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垂直     
相关语句
  vertical
    UV SPECTRAL RADIATION TRANSMISSION CHARACTERISTIC AND CALIBRATION OF OZONE VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION MONITOR
    臭氧垂直分布探测仪紫外光谱辐射传输特性与定标的研究
短句来源
    The Three-dimensional Expansion of Global Atmospheric Circumfluence and Characteristic Analyze of Atmospheric Vertical Motion
    全球大气运动的三维环流分解及大气垂直运动特征的分析
短句来源
    A NEW METHOD OF COMPUTING VERTICAL MOTION UNDER THE ASSUMPTION OF ISALLOBARIC WIND
    双侧风假定下垂直运动计算方法
短句来源
    A METHOD FOR CALCULATING THE VERTICAL MOTIONS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE HEAT SOURCES AND SINKS IN THE STRATOSPHERE OVER NORTHERN HEMISPHERE IN JANUARY, 1958
    平流层垂直运动的计算方法与1958年1月平流层热源热汇的分布
短句来源
    THE UMKEHR METHOD FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF OZONE'S VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION——AN IMPROVEMENT ON THE UMKEHR METHOD AND
    測量大气臭氧垂直分布的逆轉方法——对逆轉方法的改进
短句来源
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  the vertical
    A METHOD FOR CALCULATING THE VERTICAL MOTIONS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE HEAT SOURCES AND SINKS IN THE STRATOSPHERE OVER NORTHERN HEMISPHERE IN JANUARY, 1958
    平流层垂直运动的计算方法与1958年1月平流层热源热汇的分布
短句来源
    A METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE VERTICAL DISPERSION PARAMETERS IN THE RANGE OF 10 KM
    10公里范围垂直扩散参数的一个估算方法
短句来源
    THE VERTICAL STRUCTURE FEATURE OF THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTERTIME GENERAL CIRCULATION ANOMALIES
    北半球冬季环流异常的垂直结构特征
短句来源
    The Relationship between the Weather in an Easterly Wave and the Vertical Shear of Basic Air Flow
    东风波天气区域分布与基本气流垂直切变的关系
短句来源
    INFLUENCE OF THE OCEAN HEATING SCALE ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE VERTICAL CIRCULATION CELL IN THE TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE
    海洋加热尺度对热带大气垂直环流圈结构的影响
短句来源
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  vertically
    DIAGNOSIS OF MEAN MERIDIONAL CIRCULATION OFTHE MODEL ATMOSPHERE IN THE GCM WITH LOW RESOLUTION VERTICALLY
    垂直低分辨率GCM模式大气平均经圈环流的诊断
短句来源
    Symmetries are existed in oxy and oyz planes for horizontally and vertically polarized waves, i.e. one's H-polarized case is the same as the other V-polarized one.
    平面OXY和平面OYZ对于两种偏振极化入射波时存在着对称性,一者的水平极化与另一者的垂直极化情况相同;
短句来源
    In addition, pretty high correlation has been found between the onset time of the SCS summer monsoon and the zonnal mean vertically integrated heat source t 40 S in April.
    本文还发现,南海夏季风爆发的迟早与4月份40 S纬圈平均的大气热源垂直积分有着非常密切的联系,由此得到的南海夏季风爆发时间的前期判定指标能较好地判断南海夏季风的爆发时间。
短句来源
    Because of the impacts of topography, there is very different precipitation even though the vertically integrated liquid water in the same.
    强降水常出现在台风前进方向的右前侧,相同的垂直累积液态水含量受地形等因素影响“降水效率”差异极大。
短句来源
    A PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF THE VERTICALLY INTEGRATED WATER VAPOR TRANSPORTATION AND THE STRUCTURE OF THE PLANETARY-SCALE MOIST JET STREAM IN THE LOW-LATITUDES
    低纬垂直积分的水汽输送和行星尺度湿急流结构的初步分析
短句来源
更多       
  of the vertical
    INFLUENCE OF THE OCEAN HEATING SCALE ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE VERTICAL CIRCULATION CELL IN THE TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE
    海洋加热尺度对热带大气垂直环流圈结构的影响
短句来源
    A Electrochemical Measurement of the Vertical Distribution of Ozone in the Atmosphere
    大气臭氧垂直分布的电化学测量
短句来源
    THE EFFECT OF THE VERTICAL SHEAR OF BASIC FLOW AND TOPOGRAPHY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF INERTIA GRAVITATIONAL WAVES
    垂直切变和地形影响下惯性重力波的发展
短句来源
    Numerical Calculation of the Vertical Profile of Boundary Meteorological Elements
    边界层气象要素垂直廓线的数值计算
短句来源
    A statistical analysis of the distribution function of the vertical lift-off speeds of saltating particles
    跃移沙粒起跳垂直速度分布函数的统计分析
短句来源
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      vertical
    In order to deal with large problems, a pair of trust region subproblems in horizontal and vertical subspaces is used to replace the general full trust region subproblem.
          
    The horizontal trust region subproblem in the algorithm is only a general trust region subproblem while the vertical trust region subproblem is defined by a parameter size of the vertical direction subject only to an ellipsoidal constraint.
          
    That is, the plot with the fitted response ? on the horizontal axis and the observed y on the vertical axis can be used to visualize the link function.
          
    It was found that the vertical magnetic anisotropy would drop lineally with the increase of the array diameter.
          
    In contrast, under AFM nanoindentation mode, the tip-induced crystallization occurred when a sufficiently high vertical tip force was applied to the melt droplets of PEO with Mn ? 1.0 × 104 g/mol.
          
    更多          
      the vertical
    The horizontal trust region subproblem in the algorithm is only a general trust region subproblem while the vertical trust region subproblem is defined by a parameter size of the vertical direction subject only to an ellipsoidal constraint.
          
    That is, the plot with the fitted response ? on the horizontal axis and the observed y on the vertical axis can be used to visualize the link function.
          
    It was found that the vertical magnetic anisotropy would drop lineally with the increase of the array diameter.
          
    The results show that most of the vertical distributions of plant roots belong to the type wherein the roots are concentrated in the topsoil layer (0-20 cm), far more than those in the lower soil layers.
          
    The vertical distribution regions of Abies are from sea level to an elevation of 4,700 m, concentrated in 1,000-2,000 m (15 species).
          
    更多          
      vertically
    Vertically aligned and hexagonal crystal ZnSe nanoribbon arrays on Zn substrates
          
    The vertically aligned and hexagonal ZnSe nanoribbon array can be easily obtained by heating ZnSe: 0.38 en precursors (en = ethylenediamine), while ZnSe precursor nanoribbon arrays are grown directly on Zn foils in en using the solvothermal method.
          
    The characteristics observed using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction indicate that the ZnSe precursor as well as ZnSe nanoribbons are vertically aligned on almost the whole zinc foil surface and form a large-scale uniform array.
          
    The first determination is made of the critical value δ = δ** of the onset of boundary layer separation in the vertically flowing viscous film.
          
    Self-consistent approach to the problem of nonlinear waves on the surface of a vertically flowing film
          
    更多          
      of the vertical
    The horizontal trust region subproblem in the algorithm is only a general trust region subproblem while the vertical trust region subproblem is defined by a parameter size of the vertical direction subject only to an ellipsoidal constraint.
          
    The results show that most of the vertical distributions of plant roots belong to the type wherein the roots are concentrated in the topsoil layer (0-20 cm), far more than those in the lower soil layers.
          
    Some important results and understandings are gained from the images of the vertical velocity of mantle flow for East Asia and the West Pacific.
          
    The velocities of the vertical mantle flow are about 1-4 cm per year and the tangential velocities are 1-10 cm per year.
          
    Nonmonotonic variations in the plasma conductivity for the ionosphere currents in unstable plasma can be a cause of observed nonmonotonic disturbances of the vertical component of the "constant" electric field.
          
    更多          


    The structure of general circulation over the Asia, in the period of Jan. 1st. to Mar. 10th., 1956, is investigated using all available aerological material. It is found that:1.During thus period there existed two jet streams over the continent. This two jets combined into one jet at the meridian 140°E.2.Both jets over Eastern Asia are accelerated downstream. The southern one starts acceleration from the meridian 75°E, while the northern one was not acce 1e rated before reading Ere meridian 100°E.3.The baroclinity...

    The structure of general circulation over the Asia, in the period of Jan. 1st. to Mar. 10th., 1956, is investigated using all available aerological material. It is found that:1.During thus period there existed two jet streams over the continent. This two jets combined into one jet at the meridian 140°E.2.Both jets over Eastern Asia are accelerated downstream. The southern one starts acceleration from the meridian 75°E, while the northern one was not acce 1e rated before reading Ere meridian 100°E.3.The baroclinity of the atmosphere over Eastern Asia is mainly concentrated in the vicinity of the Tibetan Plateau.It is considered that the existence of the Tibetan Plateau has the following three effects on the general circulation:1.The existence of the plateau intensifies the baroclinity (along the N-S as well as W-E directions) around the plateau, south of which a vertical circulationis formed.2.The confluence of the two jets, thus also the acceleration of them, is due to the existence of the plateau.3.The existence of plateau makes the southern jet intensified and steady.

    根据1956年1月到3月上旬亚洲地区高空资料,对亚洲大陆上空的大气环流进行了探讨。作者得出了下列的事实: 1)在上述时间期限内的平均情况表明,亚洲大陆上空存在着二支急流。这二支急流在东经140°经度上已经汇合。 2)二支急流在东亚部分都表现有向东加速的现象。南支急流自东经75°就开始明显地向东加速。而北支急流的加速自东经100°附近才开始。 3)东亚大陆上大气的斜压性主要是集中在高原的附近。 另外对上述现象也作了一些初步的研究。作者认为西藏高原的存在对大气环流有下列三方面的影响: 1)高原加强了大气的斜压性,并且在高原南方形成垂直环流。因而强烈的加速了南支急流。 2)高原的存在使得南北二支急流在其东侧互相接近,显然地影响了急流的加速。 3)高原保证了南支急流强大而且稳定,这就是说每天每年同季的变化都小。

    ~~

    本文是应用塔巴罗夫斯基方程(以下简称塔氏方程)计算地面气压变化的一个尝试。作者计算了沿经纬线均匀分布的五十个点的塔氏方程十八项的数值。应用的例子是一个深的高空槽。 公式(3)的第一、二两项分别为风速散度(注一)及轨迹曲率的变化。由计算可以看出,在高空这两项的数值最大。而它们所引起的气压变化,在很大程度上为一部分其它项在低层的相反作用所补偿。这样的垂直方向的质量散度的分布造成了很强的垂直运动。其它项在高层则多相互抵消。 前两项,即散度与曲率在强烈的大气过程发展中的决定性的作用,还可以由以下两点得证明: 1.用温度绝热交化算出的垂直运动(图三)有只用散度项及曲率项的高空质量散度算出的垂直运动(图二)很符合。 2.在地面气压倾向乘以面积的总和△P。与在950-200毫巴整层中前两项的散度乘以相应面积的总和△P之间有密切的关系(图七) 其它因子对地面气压变化的供献尚取决於具体条件,不过数值均不甚大。 根据得到的关系求出三个计算地面气压变化的半经验公式[(4),(5),(6)]。

    First in this paper the mean 2-year mean winter and summer wind fields below 6kmover Tibetan Plateau and its surrounding are presented.In winter the main features on 1.5km(fig.1)and 3 km(fig.2)level are the splitting of the westlies over the plateau,the lineof convergence to the east of the plateau and the“dead-water”regions(characterized by calmwind and little disturbances,except small local vortices)respectively to the east and west of theplateau.On 6km(fig.4)the minor features disappear but the splitting...

    First in this paper the mean 2-year mean winter and summer wind fields below 6kmover Tibetan Plateau and its surrounding are presented.In winter the main features on 1.5km(fig.1)and 3 km(fig.2)level are the splitting of the westlies over the plateau,the lineof convergence to the east of the plateau and the“dead-water”regions(characterized by calmwind and little disturbances,except small local vortices)respectively to the east and west of theplateau.On 6km(fig.4)the minor features disappear but the splitting is still evident.Insummer in the vicinity of the plateau low level wind blows cyclonically around it(fig.6—7).Surround this large cyclonic whirl are small systems.On 6km(fig.8)the wind blows anticy-clonically around the plateau.The center of the this anticyclone may be located at the SE cornerof the plateau.This kind of vertical structure of this wind field indicates that the temperatureover the plateau is higher than the surrounding.The region of high temperature is estimated toreach at least as high as 9 km.There is strong vertical motion in the vicinity of the plateau.In winter on its SE the motionis upward,while in the rest of the region the motion is in the main downward.In summer themean motion fundamentally upward velocity reaches about 1 cm/sec,on 6km.Mean advection and temperature gradient(fig.5 for winter and fig.9 for summer)between 3—6km are also calculated from the wind data under geostrophic assumption.Secondly the heat balance over the plateau is estimated from the calculation of short waveabsorption,codensation heating,long wave cooling,temperature advection,adiabatic cooling(or warming)due to vertical motion and turbulent heat transfer from the ground.From thiscalculation it is concluded that Tibetan Plateau is a heat source in summer,while in winter theresult is not very conclusive.Probably in winter the SE part of it plays a role of warm sourcewhile the rest of the plateau plays a role of cold source.

    本文利用1954—1956年的高空及地面记录,作出了平均流场,并计算了垂直速度、冷暖平流及辐射等,得出下面几点结论:1)冬季在1.5千米及3千米的西风,在高原西边有明显的分支,东边有明显的会合,且在东西两边各有一“死水区”(风速很小),在高原北面形成了高压脊,而在其南面形成了低槽,到了6千米除了二个“死水区”消失以外,其余基本上没有变化。2)夏季1.5千米及3千米在高原附近的流线,绕高原作气旋性旋转,而到了6千米则相反而呈反气旋性旋转,其中心在高原西南部分,且随高度增加而向西偏。3)夏季在高原上基本上是上升运动,可能达到9千米;冬季在高原上估计可能是下沉运动(除西南角有部分上升运动)。4)夏季可以肯定高原是一个热源,而冬季除了西南角有—部分是热源外,其他地区可能是一冷源。

     
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