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有规律
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  with laws
     In history, Vico thought that there be an analogue between the development of human faculty and the structure of the development of human history, and that the common human nature is basis of human history with laws.
     维柯还把这种人学观贯彻到他的历史观中,认为人的能力的发展与人类历史的发展有结构上的类似性。 维柯以此确认人类的共同本性,并且确认人类的共同本性是人类历史有规律发展的基础。
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     Based on the experiments done in wind tunnel on javelin,the author established a mathematical model of javelin flying with computer optimization and obtained the results with laws. The proper conditions of javelin release were also analysed.
     在标枪风洞测力实验基础上,建立标枪飞行数理模型进行计算机优化,得到了有规律的结论,结合投掷实践分析了标枪出手适宜条件。
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  “有规律”译为未确定词的双语例句
     From γ_3→γ_5~1→γ_5~(2a)→γ_5~(2b), with the regular compositional evolu-tion of granitic magma, Sn and W are gradually enriched.
     自γ_3→γ_5~1→γ_5~(2a)→γ_5~(2b),随着岩浆成分有规律地演化,Sn,W逐渐富集。
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     Results In the normal dogs, basal pressure, the contract frequency and amplitude, and motility index of SO were (19. 4±3. 2)mmHg, (9. 9±1. 6) per min, (45. 1±6. 5) mmHg and (355. 4±31. 3). respectively.
     结果正常犬SO有规律收缩,基础压为(19.4±3.2)mmHg,收缩频率为(9.9±1.6)次/min,收缩幅度为(45.1±6.5)mmHg,动力指数为355.4±31.3。
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     Regular exercise of middle and minor strength can improve the proportion of CD4~+/CD8~+,and promote the organic T-lymphocytes immune function;
     中小强度有规律的运动提高CD4+/CD8+比值,增强机体T淋巴细胞的免疫功能;
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     The shape of Al_2TiO_5 was strip near surface and block near substrate,and the farther from surface,and the more Al_2TiO_5 in the coatings.
     α-Al_2O_3与Al_2TiO_5相的分布随着与表面的远近呈有规律的变化,在靠近表面和靠近基体处Al_2TiO_5呈条状和块状分布在α-Al_2O_3的晶界处,且靠近基体的Al_2TiO_5量越来越多。
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     A preliminary conclusion has been drawn that the charge transfer amount from O 2p to Cr 3d varies regularly with the doping level of Cr 3+ in LaFe 1- x Cr x O 3.
     初步得出结论 :随着Cr3+掺杂量在LaFe1-xCrxO3中的增加 ,O 2 p向Cr 3d的电荷转移量也发生有规律的变化。
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     The development of painting has the law of general character.
     绘画的发展共性的规律
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     What laws are there during that time?
     其间什么规律吗?
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     deterioration law
     退化规律
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     The Rules of Attraction
     吸引的规律
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     HOW HIGH
     《多高》
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  with laws
Some preliminary equations relating the variation of these parameters to the volume fraction of filler, through the use of simple fractal exponents have been derived and discussed in comparison with laws provided by various authors.
      
The former are associated with laws and theories, the latter with test situations of a particular kind.
      
This paper is concerned withlaw's failure and need to manifest theessentiality of technology for the West.
      
Employers must comply with laws and give up control over much of the employment relationship in order to avoid co-employment status and to gain the benefits of contingent employment.
      
It is argued that, as the development of the individual's formal operations proceeds, a conflict with laws of language use arises.
      
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Ⅰ. The Coal Classification Method for the Chinese Coals. (а) The Ultimate Analysis Graphical Coal Classification Method-Use the volatile Mateer on Combustible basis Vr as abscissa and the simplified coal characteristic coefficient as ordinate. (б) Proximate Analysis Graphical Coal Classification Method-Use the volatile matter on combustible basis VT as abscissa and the fixed carbon on ash free basis F. C.w Ⅱ. The Ranks (kinds) of the Chinese Coals-By using the two above mentioned graphi- ed coal classification...

Ⅰ. The Coal Classification Method for the Chinese Coals. (а) The Ultimate Analysis Graphical Coal Classification Method-Use the volatile Mateer on Combustible basis Vr as abscissa and the simplified coal characteristic coefficient as ordinate. (б) Proximate Analysis Graphical Coal Classification Method-Use the volatile matter on combustible basis VT as abscissa and the fixed carbon on ash free basis F. C.w Ⅱ. The Ranks (kinds) of the Chinese Coals-By using the two above mentioned graphi- ed coal classification methods, the Chinese coals available with ultimate analysis or proximate analysis data can be easily classified into the following different kinds as known internationally: -anthracite (A), semi-athracite (T), semi-bituminous ( C), coking coal (k), steaming fat coal ( ), gas coal ( ), long flame (candle) coal ( ) and lignite coal ( ), as tabulated on Table - 4. Ⅲ. The Properties of Chinese Coals. (а) The composition of the Chinese Coals - with the exception of ash and sulfur which vary irregularly, the other constituents. like carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and analytical moisture vary regularly with the variation of the vodatile matter on combustible basis V in the different stage of carbonization. (б) The Reltation between the ultimate analysis and proximate analysis for the Chinese Coals- In the bituminous coal region, the data of proximate analysis can be transferred to the ultimate analysis proximately according to the straight line formula, as for the bituinous coal. The other constituents like H, O and N, S can also be obtained by the straight line formulas as shown on the graph. (в) The Heating Value of Chinese Coals - The Heating Value of Chinese Coals; when only ultimate analysis data is available, can be checked by using the Mendeleef formula; when Duly the proximate analysis data is available, the heahng value can be checked by the Goutal Formula. When illers is only the ultimate data without any bomb calorimeter, the heating value can be obtained by the following empirical formulas:(p) The Coking Property of the Chinese Coals---The ebbing property can be represent6d by' foe coking coeffident as suggested by the author, the ratio of hydrogen to oxygen on combustible. basis (%). With the exception of anthraede, semi--anthracite and liana, ' which will have the ash in powderform, when burned, the other bituminous coals like (1) Semi--bituminous and part of the coking coal, when Vr- 16 ~ 24 7o and (%) = 0.90 1 .8, the ash after combustion will become softly caked; (2) for coking coal, Steaming fat Hr coal and gas coal, when Vr~25-47 and M~0. 58-1 .2, the ash after combustion will become strongly caked; (3) FOr gas coal and long flame coal, when Vr~31 ~46 ac and aam: =0. 34-0. 50, the ash will become softly caked. f {if) The Combustion Characteristics of Chinese Coals -- The combustion characteristics vary with the kind of coal. Which kind of coal is suitable for what kind of industrial use and which type of furnace is suitable for burning what kind' of 'coal,. all depends uPOn the rank, composition and combustion charact6rislics of the coal. F6, economy, it is necessary >to burn the poor quality coal nearby and the problem of caking inside the furnace resulting from poor quality coal muSt be properly solved. ' (in) The ash Fusion point of Chinese Coals -- The ash composition affects the fusion point. greatly. The change in ash composition will of feet the fusion poillt. Thus increasing the met,ilie oxides in the coal ash liko FeZO3, CaO and MAO ate. will raduce the fusion point and will fadlitate the ash disposal in fluid form. On the other hand, whother increasing 'the kaolin (fire clay) in the ash composition will raise the ash fusion point or not is a problem worthy for further investigation and research. ' '. It may be reaseonably assumed as suggested by the auther that the coal ash is mainly consisted of kaolin (Al.O, ZFios ZHZO) + free SiOZ + different motailic odddes (FavOr, CaO and MgO, etc ). When coal is burned, the free SiOZ will combine with some of the metallic

(Ⅰ)中国煤的分类法 (а)元素分析图解分类法─—横坐标采用纯燃质挥发物百分数V而纵坐标则用简化特性系数 (б)实用分析图解分类法─—横坐标采用纯燃质挥发物百分数V而纵坐标则采用去灰定炭百分数F.C。 (Ⅱ)中国煤的分类类别 根据上列二个新的图解分类方法,中国煤在有元素分析或实用分析数据后,即可从图解上求得分类类别,中国煤按照国际间一般分类标准,可以分为无烟煤,瘠煤、蒸汽结焦煤,炼焦煤,蒸汽肥煤,瓦斯煤,长火焰烟煤,褐煤等,已列在中国煤突用分析数据表的最后一项。 (Ⅲ)中国煤的特性 (а)中国煤的成分─—中国煤的成分,除灰分与硫磺的变化无规律外,其他成分如碳素,氢素,氧素,氮素,分析水分等的变化极有规律,此外煤的工作质水分则受外界气候影响而变化,但吸收水分(即分析水分)划与煤的含氧量有失,而变化很有规律。 (б)中国煤的元素分析与实用分析的关系─—中国煤的实用分析数据,在烟煤区域,可以按照直线关系公式,转变力元素分析的近似数据。例如其他成分如H,O及N S等亦可从直线公式(如图上所示)求得平均数值。 (в)中国煤的发热量──中国煤的发热量,若有元素分析数据,则应用门捷列夫公式来计算核对...

(Ⅰ)中国煤的分类法 (а)元素分析图解分类法─—横坐标采用纯燃质挥发物百分数V而纵坐标则用简化特性系数 (б)实用分析图解分类法─—横坐标采用纯燃质挥发物百分数V而纵坐标则采用去灰定炭百分数F.C。 (Ⅱ)中国煤的分类类别 根据上列二个新的图解分类方法,中国煤在有元素分析或实用分析数据后,即可从图解上求得分类类别,中国煤按照国际间一般分类标准,可以分为无烟煤,瘠煤、蒸汽结焦煤,炼焦煤,蒸汽肥煤,瓦斯煤,长火焰烟煤,褐煤等,已列在中国煤突用分析数据表的最后一项。 (Ⅲ)中国煤的特性 (а)中国煤的成分─—中国煤的成分,除灰分与硫磺的变化无规律外,其他成分如碳素,氢素,氧素,氮素,分析水分等的变化极有规律,此外煤的工作质水分则受外界气候影响而变化,但吸收水分(即分析水分)划与煤的含氧量有失,而变化很有规律。 (б)中国煤的元素分析与实用分析的关系─—中国煤的实用分析数据,在烟煤区域,可以按照直线关系公式,转变力元素分析的近似数据。例如其他成分如H,O及N S等亦可从直线公式(如图上所示)求得平均数值。 (в)中国煤的发热量──中国煤的发热量,若有元素分析数据,则应用门捷列夫公式来计算核对;若仅有实用分析数据,则可用古?

Through graphical investigation of Soviet coal and Chinese coal, the follow-ing important conclusions are obtained. (1) The inadequacy of old coal classification methods is discussed and anentirely new method of coal classification with volatile matter on combustiblebasis as abssicca and the coal characteristic coefficient β=2.35((H~P-0.126O~P+0.04N~P)/(C~P+0.375S_?~Pas ordinate is proposed, The graphical charts show perfectly satisfactory withthe different kinds of coal located in perfectly distinct areas of...

Through graphical investigation of Soviet coal and Chinese coal, the follow-ing important conclusions are obtained. (1) The inadequacy of old coal classification methods is discussed and anentirely new method of coal classification with volatile matter on combustiblebasis as abssicca and the coal characteristic coefficient β=2.35((H~P-0.126O~P+0.04N~P)/(C~P+0.375S_?~Pas ordinate is proposed, The graphical charts show perfectly satisfactory withthe different kinds of coal located in perfectly distinct areas of classification.Thus the detailed classification which the old methods fail to give out, is perfectlypossible with the new method. (2) The ultimate composition of coal on combustible basis, like C~2, 0~2, H~2,N~2 and the analytical moisture, W~a and their variation with the volatile matteron combustible basis and with each other is graphically investigated and it isfound that their variation with each other proceeded with distinct regularitywith the exception of sulphur and ash, so that their composition percentage canbe approximatety estimated with rough accuracy through these graphs and theclose check of analytical results of ultimate composition can be carried outthrough the use of these graphs. (3) a general relationship in the proximate and ultimate composition of the pure coal substance on combustible basis for typical Chinese coals can bederived with the following straight line formula for the average percentage of car-ben on combustible basis in terms of the volatile matter on combustible basisin the region of bituminous coal: C~2=93.3-(V~2/4.55) during (8

此文系用图解方法进行研究: (Ⅰ)煤的分类方法,以何种方法为最合适(图解图1—9); (Ⅱ)煤的成分变化是否有一定的规律,及其相互间是否有一定的关系(图解图10—20); (Ⅲ)煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系(图解图21—23); (Ⅳ)煤的发热量的变化(图解图24—28); (Ⅴ)燃煤所需理论空气量、理论乾烟气量及湿烟气量的变化(图解图29—31)。原始资料系利用:(1)中国各地产煤实用分析; (2)中国东北区及华北区原素分析; (3)苏联全苏热工研究所公布的固体及液体燃料的计算特性数据; (4)英国及德国的数据。图解研究结果,得出结论: 1.新的煤分类方法,以纯燃质挥发物为分类基础而同时结合煤的特性系数β的方法为最合适,或可认为近百年间国际间,对煤分类法的一个很重大的建议。 2.煤的成分变化,极有规律而成分间具有一定的关系。 3.煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系,可用平均数值推演估计,而比较正确数据,可根据图解估计, 或可利用图解核对分析数据。 4.煤的发热量,即纯燃质氧弹发热量的变化极有规律,可用平均数据,利用近似公式推算,或按照肯定的煤的类别,根据图解来比较正确的估计,或利用图解...

此文系用图解方法进行研究: (Ⅰ)煤的分类方法,以何种方法为最合适(图解图1—9); (Ⅱ)煤的成分变化是否有一定的规律,及其相互间是否有一定的关系(图解图10—20); (Ⅲ)煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系(图解图21—23); (Ⅳ)煤的发热量的变化(图解图24—28); (Ⅴ)燃煤所需理论空气量、理论乾烟气量及湿烟气量的变化(图解图29—31)。原始资料系利用:(1)中国各地产煤实用分析; (2)中国东北区及华北区原素分析; (3)苏联全苏热工研究所公布的固体及液体燃料的计算特性数据; (4)英国及德国的数据。图解研究结果,得出结论: 1.新的煤分类方法,以纯燃质挥发物为分类基础而同时结合煤的特性系数β的方法为最合适,或可认为近百年间国际间,对煤分类法的一个很重大的建议。 2.煤的成分变化,极有规律而成分间具有一定的关系。 3.煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系,可用平均数值推演估计,而比较正确数据,可根据图解估计, 或可利用图解核对分析数据。 4.煤的发热量,即纯燃质氧弹发热量的变化极有规律,可用平均数据,利用近似公式推算,或按照肯定的煤的类别,根据图解来比较正确的估计,或利用图解核对试验的数据。 5.燃煤所需理论空气量,理论乾烟气量及湿烟气量均可用近似公式推算。

Ⅰ. Materiels: a, Sinnovacul constricta (Lamark) depuis I' embryon de deux jours apres la metamorphose, jusqu'a les larves de deux, quatre on six mois et d'adulte d'un ou deux ans.b. Arca granosa (Linne), depuis les Jarves de trois, quatre, ou cinq mois iusqu'aI'adulte d' un, beux ou trois, ans. Les cellules du tissu conjonctive et de I'epithelium du manteau ont ete seulcs etudices.⒉. Methodcs: Fixation de Bouin, et surtour de Bouin-Hollande, et aussi de Flemmingv. Coupes saccessives de5μ coloration de Carrazzi...

Ⅰ. Materiels: a, Sinnovacul constricta (Lamark) depuis I' embryon de deux jours apres la metamorphose, jusqu'a les larves de deux, quatre on six mois et d'adulte d'un ou deux ans.b. Arca granosa (Linne), depuis les Jarves de trois, quatre, ou cinq mois iusqu'aI'adulte d' un, beux ou trois, ans. Les cellules du tissu conjonctive et de I'epithelium du manteau ont ete seulcs etudices.⒉. Methodcs: Fixation de Bouin, et surtour de Bouin-Hollande, et aussi de Flemmingv. Coupes saccessives de5μ coloration de Carrazzi Delafield Hematoxylin, de safraoine-cosin; de safraninepicro-indigo-carmin; et aussi, de la reaction nucleaire de Feulgen.Ⅲ.Resultats:(Ⅰ) Les differentes modes de I'amitose ont ere trouvces non seule. ment dans les cellules de I'embryon de deux jours apres la metamorphose, mais aussi dans les cellules de larves de differents mois et de I'adthe: ce sont:(1) La fragmentation nocleairc,-elle consiste dans un clivage du noyau en deux moities approximativement egales, sans formation de nouvellee paroi cellulaire.On obtient ainsi souvent une cellule binuelce.(fig.8)(2) L'amitose-c'est un processus de bipattion plus ordonne que la fragmentation tnucleaire.Elle consiste dans un allongement du nucleole suivi d'un etranglemeat progressifdu noyau, et finalement d'une rupture d'aboutissant a la formation de deux noyaux qui dans quclques cas peuvcnt etre inegaux. (Fig.1)(3) L'amitose typique de ligne pointue - c'est une mode de I'amitose la plus typique et la plus repandue dans les cellules du tissu conjonctive et de Pepithelium du manteau de solen, Elle consiste d'abord dans un gonflement du noyau, tres riche cn acide nucleane, revelee par la reaction de Feulgen, puis, le noyau s'allonge vers un cote, en devenant une ligne tres pointue; tandis que le nucleole arrondi donne aussi un prolongement tres fine qui penetrc dans la ligne pointue du noyau. Le nucleole et son prolongement sont colores d'une facon intense soit par I'hematoxylin, soit par la reaction, nucleaire de Feulgen. Et finalement, le cote pointu du noyau se gonfle peupeu, en. formant un nouveau noyau; et en meme temps, le prolongement du nuclcole se grossit aussi, en formant un nouvegu nucleole arrondi. Ainsi, se forment. deux nouveaux noyaux. Tres souvent, on peut voir encore le file nucleaire qui relit les deux nucleoles, de ees deux nouveaux noyau (Fig.Ⅱ.)Cettc mode de division directe du noyau en ligne pointue cst tres rare ct tres particuliere, soit chez les cellules animales ou vege-tales. Ⅱ faut signaler d'ailleurs que I''amitose de la ligne pointue des cellules eonjonctives se produit souuent en masse. (micro-photographe Ⅰ)(4) L'amitose du noyau sous forme amiboide. (Fig.Ⅲ)(5) L'amitose par bourgeon (Fig Ⅳ)Ces deux dernicres modes de I'amitose sont les moins frequentes.Un fait important cst a signaler: dans tous les materiels examines, nous avons seulement trouves I'amitose de ccs differentes modes; c'est la seule et unique mode de division dn noyau et de la reproduction cellulaire. lamais, nous n'ayons trouve, la mitose soit dans les cellules de I'embryon, de Iarves, ou de I'adulte.D'autie part, il faut signaler aussi un autre fait important: c'est la formation-d'un nouveau noyau, a partir de nucleole, dans les cellules conjonctivcs du manteau de solen adulte, Ce fait important a ete signale pour la premiere fois par Kopoeoa, (1952) et confirme par Pa (1955) et Tchen Po-Kun (1957) dans les cellules epitheliales du chorion de foetus de lapin, et aussi dans les cellules hepatiques du tetard de gren-ouille et du souris bianc. Notre observation peut donner une confirmation des resultats obtenus par les savants ci-dessus signales. Mais, a mon avis, I'etude plus approfondie de cettc question est a souhaiter,Ⅳ. conclusions: (1) L'amitose est la seulc et unique mode dc divison du noyau et de la reproduction cellulaire, dans les cellules embryonnaires et adultes du tissu con-jonctive et de I'epithelium du manteau de solen et d'arca. La mitose n'est pas la mode de division absolument necessaire pour la division cellulaire.(2) Ⅱ est classique de donner a

(1)缢蛏及泥蚶的胚体,幼苗及一、二年成体的外套膜结缔细胞及上皮细胞的分裂繁殖完全是非有丝分裂形式.在这些组织中,始终未发现有丝分裂. (2)非有丝分裂不但是幼期的,没有定形的和没有完全发展的迅速生长的细胞的繁殖方式,而且也动物某些成年的、定形的和完全发展的细胞的繁殖形式.甚至在组织生长速度减慢时,也可以出现(三年泥坩的外套膜组织)有丝分裂并非唯一的,最普遍而不可代替细胞繁殖形式,它在细胞分裂过程中的作用并不是根本性的. (3)在同一组织中,非有丝分裂类型是多种多样的;直接分裂尖线形分开、变形虫式分裂,芽生繁殖等类型,皆可同时进行,在缢和泥坩的幼苗和一年生成体外套膜结缔细细和上皮细胞方面,以成群的尖线形分裂和直接分裂为最主要,尤其尖线形分裂为最特殊突出。非有丝分裂是与细胞和核的重新形成发生着密切联系.并且由核仁可以演发形成一个新核.非有丝分裂的各种方式,归根结底是核的分裂方式,是核的重新形成,是新核在旧核中的产生. (4)非有丝分裂显示出很大的优越性,是细胞的一种正常的,生理的、有规律可寻的繁殖方式.也有遗传继承的性能. (5)非有丝分裂的研究结果,再一次地证明莫尔根学派染色体连续理论和客观事实完...

(1)缢蛏及泥蚶的胚体,幼苗及一、二年成体的外套膜结缔细胞及上皮细胞的分裂繁殖完全是非有丝分裂形式.在这些组织中,始终未发现有丝分裂. (2)非有丝分裂不但是幼期的,没有定形的和没有完全发展的迅速生长的细胞的繁殖方式,而且也动物某些成年的、定形的和完全发展的细胞的繁殖形式.甚至在组织生长速度减慢时,也可以出现(三年泥坩的外套膜组织)有丝分裂并非唯一的,最普遍而不可代替细胞繁殖形式,它在细胞分裂过程中的作用并不是根本性的. (3)在同一组织中,非有丝分裂类型是多种多样的;直接分裂尖线形分开、变形虫式分裂,芽生繁殖等类型,皆可同时进行,在缢和泥坩的幼苗和一年生成体外套膜结缔细细和上皮细胞方面,以成群的尖线形分裂和直接分裂为最主要,尤其尖线形分裂为最特殊突出。非有丝分裂是与细胞和核的重新形成发生着密切联系.并且由核仁可以演发形成一个新核.非有丝分裂的各种方式,归根结底是核的分裂方式,是核的重新形成,是新核在旧核中的产生. (4)非有丝分裂显示出很大的优越性,是细胞的一种正常的,生理的、有规律可寻的繁殖方式.也有遗传继承的性能. (5)非有丝分裂的研究结果,再一次地证明莫尔根学派染色体连续理论和客观事实完全不符.

 
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