic. when tumor or inflammation happened in the pelvic organs, wh-ich have been displaced, routin operation should be performed after replaceingthe organs to their normal positions.

本文对1976~1980年520例腹式子宫全切除术进行了临床分析,47例术后发生感染(9.04%),膀胱损伤1例,阴道断端出血72例(13.85%),烫伤4例。预防感染,要掌握无菌技术,术前治疗生殖器炎,术后选用抗生素。阴道残端出血的预防,要严格控制感染和改进缝合方法,避免器官损伤、熟悉盆腔解剖,细心操作。

Of the 112 anterior resections for carcinoma of rectum, hand-suturing technique was used in 53 and EEA stapler in 59 cases. Lesions with lower edge situated below the peritoneal reflection occurred in 78 cases. The overall five-year survival was 63.6%. Residual carcinoma in the distal stumps of the rectum was found in 12 cases, 8 of them were of palliative and 4 of curative resections, all the latter belonged to the hand-suture group. Anastomotic leakage occurred in 5 cases, of which 4 were in EEA group. The...

Of the 112 anterior resections for carcinoma of rectum, hand-suturing technique was used in 53 and EEA stapler in 59 cases. Lesions with lower edge situated below the peritoneal reflection occurred in 78 cases. The overall five-year survival was 63.6%. Residual carcinoma in the distal stumps of the rectum was found in 12 cases, 8 of them were of palliative and 4 of curative resections, all the latter belonged to the hand-suture group. Anastomotic leakage occurred in 5 cases, of which 4 were in EEA group. The authors are of the opinion that with proper indication for anterior resection of rectal carcinoma, the result of operation is quite good. The possibility of lower anastomosis of the rectum can be increased with the use of the stapler.

本文报道采用前切除术治疗直肠癌112例,其中手术缝合者53例,应用吻合器者(EEA组)59例。吻合口位于腹膜返折以上者34例,返折以下者78例。五年生存率为63.6%(21/33)。残端有癌者12例,均为手缝组,其中2例再次手术,1例加用~(60)Co治疗,此3例均健在(术后已分别为2、5、16年)。吻合口漏5例(EEA组4例,手缝组1例),吻合口癌肿复发3例(EEA组2例,手缝组1例)。作者认为直肠癌行前切除术不仅取决于肿瘤的部位,还应考虑癌肿大小、浸润范围及手术野的暴露等。吻合器的应用使低位吻合增加了可能性。

 
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