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     3.No significant aging decreasing of T4 and T3 as a whole were found, but T3 x±s in 80~84 years groups was significantly slight lower than that of 45~59 years groups(P<0.05).
     3.T4及T3值(作为整体)未见增龄性降低,但T3值80~84岁组较45~59岁组降低5.13%(P<0.05)。
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     The level of development in the country as a whole ranks of the cited newspapers in Chengdu, have their own photo development and the environment are facing an era of the specific situation, find themselves in the national newspaper photo of the location and development of advanced media compared with the huge gap existed.
     作为整体发展水平在全国都市报业位居前列的成都都市报业群体而言,认清自身新闻摄影的发展所处的时代环境以及面临的具体形势,找准自己在全国都市报新闻摄影发展中的位置以及与先进媒体相比存在的巨大差距,无疑是当下成都地区都市报战略发展进程中一个紧迫而重要的任务。
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     Study on the Teaching Art as a Whole
     探索作为整体的教学艺术
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     By setting the new calculation model for the inner supporting retaining structure with struts, and taking the retaining piles struts, vertical columns and engineering piles as a whole a new analysis method is given herein.
     通过对内支撑式支护结构建立新的计算模型,将支护桩、内支撑、竖向支柱、工程桩(支墩)作为整体进行研究,对内支撑提出了一种新的分析方法
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     First the data are analysed as a whole the annual mean variations and then reanalysed after subdivision according to Solar activity to be divided into quiet, medium and activity periods. The results are tabulated, discussed and compared with other observations.
     首先把佘山台1960~1978年D,H和Z各分量的时均值资料作为整体分析年平均变化,然后再把资料按太阳活动性分为宁静、中等活动和活动期三组分析L(O_1)随太阳活动性的变化,并与国外一些地磁台的结果进行了对比分析。
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     Serum TBil,DBil and IBil were negatively correlated with TC,TG and LDL-C,positively correlated with HDL-C(P<0.01).
     将101例研究对象作为整体进行相关性分析,血清TBil、DBil和IBil与TC、TG和LDL-C均呈负相关,与HDL-C均呈正相关(P均<0.01)。
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     The multivariate linear regression analysis showed that CRP and Diabetes increased the number of CECs significantly (OR=0.620, 0.164, 95%CI 3.985-6.751, 0.301-21.877, P=0.000, 0.044).
     以研究对象作为整体分析时,CECs数量与CRP及IL-6水平呈显著相关(r=0·677,0·316,P=0·000,0·002),多元线性回归分析显示CRP水平及糖尿病对CECs数量有显著影响(OR=0·620,0·164,95%CI:3·985~6·751,0·301~21·877,P=0·000,0·044)。
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     Abnormalities of these proteins were closely related to tumor types ( P <0.01). The alteration of cyclin D1/p16 pRB pathway as a unit was seen in 82.6%(19/23) of the cases and had marked difference with normal brain tissues (1/6, 16.7%)( P =0.006);
     cyclin D1/p16-pRB路径作为整体在肿瘤组织中的异常率为82.6% (19/23),与正常脑组织(1/6, 16.7% )相比有显著性差异(P= 0.006);
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     In this paper, uniting the Yangtze Estuary, Hangzhou Bay and their adjacent sea , the 4 main tidal constituents M 2,S 2,K 1,O 1 are simulated using a non-orthogonal coordinate primitive equation model with high resolution.
     把长江河口、杭州湾及邻近海区作为整体 ,应用三维高分辨率非正交曲线网格河口海洋模式 ,模拟了 4个主要分潮M2 ,S2 ,K1,O1。
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     In multivariate analysis, the over expression of p53, Rb, PCNA (P<0. 001) and the grading of tumour(P<0. 001) were the independent risk factors of recurrence.
     多因素分析表明,p53、Rb、PCNA作为整体,3者中有任一强阳性表达是肿瘤短期(1~3年)内复发的独立危险因素,肿瘤分级(P<0.001)亦是肿瘤短期内复发的独立危险因素。
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     H.323 will continue to be the defacto VoIP standard for a long time.
     作为H.
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     Study on the Teaching Art as a Whole
     探索作为整体的教学艺术
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     On Dworkin’s Theory of Law as Integrity
     论德沃金“作为整体的法律”理论
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     On Entirety Enterprise Planning
     整体企划
     IN VIVO EXPERIMENTS:
     整体实验:
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Special emphasis is placed upon the development of the proofs of the two Hausdorff-Young inequalities and their impact upon Fourier analysis as a whole, in particular on the M.
      
To study the performance of high and low stage compressors and that of the system as a whole, a two-stage turbocharging system was matched, and a special two-stage turbocharging system test bench was built.
      
We shall introduce a multi-scale simulation algorithm that deals with the entire carbon nanotube as well as the substrate as a whole.
      
Calculation results show that the variation of the rotational inertia or stiffness either of the rotor system as a whole (namely shafting) or only locally may both remarkably influence the TV characteristics of the rotor.
      
The influence of localized variation is still notable although it is not as great as that of the rotor as a whole.
      
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First, we cannot but talk in a few words about rheological fracture, because of this subject is generally understood as a self-contradictory one. In fact, Griffith's works just sixty years ago signaled the beginnings of a mechanics of fractcture, he realized and investigated the beginnings of a mechanics of fracture, he realized and investigated the phenomena of rupture and flow in solids. However it must be remembered that rheological mechanics sixty years ago was not well developed. Today from rheological...

First, we cannot but talk in a few words about rheological fracture, because of this subject is generally understood as a self-contradictory one. In fact, Griffith's works just sixty years ago signaled the beginnings of a mechanics of fractcture, he realized and investigated the beginnings of a mechanics of fracture, he realized and investigated the phenomena of rupture and flow in solids. However it must be remembered that rheological mechanics sixty years ago was not well developed. Today from rheological mechanics we know that any material may be caused to flow by varying temperature and force field. If defined as isotropy group of the material at particle Ⅹ, with respect to the reference configuration, then solid is a material whose isotropy group is the orthogonal group and fluid whose isotropy group is the full unimodular group. All continuous deformations form a symmetric group. At rupture, the nature of the group changes. In other words, the change into a state of rupture may be interpreted as an asymptotic phenomenon which imposes a constraint on the invariants of the field tensor. In this new light, flow and rupture are all physical quantities, and any physical quantity has a mathematical background itself. The mathematical background of flow can be in terpreted as a mapping of one topological space into another and of rupture is then the corresponding mapping should become singlar, because of at rupture the macro-element breaks down, and the mo Julus of transformation tends to infinite. Therefore. they are relative, with one another. Rheological fracture is rest upon this mathematical background.The conclusion of our other article is that the fracture is a purely rheological process not influenced by surface energy, but yet the introduction of surface energy into the continuum description of the fracture process forces a major departure from the mechanics appropriate to the non-separation body. We realized that by virtue of this additioncd term however, the possibility of obtaining a corresponding local balance equation directly as a derived consequence of the global balance statement, as is customary in classical continuum mechanics, is lost. They must instead be imposed additional postulates about separating. When a separating body is viewed as a non-equilibrium irreversible thermodynamic process, the full thermodynamic nature of the surface energy induced by crack propagation becomes apparent.Aug mechanical process in a rheological material produees dissipated energy. Thus, in order to properly describe the propagation of a crack it is necessary to consider the rheological solid mechanically as a dissipature type media, and so in the global energy balance law must inclusion the rate-of-energy dissipation term which represent the behavior of rheological materials. According to the character of the surfaces of a propagating crack, the balance equations are material rate equations.Moreover, we have already known from continuum thermodynamics that irreversible processes must be associated with entropy production. Irreversible crack propagation will then, under some conditions, contribute the entropy content to the separationg body, and fracture, in order to be properly viewed, should be viewed as a rhological process with memory.The insights that have been raised here. which not only concerned with thermodynamic first law but second law. require explanation and mathematical argument if rheological fracture is to be given a proper theoretical basis. In this paper, this theoretical basis of rheological fracture is given.We have shown that the thermorheological material with memory can be defined as aviscoelastic material with memory according as thermorheological material response, it only necessary exists certain relation between the time and the temperature history. By virtue of the planestrain crack growth relations can be applied even when the global state of body is one of plane stress, it is only necessary that the failure zone be small enough for the neighborhood of the crack-tip to be in plane strain. Th

首先,关于流变断裂我们不能不说几句,因为这个课题一般被理解是自相矛盾的。实际上,整六十年前Griffifh的工作标志着断裂力学的开始,他那时就认识到并研究了固体中的破裂和流动现象。可是必须提及,流变力学在六十年前还没有很好发展起来。今天,我们从流变力学知道,由于温度和力场的变化可引起任一材料发生流动。若将(?)定义为质点×存参考构形(?)的实质迷向群,则固体是迷向群为正交群的材料,而流体就是迷向群为全幺模群的材料。整个连续变形形成对称群。破裂时,群的性质改变。换句话说,可以把变到破裂状态看作是一种渐近现象,它给场张量不变量以限制。在这个新的看法中,流动和破裂都是物理量,而任一物理量都有它自身的数学背景。流动的数学背景可视为从一个拓扑空间到另一拓扑空间的映射,而破裂的数学背景则是相应的映射变为奇异的,这是由于破裂时宏观组元破坏,变换模趋于无穷大的缘故。从而,它们是彼此相关的。流变断裂学就是建立存这个数学背景上。我们另一文的结论是,断裂是不受表面能影响的一个纯粹流变过程。可是,把表而能引入断裂过程的连续统力学描述中,才主要地使它从适用于未裂体的力学独立出来。但我们认为,由于这项引入,使得经典连续统力学惯刚的把相应...

首先,关于流变断裂我们不能不说几句,因为这个课题一般被理解是自相矛盾的。实际上,整六十年前Griffifh的工作标志着断裂力学的开始,他那时就认识到并研究了固体中的破裂和流动现象。可是必须提及,流变力学在六十年前还没有很好发展起来。今天,我们从流变力学知道,由于温度和力场的变化可引起任一材料发生流动。若将(?)定义为质点×存参考构形(?)的实质迷向群,则固体是迷向群为正交群的材料,而流体就是迷向群为全幺模群的材料。整个连续变形形成对称群。破裂时,群的性质改变。换句话说,可以把变到破裂状态看作是一种渐近现象,它给场张量不变量以限制。在这个新的看法中,流动和破裂都是物理量,而任一物理量都有它自身的数学背景。流动的数学背景可视为从一个拓扑空间到另一拓扑空间的映射,而破裂的数学背景则是相应的映射变为奇异的,这是由于破裂时宏观组元破坏,变换模趋于无穷大的缘故。从而,它们是彼此相关的。流变断裂学就是建立存这个数学背景上。我们另一文的结论是,断裂是不受表面能影响的一个纯粹流变过程。可是,把表而能引入断裂过程的连续统力学描述中,才主要地使它从适用于未裂体的力学独立出来。但我们认为,由于这项引入,使得经典连续统力学惯刚的把相应局部平衡方程作为整体平衡描述的直接结论的可能性就丧失掉。它们必须代以作为裂开的附加假设。当把物体的开裂视作为一个非平衡不可逆热力学过程,表面能的整个热力学性质也就清楚了。流变性材料的任何力学过程都要耗散能量。因此,为能正确地描述裂纹扩展,就需要把流变固体从力学上看作是耗能型介质,从而在整体能量平衡规律中必须计及标志流变性材料特性的耗能率。根据扩展裂纹表面的特征,平衡方程是实质率型方程。此外,我们从连续统热力学知道,不可逆过程必然伴有熵产生。在某种情况下,不可逆的裂纹扩展向开裂体提供了熵含量,从而为了正确的看待,应将断裂视作为带有记忆的流变过程。为给流变断裂学以正确的理论基础,对这里提出的不仅涉及热力学第一定律而且涉及第二定律的一些看法,就需要加以解释和数学论证。本文给出流变断裂学的这样理论基础。我们表明,根据热流变性材料响应,只要时间和温度历史间存在一定关系,热流变性记忆材料就可定义为一种粘弹性记忆材料。由于甚至物体的整体状态是一种平面应力状态时,平面应变裂纹增长公式也适用,这仅要求对于是平面应变的裂纹尖端邻域来说,衰坏区足够小。所以,我们应用Graham的广义粘弹对应性原理,从而简化了流变体的断裂问题。

In this paper the principles of the three—operand adder and their logical expressions are deseribed. Composed of AND—OR—NOT gates, the two kinds of three—operand full adder logical network are shown to have higher speed but a less number of integrated circuits. As an example, a thirty—two bit adder′s corry chain with a three—level skip is discussed,

本文介绍三操作数加法器.首先叙述加法器的工作原理,导出其逻辑关系式;然后,根据我国目前集成电路生产的实际情况,介绍两种器件较省、速度较快的三操作数全加器网络的实用线路.这两种线路,既可用单片"与或非"门组成,也可作为整体集成化生产时参考;最后,以32位加法器为例,讨论一种三级分组跳跃进位的进位链结构.

The problem of reconciliation and estimation of chemical process data is considered in one thing, and the general formula is derived. It can be used to test the inoonsistency of the measured data, to detect gross errors in measurement, to reconciliate the measured data, and to estimate the unmeasured data with satisfaction of the conservation equations. In treating complex chemical process, as the scale of solution is reduced, it is necessary to classify the data and to decompose flowsheet. A effective algorithm...

The problem of reconciliation and estimation of chemical process data is considered in one thing, and the general formula is derived. It can be used to test the inoonsistency of the measured data, to detect gross errors in measurement, to reconciliate the measured data, and to estimate the unmeasured data with satisfaction of the conservation equations. In treating complex chemical process, as the scale of solution is reduced, it is necessary to classify the data and to decompose flowsheet. A effective algorithm of classifing the data is presented in the work.

本文将化工过程数据的校正和估计问题作为整体加以考虑,推导出普遍的计算公式。用于检验化工过程测量数据的一致性、侦破失错的测量数据、校正已测数据和估算未测数据以满足物料平衡和热量平衡。在处理复杂化工流程时,为了缩小解题规模,必须进行数据分类和流程分解。本文提出一个面向方程的算法。

 
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